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Journal of Challenges

June 2015, Volume 2, 2, pp 43-57

Milk or Wine: Are Critical Infrastructure Protection Architectures Improving with Age?

Robert Spousta


Steve Chan

Robert Spousta 1 Steve Chan 1 

  1. Sensemaking Fellowship, Swansea University (SU)’s Network Science Research Center (NSRC), Wales, UK 1

on Google Scholar
on PubMed

Pages: 43-57

DOI: 10.18488/journal.85/2015.2.2/

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This paper contextualizes the nature of threats to critical infrastructure, especially vulnerabilities within electric grid systems, and analyzes key considerations for the protection architecture of such systems. By exploring historical case studies, we demonstrate the potential for blind spots in infrastructure protection policy, which can leave electric grids vulnerable to a variety of threats, including improvisational malignant devices. These devices in turn have the potential to catalyze cascading failure scenarios within interdependent critical infrastructure systems, constituting “wicked problems” of complexity that bear relevance to a variety of public and private institutions responsible for the provision of essential services.

Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature on critical infrastructure systems by investigating the brittleness of such systems from a novel conceptual perspective and applying previously unexplored historical parallels.


Aluminum foil kite, Brittleness, Resilience, Collaborative big data analytics, Complex systems, Critical infrastructure protection, Improvisational malignant device,  Sense making, Smart electric grids.


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( 247 ) Deficit Financing Asymmetry and Nigerias Economic Growth: A Nonlinear Autoregressive Distributed Lag Approach
( 248 ) The Dimensions of the Quality Perceived by Users in a Clinical Analysis Laboratory of A University Hospital
( 249 ) Ethical Context of Organization and Turnover Intention of Women Employees: The Mediating Role of Perceived Organizational Support
( 250 ) A Process Model for Conformance of Health Information Systems: Towards National Interoperability
( 251 ) Likely Effect of Gender and Education on Information Adoption and Utilization among Sugarcane Farmers in the Nyanza Region, Kenya
( 252 ) Change Management and Firm Performance of Selected Deposit Money Banks in Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
( 253 ) Does Corruption Grease or Sand the Wheels of Economic Growth in Ghana? An ARDL Bounds Test
( 254 ) Factors Influencing Audit Expense and Quality in an Emerging Economy: A Study on Bangladesh
( 255 ) The Effect of Disruptive Factors on Inventory Control as a Mediator and Organizational Performance in Health Department of Punjab, Pakistan
( 256 ) Factors Influencing Farmers’ Adoption of Soil Conservation Development
( 257 ) The Contingent Fit between Management Control System and Capabilities on Sustainability Performance
( 258 ) International Financial Reporting Standards Adoption and Earnings Management: The Fundamental Effect Framework
( 259 ) Influence of Corporate Characteristics on Firm Leverage: Evidence from Bangladesh
( 260 ) The Impact of Merger and Acquisition on the Financial Performance of the Nasdaq Listed Small Size Technology Companies
( 261 ) Factors Affecting Profitability of General Insurance Companies in Indonesia
( 262 ) Exploring the Dimensions Using Exploratory Factor Analysis of Disruptive Factors and Inventory Control
( 263 ) Panel Data Estimators in the Presence of Serial and Spatial Correlation with Panel Heteroscedasticity: A Simulation Study
( 264 ) An Empirical Investigation of the Impact of FDI, Export and Gross Domestic Savings on the Economic Growth in Bangladesh
( 265 ) Exploring the Linkages between Remittances, Economic Growth and Poverty: Empirical Evidence from Pakistan
( 269 ) Critical Review of Literature on Brand Equity and Customer Loyalty
( 274 ) Interfaces Between Road Infrastructure and Poverty in Africa: The Case of Malawi, 1994-2013
( 275 ) Rural Roads Infrastructure and Agricultural Products Distribution: A Focus on Akure South Local Government Area, Ondo State, Nigeria
( 276 ) An Investigation into the Causes of Failures in Railway Infrastructure at Transnet Freight Rail - A Case of the Steel and Cement Business Unit
( 277 ) Infrastructure Development, Capacity Utilization and Manufacturing Value Added in Nigeria
( 279 ) Social Protection Programmes, Agricultural Production and Youth Employment in Nigeria: Analysis from LSMS-ISA