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Journal of Forests

December 2021, Volume 8, 2, pp 171-181

Challenges of Conserving and Co-Managing Khadimnagar National Park and Ratargul Fresh Water Swamp Forest in Bangladesh

Md. Mahfuz-Ur-Rahman


Tanmoy Dey

Md. Mahfuz-Ur-Rahman 1

Tanmoy Dey 2

  1. Agroforestry, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh. 1

  2. Research Officer, Bangladesh Forest Research Institute, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Bangladesh. 2

Pages: 171-181

DOI: 10.18488/journal.101.2021.82.171.181

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Article History:

Received: 05 July, 2021
Revised: 09 August, 2021
Accepted: 30 August, 2021
Published: 21 September, 2021


National Parks are protected areas conserving all types of flora, fauna and their habitats regardless of generic diversification. In Bangladesh, protected area managers face difficulties to conserve these areas. This study is formulated to find out those existing difficulties against effective co-management of natural resources based on the local people’s perception. A purposive sampling is followed by a semi-structured interview to gather data from the field level of Khadimnagar National Park and Ratargul Fresh Water Swamp Forest from September 2019 to December 2019 by interviewing 100 local people for RFWSF and KNP on the basis of a qualitative research method. Both inhabitants and the Forest Department are found to be responsible for inhibiting the effective management of the subjected areas meanwhile difficulties related to motivation, cordiality, alternative job generation, financial support to management authority, tourism management and resource extraction from forests mainly prevail. To ensure substantial sustainability, both of the actors should come forward to find out a way to get rid of this devastation and to ameliorate the socio-economic condition of these areas. Arranging more conferences to raise motivation, awareness about the forest offenses and generating alternative sources of income can be counted as a strategy to reduce pressure on both forests.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the causes of prevailing drawbacks of co-management in two ecologically valued forests and it will be supportive to forest management and policy makers for ameliorating the status of co-management in the regarded and other protected areas in Bangladesh.


Challenges, Co-management, Conservation, Management, National parks, Swamp forest , Protected areas, Communities.



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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


The authors want to thank to Forestry and Wood Technology Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh for it’s precious supervision. Special thanks to CCF Bangladesh Forest Department, and to DFO, ACF, Range Officers, Beat Officers, members of CMCs (Community Management Committee), for their endless support and cooperation.

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