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Animal Review

June 2017, Volume 4, 2, pp 35-44

Growth and Survival Parameters and Blood IgG and Total Protein Levels of Calves Born in the First Production Year of Brown Swiss and Simmental Cows

Zeynep KUCUK BAYKAN

,

Mustafa OZCAN

Zeynep KUCUK BAYKAN 1

Mustafa OZCAN 2

  1. Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, Saruhanlı District Agriculture Directorate, Manisa, Turkey 1

  2. Istanbul University, Veterinary Faculty, Department of Animal Breeding and Husbandry, Istanbul, Turkey 2

Pages: 35-44

DOI: 10.18488/journal.ar.2017.42.35.44

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Article History:

Received: 07 July, 2017
Revised: 03 August, 2017
Accepted: 17 August, 2017
Published: 21 August, 2017


Abstract:

The objectives of this study were to determine the growth and survival parameters and blood IgG and total protein levels of calves born in the first production year of Brown Swiss and Simmental cows imported from Austria to a newly-established dairy cattle enterprise in Manisa, Turkey. The study material consisted of 62 Brown Swiss and 266 Simmental calves. Calves were separated from their mothers after birth and put into individual sections and subjected to colostrum feeding. At the end of three days, calf grower feed was given. Calves were weaned around 60-days of age unless there was an abnormality with their development. Birth weights, weaning weights on the 65th day, and daily weight gains of calves were 40.31 kg and 41.76 kg, 77.16 kg and 83.9 kg, 0.56 kg and 0.64 kg for Brown Swiss and Simmental breeds respectively. Simmental calves were born heavier and had more weight gain until weaning. We determined that breed and sex affected calves’ growth while delivery method only affected birth weight. Calves with high birth weights caused difficult birth, but this effect disappeared until weaning. Survival rates of calves until weaning were 98.39% for Brown Swiss and 95.49% for Simmental. The survival and mortality rates of Brown Swiss and Simmental calves at weaning were at normal levels, while the calves with difficult birth had losses around 10%.

Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated the performance and adaptation levels of imported breeds in Turkey. It contributes in the existing literature by producing information on the growth, survival, immunity levels and locality adaptations of calves born in Turkey after heifers’ importation.

Keywords:

Simmental, Brown Swiss, Calf, Survival, Growth, Adaptation, IgG, Cattle.

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Funding:

This work was supported by Scientific Research Projects Coordination Unit of Istanbul University (Project Number: 23141).

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

This study was arranged from a part of the first author’s PhD thesis.

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