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Pelvic Floor Fractures in 55 Dogs and 39 Cats: CT and X- Ray Findings

M.A. Sadan

,

K. Amort

,

M. Kramer

M.A. Sadan 1

K. Amort 2
M. Kramer 3

  1. PhD Scholar, Department of Surgery, Anaesthesiology and Radiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, South Valley University, Qena, Egypt 1

  2. PhD Scholar, Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, Clinic for Small Animals Surgery, Justus-Liebig University, Giessen, Germany 2

  3. Professor and Head of Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, Clinic for Small Animals Surgery, Justus-Liebig University, Giessen, Germany 3

Pages: 1-7

DOI: 10.18488/journal.110/2016.2.1/110.1.1.7

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Abstract:

Radiographic examination of the pelvis is the standard diagnostic test for evaluating dogs with suspected pelvic trauma, but because of the complexity of many pelvic floor fractures and the superimposition of bony structures, a precise description of the injury can be difficult to obtain from standard radiographs. Computed tomography (CT) imaging is an important component in the pre-operative assessment and management of pelvic fractures in humans and small animal. The objective of this study was to investigate the benefits of radiographic and CT images in the diagnosis of pelvic floor fractures in dogs and cats. Our hypothesis was that CT would detect the different types of pelvic floor fracture than radiographic examination of these fractures.     Radiographic examination and CT scan of 94 traumatized cases of canine and feline pelvic floor fractures were evaluated, where CT images and radiographic assessments were performed on each case. Radiographs and CT images were reviewed on separate occasions and fracture assessments were evaluated. Of the examined 55 dogs and 39 cats, unilateral ischium fractures were the most common detectable fractures in dogs (67.92%) and in cats (72.41%) (Table 1). Different fracture lines (transverse, longitudinal and oblique fractures lines) of ischium and pubic bones were observed, they were more clear in the computed tomography than in plain radiographs. Pelvic floor fractures were associated with unilateral sacroiliac joint luxation, bilateral sacroiliac joint luxation and femur luxation and fractures of sacrum, ilium, acetabulum, femur and tibia (Table 2).
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes by way of showing the benefits of radiographic and CT images in the diagnosis of pelvic floor fractures in dogs and cats. This study documents that CT would detect the different types of canine and feline pelvic floor fracture than radiographic examination of these fractures.

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Reference:

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( 217 ) Contributing Factors of Boro-Rice Production in Hakaluki Haor of Bangladesh
( 218 ) The Effect of Land-Use on Herbaceous Production and Grazing Capacity in the Molopo District of the North West Province, South Africa
( 219 ) Preservative Effects of Ginger (Zingiber officinale), Tumeric (Curcuma longa) Extract and Citric Acid and Pasteurization on the Nutritional Quality and Shelf Life of Tiger-Nut Non-Dairy Milk
( 220 ) Exploring the Climate Change Impact on Major Food Crops of Bangladesh - A Time Series Analysis
( 221 ) Plant Diversity and Regeneration Potentials in Protected Area Forests of Sierra Leone
( 222 ) Insect Activities and their Impact on the Yield of Abelmoschus esculentus L ( Malvaceae) in Bambili ( Mezam - Cameroon)
( 223 ) On-Farm Evaluation of Conservation Agriculture Practice on Weed Control and Yield of Wheat in Northern Bangladesh
( 224 ) A Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis of Wheat Production Sustainability in the Semi-Arid Environment of Mashhad, Northeastern Iran
( 225 ) Interactive Effects of Zinc-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) Fungi on Cadmium Uptake, Rubisco, Osmolyte Synthesis and Yield in Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
( 226 ) Characterization of a Novel Floral Mutation Induced by Gamma Irradiation of Philippine Rice Variety NSIC Rc9 (Apo)
( 227 ) The Effect of Farmers Social Networks on Sustainable Agricultural Practices Adoption: A Scoping Review Protocol
( 228 ) Boosting Farm Productivity through Intensification of Soybean Production Technology
( 229 ) Relationship between Human Activities and Deforestation in Karongi District of Rwanda
( 230 ) Reduction of Aflatoxins and Microorganisms in the Koura-Koura Produced in Burkina Faso with Spices and Aromatic Leaves
( 231 ) Selection of Superior Clones by the Multi-Dimensional Decision-Making Techniques in Scots Pine Seed Orchard
( 232 ) Ovitrap Surveillance of the Dengue Vectors Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in Selected Endemic Areas in Sandakan, Sabah
( 233 ) Effect of Blanching Time and Drying Method on Quality of Black Pepper (Piper nigrum)
( 234 ) Socio Economic Determinant and Profitability of Bari Mungbean Variety in Some Selected Areas of Bangladesh
( 235 ) Antifungal Activities of Selected Plant Extracts in In-Vitro Control of Anthracnose and Root Rot Diseases on Cucumber (Cucumis sativus B.)
( 236 ) Evaluation of Socio-Economic Impacts of Deforestation in Edo State, Nigeria
( 237 ) Effect of Photoperiod on Estrus Cycle and Reproductive Organs in Female African Giant Rat (Cricetomys Gambianus: Waterhouse)
( 238 ) Development of an Effective Biocatalyzed Organic Fertilizer Derived from Gliricidia Sepium Stem Biochar
( 239 ) Azotobacter and Total Bacterial Population in Enriched Compost: Preliminary Study
( 240 ) Impacts of Rural Community on the Forest Estate in Ugbolu, Oshimili North Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria
( 241 ) Construction of Sustainable Frugal Innovations Index for the Agriculture Sector
( 242 ) Classification and Recognition of Urban Tree Defects in a Small Dataset using Convolutional Neural Network, Resnet-50 Architecture, and Data Augmentation
( 243 ) Heat Tolerance Stability of Bread Wheat Genotypes under Early and Late Planting Environments through Stress Selection Indices
( 244 ) Bacteriological Quality and Cyanide Contents of Different Cassava Products Processed in Benue State for Use as Food for Man or Feedstock for Animals
( 245 ) Effect of Time of Feeding on Body Temperature of Wad Bucks and Pregnant Does in Tropical Environment
( 246 ) Prevalence of Subclinical Mastitis and its Effects on Reproductive Performance in Dairy Cows during the Postpartum Period in Gasabo District, Rwanda