International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Policy

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Online ISSN: 2305-705X
Print ISSN: 2306-9929
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No. 6

Kuala Lumpur Urban Biodiversity: Birds Community in Urban Public Parks

Pages: 146-159
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Kuala Lumpur Urban Biodiversity: Birds Community in Urban Public Parks

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Citation: 4

Zainul Mukrim Baharuddin , Fatin Nadia Rusli , Rashidi Othman

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  1. Baharuddin, Z.M., A. Sivam, S. Karuppannan and C. Daniels, 2010. Urban green space: Stakeholders’ and visitors’ perception in Kuala Lumpur Malaysia. Presented at the Healthy City Conference: Making Cities Liveable, 11-13 July, Brisbane, Australia.
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Zainul Mukrim Baharuddin , Fatin Nadia Rusli , Rashidi Othman (2014). Kuala Lumpur Urban Biodiversity: Birds Community in Urban Public Parks. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Policy, 3(6): 146-159. DOI:
Due to the growing number of human population, numerous developments are needed up until today. Thus, it has caused massive changes to the landscape; from natural to built environment. Consequently, the earth is confronting critical issues on protection and restoration of biodiversity. The impact of urbanization on biodiversity concerns on the relationship between biodiversity and urban ecosystem. The aim of this paper is to investigate abundance of urban biodiversity and its benefits to the urban communities. The triangulation methodology addresses a three-step-approach of biodiversity which are; observation, atmospheric measurement and human dimension. This study will present the abundance of bird observation in year 2010 and 2014. 11 species of birds were identified. The highest number of birds recorded is (Passer Montanus/Eurasian Tree-Sparrow (n=296) in 2010 and (n=116) in 2014. It is recorded that there are decreasing number of birds’ species such as Zebra Dove and Magpie Robin. There are new species identified in 2014; the Black Crowned Night Heron and Japanese sparrow hawk which are rarely found in urban area. The study presents an empirical survey on bird species. The declining area of green space in urban vicinity has affected the bird species population. It is suggested that bird conservations in urban context should be emphasized. It could improve the ecosystem services as well as health and well-being benefits of both wildlife and humans.


Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have been investigated in Kuala Lumpur urban context. Most of bird’s ecological studies have been found in rural and forest context. The aim of this paper is to review urban biodiversity and its benefits to the urban community. Hence, it will analyze the current research on both urban biodiversity and planning approach. 

A Theoretical Review on Critical Success Factors (CSFS) of Entrepreneurship Programs in Community College

Pages: 138-145
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A Theoretical Review on Critical Success Factors (CSFS) of Entrepreneurship Programs in Community College

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Citation: 4

Ahmad Rizal Bin Madar , Rawiyah Binti Abdul Hamid

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No any video found for this article.
Ahmad Rizal Bin Madar , Rawiyah Binti Abdul Hamid (2014). A Theoretical Review on Critical Success Factors (CSFS) of Entrepreneurship Programs in Community College. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Policy, 3(6): 138-145. DOI:
The focus of this study is to identify the cross sectional point of view by applying Critical Success Factors (CSFs) into entrepreneurship programs in Community colleges under the supervision of Ministry of Education (MOE). Entrepreneurship Program is regarded as a transformation effort in trying to create new entrepreneurs and indirectly reduce the unemployment rate. It is also regarded as a program that would enable students to compete locally and globally in an era where competition is inevitable. Critical Success Factors is widely used tool in business in to aid the organisation to identify the factors that constitutes to a success of a given project. The four elements of Critical Success Factors (CSFs); which was introduced by Rockart 1979 are Industry, Strategy, Environment and Temporal are engaged by organizations or projects in order to achieve the desired outcome. Hence this paper sets out to investigate the elements of CSFs and adapt the elements to the entrepreneurship programs conducted in the community college. Therefore this CSFs provides academic scholars and industry practitioners a deeper knowledge of CSFs and necessary guidelines to utilise the elements in the programs. 
Contribution/ Originality
This study originates new formula in improving Malaysian Community colleges’ entrepreneurship programs to develop students who are innovative, creative and open-minded. Furthermore open door for future business or employment by producing graduate entrepreneurs with high competency and open students’ minds about job opportunities in the fields of entrepreneurship in order to give preference to choose their field of employment paths.