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Design and Analysis of Compact Microstrip Circular Resonator with Slotted in Ground Plane as a Grain Moisture Sensor

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Design and Analysis of Compact Microstrip Circular Resonator with Slotted in Ground Plane as a Grain Moisture Sensor

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.79.2020.71.1.5

Sweety Jain , Vandana Vikas Thakare

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Sweety Jain , Vandana Vikas Thakare (2020). Design and Analysis of Compact Microstrip Circular Resonator with Slotted in Ground Plane as a Grain Moisture Sensor. Review of Information Engineering and Applications, 7(1): 1-5. DOI: 10.18488/journal.79.2020.71.1.5
The circular microstrip resonator (CMR) as a moisture sensor was analyzed for detecting the moisture content in grains. The design was proposed with the help of CST software at operating frequency 11.5GHz on X-Band. The size of the sensor was 13mm×13mm. The substrate was used FR4 with relative permittivity, thickness and loss tangent were 4.4, 1.676, and 0.001 respectively. The reflection coefficient was found -27.58dB at operating microwave frequency 11.5GHz, satisfied the condition (?-10dB). The voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR) was found 1.27 at selected frequency 11.5GHz, also satisfied the condition (VSWR? 2). The proposed design satisfied all the parameters and this design can be developed and determined actual moisture content (AMC), predicted moisture content (PMC) and mean relative error (MRE), when MRE will be find near to zero then sensor will be more accurate. Hence, it can be said that this sensor will be detect the moisture content (MC) in grains.
Contribution/ Originality
The circular microstrip resonator (CMR) as a moisture sensor was analyzed for detecting the moisture content in grains.

Application of Ant Algorithm for Software Optimization

Pages: 6-17
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Application of Ant Algorithm for Software Optimization

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.79.2020.71.6.17

Shafagat Mahmudova

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Shafagat Mahmudova (2020). Application of Ant Algorithm for Software Optimization. Review of Information Engineering and Applications, 7(1): 6-17. DOI: 10.18488/journal.79.2020.71.6.17
Different technologies, methods and algorithms are used when developing high-quality software systems. There are various ways to create optimal software. One of them is an ant algorithm. The ant algorithm can be attributed to the field of biomimetic. Ant algorithm is one of the most effective polynomial algorithms for finding approximate solutions, and it also solves similar route search problems in graphs. Various methods, including the ant algorithm, are used to improve software efficiency and optimize it. The essence of the concept is to analyze, use, and meta-heuristically optimize the behavior of ants in search of paths to the food source of the colony. This article analyzes the studies in this area, and explains the idea of the algorithm used, compares different ant systems, shows program code operators as ants, and applies the ant algorithm to them. As a result of applying the algorithm, the shortest path to some operators (cycle, condition) contained in the program code is found. The experiments perform good results.
Contribution/ Originality
The ant algorithm, various methods including the ant algorithm was studied. Analyzes the studies in this area, and explains the idea of the algorithm used, compares different ant systems, shows program code operators as ants, and applies the ant algorithm to them.