Mercedes Aguilar Castaneda , C. Jose Antonio Bravo Iglesias , Jose Angel Chang Porto , Kellys Cecilia Naranjo Acosta (2017). Evaluation of the Sustainability Criteria of Forest Management in the Municipality Palma Soriano, Santiago De Cuba Province. Journal of Forests, 4(1): 8-15. DOI: 10.18488/journal.101.2017.41.8.15
The monitoring of the criteria and indicators carried out in Cuba to a municipal level and management areas are limited to a valuation according to the established methodology, making an inadequate evaluation of the same ones, what does not allow to obtain results on scientific bases that guarantee a correct valuation to define if the Forest Management is sustainable. This work carries out an evaluation of the criteria and indicators in the municipality "Palma Soriano" Santiago de Cuba province. The indicators were valued by means of a scale that allows judging their behavior using the approved and implemented methodology in Cuba. With these valuations there were carried out the graphs of sustainability, as tools to evaluate the performance of the criteria and indicators during 10 years. It concludes that the evaluation of the acting for each criteria was of " weak", "Excellent", "Extremely weak", "Weak" and "Favorable", for the criteria Forest Covering, Health and vitality of the Forest Ecosystems, Contribution of the Forest Ecosystems to the environmental Services, Productive functions of the Forest Ecosystems and Multiple Socio-economic benefits to cover the necessities of the society respectively.
The contribution of the work is to provide information, used as a tool by the local Government in the formulation of effective policies for forest management, the evaluation of development projects and the investigations of the Universidad de Oriente in methodological proposals to measure local development in the municipalities.
A New Activity in Turkey's Agricultural Forestry: Truffle Mushroom Cultivation
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Mucahit COSKUN , Sevda COSKUN , Mesut GOK (2017). A New Activity in Turkey's Agricultural Forestry: Truffle Mushroom Cultivation. Journal of Forests, 4(1): 1-7. DOI: 10.18488/journal.101.2017.41.1.7
Forest ecosystems, which are among the important components of the natural environment, stand as one of the significant sources of life. In addition to the natural, cultural, and economic functions of forest products and services, wild foods such as fruits, mushrooms, and leaves that are obtained from forests generate significant amounts of additional food for the poor rural population. Countries have to come up with serious policies to prevent rural populations settling around forest areas from moving to urban areas and to increase their income sources. This study deals with the cultivation of truffle mushroom in Turkey and its potential. In line with the aim of the study, suggestions are made on its cultivation by calling attention to its ecology and potential. In this study,as a method, descriptive survey model has been used. In this method, existing situation on a subject is interpreted by searching. Research material consists of data obtained from the Republic of Turkey Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs. ArcGIS 10.3 package was utilized in the preparation of cartographic materials. Turkey is a country in the middle belt where four seasons are experienced and different climates prevail because geographical features change at short distances. The different ecological environment Turkey incorporates increases biological diversity there. The presence of various plant and fungi species in Turkish forests is about different ecological environments. Among the forested areas spreading in Turkey, Mediterranean, Aegean, Marmara, and Black Sea forests provide more suitable ecological environments for truffle species. Tuber aestivum, Tuber borchii, Tuber brumale, Tuber candidum, Terfezia arenaria, Terfezia leptoderma, Choiromyces meandriformis, and Terfezia boudieri naturally exist in Turkey. Truffle mushrooms, which naturally maintain their lives in Turkish forests and have high economic value in the world, will bring high income to forest villagers and interested producers by providing agricultural forestry activities in outdoor open areas in addition to natural areas of propagation.
The research is very first and foremost work on Truffle in the area of Physical Geography in Turkey making it significant one. As for as, other disciplines are concerned the research on Truffle Fungus is too limited to be considered.