Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062
USA

Conference List

Hypersensitivity to Natural Rubber Latex Gloves among Albanian Dental Students: The Role of Exposure Duration

Alketa Bakiri

,

Dhimiter Kraja

,

Skender Skenderaj

,

Doris Mingomataj

,

Elizana Petrela

,

Cerciz j Mingomata

,

Ariol Rama

,

Ervin C. Mingomataj

Alketa Bakiri 1
Dhimiter Kraja 2
Skender Skenderaj 3

Doris Mingomataj 4 Elizana Petrela 5
Cerciz j Mingomata 4 Ariol Rama 7
Ervin C. Mingomataj 8


  1. Logos University, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Department of Advanced Techniques in Medical Laboratory, Tirana, Albania; Albanian University, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Department of Stomatology, Tirana, Albania; Hygeia Hospital Tirana, Department 1

  2. Medicine University of Tirana, Faculty of General Medicine, Department of Infective and Dermato-Venerologic Diseases, Tirana, Albania 2

  3. Medicine University of Tirana, Faculty of General Medicine, Department of Environmental and Work Medicine, Tirana, Albania 3

  4. Albanian University, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Department of Stomatology, Tirana, Albania 4

  5. Medicine University of Tirana, Faculty of General Medicine, Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Tirana, Albania 5

  6. Logos University, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Department of Advances Technics in Medical Laboratory, Tirana, Albania 7

  7. Medicine University of Tirana, Faculty of Technical-Medical Sciences, Department of Paraclinical Disciplines, Tirana, Albania; “Mother Theresa” School of Medicine, Department of Allergology and Clinical Immunology, Tirana, Albania 8

Pages: 45-49

DOI: 10.18488/journal.9.2017.43.45.49

Share :

Article History:

Received: 15 February, 2017
Revised: 17 March, 2017
Accepted: 04 April, 2017
Published: 20 April, 2017


Abstract:

Latex allergy is a common occupational disease among healthcare workers who use latex gloves. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of allergy to latex gloves among dental students and the role of exposure duration in latex allergy. In this prospective study, a total of 240 students completed a self-administered questionnaire aiming at providing information about glove, working habits, signs and symptoms related to glove use, precautions taken to minimize it, etc. The challenge and patch tests were performed through latex gloves, and skin prick test with commercial extracts. The questionnaire items and diagnostic tests revealed that one-fourth of subjects were suspicious for latex gloves hypersensitivity. Their mean value for skin reactions like contact urticaria, irritant or allergic dermatitis was between 10% and 14%, while for non-cutaneous symptoms the mean value was under 5%. The average latex exposure (in hours) is estimated to be about 214±71 (SE), with a maximum of 11500 hours. The correlation between studied variables and the time exposure to latex gloves revealed weak to moderate relations with respect to reported latex allergy, eczematous reactions, hand erythema after glove wearing, irritant reactions during wash/washout procedures, concentration oscillations during usage of latex gloves, or dyspnea attack during latex exposure. Due to the relationship between allergic reactions to latex gloves and some medical histories during school practice, it seems to be necessary to undergo pre-matriculation evaluation and periodic health surveillance of dental students.

Contribution/ Originality
AB designed the questionnaire, assisted students to complete them, conducted diagnostic tests and collected the data; DK and SS coordinated and helped with the study design and conduction; DM assisted on students’ enrollment in the study and helped with the study  design from the stomatological perspective; EP assisted on statistical analysis of the data; ÇM coordinated the students’ enrollment in the study; AR assisted on manuscript copyediting, EÇM drafted the manuscript.

Keywords:

Latex glove allergy, Questionnaire, Diagnostic tests, Dental students, Latex exposure duration, Allergy symptoms.

Video:

Reference:

  1. S. M. Risenga, G. P. Shivambu, M. P. Rakgole, M. L. Makwela, S. Nthuli, T. A. Malatji, N. J. Maligavhada, and R. J. Green, "Latex allergy and its clinical features among healthcare workers at Mankweng Hospital, Limpopo Province, South Africa," South African Medical Journal, vol. 103, pp. 390-394, 2013. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  2. M. Vangveeravong, J. Sirikul, and T. Daengsuwan, "Latex allergy in dental students: A cross-sectional study," Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, vol. 94, pp. S1-8, 2011. View at Google Scholar 
  3. Z. S. Buss and T. S. Fröde, "Latex allergen sensitization and risk factors due to glove use by health care workers at public health units in Florianopolis, Brazil.," Journal of Investigational Allergology and Clinical Immunology, vol. 17, pp. 27-33, 2007. View at Google Scholar 
  4. M. Lamberti, R. Buonanno, C. Ritonnaro, G. Giovane, V. Crispino, A. Feola, N. Medici, N. Sannolo, A. Di Carlo, and M. Di Domenico, "Molecular profile of sensitization in subjects with short occupational exposure to latex," International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, vol. 28, pp. 841-8, 2015. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  5. S. Köse, A. Mandiracioğlu, B. Tatar, S. Gül, and M. Erdem, "Prevalence of latex allergy among healthcare workers in Izmir (Turkey)," Central European Journal of Public Health, vol. 22, pp. 262-265, 2014. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  6. Q. L. Liu, X. Z. He, K. Liang, R. Xie, H. P. Fang, K. J. Zhu, and Y. M. Fan, "Prevalence and risk factors for latex glove allergy among female clinical nurses: A multicenter questionnaire study in China," International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, vol. 19, pp. 29-34, 2013. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  7. S. H. Nabavizadeh, A. Anushiravani, and R. Amin, "Natural rubber latex hypersensitivity with skin prick test in operating room personnel," Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, vol. 8, pp. 219-20, 2009. View at Google Scholar 
  8. C. Supapvanich, A. C. Povey, and F. De Vocht, "Latex sensitization and risk factors in female nurses in Thai governmental hospitals," International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, vol. 27, pp. 93-103, 2014. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  9. C. R. Zeiss, A. Gomaa, F. M. Murphy, D. N. Weissman, M. Hodgson, D. Foster, S. Dejativongse, K. Colella, K. Kestenberg, V. P. Kurup, R. K. Bush, A. M. Chiu, K. J. Kelly, and J. N. Fink, "Latex hypersensitivity in department of veterans affairs health care workers: Glove use, symptoms, and sensitization," Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, vol. 91, pp. 539-45, 2003. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  10. M. J. Galindo, S. Quirce, and O. L. Garcia, "Latex allergy in primary care providers," Journal of Investigational Allergology and Clinical Immunology, vol. 21, pp. 459-65, 2011. View at Google Scholar 
  11. A. Copertaro, M. Bracci, M. Barbaresi, and G. Bianchini, "Usefulness of a questionnaire and RAST in screening of health care workers allergic to latex," Medicina Lavoro, vol. 97, pp. 779-786, 2006. View at Google Scholar 
  12. F. Ly, I. Mbaye, I. Wone, C. Gaye-Fall, M. L. Sow, B. Ndiaye, and A. Mahé, "Allergy to latex gloves among healthcare workers in Dakar," Annales Dermatologie Venereologie, vol. 133, pp. 971-974, 2006. View at Google Scholar 
  13. K. S. Wan and H. C. Lue, "Latex allergy in health care workers in Taiwan: Prevalence, clinical features," International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, vol. 80, pp. 455-457, 2007. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  14. W. Boonchai, W. Sirikudta, P. Iamtharachai, and P. Kasemsarn, "Latex glove-related symptoms among health care workers: A self-report questionnaire-based survey," Dermatitis, vol. 25, pp. 135-139, 2014. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  15. K. J. Kelly, M. L. Wang, M. Klancnik, and E. L. Petsonk, "Prevention of IgE sensitization to latex in health care workers after reduction of antigen exposures," Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol. 53, pp. 934-940, 2011. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  16. C. Epling, J. Duncan, E. Archibong, T. Østbye, L. A. Pompeii, and J. Dement, "Latex allergy symptoms among health care workers: Results from a university health and safety surveillance system," International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, vol. 17, pp. 17-23, 2011. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  17. C. T. Lin, D. Z. Hung, D. Y. Chen, H. J. Wu, J. L. Lan, and Y. H. Chen, "A hospital-based screening study of latex allergy and latex sensitization among medical workers in Taiwan," Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection, vol. 41, pp. 499-506, 2008. View at Google Scholar 
  18. M. C. Diéguez, Z. Pulido, B. De la Hoz, R. Blanco, I. Cerecedo, E. Fernández-Caldas, and M. Swanson, "Latex allergy in healthcare workers: An epidemiological study in a Spanish hospital," Allergy & Asthma Proceedings, vol. 28, pp. 564-570, 2007. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  19. N. Verna, L. Di Giampaolo, A. Renzetti, L. Balatsinou, F. Di Stefano, G. Di Gioacchino, P. Di Rocco, C. Schiavone, P. Boscolo, and M. Di Gioacchino, "Prevalence and risk factors for latex-related diseases among healthcare workers in an Italian general hospital," Annals of Clinical & Laboratory Science, vol. 33, pp. 184-191, 2003. View at Google Scholar 
  20. G. Holter, A. Irgens, A. Nyfors, T. B. Aasen, E. Florvaag, K. B. Overå, S. Elsayed, and J. Naerheim, "Self-reported skin and respiratory symptoms related to latex exposure among 5,087 hospital employees in Norway," Dermatology, vol. 205, pp. 28-31, 2002. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  21. I. M. Ghasemi, M. Rezaee, J. N. Jonaidi, and M. Izadi, "Latex gloves allergy in dental workers, Iran," Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 10, pp. 1068-1072, 2007. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  22. M. Crippa, M. Gelmi, E. Sala, R. Zefferino, T. P. Baccolo, and L. Alessio, "Latex allergy in health care workers: Frequency, exposure quantification, efficacy of criteria used for job fitness assessment," Medicina Lavoro, vol. 95, pp. 62-71, 2004. View at Google Scholar 

Statistics:

Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor

Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

Related Article

( 1 ) Hypersensitivity to Natural Rubber Latex Gloves among Albanian Dental Students: The Role of Exposure Duration
( 2 ) Antibody Titers Following Hepatitis B Vaccination in Health Care Workers in Khartoum State, Sudan
( 3 ) Food Safety Knowledge, Attitude and Associated Factors of Food Handlers Working in Substandard Food Establishments in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia, 2013/14
( 4 ) Access to HIV Prevention Services for Injecting Drug Users in Hai Phong, Vietnam: Qualitative Results
( 5 ) Management of Difficult Airway Due To Chop Wound In Posterior Neck
( 6 ) A Systematic Review to Explore the Scope of Global Interventions to Reduce the Incidence of Gastric Cancer
( 7 ) Prognostic Factors in Patients with Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oral Tongue Treated With Adjuvant Therapy Following Surgery
( 8 ) Nutritive Value of Some Agro–Industrial By–Products as Supplement to Guinea Grass (Panicum Maximum) By Sokoto Gudali Calf
( 9 ) Prevalence and Factors Associated With Refractive Error among Primary School Children in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
( 10 ) The Level and Associated Factors Of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Blood Donation among Health Science Students of Addis Ababa University
( 11 ) Anthropometric Parameters as Predictors of Peak Expiratory Flow Rate in Central Indian Children 5-15 Years
( 12 ) Serum Rankl/Osteoprotegerin Complex and Endothelial Progenitor Cells in Chronic Heart Failure
( 13 ) Protective Effect of L-Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) On Mercury Detoxication and Physiological Aspects of Albino Rats
( 14 ) Effect of Different Chronotype on Comorbidity and Resistance to Psycho-Emotional Stress in Hypertension Associated With Hepato-Biliary Pathology in the North
( 15 ) Cause, Magnitude and Contributing Factors for Maternal Death in Selected Hospitals in Snnpr between 2007/2008 and 2009/2010
( 16 ) Determinants of Non-Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy and Modeling Progression of Adherence Level: At Yirgalem Regional Hospital, Ethiopia; January, 2012
( 17 ) Ethanolic Extract of Ginger on the Histology of the Pancrease in Adult Wistar Rats
( 18 ) Prosthodontic Rehabilitatative Therapy through Surgical Obturator for Maxillectomy Patients: A Review
( 19 ) Prevalence of Stunting and Associated Factors among Under Five Children in Wondo Genet Woreda, Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia
( 20 ) Xerostomia in Geriatric Population: An Insight into Etiopathogenesis, Diagnosis and Management
( 21 ) Vitamin D Supplementation Practices in Pregnancy and During Infancy and Other Behaviors Related To Vitamin D Status among a Sample of Muslim Women in Ireland and Saudi Arabia
( 22 ) Acute Renal Failure, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Changes in Three Cases with Ileostomy
( 23 ) Correlation between Her2/Neu and Histopatholoical Finding among Sudanese Female Breast Cancer Patients
( 24 ) Evidence of A Pharmacological Dissociation Between The Robust Effects of Methylphenidate on Adhd Symptoms and Weaker Effects on Working Memory
( 25 ) Suicides and Factors Associated With Suicides-A Study in a Rural Setup of Pondicherry in South India
( 26 ) The Effect of Regular Hazelnut Consumption on Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Acceptance in Māori and European
( 27 ) Apoptotic Analysis of Cumulus Cells for the Selection of Competent Oocytes to Be Fertilized by Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
( 28 ) The Successful Treatment of Obstructive Uropathy Caused By Retroperitoneal Fibrosis with Steroids in the Latent Tuberculosis Case
( 29 ) Reliability of the Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis (Lrinec) Score for Early Diagnosis of Necrotizing Fasciitis
( 30 ) The Importance of Clinical Genotype in Patients with Klinefelter Syndrome. A Genetic Disorder Asociated to Taurodontism
( 31 ) Pleural Effusion in Gorham-Stout Syndrome: A Case Report and a Literature Review
( 32 ) Epidemiological and Clinical Characteristics of Egyptian Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Single Center Study
( 33 ) Investigation of Kidney Stone Using a Microstrip Patch Antenna Scanning System
( 34 ) A Sample Survey on Reproductive Women to Assess Level of Stress in Sub-Urban Population, South Chennai, India
( 35 ) The Role of Demography in Moderation the Influence of Nonverbal Communication to Patient’s Satisfaction
( 36 ) Strategies for Addressing Poor Statistical Literacy among Health Scientists and Science Communicators
( 37 ) Ontology with SVM Based Diagnosis of Tuberculosis and Statistical Analysis
( 38 ) How to Treat Diastasis Recti Abdominis with Physical Therapy: A Case Report
( 39 ) Profile of Physiotherapist Educators in Anglophone West African Countries: A Cross-Sectional Study
( 40 ) A Rare Histological Entity- Oral Fibrolipoma
( 41 ) The Right to Dignity and Consensus in the Psychiatric Health Treatment
( 42 ) Tumors of the Gnathic System with Multiple Histogenetic Characteristics
( 43 ) Risk-Based Disease Management in the Fight Against to Bovine Tuberculosis; Area Prioritization
( 44 ) Multifactorial Analysis of the Parameters for Immunity in Preterm Infants
( 45 ) Exploring Social Opportunities for and Constraints to Primary Healthcare Seeking behavior in Urban Bangladesh: A Study on Rajshahi City
( 46 ) Contribution of Meat towards Nutritional Security - An Analysis through Consumption of Different Food Items among Meat and Non-Meat Consumers in Karnataka
( 48 ) A Rare Clinical Presentation of Lipoma- Palmar Lipomatosis
( 49 ) Staff Nurses and Physicians Attitudes toward the Use of Electronic Patient Record
( 50 ) Influence of Parity and Index Child Factors on Adoption of Exclusive Breastfeeding by Nursing-Mothers in Imo State Nigeria
( 51 ) Development and Evaluation of the Readability, Stability and Internal Consistency of a Psychometric Instrument Designed to Assess Physiotherapists Knowledge and Attributes of Professionalism
( 52 ) Contribution of Planting Space and Harvesting Period on the Nutrient Compositions of Some OFSP Sweet Potato Varieties Grown in Southeast Nigeria Ultisol
( 53 ) Ethnobotanic Study of Use of Medicinal Plants Utilized in the Quilombola Community of Chapada Da Natividade, Tocantins, Brazil
( 54 ) Differential Responses to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Pharmacotherapy Versus Combined Therapy in Young Adolescents with Depression
( 55 ) Hawaii Dementia Prevention Trial: A Randomized Trial Evaluating a Multifaceted Nutritional Intervention to Slow Cognitive Decline in Mild Cognitive Impairment Patients
( 56 ) Renal-Biofunction Potentials of Ethanolic Extract of Solanum Melongena Linn Fruit on Monosodium Glutamate- Intoxicated Rats and Kidney Histology
( 58 ) Nano Formulations of Natural Compounds for Enhanced Delivery
( 67 ) The Correlation between Educational Level and Incidence of Syphilis among Female Sex Workers within 7 Cities in Indonesia in 2007
( 68 ) Correlation between Certain Complications and Health Education Program among Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Miletus Patients
( 70 ) Patterns of Hazardous Drinking and Socio Demographic Characteristics among Selected Tribal Community, in Bangladesh