Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062

Conference List

Journal of Diagnostics

June 2014, Volume 1, 1, pp 6-12

Anthropometric Parameters as Predictors of Peak Expiratory Flow Rate in Central Indian Children 5-15 Years

Sachin Pawar


Vinod Shende


Satish Waghmare


MT Jivtode

Sachin Pawar 1 ,

Vinod Shende 1 Satish Waghmare 3
MT Jivtode 4

  1. Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, M.G.I.M.S., Sevagram, India 1

  2. Tutor, Department of Physiology, M.G.I.M.S., Sevagram, India 3

  3. Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, G.M.C., Nagpur., India 4

Pages: 6-12

DOI: 10.18488/journal.98/2014.1.1/

Share :


The development of pulmonary function and growth of physical parameters are concurrent in children. Hence, measurement of lung function is essential for evaluation of physical development of children and adolescent with respiratory disease. A cross sectional study was conducted on 200 primary, middle and high school children of 5-15 years. Their anthropometric parameters and peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) were recorded and multiple regression equations for predicting PEFR from anthropometric variables were derived. Highly significant positive correlation (P<0.01) was observed between all the anthropometric and pulmonary parameters. Significantly high R2 values were found when age, height, weight, chest circumference, BSA and arm span were used as independent variables in the regression analysis. Thus, this study establishes reference standards for predicting PEFR in normal healthy children residing in Central India.  
Contribution/ Originality




  1. M. Ebomoyi and V. Iyawe, "Variations of peak expiratory flow rate with anthropometric determinants in a population of healthy adult Nigerians," Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences, vol. 20, pp. 85-89, 2005.
  2. J. Deshpande, H. Dahat, and C. Shirole, "Pulmonary function and their correlation with anthropometric parameters in rural children," Indian J  Pediatr., vol. 50, pp. 375-378, 1983.
  3. E. Mitchell, "International trend in hospital admission rates for asthma," Arch Dis Child, vol. 60, pp. 376-378, 1985.
  4. J. Kivastik and P. Kingisepp, "Lung function in Estonian children: Effect of sitting height," Clin Physiol., vol. 15, pp. 287-296, 1995.
  5. P. Raju, K. Prasad, and Y. Raman, "Study of lung function tests and prediction equations in Indian male children," Indian Pediatr., vol. 40, pp. 705-711, 2003.
  6. B. Ferris, J. Whittenberger, and J. Gallagher, "Maximum breathing capacity and vital capacity of male children and adolescents," Pediatrics, vol. 9, pp. 659- 670, 1952.
  7. G. Leiner, S. Abramowitz, M. Small, V. Stenby, and W. Lewis, "Expiratory peak flow rate: Standard values for normal subjects," Am Rev Respir Dis., vol. 88, pp. 644-651, 1963.
  8. E. Elebute and D. Femi-Pearse, "Peak flow rate in Nigeria: Anthropometric determinants and usefulness in assessment of ventilatory function," Thorax., vol. 26, pp. 597-601, 1971.
  9. H. Singh and K. Meenakshi, "Expiratory flow rates in boys," Indian J Pediatr., vol. 43, pp. 83-87, 1976.
  10. S. Malik, S. Jindal, P. Sharda, and N. Banga, "Peak expiratory flow rate of healthy schoolboys from Punjab," Indian Pediatr., vol. 18, pp. 517-521, 1981.
  11. S. Swaminathan, P. Venkatesan, and R. Mukunthan, "Peak expiratory flow rate in South Indian children," Indian Pediatr., vol. 30, pp. 207-211, 1993.
  12. N. Azah, E. Antai, E. Peters, and E. Ossim, "Normal lung function values of Nigerian children aged 6-16 years," Nig J Physiol Sci., vol. 17, pp. 74-75, 2002.
  13. Rajkappor, K. Mahajan, and A. Mahajan, "Ventilatory lung function tests in school children of 6-13 years," Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci., vol. 39, pp. 97-105, 1997.
  14. V. Vijayan, A. Reetha, K. Kuppurao, P. Venkatesan, and S. Thilakavathy, "Pulmonary function in normal South Indian children aged 7-19 years," Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci., vol. 42, pp. 147-156, 2000.
  15. M. Faridi, P. Gupta, and A. Prakash, "Lung functions in malnourished children aged five to eleven years," Indian Pediatr., vol. 32, pp. 35-42, 1995.
  16. J. Kivastik and P. Kingisepp, "Differences in lung function and chest dimension in school age girls and boys," Clin Physiol., vol. 17, pp. 149-157, 1997.
  17. S. Malik and S. Jindal, "Pulmonary function tests in healthy children," Indian Pediatr., vol. 22, pp. 677-681, 1985.
  18. W. Thurlbeck and J. Haines, "Bronchial dimensions and stature," Am Rev Respir Dis., vol. 112, pp. 142-145, 1975.
  19. J. Warner, "What is normal lung function? International silicosis prevention," in Proceeding of the 7th Philip Zorab Symposium, New York: Praeger Scientific, 1983, pp. 173-184.


Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


Competing Interests:


Related Article

( 1 ) Anthropometric Parameters as Predictors of Peak Expiratory Flow Rate in Central Indian Children 5-15 Years
( 2 ) Evaluation of the Relative Viability of Anthropometric Parameters, Aerobic Capacity, Spinal Mobility, Abdominal Muscular Endurance, Back and Lower Limb Muscle Strength in Predicting the Balance Performance of Young Adult Males
( 4 ) Multifactorial Analysis of the Parameters for Immunity in Preterm Infants
( 6 ) Effect of Plasmodium Falciparum on Liver Function Parameters of Children in Akoko Area of Ondo State, Nigeria
( 7 ) Impact of Plant Oils as Antifungal Activity Against Fungal Pathogens of Cinnamomum Zeylanicum (Cinnamon)
( 8 ) Food Safety Knowledge, Attitude and Associated Factors of Food Handlers Working in Substandard Food Establishments in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia, 2013/14
( 9 ) Old Theories Revisited on Cancer Assistant Therapy
( 10 ) A Systematic Review to Explore the Scope of Global Interventions to Reduce the Incidence of Gastric Cancer
( 11 ) EuroFIR Project – A Key Role in Creation and Compiling of Bulgarian Food Composition Database
( 12 ) Prevalence and Infection Patterns of Geo-Helminthiasis in a Rural Community along River Okumeshi, Delta State, Nigeria: A Cross-Sectional Study
( 13 ) Ultrasound Guided Axillary Node Sampling in Patients of Carcinoma Breast with Clinically Negative Axilla: A Pilot Study
( 14 ) Nutritive Value of Some Agro–Industrial By–Products as Supplement to Guinea Grass (Panicum Maximum) By Sokoto Gudali Calf
( 15 ) Prevalence and Factors Associated With Refractive Error among Primary School Children in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
( 16 ) The Level and Associated Factors Of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Blood Donation among Health Science Students of Addis Ababa University
( 17 ) Non Syndromic, Bilateral, Dentigerous Cysts Associated with Inverted Mandibular Third Molars: A Case Report
( 19 ) Application of Saliva as Diagnostic Bio-Fluid- An Overview
( 20 ) Protective Effect of L-Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) On Mercury Detoxication and Physiological Aspects of Albino Rats
( 21 ) Impact of Ramadan Fasting on Some Biochemical Aspects in Healthy Subjects
( 22 ) Update on Nutritional Aspects of Gluten-Free Diet in Celiac Patients
( 23 ) Chondrosarcoma of the Upper Extremity of the Humerus: A Case Report
( 24 ) Effect of Different Chronotype on Comorbidity and Resistance to Psycho-Emotional Stress in Hypertension Associated With Hepato-Biliary Pathology in the North
( 25 ) Clinical Significance of Salivary Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 in Oral Precancerous Conditions and Oral Cancer
( 26 ) Role of Iron Metabolism in Breast Cancer Patients
( 27 ) Ethanolic Extract of Ginger on the Histology of the Pancrease in Adult Wistar Rats
( 28 ) Prevalence of Stunting and Associated Factors among Under Five Children in Wondo Genet Woreda, Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia
( 29 ) Contribution of Integrated Nutrient Management Practices for Sustainable Crop Productivity, Nutrient Uptake and Soil Nutrient Status in Maize Based Cropping Systems
( 30 ) Acute Renal Failure, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Changes in Three Cases with Ileostomy
( 31 ) Correlation between Her2/Neu and Histopatholoical Finding among Sudanese Female Breast Cancer Patients
( 32 ) Radiographic Assessment of Alveolar Bone Crest Levels in 9-12 Year Old Children in Davangere, India
( 33 ) Review on Preparation and Description of Some First Series Divalent Transition Metal Complexes with Novel Schiff’s Base Ligands
( 34 ) Suicides and Factors Associated With Suicides-A Study in a Rural Setup of Pondicherry in South India
( 35 ) Dietary Polyamines and Diseases: Reducing Polyamine Intake Can Be Beneficial In Cancer Treatment
( 36 ) The Effect of Regular Hazelnut Consumption on Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Acceptance in Māori and European
( 37 ) Apoptotic Analysis of Cumulus Cells for the Selection of Competent Oocytes to Be Fertilized by Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
( 38 ) Malaysian Translation and Psychometric Evaluation for Parent and Child Questionnaires of Children Health Survey for Asthma
( 39 ) The Successful Treatment of Obstructive Uropathy Caused By Retroperitoneal Fibrosis with Steroids in the Latent Tuberculosis Case
( 40 ) About the Pathogenesis of Myasthenia Gravis Associated With Thymic Enlargement
( 41 ) Evaluation of Techniques for the Diagnosis of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis in Paediatric Patients
( 42 ) Influence of Seed Location in the Fruit Pod of Fluted Pumpkin (Telfairia Occidentalis Hook. F.) and Poultry Wastes on Plant Sex Ratio
( 43 ) Reliability of the Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis (Lrinec) Score for Early Diagnosis of Necrotizing Fasciitis
( 44 ) Localized Amyloidosis of the Neck: A Rare Case and Literature Review
( 45 ) Free Maternal and Child Health Services in Enugu State, South East Nigeria: Experiences of the Community and Health Care Providers
( 46 ) Biological Functions of Plasma Membrane-Derived Extracellular Vesicles and Their Role in Diseases
( 47 ) Spectrum of Morphological Changes and Prevalence of “P53 Signatures” In Tubal Fimbrial Epithelium in General Population and In Patients with Pelvic Serous Carcinomas
( 48 ) The Importance of Clinical Genotype in Patients with Klinefelter Syndrome. A Genetic Disorder Asociated to Taurodontism
( 49 ) Anti-Proliferative Effect of Asiatic Acid on Hep-G2 Cell Line
( 50 ) Pleural Effusion in Gorham-Stout Syndrome: A Case Report and a Literature Review
( 51 ) The Potential Protective Role of Chamomile Extract on Rat Liver Ultrastructural Changes Induced by 2, 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid
( 52 ) A Sample Survey on Reproductive Women to Assess Level of Stress in Sub-Urban Population, South Chennai, India
( 53 ) Ontology with SVM Based Diagnosis of Tuberculosis and Statistical Analysis
( 54 ) Model for Absorption of Perfluoropropane Intraocular Gas after Retinal Surgeries
( 55 ) Dyspnea as an Unusual Presentation of Rickets in A 3-Month-Old Infant: A Case Report
( 56 ) How to Treat Diastasis Recti Abdominis with Physical Therapy: A Case Report
( 57 ) Serum Lipid Profile and Leptin Levels in Asthmatic Libyan Children
( 58 ) Risk-Based Disease Management in the Fight Against to Bovine Tuberculosis; Area Prioritization
( 59 ) Development of Periodontitis after Antihelicobacter Therapy in Patients with Ulcer Disease
( 60 ) Determination of the Seasonality of Bovine Tuberculosis Disease from the Risk Based Disease Management
( 61 ) Assessment of the Quality of Antenatal Care Rendered at a Northern Nigeria Primary Health Care Center, Zaria, Nigeria
( 62 ) Gender as Determinant of the Effect of Yeast Selenium on CD4 T Cells Count Among HIV 1 Positive Children
( 63 ) Prevalence of Prehypertension and Assessment of Renal Function among the Prehypertensive Students of the College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria
( 64 ) Influence of Parity and Index Child Factors on Adoption of Exclusive Breastfeeding by Nursing-Mothers in Imo State Nigeria
( 65 ) Development and Evaluation of the Readability, Stability and Internal Consistency of a Psychometric Instrument Designed to Assess Physiotherapists Knowledge and Attributes of Professionalism
( 66 ) Prevalence of Prediabetes and the Associated Risk of Kidney Disease in Apparently Healthy Subjects in Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria
( 67 ) Value of Radiology Modalities in Diagnosing Benign and Malignant Tumours of Breast: An Observational Study
( 68 ) The Value of Nuclear Medicine Versus Ultrasonography in Diagnosing Renal Disease
( 69 ) Contribution of Planting Space and Harvesting Period on the Nutrient Compositions of Some OFSP Sweet Potato Varieties Grown in Southeast Nigeria Ultisol
( 71 ) Characterization and Antimicrobial Resistance Profile of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Isolated from Clinical and Environmental Samples
( 72 ) Oral Mucosal Lesions in Patient With Bullous Pemphigoid - A Rare Case and Literature Review
( 73 ) Gender Based Differences in Epidemiologic and Clinical Profile of Adult Vitiligo
( 74 ) Cola Nitida (Kola-Nut) Enhances Gastric Ulceration and Secretion Via Ileum Motility Increase
( 75 ) Mortalities Profile among Dubai Population 2017, Utilizing Breakdown Fractions for Intervention and Forecasting of Future Epidemiologic Transition - Dubai, UAE 2019
( 76 ) Self-Esteem, Optimism and Burden of Care among Relatives of Cardiovascular Disease Patients in Selected Tertiary Hospitals in Southwest, Nigeria
( 77 ) The Efficacy of Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLINs) and Insecticide Treated Nets against Anopheles Mosquitoes
( 78 ) A Retrospective Assessment of Syphilis Seroprevalence among Pregnant Women, Cape Coast, Ghana
( 79 ) Patterns, Correlates and Knowledge of Health Implications Associated with Alcohol Consumption: A Mix-Method Approach
( 80 ) Determinant Factors and Spatial Distribution of Visceral Leishmaniasis in North Gondar in Selected Hospitals
( 81 ) Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Four (4) Asymptomatic Prospective Employees: A Short Correspondence
( 82 ) Descriptive Assessment of Medical Outreach Services, Benefits and Factors Influencing Success of Outreach Program in Rural Communities of Enugu State
( 83 ) Evaluating the Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Nursing Mothers towards Exclusive Breastfeeding in Tano North District
( 84 ) The Outbreak of Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Pandemic: Consequences on Public Mental Health