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Journal of Challenges

March 2015, Volume 2, 1, pp 14-29

Rural Saving Mobilizations and Economic Development in Akamkpa Local Government Area of Cross River State - Nigeria

Edame, Greg Ekpung

,

Celina Chinyere Udude

,

Bassey, Samuel Etim

Edame, Greg Ekpung 1 ,

Celina Chinyere Udude 1 Bassey, Samuel Etim 3

  1. Department of Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences & Humanities, Ebonyi State University, Abakiliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria 1

  2. Department of Economics, School of Arts and Social Sciences, Cross River State College of Education, Akamkpa 3

Pages: 14-29

DOI: 10.18488/journal.85/2015.2.1/85.1.14.29

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Abstract:

This study presents an analysis of “Rural Saving Mobilizations and economic development in Akamkpa Local Government Area of Cross River State Nigeria”.   The data available shows that savings mobilization plays an important role in rural development and in rural Economy like Akamkpa Local Government Area of Cross River State Nigeria.  The major objectives of the study are to examine the mobilization of rural savings in Akamkpa Local Government Area of Cross River State and the factors militating against the mobilization of savings in the area. The study also assesses the roles and contributions of the formal and informal financial sectors in the mobilization of savings from the rural area.  Primary and secondary data were collected from the rural households and the two major financial institutions in the area then (the Union Bank of Nigeria Plc, and the peoples Bank of Nigeria). The analysis shows that 80% of Awi- the Cross River State College of education Community indicated a greater percentage of their awareness to save their money in the bank.  It was also  discovered that  out of 351 workers of the State college of Education, Akamkpa, 243 or 69.23% save with the Union Bank of Nigeria, Akamkpa Branch under the salary payroll Accounts.  While 108 or 30.77% save with the people Bank of Nigeria, Akamkpa branch respectively.  The study also reveals that the higher the rate of interest, the greater the inducement to Savers to increase their savings and supply more funds. policy implications of the study are that the government or the monetary authority should maintain the equality of saving and investment where the market rate of interest equal to the natural rate.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few empirical studies which have been conducted in Akamkpa Local Government Area of Cross River State Nigeria; on rural saving mobilizations and economic development in the area. The study’s primary contribution is in the area of existing empirical literature on rural saving mobilization in Nigeria. 

Keywords:


Reference:

  1. Abdulraheem, A., 2000. Rural banking and savings mobilization in Nigeria:  A case study of Asa local government area of Kwara State. Nigeria. Ilorin Journal of Business and Social Sciences (IJBSS), 7(1): 79-90.
  2. Achoja, F.O., 2013. Dual determinants of saving mobilization among agribusiness entrepreneurial groups in Edo State, Nigeria. Experimental Agriculture and Horticulture, 2(1): 14-22.
  3. Adams, D.W., 1978. Mobilizing household savings through rural financial market in. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 26(3): 547-560.
  4. Bassey, S.E. and G.E. Edame, 1995. The impact of rural saving mobilizations: Its prospect For development, a case of Akamkpa local government area of Cross River State. Cross River State college of education, Akamkpa. Unpublished NCE Research Project.
  5. Bourne, C. and G.H. Douglas, 1980. Funding viability of rural development banks in saving and development. 4(4): 303-319.
  6. Chandavarkar, A.G., 1985. The non-institutional financial sector in developing countries: Macroeconomic implications for savings policies. Savings and Development, 4(2, 3): 659-669.
  7. Edame, G.E., 2002. Macroeconomics theory: Principles and practice. Calabar: Jerry Commercial Production Limited. pp: 98.
  8. Edame, G.E., 2010. Development economics and planning in Nigeria. 3rd Edn., Calabar: Favoured Trust Limited. pp: 54-56.
  9. Fischer, B., 1989. Saving mobilization in developing countries bottlenecks and reforms proposals. Saving and Development, 13(2): 117-131.
  10. Germidis, D., 1990. Interlinking the formal and informal financial sectors in developing countries. Saving and Development, 14(1): 5-21.
  11. Ijaiya, M.A., 2002. Rural bank credits and deposits mobilization in Nigeria. Optimization Journal of Research in Management. (A Publication of G.T.Baja Institute of Management and Research, Greater Noidia, India), 1(1): 34-40.
  12. Keynes, J.M., 1936. The general theory of employment, money and interest. London: Macmillan Press Limited.
  13. Mbat, D.O., 1985. Savings debts of rural households in Cross River State. An exploratory study saving and development, 4(4): 469-483.
  14. Ojo, A.T., 1990. Financing the informal sector of the economy. What rates have community banks. F.B.B Quarterly Review: March (1991) Editor.
  15. Quarshie, J., 2011. Improving efficiency of savings mobilization in Ghana. An MBA Thesis Presented to the Higher Degree Committee of RITSUMEIKAN Asia Pacific University, March, 2011.
  16. Yusuf, S. and R.K. Peters, 1984. Saving behavior and its implication for domestic resources mobilization. The case of the Republic of Korea. World Bank Staff Papers No. 628.

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