Irfan Rochmanto --- Triastuti W (2016). Analysis Method Taruna Kopel Volleyball Practice for Improving Performance in Laplace Method with Integration War Taruna Week in the Air Force Academy. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 31. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
Research Singer aims to review determine Methods Training Right for review cadets KOPEL volleyball , so BEFORE Facing piktar Upcoming coaches will can be Providing intensive training shown to cadets KOPEL volleyball WITH Methods Right so hopefully achievement volleyball The TIN can be optimally subjects The study is Taruna . Data Processing is done WITH Method Laplace criterion , that Genesis Found OR circumstances have the opportunity to review the possibility of the same thing the same is applied . ADA so that some training method which allows to improve the achievement volley review . Of Data Processing can be concluded that the training method which allows to improve the achievement volley review Better is "Train Operating Players Cooperation systematically improve CHARGES WITH EVERY day exercise Physical And Always Keeping the spirit of the players .
Design Seating Comfort for Improving Multifungsi Pawas Taruna Anthropometry Static Method in the Air Force Academy
Akbar Bimantara --- Shidiq B (2016). Design Seating Comfort for Improving Multifungsi Pawas Taruna Anthropometry Static Method in the Air Force Academy. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 30. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
Supervisory officer (Pawas) cadets are responsible for all the events that are in the cadets. A supervisory officer should always know what is being done by the cadets. Most of the time used Pawas currently is served daily in the supervisory officer. There are some facilities that support the performance of a supervisory officer who was in the room Pawas. To seat the officer was in the room supervisor rated less convenient due to the size that is too low and the materials used are too hard to make the seat less comfortable to use.
Determination of Caloric Needs of Air Force Academy Cadets with Analysis of the Pulse
Mukti Amin W --- Agus Budiyanto (2016). Determination of Caloric Needs of Air Force Academy Cadets with Analysis of the Pulse. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 29. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
Human activities require energy magnitude of load depending on the activities performed and the physical abilities of each individual. A calorie is a unit of measure to indicate the value of the energy. In her everyday, the calorie is the energy obtained from food and beverages and the use of energy in physical activity. Calorie needs someone different depends on several factors, including the factors of age, gender, weight, height, and activity because these factors determine the magnitude of the energy emitted by the body. Officers carrying out activities on the schedule that has been created by the Wing of Cadets began to get up early morning aerobics then afterwards Groundschool and continued with the construction of the day be run day or exercise Drumband. Next afternoon Activities in the content with military or Physical coaching Coaching Championship Piktar. Evening activities do learn night and night’s rest. The level of energy consumption needs of Cadets in any activity that belongs in price, from the level of "extreme" to "light weight" depends on the purpose of the activity is exercised.
Muhammad Junaid --- Shahid Mansoor (2016). Cultural Sports Center. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 28. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
Olympic Games arena is a very interesting place for the young generation and every single person likes to join the Olympic Games as athlete or spectator and watch these games by their own eyes. This modern Olympic Games are the new form of that ancient Olympic Games which is started years ago in Olympia. Ancient Olympic Games are that games which bases on myths of Greece and they played these games in the honor of their Gods i.e. Zeus. While years passed but the people still know about the games of that time, their great athlete, spirits for games and athletes and human spirits etc. Coliseum (the site of gladiators) was a great architecture of the Roman. Even in the modern time architecture Coliseum have a great value because of it great architecture work and a great learning space for the learners. Coliseum is known for cultural games of roman i.e. gladiators fight, safari, staged hunts, Navmachie and Adbestais etc. People know about the history of Ancient Olympic Games, about the history of their great players of that time, spirits for the game etc. A cultural center not only preserves the cultural games of the particular region but also preserve history, human spirits, tradition and Architecture of that particular region.
Preparation and Spectroscopic Studies for New Cu(II), Co(II), Fe(III) and Zr(II) Complexes of Oxytetracycline Drug. In Vitro Antimicrobial Assessment Studies
Ragab R. Amin --- Mohammed Abo-Elkassem --- Alaa Mohammed (2016). Preparation and Spectroscopic Studies for New Cu(II), Co(II), Fe(III) and Zr(II) Complexes of Oxytetracycline Drug. In Vitro Antimicrobial Assessment Studies. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 27. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
The 1:1 and 2:1 M ratio metal complexes of new Cu(II), Co(II), Fe(III) and Zr(II) complexes of Oxytetracycline drug were synthesized. The suggested structures of the resulted complexes based on the results of elemental analyses, molar conductivity, infrared, UV–visible spectra, effective magnetic moment were discussed. The infrared spectral data were suggested that oxytetracycline reacts with metal ions as an ionic bidentate ligand through its carboxylate oxygen and the amide carbonyl oxygen. The antibacterial evaluation of the Oxytetracycline drug and their complexes were also performed against some gram positive and negative bacteria as well as fungi.
Identification of Unused Land Suitable For Bioenergy Production in Aceh
T. Azuar Rizal --- Hamdani., Razali Thaib (2016). Identification of Unused Land Suitable For Bioenergy Production in Aceh. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 26. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
Based on data from 2007, area of critical land in Aceh Province 459,469.28 ha area with an area of 393,025.63 hectares categorized as critical and very critical area of 66,443.65 hectares. In 2011 the area of critical land in the province has increased reaching 460,099.76 ha, with an area of 393,397.03 hectares categorized as critical and very critical area of 66,702.73 hectares. Critical land is unproductive land. Although it is managed, the productivity is very low, sometimes the quantities of products received far less than the cost of management. This land is barren, bare, not suitable for agriculture, due to its degraded fertility rate. In relation to the energy issues, critical land - as a bioenergy crop land - considered to resolve a fraction of issues on electricity peak load in Aceh, which reached 204.5 MW, much of which can be provided at this time is about 58.2 MW. Current policy of Aceh Government in energy development prioritizing the development renewable energy - which is claimed to be environmentally friendly - to meet its energy needs in order to deliver an equal welfare of the people of Aceh through the energy diversification, intensification of energy and energy conservation. In this study, a set of remotely sensed data, environmental data and field survey information is analised to identify possible marginal lands in Aceh. All Gathered data was transferred to the Geographical Information System (GIS) software in order to develop maps and a database of potential marginal lands that could be used for bioenergy production.
Revealing of Wheat Products Contamination With Flour Beetles Tribolium spp. by Molecular Technique
Aida S. Kamel --- Mona F. Abd-El Aziz --- Rawheia H. Ramadan (2016). Revealing of Wheat Products Contamination With Flour Beetles Tribolium spp. by Molecular Technique. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 25. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
Molecular technique is an accurate, susceptible, and species-specific method for detection of stored-product pests. The closely related flour beetles, Tribolium spp; red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum and confused flour beetle, Tribolium confusum cause extensive economic loss of wheat grains and its products due to the contamination with their fragments and toxic secretions. PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) has been used successfully to detect DNA insect fragments in different commercial wheat product samples. Specific primers were designed to amplify elongation factor 1-alpha (EFA1) and beta-tubulingene for detection of T. castaneum and T. confusum DNA, respectively. Five types of flour have been examined and two types of local biscuits were tested as final wheat products. The results showed that the two primers, which designed for amplification of the two flour beetles DNA, are effective, sensitive, and species-specific for detection of the insect fragments in all wheat products. It was a pity that bands of the DNA of the two beetles appeared in all types of tested product samples. The contamination with these secondary pests, especially with T. confusm, might be started in the early stage of storing whole grains before milling process
Study of Speed and Torque Characteristics of Stress Changes in the Induction Motor with Phase Capacitor Start in Laboratirium Power Engineering Department of Electronic Air Force Academy
Indra Waskita,S --- Arya Putra K, S.T. --- Edi Supartono S.T. (2016). Study of Speed and Torque Characteristics of Stress Changes in the Induction Motor with Phase Capacitor Start in Laboratirium Power Engineering Department of Electronic Air Force Academy. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 24. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
In this study will be analyzed the characteristics of single-phase induction motor with an additional capacitor start by changing the voltage value. Motor Indusi is an electronic device that works on the principle of electromagnetic induction that has several types, based on the initial torque generated is divided into 1-phase induction motor and 1-phase induction motor start capacitors. At the end of the writing of research focused on the torque acting on the induction motor start capacitors. Planning the implementation of this thesis was to determine the torque characteristics of the induction motor 1 phase capacitor start. Because it is more focused on the effect of changing the applied voltage, the test is done using test equipment Electrical Machine Trainer (Model XPO-EMT). Results of the study showed that using the same voltage as the starting conditions, initial torque generated from 1-phase induction motor start capacitor is greater than the current stable condition. This proves that when it starts is turned on will produce stronger initial coupling. Additionally, it would be more stable and not too much to absorb electricity from the power supply.
Multi-User Searchable Encryption Scheme for Text Document
Chia-Chi Wu --- Iuon-Chang Lin --- Ya-Hui Liu (2016). Multi-User Searchable Encryption Scheme for Text Document. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 23. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
We improve the previous method to add the function of user revocation in this scheme. When document owner doesn’t want to share someone he had shared, he can revoke the user who can’t retrieve the specific document. More importantly, the revocation process must not affect other authorized users, the scheme has to keep a low maintenance cost.
Comparative Analysis of Strength and Welding Asetelin Electric Welding of Steel St-40 Pull Through Test
Yudha Pradhana --- Tubagus F (2016). Comparative Analysis of Strength and Welding Asetelin Electric Welding of Steel St-40 Pull Through Test. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 22. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
In everyday life a very important ingredient required steel as a construction material to strengthen the body as well as being the main ingredient in the building. Baja also dugunakan as an ingredient in the material used to strengthen a building construction in the squadron-squadron of the Air Force. To obtain optimum results on steel connection need to use Las as the median. Welding is the name of a collection of a large number of technology to connect to die. While welding is a metallurgical bond at the junction of the metal or metal alloy that is performed in the molten or liquid state. From that sense can be explained further that the weld metal is the local connection of several metal joints using heat energy. The symbolic number of welding are divided into two groups of welding press and welding liquid. In the welding press, the part to be connected to each Other critical pressed hot conditions without thawed and without additives. In penelasan liquid, the space between the parts to be connected in such a way that the hem is filled using a space between the liquid material to be spliced seam filled in such a way that uses a liquid material so that at the same time the edge bordering melt. Heat is needed can be generated either by foot or by way of electricity. In this thesis the author using the test method i Pull to assist in the calculation of comparative strength of the welding, before the writer looking for information about steel, then the data collected and the continued analysis obtained by calculating using.
Design and Analysis of Composite Wing Structure Uav Male Using Solidworks and Patran / Nastran
Alfy Barrir W --- M.A Ghofur (2016). Design and Analysis of Composite Wing Structure Uav Male Using Solidworks and Patran / Nastran. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 21. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
Wings are one of the main parts of the aircraft that serves to generate a lift force. Air wing shape affects the elevation that will be brought forth. Wing, which has the ability to produce lift large and efficient that has been developed by many aircraft designers. It was seen as more efficient carrying out of the annex, the aircraft can save fuel to be practiced. Likewise that the high aerodynamic performance is a prerequisite that an airplane. With hope we can learn the most effective angle to get the best performance of the annex. This research design and analysis of static on the airplane wing has an aspect ratio of 15.5 using Solidworks software and Patran / Nastran. Composite materials T300-N5208 become the main choice in designing the structure of the annexes of the aircraft where the laminae are arranged symmetrically with the fiber direction of 0 ° / 0 ° / 0 ° / 0 ° / 0 ° / 0 ° / 0 ° / 0 °, 45 ° / 45 ° / 45 ° / 45 ° / 45 ° / 45 ° / 45 ° / 45 °, 90 ° / 90 ° / 90 ° / 90 ° / 90 ° / 90 ° / 90 ° / 90 °, 0 ° / 45 ° / -45 ° / 90 ° / 90 ° / -45 ° / 45 ° / 0 ° and the thickness of the layer of 0.000125 per mm. In planning this study generated the force structure of the composite wing best on designing the fiber direction of 0 ° / 0 ° / 0 ° / 0 ° / 0 ° / 0 ° / 0 ° / 0 ° compared to fiber direction 45 ° / 45 ° / 45 ° / 45 ° / 45 ° / 45 ° / 45 ° / 45 °, 90 ° / 90 ° / 90 ° / 90 ° / 90 ° / 90 ° / 90 ° / 90 ° or 0 ° / 45 ° / -45 ° / 90 ° / 90 ° / -45 ° / 45 ° / 0 °.
Learning Module With Digital Clock Networks Up Counter IC 74393 Using Proteus Software
Rudi Ernanto --- Sandra Husein (2016). Learning Module With Digital Clock Networks Up Counter IC 74393 Using Proteus Software. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 20. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
The objective of this final project is the development of applications of digital basic techniques to improve the understanding of cadets in practice, the realization of the practice applicative modules digital clock built by the counter so that it can be used cadets majoring electronics as the development of digital basic techniques. The development method used is ranging from designing, building and testing circuits using the simulation on proteus software. Results of the development of this thesis came to the conclusion that The digital clock can be constructed using a circuit composed of IC-up counter. Digital clock learning modules created to provide knowledge of the basic techniques of digital applications. The design of the final project is done in several steps: the making up counter 9 digits , manufacture up to 60 counters and counters manufacture up to 24. After each part of the design above can be run with either the merging process is carried out so as to obtain the unity of the working complete. Work can provide a complete simulation function resembles a digital clock digital clock on properly.
Remote Sensing Images for Estimation of Distribution Geothermal Resources Information
Yuhendra (2016). Remote Sensing Images for Estimation of Distribution Geothermal Resources Information. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 19. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
Geothermal energy is one of the renewable power source which can be an alternative to the increasingly more scarce fossil fuel. Indonesia, which is located at the ring of fire, has an abundant potential for geothermal energies. The potential of this energy reaches 40% of the total potential that exists around the world which has been exploited. To investigating the geothermal energy potential, remote sensing (RS) technique has been played an important role which it can be used to measuring land surface temperature (LST). The results indicate that the maximum land surface temperature ranged value from 28.1°C to 32.59 °C. It can be observed from the image in Landsat-8 OLI/TIRS and DEM SRTM that northwest and south-eastern parts exhibit high temperature. Some of the area with higher temperature zones distribution are located in Solok, Agam and Pasaman.
Comparison Study of Single Line to Ground Fault Method for Non Homogeneous Distribution Network
L.J. Awalin --- H. Mokhlis --- A. Halim Ali --- M. K. Rahmat (2016). Comparison Study of Single Line to Ground Fault Method for Non Homogeneous Distribution Network. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 18. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
Fault location detection is critical for operating and maintaining in distribution network. The complexity of the distribution network contribute difficulty to obtain the maximum accuracy. In order to achieve the reasonable accuracy, some fault location method have been utilized. In this paper, the accuracy of fault location methods are analyzed. Two types of fault location methods, namely impedance based and linear model are discussed. The real time of the distribution network was simulated by using PSCAD software. To observe the capability of both methods, the test system was used large of non-homogeneous distribution network. Comparison results of single line to ground fault are also discussed and analyzed in this paper.
Structural Design of a Linear-Motion Type Semi-Active Damper by Finite Element Method
Takahito Adachi --- Kenji Takahara (2016). Structural Design of a Linear-Motion Type Semi-Active Damper by Finite Element Method. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 17. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
The purpose of this study is to design a structure of a linear-motion type semi-active damper which can reduce the vibration caused by an earthquake. This paper proposes the more effective structure of the linear motion semi-active damper by magnetic-structure interaction analysis of finite element method using ANSYS.The semi-active damper has a simple structure that a linear mover, a magnet bar, reciprocates in coils of a stator. Nd Fe-B magnets in the magnet bar are placed so that the same magnetic poles face each other, in order to make the large change in magnetic flux in the coils of the stator. The coils are wound in opposite directions to each next coil and are connected in a series. The stator was covered with a magnetic material cover, so that the magnetic flux is extended through the cover and reduces cancellation of the flux in the coils of the stator. The motion of the mover is changed according to resistance connected to the coils. When the value of the resistance is large, the mover moves fast. On the other hand, the mover moves slowly when the value of the resistance is small. Therefore, the viscous damping coefficient of the mover can be directly changed by the value of the connected resistance. The size of the coils and the size of the magnetic material cover to produce the maximum damping force are simulated under the condition that the mover is constant. The electromotive force is calculated based on the change of the produced magnetic field according to the change of the given velocity of the mover in a short time. The damping force is calculated according to the electric current which the electromotive force applies to the connected resistance. By the simulations, more than 120 [N・s/m] of the maximum damping coefficient is acquired when the coil is wound up from 28.0[mm] of the inner diameter to 60.0 [mm] of the outer diameter.
Fuzzy Control of Hydrogen Generation by the Reaction of Activated Aluminum Particles and Water
Bui Trong Giap --- Kenji Takahara --- Toshinori Kajiwara --- Koji Maekawa (2016). Fuzzy Control of Hydrogen Generation by the Reaction of Activated Aluminum Particles and Water. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 16. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
The purpose of this paper is to design a fuzzy control system for generating hydrogen at desired level by a reaction between water and activated aluminum particles. The activated aluminum particles are produced shredded aluminum sawdust. In theory, 1.35 [l] of pure hydrogen is generated from 1 [g] of the activated aluminum particles and 1 [ml] of water under the condition of 1atm and 25 degree. It is confirmed that an average of 1.1 [l] of hydrogen is generated by 1 [g] of the activated aluminum in experiments. It is difficult to characterize the reaction quantitatively because the characteristics of hydrogen generating reaction vary depending on the samples, the environment of the reaction and so on. The developed portable fuel cell (FC) system consists of a FC of 100[W], a water tank, a reaction vessel, pressure sensors, a water pump, a radiator and a one-chip microcomputer. The output y(k) is chosen as the pressure of the reaction vessel which is measured in the buffer tank. The input u(k) is chosen as the water supply. The fuzzy rule is determined as follows. If e(k) is AAA and △e(k) is BBB then △u(k) is CCC The error form a desired value of the pressure of the reaction vessel and the change of the error are chosen as the labels of the fuzzy membership functions. A variable resistor is connected to the developed portable FC system and the value of the resistor is changed stepwise. The water supply is changed by the controller due to the change of the load. Furthermore, the portable FC system is applied to the trial small FC vehicle (FCV). A DC-DC converter, a lead battery, and electric double layer capacitors of 2 [F] are connected to the output of the FC in parallel with the controller of the motor. When the electricity consumption increases large the electricity power is supplied from both the FC and the lead battery to the motor. By the driving experiments, the portable FC system can appropriately generate the electricity power according to the driving state of the FCV. It is considered that the developed fuzzy controller is useful for generating hydrogen by the reaction between the activated aluminum and water under various conditions.
Enhanced Load Balancer with Multi -Layer Processing Architecture for Heavy Load over Cloud Network
Mandeep Dhami --- Jaspreet Singh --- Navdeep Singh Randhawa (2016). Enhanced Load Balancer with Multi -Layer Processing Architecture for Heavy Load over Cloud Network. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 15. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
Load balancing is an efficient part of cloud computing environment which confirms that all procedures work similar amount of work in particular time period. Various algorithms for load balancing over cloud environment have been implemented with the main goal to develop cloud resources accessible to the end users with easy and accessibility. The main load balancing problem is the run time overload owed to the change of load data amongst CPUs, selection of processes for decision making and transfers the job from processor to processor. The proposed approach analyzes conditions and divides the load balancing approach in multiple layers. Multi-queue management policy is used to check and divide requests in multiple queues according to their execution priorities and other layer handles inner requests of the queue over cloud network using network manager. Due to handling of both phases of this area the problem of heavy load processing overcome in various terms like energy consumption, response time, network load. All these terms used to analysis the performance of a system along with heavy load on network. Proposed metrics calculated in .net platform achieved the overall 28% approximate enhancement in all the cases.
Design Simulation Model Car Parking Indicators Using Sensor Ir Based Automatic Logic Circuit
Agung Pandu Perdana --- Ahmad Irvan Z. (2016). Design Simulation Model Car Parking Indicators Using Sensor Ir Based Automatic Logic Circuit. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 14. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
The development of science and technology with the presence of electronic equipment that is completely automated and sophisticated, with the development of the mindset of people who are looking for ease of doing activities. This is evident from the equipment or means of electronic assistance to meet the needs of an increasingly complex. This journal aims at designing simulations indicators, automated car park with an infrared sensor LED-based obstacle avoidance logic circuit that uses as a control IC 74LS00 NAND logic. IC can 74LS00 converted into and NOT as well as other logic as control logic.
A Novel Methodology for Evaluation and Benchmarking of Al-Hadith Classification Approaches Based on Reliability Groups Using MCDM Techniques
A.A.Zadain --- B.B.Zaidan (2016). A Novel Methodology for Evaluation and Benchmarking of Al-Hadith Classification Approaches Based on Reliability Groups Using MCDM Techniques. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 13. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
“Hadith” is considered one of the main textual sources of Islamic legislation in the Islamic religion. Therefore, evaluation and benchmarking of hadith classification approaches is considered as an important task and a challenging at the same time due to multiple evaluation attributes and criteria conflicting to verify the reliability of the Hadith. Up to our knowledge there is no study yet coverage this particular issue. In this paper, proposes and discusses a novel methodology for evaluation and benchmarking of Al-Hadith classification approaches based on reliability groups using multi-criteria analysis. To this point, two iterations should be executed; first iteration consist of two steps; (1) discussing and investigate the hadith classification using machine learning based on various artificial intelligent models in order to create the dataset, and. (2) discuss the reliability group measures to evaluate and test Hadith classification approaches in order to create a decision matrix. Followed by the second iteration using different decision-making techniques (SAW, MEW, HAW, WSM, WPM, and TOPSIS) to benchmark the results of iteration one (i.e. Hadith classification approach). As well as, discussion use the Mean, Standard deviation, and Paired sample t-test to measure the correlations among different techniques on ranking results for this case study.
Circuit Topology Optimization Using Logical Effort Technique
Abdulwahab O. Yousef --- Mahmoud A Ben Naser (2016). Circuit Topology Optimization Using Logical Effort Technique. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 12. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
The logical effort method is one of the easiest ways to estimate delay in a CMOS circuit. The fastest logic structure can be nominated by comparing delay estimates of different logic circuits. This method helps to specify the appropriate num ber of logic gates on a path and the best transistor sizes for the logic gates. Since the method is easy to use, it is an epitome for weighing alternatives at the first stage of a design and offers a good starting point for more complex optimizations. In this research, the logical effort technique is applied on conventional circuit such as 2x1 multiplexer with two different circuits
Mahmoud A Ben Naser --- Ahmad Bennakhi (2016). Applying Power Gating on D Flip-Flops. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 11. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
This paper’s purpose is to document and analyze the effectiveness of power gating when applied to D flip-flops. We will use a master-slave transmission gate logic architecture to build a D flip-flop that has minimum power leakage. Simulations will be executed on: D flip-flop without power gating, D flip-flop with a header power gating, footed power gating, and stacked power gating. After that we will analyze and note the improvement that the power gating has on the D flip-flop when it comes to its power leakage. The simulation will be done using Cadence PSpice A/D Lite program using transistors of 32 nm technology transistors. The simulation will reveal when power is gating worth the implementation, since adding extra transistors by itself affects the active power consumption negatively.
Parental Control Application with Eye Blink Fatigue Detection Algorithm for Android Device
Jay-ar P. Lalata --- Lorenzo B. Sta. Maria Jr. --- Alloysius Mari E. Ilagan --- Alison Jay U. Lim --- Clifford M. Marco --- Manolito Jr. S. Medina (2016). Parental Control Application with Eye Blink Fatigue Detection Algorithm for Android Device. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 10. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
Smartphones are widely used in our technology driven generation whether for work, educational and entertaining purposes by its users. Besides of giving advantages in using smartphones, there are also some disadvantages, like behavioural issues such as aggression, and addiction; health issues such as mental illness, depression, anxiety; and a lot more. And as a measure to lessen the amount of exposure of kids or teenagers in front of smartphones to prevent theses detrimental effects, parental control applications are made available. This study focuses on utilizing the Android framework and OpenCV to create a parental control application that allows manual control of the mobile devices of their children; and automatic control when they are showing signs of eye fatigue when using the phone through the eye blink fatigue detection module. In order to achieve the purpose, we incorporate OpenCV library with the cloud technology to perform the manual locking and unlocking of the mobile device. Also, OpenCV library was used to detect and recognize the face of user of the mobile device and to detect the fatigue level of the user’s eyes. By using the proposed method, we can get a real time monitoring and notification about the child’s mobile device and about the child’s daily usage. It also provides security by identifying and recognizing if the user is a registered user if the mobile device. Furthermore, with the real time results the children’s eyes can be protected by limiting their usage of the mobile device and provide immense security.
Development of Portable Solar Powered Generator Bag
Luisito L. Lacatan --- Jay-ar P. Lalata --- Christian Ralph Antonio --- Aizel Lois Barcia --- Erwin James Formaran --- Fil Edwin Pangilinan (2016). Development of Portable Solar Powered Generator Bag. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 9. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
This project entitled “Heavy Bag Embedded with Piezoelectric as an Energy Storage Device for USB-Based Mobile Devices” aims to integrate an energy harvesting system into a heavy bag for energy harvesting and generate electrical power when the bag is hit. The study coversdeveloping a prototype utilizing a heavy bag for energy harvesting. The system will provide power to charge USB-based mobile devices. Also, an indicator whether the device is charging, full charge or discharging is provided. The energy harvesting system comprises of piezoelectric disk transducers that produces energy when stress is applied, an energy harvesting module circuit that processes the energy from the transducers, a 5V DC to DC boost converter and a 4400mah Power Bank that will store the harvested energy and provide the charging indicator. The results of the study were that utilizing the energy harvested from the system will take approximately 48 hours of charging to fully-charged the power bank.
Armband with Electromyography Sensor and Bluetooth for Hand Gesture Recognition
Joselito Eduard E. Goh --- Luisito L. Lacatan --- Marie Luvett I. Goh --- Natan Niel B. Nierva --- Klyde Michael M. Co --- John Paul M. Rombaoa --- Christian B. Sarmiento (2016). Armband with Electromyography Sensor and Bluetooth for Hand Gesture Recognition. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 8. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
This project paper exhibits the use of Electromyography (EMG) sensor to capture a person’s muscle activity and send the acquired electrical signal via Bluetooth device. Electromyography sensor can be used in various ways for different systems, such as those that require an alternative controller in replacement of a regular mouse or Analog joystick. This project was focused primarily on the design and development of a wearable armband using Electromyography sensor and its associated software that utilizes the captured data and converts it into a recognizable hand gestures. The wearable armband is able to exchange data wirelessly over short distances using Bluetooth technology. This project used a microcontroller unit to convert the Analog signals produced by the skeletal muscle activity into digital signals and interprets it for further processing. The developed utility software then receives the gathered digital data and provide an equivalent graphical representations based on different hand gestures. The prototype can fit an average human’s arm size and can detect more than 3 hand gestures. The materials required for the project includes: Electromyography sensor, Bluetooth module for wireless transmission, microcontroller, and rechargeable battery.
Development of Electric Generator and Water Purifier Cart
Luisito L. Lacatan --- Gian Carlo J. Bergonia --- Felipe C. Buado III --- Gerald L. Gono --- Ron Mark V. Ortil --- Calvin A. Yap(2016). Development of Electric Generator and Water Purifier Cart. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 7. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
This paper features the development of a Mobile Self-sustaining Electricity Generator for water distillation process with MCU- based wireless controller & indicator designed to solve the problem of scarcity of clean water. It’s a fact that pure water is precious nowadays and its value is more precious to those who do not have or enjoy it. There are many water filtration products in existence today. However, none of these products fully satisfy the needs of families needing clean drinking water. All of the following products require either large sums of money or extensive maintenance, and some products don’t even come with a guarantee of potable water. The proposed project was designed to alleviate the problem of scarcity of potable water in the country and part of the purpose was also to identify the problem or loopholes of the project such as the distance and speed required to produce electricity using a wheel and alternator, the required time for the heating element to heat up, the capacity of the battery to maintain the heat of the heating element and the time required for the boiler to produce a clean and potable water. The project has three parts. The first part included the researchers’ effort to plan every part of the project from the conversion of mechanical energy to electrical energy, from purifying water to potable drinking water to the controller and indicator of the project using microcontroller unit (MCU). This included identifying the problem encountered and any possible solution to prevent and avoid errors. Gathering and reviewing related studies about the project helped the researcher reduce and prevent any problems before they could be encountered. It also included the price and quantity of materials used to control the budget.
Profile Analysis Physic and Chemical Traditional Food Ilabulo Catfish (Pangasius Sp.) Fortification Seaweed Kappaphycus Alvarezii and Bone Meal Catfish Devices
Rita Marsuci Harmain --- Faiza Dali --- Nurjanah --- Agoes Mardiono Jacob (2016). Profile Analysis Physic and Chemical Traditional Food Ilabulo Catfish (Pangasius Sp.) Fortification Seaweed Kappaphycus Alvarezii and Bone Meal Catfish Devices. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 6. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
Ilabulo is a traditional food of Gorontalo Province usually based on chicken or meat these raw materials can be replaced by catfish (Pangasius sp.) fortified by seaweed K.alvarezii and bone of catfish. The research objectived is to analyze the physical (texture) and characteristic chemical (amino acids, moisture content, ash content, protein, fat, crude fiber, carbohydrates). The steps being taken is the preparation of catfish, formulation and physic chemical analysis. Physical analysis using texture analyzer TA-XT2i. Chemical analysis using AOAC (2005) and HPLC. Data results of chemical analysis using Analysis of Variance. The results showed that the physical texture of ilabulo catfish fortification with seaweed K.alvarezii and bone catfish is average 2149.3/gf and without fortification is an average of 1927 / gf. While chemical characteristic which are 56.46% moisture, ash content 11.54%, 7.78% protein, 8.91% fat, 0.61% crude fiber, carbohydrates 22.07% and calcium 0.315%. The amino acid levels is 6.04% w/w.
Veronica Sri Lestari --- Djoni Prawira Rahardja --- Sitti Nurani Sirajuddin (2016). The Role of Gender on Laying Hen Farms. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 5. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
Gender play an important role in developing poultry farms. Laying hen produce animal protein in the form of white meat and eggs. The objective of this research was to know the role of gender on laying hen farms. The location of this research was in Sidrap Regency, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. The research was conducted in 2016. The sample were consisted of gender who work on laying hen farms, which were choosed through random sampling. The data were collected through observation and face- to- face interview by using questionnaires. Socio economics of gender, access, control, participation, benefit from laying hen farms were explored. The data were analysed descriptively by using frequently distribution table. The results of this research revealed that the role of men dominated in poultry production resources and access to extention and training , while for control and benefit from laying hen farms, men and women were balance.
Macro-Watershed Scale Erosion Prone Area Identification for Develpment Planning in Northern Ethiopia
Kassa Teka (2016). Macro-Watershed Scale Erosion Prone Area Identification for Develpment Planning in Northern Ethiopia. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 4. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
Most soil loss estimation studies in Ethiopia have focused at plot level and some at micro- to milli-watersheds (< 10000 ha). However, these studies may not represent the entire area of a macro-watershed (> 50,000 ha) which is very essential for development planning. The aim of this study was, therefore, to calculate the soil loss rate and analyze the spatial distribution of soil erosion and locate the erosion high susceptible areas at the macro-watershed scale so as to help for regional development planning. The study area was the macro-watershed of the Geba River (5,133 km²). The RUSLE model, the most practical method of estimating soil erosion potential, was applied in this study. The results of the analysis showed that the average soil loss in the entire watershed was 6.34 ton ha-1y-1, while 7.31 ton ha-1y-1 was from arable land. These estimates are within the tolerable soil loss (2 - 18 ton ha-1y-1) for Ethiopia put forward by Hurni. Taking the global soil formation rate at 1 ton ha-1y-1, the soil in the study area was being lost 6 or more times faster than the rate of renewal and sustainability. More than 84% of the study area was classified under very slight soil loss (< 5 ton ha-1y-1). However, about 5% of the watershed was suffering from severe (25 – 45 ton ha-1y-1) or very severe soil loss (≥ 45 ton ha-1y-1). The highest soil loss was estimated from calcaric Fluvisol and areas with a slope steeper than 30%.
Watermelon Crop Response Under Shallow Water Table at Initial Growth for Tıdal Lowland Agrıculture
Momon Sodik Imanudin --- Bakri dan M. Edi Armanto (2016). Watermelon Crop Response Under Shallow Water Table at Initial Growth for Tıdal Lowland Agrıculture. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 3. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
Water melon cultivation is one of proper alternative in order to increase farmers income at tidal lowland agriculture. The research of crop adaptation to wet soil condition is required so that farmers are capable to decide the best planting time at several conditions of the existing land typology. The research to determine crop physiology response at initial growth period had been conducted within greenhouse. The treatments were consisted of water table depth at 15, 10 and 5 cm below soil surface, respectively. Observation of water table surface was done in the field. Analysis of crop potential based on water status condition in the root zones was conducted by using secondary and primary data. Results of crop adaptation at shalow water table depth showed that treatments of water table depth 10 cm and 5 cm were not signficantly different in term of crop height with magnitude of 12.6 cm and 12.3 cm having respectively 3 leaves. However, it had significant effect on root length with magnitude of 11.9 cm dan 3.1 cm, respectively. Maximum crop height of 15.2 cm and leaves number of 4 was found on treatment of 15 cm water table depth. It can be concluded that farmers can do planting at water table condition of 10 cm below soil surface. The objective of accelerated planting is that crop do not need irrigation water at generative phase. This condition is especially recommended for C land typology which had high porosity and low capilary flow.
Technical-Economic Efficiencies of Snakehead Seed Production Under Impacts of Climate Change in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Kim Quyen --- Truong Hoang Minh --- Huynh Van Hien --- Tran Ngoc Hai --- Tran Thi Thanh Hien --- Tran Dac Dinh (2016). Technical-Economic Efficiencies of Snakehead Seed Production Under Impacts of Climate Change in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 2. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
This study was carried out from February to December 2014 by interviewing 75 farmers who opporate snakehead seed production in An Giang, Dong Thap and Hau Giang provinces, Vietnam. The results showed that the total area for snakehead seed production was 629.01±756.77 m2, whereas the area for nursing was smaller (582.1±619.8 m2). Each hatchery used 27.4±16.6 pair of broodstock/breeding cycle and produced whole year with the total of 11.3±1.17 production cycle. The productivity and the yeild of snakehead seed production was 8,375 larvae/kg and 161.44 54.64 thousand individual/production cycle, respectively. Sakehead seed was mainly sold to seed traders in the Delta (82.3%). With average production cost was 18.23±8:42 million VND/production cycle, in which variable costs accounted for 96.67% of the total cost, the farmers could reach the total net profit of 16.78±17.92 million VND/production cycle, equivalent to 185 millionVND/ year and profitable margins of 1.36. Factors of climate change affecting snakehead seed production involved rainfall, droughts, water temperature, salinity which caused diseases easier (36%), affected seed production in general (31%), decreased water quality (10%), .... To reduce the impacts of climate change to production, the snakehead seed production farmers often changed selling market, suspended production of seeds, used better brookstocks by choosing them more carefully and a number of other measures.
Livelihoods of Communities of Agriculture and Aquaculture in the Hau River Lower Basin, Long Xuyen City, an Giang Province, Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Kim Quyen --- Chau Thi Da(2016). Livelihoods of Communities of Agriculture and Aquaculture in the Hau River Lower Basin, Long Xuyen City, an Giang Province, Vietnam. Abstract of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 14: 1. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1001/2016.14/1001.14
The study was conducted to analyze livelihoods efficiency of key agriculture, aquaculture and fisheries groups via KIP interviews and household survey (140 samples). A set of data processing method was used, including descriptive statistics, multiple choice analysis, Likert scale and economic indicators analysis. The results show that rice cultivation (52.67%, 5/5 mark) and other aquatic species aquaculture (28%; 4.50±0.53 mark) were the most pupolar and important livelihoods. Rice farming community was had a relative diversified and stable livelihood with total income of 6,246.2 ±4,074.8 USD/household/year. Vegetable growers had an unstable livelihood and low income. Pangasius farming community was small-scale and high ratio of risk (lost ratio of 47.62%) so that they have gradual transformed production mode into large-scale intensive companies or outsourcing farming areas for large processing companies. Other aquatic species farming group(snakehead pond farming and tilapia cage culture) had stable life, high income (more than 28,570 USD/household/year). Fishing community conducted activity on a small scale, using rudimentary fishing gears and took low yield (2,629.55±1,365.13 kg/year), low income (1,662.8±576.2 USD/household/year). Market prices and productivity were the biggest concerns that should be interested in improving the people’s livelihoods.