Review of Plant Studies

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No. 1

Chemical Control of Alternaria Brown Spot on Mandarins Cultivars in Tunisia

Pages: 16-26
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Chemical Control of Alternaria Brown Spot on Mandarins Cultivars in Tunisia

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.69.2020.71.16.26

Maali Haddad , Najwa Benfradj , Ibtissem Ben Salem , Mahdi Mabrouk , Naima Boughalleb-M Hamdi

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Maali Haddad , Najwa Benfradj , Ibtissem Ben Salem , Mahdi Mabrouk , Naima Boughalleb-M Hamdi (2020). Chemical Control of Alternaria Brown Spot on Mandarins Cultivars in Tunisia. Review of Plant Studies, 7(1): 16-26. DOI: 10.18488/journal.69.2020.71.16.26
Three field experiments were conducted to evaluate the efficiency of seven active ingredients (Tryfloxystrobin, Iprodione, Procymidone, Mancozebe, Propinebe, Tebuconazole and Coppersulfate), against Alternaria brown spot (ABS) caused by Alternaria alternata on Minneola, Fortune, Nova and Tangerine mandarins citrus cultivars in Tunisia. Over the three trials, citrus trees received 6, 10 and 16 fungicides sprays. The results of the present investigation demonstrated the prevention ability of Mancozebe, Iprodione and Copper sulfate according to disease incidence, fruit infection and losses caused by ABS. Furthermore, the applications of those three fungicides used in mixture reduce the ABS development. In fact, disease incidence was reduced better after an application of a mixture of Mancozebe and Iprodione compared to application of Mancozebe or Iprodione alone and after an application of an alternation of Mancozebe and Iprodione with copper sulfate. From this study, it revealed that the incidence of ABS, an emerging fungi disease on Citrus in Tunisia, could be reduced by using chemical products.
Contribution/ Originality
This study documents the evaluation of the efficiency of seven active ingredients against citrus Alternaria brown spot caused by Alternaria alternata on Minneola, Fortune, Nova and Tangerine mandarin cultivars in Tunisia.

Root Density, Distribution and Yield Relationships of High Yielding Sugarcane Varieties Under Sandy Soil Condition

Pages: 1-15
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Root Density, Distribution and Yield Relationships of High Yielding Sugarcane Varieties Under Sandy Soil Condition

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.69.2020.71.1.15

Rachel Sarol , Maria Vina Serrano , Johnny Agsaoay Jr. , Nestor Guiyab , Agnes Casupanan , Benjamin Manlapaz

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Rachel Sarol , Maria Vina Serrano , Johnny Agsaoay Jr. , Nestor Guiyab , Agnes Casupanan , Benjamin Manlapaz (2020). Root Density, Distribution and Yield Relationships of High Yielding Sugarcane Varieties Under Sandy Soil Condition. Review of Plant Studies, 7(1): 1-15. DOI: 10.18488/journal.69.2020.71.1.15
Roots are the less explored part of the sugarcane plant but are essential for sufficient nutrient and water supply to ensure better growth, development and sugar yield. Understanding the nature of the root system will help the plant breeder in selecting superior varieties that are adapted to different soil conditions. An experiment using ten high yielding sugarcane varieties was conducted to determine the root characteristics and yield performance in sandy soil of Pampanga, Philippines. The experiment was laid-out in RCBD with four replications. ANOVA revealed significant differences in 16 out of 18 parameters. Phil 8013, Phil 7544, Phil 97-3933, Phil 99-1793, Phil 04-0081, Phil 00-2569 and Phil 03-1727 produced significantly highest sugar yield (LKg/ha) which ranged from 223.05-257.93. Root density (RD) (g) and distribution at different soil depths from 0-100cm with interval of 10cm were 318.35 (46.47%), 132.36 (21.59%), 81.02 (14.05%), 26.24 (4.57%), 14.77 (2.61%), 14.58 (2.53%), 13.23 (2.32%), 11.53 (2.05%), 10.80 (1.93%) and 10.63 (1.87%). Stalk characteristics such as diameter, length and number of millable stalks and RD at 0-10cm, 11-20cm, 21-30cm, 51-60cm, 61-70cm, 71-80cm and 90-100cm were positively correlated with cane yield while percent brix and purity were positively correlated with sucrose content.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies in the country which investigated sugarcane roots. Information derived from this study may guide farmers in the selection of varieties suited in sandy soil including the adoption of appropriate cultural management practices for a more efficient utilization of resources.