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International Journal of Hydrology Research

June 2020, Volume 5, 1, pp 46-53

Estimation of Ground Water Recharge for Irrigation Water Budget Planning in Kanzenze Swamp

Nsengiyumva Jean Nepo


Sankaranarayanan Muthiah


Ruzigamanzi Eric


Mutako Vedasto Alphonsine


Nyandwi Elias


Rukangantambara Hamoud

Nsengiyumva Jean Nepo 1 ,

Sankaranarayanan Muthiah 1 

Ruzigamanzi Eric 3 Mutako Vedasto Alphonsine 3 Nyandwi Elias 5
Rukangantambara Hamoud 6

  1. University of Rwanda, College of Agriculture, Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, School of Agriculture Engineering, Department of Irrigation and Drainage, Nyagatare Campus, Rwanda. 1

  2. Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, School of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Department of Agricultural and Resources Economics, Kigali campus, Rwanda. 3

  3. University of Rwanda, College of Science and Technology (CST), Senior Lecturer, Nyarugenge Campus, Rwanda. 5

  4. University of Rwanda, College of Agriculture, Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Senior Lecturer, Busogo Campus, Rwanda. 6

Pages: 46-53

DOI: 10.18488/journal.108.2020.51.46.53

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Article History:

Received: 21 September, 2020
Revised: 09 October, 2020
Accepted: 27 October, 2020
Published: 18 November, 2020


Groundwater is the dynamic local water source for agriculture, industry, wildlife and human development activity. Hence, in order to sustain long-term groundwater use, make intelligent groundwater allocation decisions and water budget planning, develop on-farm water management strategies, the estimation of the net groundwater recharge from agricultural areas like Kanzenze swamp is paramount important. The study findings therefore showed that Ground Water Recharge estimation for the study area ranges from 33.85mm to 52.96mm while the average mean of ground water recharge is about 45.06mm per year. The coefficient of ground water recharge is ranging from 3.41% to 5.27% while average mean recharge coefficient is 4.06% recharged to ground water level yearly. However, monthly basis planning have advantages for farmers’ water budgeting. It revealed that highest recharge coefficient is recorded in months of March, April and November representing 17.22% and 17% of the mean monthly rainfall while the lowest recharge coefficient is recorded during the period of June, July and February representing 16.17%, 15.73% and 16.71% of the average monthly rainfall. Thus, it is recommended that utmost farmers around the Kanzenze swamp should plan the irrigation activities and minimizes unnecessary water use consumption in such way that in June and July there is water enough water even taught there is shortage of rainfall. It meant that priori irrigation systems should be applied to obtain optimum moisture content and water table levels for effective crop production mainly horticultural crops in season C rather than season A and season B of cultivation in Rwanda.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the Estimation of ground water recharge for irrigation water budget planning in Kanzenze swamp to solve the farmers’ problems in use of water during agricultural seasons alongside the swamp.


Agricultural seasons, Ground water recharge, Modified chaturvedi formula, Recharge coefficient, Water budget, Water planning.


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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


The authors would like to thank the Government of Rwanda through the Ministry of Education and Higher Education Council (HEC) for the scholarship granted to the researcher. Special thanks go Rwanda Metrological Agency (RMA) for making climate data available for the period of 30 years (1990 - 2019).

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