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Journal of Future Internet

June 2021, Volume 4, 1, pp 1-19

Factors Influencing Cloud Computing Adoption-Compared Review and A 4-M Recommendation

Pages: 1-19

DOI: 10.18488/journal.102.2021.41.1.19

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Article History:

Received: 10 February, 2021
Revised: 15 March, 2021
Accepted: 20 April, 2021
Published: 25 May, 2021


Cloud computing is increasingly popular in firms around the world. However, there are limited review studies focusing on cloud computing applications in companies. Thanks to the application of the technology-environment-organization (TOE) framework and diffusion of innovation (DOI) theory, this research unearths the factors influencing the decision-making process in cloud computing between developed and developing countries. The review further captures the stonewalls of cloud computing adoption enlisted in literature. Systematic review methods were applied to analyze relevant articles during the 2011 to 2020 period. The findings reveal that 36 factors impact organizational cloud computing adoption, out of which 21 factors occur in both developed and developing economies. The remaining 15 factors differ between developed and developing countries. Five of these factors that reveal a strong impact on cloud adoption by firms are Technology readiness, Top management support, Relative advantage, Costs, and Security, privacy and ethics concern. The literature-based limitations found in previous studies on cloud computing adoption in firms include research area, data collection technique, research methodology and theoretical models, and research subject. These challenges were organized in a 4-M recommendation for future research.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature a comprehensive picture of factors influencing the application of cloud computing in firms between developed and developing countries. Hence, the results of this study can enhance managers’, and suppliers’ understanding of the main factors affecting the adoption of cloud computing in organizations.


Cloud computing, Technology category, Organization category, Environment category, Innovation category, Technology readiness, Top management support, Relative advantage, Security concern.


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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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