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Journal of Brain Sciences

June 2015, Volume 1, 2, pp 54-59

Suicides and Factors Associated With Suicides-A Study in a Rural Setup of Pondicherry in South India

R.S Bharatwaj

R.S Bharatwaj 1

  1. Associate Professor, Dept of Community Medicine, Sri Lakshmi Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences Pondicherry, India 1

on Google Scholar
on PubMed

Pages: 54-59

DOI: 10.18488/journal.83/2015.1.2/83.2.54.59

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Abstract:

The aim of this study was to find out the suicide rate and possible factors associated with suicides in a rural area in Pondicherry. Information was collected regarding suicides within the last two years, using a pretested questionnaire by house to house survey in the study area which is a rural set up in the south Indian union territory of Pondicherry. We found that the annual average suicide rate in this village was 110.64/100,000 population which is very high compared to the national average. The majority of suicides were committed by married males (75%). Commonest age of suicide is 15-45 years (46.16%). The reasons found for suicide were family problems leading to stress 9(78.84%) and health problems 4(30.76%). The commonest mode of suicide was by hanging 6(46.15%) and least by burning 3(23.07%). Maximum suicide occurred in the month of November to December 4(36.36%). The findings imply the need for a holistic community based approach to tackle this complex issue of suicide.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper’s primary contribution is finding that the suicide rates in our study area are very high compared to the national average. The key target group for suicide prevention initiatives emerges as married, middle aged males working as a daily wage worker who have the habit of consuming alcohol. 

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Reference:

  1. Government of India, "National crime records bureau. Accidental deaths and suicides in India: ADSI." Available: http://www.ncrb.nic.in/accdeaths.htm, 2008.
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  9. L. Vijayakumar, S. John, J. Pirkis, and H. Whiteford, "Suicide in developing countries (2): Risk factors," Crisis, vol. 26, pp. 112–119, 2005.
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