Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062
USA

Conference List

Review of Environment and Earth Sciences

June 2015, Volume 2, 2, pp 11-29

Analysis of Dioxins Concentration in Domestic Waste and Burnt Tyre Residue at Gosa Dumpsite in Abuja, Nigeria

Alhassan, M.M.

,

Struve, M.

,

Ujoh, F.

,

Oleka, J.I.

Alhassan, M.M. 1
Struve, M. 2
Oleka, J.I. 3
Ujoh, F. 4

  1. Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Abuja, Nigeria 1

  2. Prof.Dr.-Ing. W. Hartung & Partner GmbH Leopoldstrasse Braunschweig, Germany 2

  3. Nigeria Social Insurance Trust Fund, Abuja, Nigeria 3

  4. Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria 4

Pages: 11-29

DOI: 10.18488/journal.80/2015.2.2/80.2.11.29

Share :


Abstract:

This study examined the presence of dioxins – a persistent organic pollutant in domestic and burnt tyre waste residues and it’s comparison with German safety limits at the Gosa dumpsite in Abuja, Nigeria. The period of sampling and analysis was between January and March, 2011. Burnt tyre ashes and burnt solid waste residues from the dump sites were chemically analyzed to determine the concentration of the seventeen 2,3,7,8-substituted dioxins and furan congeners in absolute quantities using high resolution capillary column gas chromatography and low resolution mass spectrometry. The result of the analysis performed using the International Toxic Equivalent Factor (NATO/CCMS) for the calculation of the individual Toxic Equivalent Quotients (TEQs) of the seventeen 2,3,7,8- substituted dioxins and furan congers and a summation of the individual I-TEQs per sample shows that there is significant quantity of about 44 ng/kg TM of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), a contaminant in Agent Orange, in one out of the five (1/5) analyzed samples. The maximum Total Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans (PCCD/F) concentration recorded in this study was 1,350 ng/kg TM from sample Point 3. This was greater than the German Federal Soil Protection and Contamination Sites Ordinance (GFSPCSO) for Total PCDD/F equivalents for target concentration, agricultural, playground and residential landuse (which dominate the area under study) but less than its industrial landuse equivalent. There was also the presence of dioxins in the burnt domestic waste analysed with the Total PCDD/F (TEQ) of 6.6 ng/kg TM. The land usage of the area under investigation is closely interwoven across the land mass. Therefore, the results indicate that the population and activities within the area of study are under threat of health hazards that may arise from the high concentration of dioxins recorded by this study.

Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature by providing a better understanding of the potential pollution from burnt tyres and domestic wastes residue in Nigeria’s Federal Capital City. This study adopts the method of chemically analyzing burnt residue of tyres and domestic waste to determine the concentration of the seventeen 2,3,7,8-substituted dioxins and furan congeners in absolute quantities using high resolution capillary column gas chromatography and low resolution mass spectrometry estimation.

Keywords:


Video:

Reference:

  1. F. Ujoh, "Assessment of the environmental impact of limestone mining and cement production at Yandev, Nigeria," PhD Thesis, Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Abuja, Nigeria, 2013.
  2. ISWA (International Solid Waste Association), "International solid waste association: Promoting sustainable waste management worldwide," ISWA Report, ISWA General Secretariat. Available www.iswa.org/n.d.
  3. P. Spillmann, T. Dorrie, and M. Struve, Long-term hazard to drinking water resources from landfills. London: Thomas Telford Ltd, 2009.
  4. Minnesota Statutes, "Farm disposal of solid waste. 2010." Available https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/?id=17.135. [Accessed 9th July 2011],"2010.
  5. Cal Recovery Inc, Evaluation of waste tyre devulcanization technologies. California: Integrated Waste Management Board, 2004.
  6. O. Balogun, The federal capital territory of Nigeria: A geography of its development. Ibadan: University Press, 2001.
  7. S. V. Srinivas, Energy from municipal and industrial wastes. Chennai: Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Madras, 2003.
  8. K. Reschner, "Scrap tyre recycling: A summary of prevalent disposal and recycling methods." Available: http://www.energymanagertraining.com/tyre/pdf/ScrapTireRecycling.pdf2. [Accessed January 15, 2014], 2007.
  9. B. M. Van Den, J. De Jongh, H. Poiger, and J. R. Olson, "The toxicokinetics and metabolism of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and their relevance for toxicity," Crit. Rev. Toxicol., vol. 24, pp. 1-74, 1994.
  10. B. Van Den, "Toxic equivalency factors (TEFs) for PCBs, PCDDs and PCDFs for humans and wildlife," Environ. Health Perspect, vol. 106, pp. 775–792, 1998.
  11. R. Freeman and J. Schroy, "Comparison of the rate of TCDD transport at times beach and at Elgin air force base," Chemosphere, vol. 18, pp. 1305–1312, 1989.
  12. B. M. Van Den, L. S. Birnbaum, and M. Denison, "The 2005 world health organization reevaluation of human and mammalian toxic equivalency factors for dioxins and dioxin-like compounds," Toxicological Sciences, vol. 93, pp. 223-241, 2006.
  13. R. Podoll, H. Jaber, and T. Mill, "TCDD: Rates of volatilization and photolysis in the environment," Environ. Sci. Technol., vol. 20, pp. 490–492, 1986.
  14. Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), "The 12 POPs under the stockholm convention." Available http://www.pops.int/documents/pops/default.htm, n.d.
  15. G. Kiely, Environmental engineering. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1998.
  16. W. K. Townend, "Healthcare waste management: Policies, legislations, principles and technical guidelines," Waste Management World, vol. July-August Edition, pp. 43-48, 2009.
  17. J. C. Nava, "Material solutions in waste to energy (WTE) systems," Waste Management World, vol. May-June Edition, pp. 35-37, 2010.
  18. G. Tchnobanoglous and F. Kreith, Handbook of solid waste management, 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Handbooks, 2002.
  19. S. C. Bhatia, Environmental chemistry. New Delhi: Satish Kumar Jain, 2003.

Statistics:

Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor

Funding:

Competing Interests:

Acknowledgement:


Related Article

( 1 ) Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Agricultural Development A Block-Wise Study of Dehradun District
( 2 ) Optimal Density Determination of Bouguer Anomaly Using Fractal Analysis (Case of Study: Charak Area, Iran)
( 3 ) Energy Consumption and Economic Growth in Nigeria: A Causality Analysis
( 4 ) Energy Consumption and Thermal Comfort Analysis of Public Housing in Sao Paulo, Brazil
( 5 ) Well Log Sequence Stratigraphic and Palynological Analysis of Late Miocene to Pliocene Agbada Formation, Southwestern Niger Delta Basin, Nigeria
( 6 ) Application of Geospatial Analysis and Augmented Reality Visualization in Indoor Advertising
( 7 ) Analysis of Farmers’ Vulnerability, Perception and Adaptation to Climate Change in Kwara State, Nigeria
( 8 ) Analysis of Dioxins Concentration in Domestic Waste and Burnt Tyre Residue at Gosa Dumpsite in Abuja, Nigeria
( 9 ) Comparison of the Gravimetric Network in Esfarayen Region with the Network of Fractal Analysis
( 10 ) An Analysis of Effective Factors on Spatial Distribution of Poverty in Rural Regions of Hamedan Province
( 11 ) Urban Sprawl Analysis in Jalingo Metropolis, Taraba State Nigeria
( 12 ) Sensitivity Analysis and Vulnerability Mapping of the Guilan Aquifer Using Drastic Method
( 13 ) Analysis of the Trends in Temperature and Rainfall in Thika River Basin in Kenya
( 14 ) Analysis of the Factors Affecting Changes in Land Cover Patterns in Rural Districts in East of Guilan Province (Iran) for Foresight
( 15 ) Sphene and Zircon Fission Track Analysis of Syenite Rocks of the Sushina Hills, Purulia-Bankura Shear Zone (TPSZ)
( 16 ) Analysis of the Effect of Variations in Refractivity Gradient on Line of Sight Percentage Clearance and Single Knife Edge Diffraction Loss
( 17 ) Reading Activities in Kauman Area, Parakan, Indonesia, During the Colonial Era Using Mapping Analysis
( 18 ) Geographical Analysis of Household Waste Generation and Disposal in Taraba State, Northeast Nigeria
( 22 ) A Comparative Study of Physical and Chemical Parameters in Sistan and Baluchistan University Wastewater and Its Re-Use of Wastewater
( 23 ) Taming Waste via Laws of Physics
( 24 ) Phytoremediation Model System for Aquaculture Wastewater Using Glossostigma Elatinoides and Hemianthus Callitrichoides
( 25 ) Sustainable Handling of Construction and Demolition (C & D) Waste
( 27 ) Effects of Municipal Abattoir Waste on Water Quality of Woji River in Trans-Amadi Industrial Area of Port Harcourt, Nigeria: Implication for Sustainable Urban Environmental Management
( 32 ) Trace Metal Distribution in Surface Water, Sediment, and Tissues of Freshwater Catfish (Clarias. Gariepinus), From Oke- Afa Canal, Lagos Nigeria
( 33 ) Supercapacitors Based on Activated Carbon and Polymer Electrolyte
( 34 ) Qanat and Its Challenges in Ferdows County-Iran
( 36 ) The Remote Sensing Imagery, New Challenges for Geological and Mining Mapping in the West African Craton - The Example of Cote D’ivoire
( 37 ) A Study of Stream Sediments from Soltan Meydan Basaltic Formation Area, Northern Iran
( 39 ) Investigation into the Realization of Naturalism in Hashtgerd New Town Based On the Iranian Islamic Model
( 41 ) Sea oil Spill: An Approach Difficult to Overcome by Insurance and International Regulation
( 42 ) An Investigation of Mineralogy and Microscopic Structure in Kerman City Sediments
( 43 ) Exsolution Lamellae in Orthopyroxene of Lherzolite from the Pauza Ultramafic Rocks, Ne Iraq: Evidence of Deep Mantle Signature in the Zagros Suture Zone
( 44 ) Land Degradation Due To Mining: The Gunda Scenario
( 45 ) Resolving Optimum Magnetic Signatures for Drill-Hole Targeting in Gold Exploration – A Case Study for Mbudzane in Gwanda, Zimbabwe
( 46 ) Tectomagmatic Origin of the Zahedan Batholiths – South East Iran (Reling on Intergrated Outcrop Study of the Petrology of High Mass in Loochan, Southwest Zahedan)
( 47 ) Soil Thermal Properties and the Effects of Groundwater on Closed Loops
( 48 ) Direct Effects of Stubble Burning on Some Edaphic Characteristics of Coastal Plain Sands at Different Heating Intensities
( 49 ) Application of Response Surface Methodology (RSM) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) for Achieving Desire BA in the Biotransformation of Benzaldehyde Using Free Cells of Saccharomyces Cerevisae and the Effect of Β-Cyclodextrin
( 50 ) Solvent Extraction of Oil from Soursop Oilseeds & its Quality Characterization
( 51 ) Professor: The Animal Planet Optimization
( 52 ) Micro Biostratigraphy and Lithostratigraphy of the Upper Permian Dalan Formation (Zagros Basin, Southwest Iran)
( 53 ) Flood Hazard Assessment and Decisions Support Using Geographic Information System: A Case Study of Uyo Capital City, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
( 54 ) Inversion of Electrical Resistivity Data by VES Method for Water Exploring Case Study: South West of Iran
( 55 ) Valorization of Hazelnut Biomass Framework in Turkey: Support and Model Guidelines from the Italian Experience in the Field of Renewable Energy
( 56 ) Geographic Information System (GIS) and Its Application in Urban Planning and Environment
( 57 ) Evaluate the Capabilities and Limitations Sustainable Rural Development in the Kermanshah District
( 58 ) Numerical Modeling of Wires Incorporation Response Applied To a Concealed Cable
( 59 ) Problems of Mechanized Tunneling In Gassy Ground Conditions a Case Study: Nousoud Water Transmission Tunnel
( 60 ) Temporal and Spatial Trend of Climate Variability in Vietnam
( 61 ) Energy Education as a Necessary Condition to Transition to a Robust Future Energy Security in Suriname
( 62 ) Transesterification of Caso With Low Amount of Free Fatty Acids and Its Optimization
( 63 ) Identifying Potential Zones of Crime Commitment against Tourists in a Park: Conceptual and Logical Spatial Data Modeling
( 64 ) Environmental and Health Impact of Solid Mineral Exploration and Exploitation in South-Northern Nigeria: A Case Study of Igarra in Edo State
( 65 ) Environmental Conservation and Use of Economic Incentives to Conserve Biological Resources in Nigeria
( 66 ) Analytical Modeling and Experimental Characterization of Residual Resistance Loss of Broken Wire Ropes Lifting
( 67 ) Micro Level Geo-Resistivity Survey through V.E.S. Test for Groundwater Feasibility Study and Selection of Bore Well Sites in Pipili Block of Puri
( 68 ) Improved Analytical Approach of Vibration Behavior Destined To Ball Bearings in The Case of Angular Contact
( 69 ) Thermodynamic Parameters for Solvation of Nano ZNO and Its Dopes In 50% DMSO - 50% DMF (V/V) Solutions at Different Temperatures
( 70 ) Application of Fractal Geometry to Study the Geological Structure of the Zarin Plain (Plain Razak)
( 71 ) Effects of Climatic Change On Gsm Signal in Lagos Metropolitan Terrain
( 72 ) Modeling and Optimization of Phenylacetyylcarbinol Synthesis via Benzaldehyde: A Case of Artificial Neural Network vs. Response Surface Methodology
( 73 ) Carbon Sequestration Potential of Kpashimi Forest Reserve, Niger State, Nigeria
( 74 ) UPFC Integrated With Battery Energy Storage Systems for Stability Improvement
( 75 ) Eutrophication State Monitoring for Unhealthy Aquatic Ecosystem via Free-Floating Macrophytes Pattern and Behavioral
( 76 ) Aquatic Plants as Ecological Indicator for Urban Lakes Eutrophication Status and Indices
( 77 ) Sequestration Rate of Heavy Metal Contaminants Using Riccia Fluitans as Potential Phytoremediation Agent in Polluted Aquatic Ecosystem
( 78 ) Agrochemicals and Personal Care Products: Occurrence, Effects, Analytical Determination and Treatment Processes
( 80 ) Effect of Active Mass in Electrode Disc on Performance of Li1.06ni0.313co0.313mn0.313o2cathode
( 81 ) Economic Load Dispatch in Thermal Power Plant Considering Additional Constraints Using Curve Fitting and Ann
( 82 ) Strategies for Tourism Development in National Parks with the Use of Swot Model (Case: Golestan National Park)
( 83 ) Laterite Sampling Preparation for Gold Exploration Survey at Western Burkina Faso, Northern Extension of the Lawra Belt
( 86 ) An Estimate of the Tensile Strength Based On P-Wave Velocity and Schmidt Hardness Rebound Number
( 87 ) Investigating the Density Ratios of Geological Structure through Fractal Geometry Case Stady: (Dehno Region in Farss of Iran)
( 88 ) Comparative Assessment of Co2 Emission Factors Estimated Using Stack Flue Gas Measurement Data for Two Types of Brick Kiln: A Case Study in Phu Tho Province, Vietnam
( 89 ) An Exploratory Study of Effects of Prepaid Metering and Energy Related Behaviour among Ghanaian Household
( 90 ) Bioaccumulation of Trace Metals in Two Species of Crabs from Chilika Lagoon, East Coast of India
( 91 ) Wind To Select the Recreation Flying Site
( 92 ) Microbiostratigraphy and Lithostratigraphy of the Upper Permian Dalan Formation in Kuh-E-Surmeh (Zagros Basin, Southwest Iran)
( 93 ) The Roles of Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) On the Practices of Soil and Water Conservation in the Case of Sekela District, Amhara State, Ethiopia
( 94 ) Presentation of Empirical Equations for Estimating Internal Friction Angle of SP and SC Soils in Mashhad, Iran Using Standard Penetration and Direct Shear Tests and Comparison with Previous Equations
( 95 ) Governments Policy Reforms from 1970s Onward and It’s Implications on Land Use and Land Cover With the Help of GIS And RS Techniques In Eastern Tigray, Ethiopia
( 96 ) Urban Park Use, Quality Evaluation, and Resident Satisfaction Indicators in the City of Zahedan, Iran
( 97 ) Determining the Optimal Density of Neka Using Fractal Method and the Study of Its Geological Situation
( 98 ) A Study on Gravimeteric Situation in East of Uromieh Lake Region with Determination of Suitable Bouguer Density
( 99 ) Time Dependent Advection Diffusion Equation in Two Dimensions
( 100 ) Enhancement of Pyrolysis Yield Distribution and Particulate Emission of Empty Fruit Bunches by Washing Pre-Treatment
( 101 ) Characterization of Sedimentary Anzali Sand for Static and Seismic Studies Purposes
( 102 ) Chemical Composition and Facieses of Water from Vaskareh Village, Damavand: Implication for Industrial, Agricultural and Human Consumptions
( 104 ) Climate Change and Flood Disaster Management in Nigerian Urban Centres: The Architects’ Perspective
( 105 ) Assessment of Physico-Chemical Quality of Water in Aliero Dam (Kebbi State, Nigeria)
( 106 ) Geomorphology of the Piramagroon–Kanikhan Valley, Sulaimani Governorate, Kurdistan Region, North Iraq
( 107 ) Characterization of Sand Dunes to Detect the Sand Source and their Stabilization, Abardej, Iran
( 108 ) Satisfaction Assessment of the Quality of Life of Urban Families and their Roles in the Development of Zabol
( 109 ) The Relationship Between P-Wave Velocity and Slake Durability Index
( 111 ) The Problems of Legal Regulations, Protection and Use of Groundwater (International Experience and Practice in Kazakhstan)
( 112 ) Experimental Research Concerning the Energy Performance Determination of a New Type of Rotating Working Machine
( 113 ) Improving the Geological Understanding of the Niger Delta Basin of Nigeria Using Airborne Gravity Data
( 114 ) Geographical Distribution of Egyptian Lot-Chosen and Civil Associations’ Pilgrims - Chronic Diseases and their Demographic Characteristics
( 116 ) Theoretical Solution of the Diffusion Equation in Unstable Case
( 117 ) Prioritization of Museums in Terms of Performance in Attracting Tourists (Case Study: Museum of North of Sistan and Baluchestan Province)
( 118 ) Reliability and Rationing Cost: Some Analytical Implications for a Power System
( 119 ) Indicators of Sustainability in Vernacular Settlements Hot Dry Region of Iran, [Case Study: Kerman-Meymand]
( 120 ) On Generation of Renewable Energy from Road Traffic
( 121 ) “Structural Post-Disaster Damage Classification with Consideration of Liquefaction Due To Flood: Manek Urai, Kelantan, Malaysia”
( 122 ) Forest as a Redeemer: Experiences Drawn from Selected Rural Ejagham Communities in Etung Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria
( 123 ) Attritional Structures the Major Factor in Increasing Endangerment by Earthquakes in Cities
( 124 ) Preliminary Study of Activated Carbon Filters for Pollutants Removal in Diesel Engines
( 125 ) Experimental Investigation of Dynamic Behavior of Shallow Foundation Resting on the Reinforced Sand with Embedded Pipes
( 126 ) Assessing the Catalytic Influence of Modern Information System and Socio-Economic Status on Communities’ Attitude and Awareness to Forest Resource Sustainability in Boki Local Government Area, Nigeria
( 127 ) Microbiostratigraphy, Microfacies and Depositional Environment of the Sarvak Formation in Bi Bi Hakimeh Oil Field (Well No. 29), Southwest Iran
( 128 ) Investigation of the Effect of Weather Conditions on Solar Energy in Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
( 129 ) Retracted: Pierced Salt Domes in the Persian Gulf and in the Zagros Mountain Ranges in Southern Iran and their Relationship to Hydrocarbon and Basement Tectonics
( 130 ) Retracted: Study Hydrogeochemistry Exploration of Thermal Spring in Ramsar Area, (North of Iran)
( 131 ) Strategic Management of Rural Tourism Towards Gender - Sensitive Planning
( 132 ) The Role of Stratigraphy in Growth Strata Studies: A Case Study from the Middle-Late Cretaceous Deposits in Persian Gulf, SW Iran
( 133 ) Is the Sosiani River Healthy? Investigating the Relationship between Water Quality Indicators and Macroinvertebrate Assemblages in the Sosiani River
( 134 ) Technogenic Transformations of Sea Coasts on the Example of the Baltic Sea
( 135 ) Gaseous Air Quality Indicators along Traffic Routes in Greater Freetown, Sierra Leone
( 136 ) Challenges of Enforcement of Forestry Legislation in Taraba State, Nigeria
( 138 ) Zoning of Natural and Man-Made Disasters for Relief and Rescue Centers Site Selection Using the Model Logic (Case Study: Guilan Rural Area)
( 139 ) Climate Characteristics of Safranbolu (Karabuk) and Saffron Cultivation
( 140 ) Simulation of Solar Photovoltaic, Biomass Gas Turbine and District Heating Hybrid System
( 141 ) Possibilities of Creating Swimming Pools with Zero Co2 Emissions Due to Energy Use in Them
( 142 ) Assessment of Environmental Effect of Abandoned Uranium Mine Site in Mika Village of Taraba State Nigeria
( 143 ) 'Manifestations and Extent of Climate Change'. The Case of Merti District, Arsi Zone, Oromiya Region, Ethiopia
( 144 ) Microfacies and Morphotectonic of the Tirgan Formation in Ghorogh Syncline (North of Chenaran)
( 145 ) The Impact of Al-Yarmouk University on the Commercial Uses Types (Retail Activities) of Shafeeq Irshedat Street (University Street in Irbid City- Jordan)
( 146 ) Promoting Climate Change Adaptation Measures for Improving Productivity among Smallholder Farmers in Taraba State, Nigeria
( 147 ) The Influence of Climate Variability on Hadejia-Nguru Wetlands, Yobe State, Nigeria
( 149 ) Spatial Appraisal of Problems and Prospects of Fertilizer Use for Agriculture on the Environment in Mbieri, Mbaitoli Local Government Area, Imo State Nigeria
( 150 ) Using Rubber Aggregate Derived from Discarded Tires for Producing Cement Concrete towards Resource Recovery and Environmental Protection in Vietnam
( 151 ) Microbiostratigraphy and Sedimentary Environment of the Sarvak and Kazhdumi Formations in Bahregansar Oil Field
( 152 ) Evaluation of Road Traffic Energy Harvesting Using Piezoelectricity
( 153 ) Reinforcing Kenya Power National Grid Using Statcom Devices
( 154 ) Effect of Local Admixture Ipomoea Asarifolia (Ajara) on the Strength Characteristics of Stabilized and Unstabilized Lateritic Blocks
( 155 ) Determinants of Farmers’ Engagement in Off-Farm (Non-Farm Activities) as Copping Strategies to Climate Change: The Case of Merti, Arsi Zone, Oromiya Regional State, Ethiopia
( 157 ) The Impact of Human Activities on the Ndivana Forest Reserves, Kwaya Kusar Local Government Area, Borno State, Nigeria
( 158 ) Porous Carbon Materials for Clean and Sustainable Energy
( 159 ) Dynamic Simulation and Modeling of a Novel Combined Hybrid Photovoltaic-Thermal Panel Hybrid System
( 160 ) Probable Deep Erosion by Continental Ice Sheet Melt Water Floods: Chalk Buttes Area of Carter County, Montana, USA
( 161 ) The Impact of Land Use on Spatial Variations of Begging in District Lahore_Pakistan
( 162 ) Landslide Hazard Evaluation and Zonation of Karaj-Chalus Road (North of Iran)
( 163 ) Likely Effects of Geological Features on Carbonate Rock Strength