Adelekan, I.O., 2010. Vulnerability of poor urban coastal communities to flooding in Lagos, Nigeria. Environment and Urbanization, 22(2): 433-450.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1177/0956247810380141.
Ajaegbu, H.I., 2000. Urbanisation, urban development and prospects, In, H.I. Ajaegbu, B.J. ST. Matthew-Daniel & O.E. Uya (Eds.), Nigeria, a people united, a future assured: Vol. 1, A compendium. Abuja: Federal Ministry of Information.
Aribigbola, A. and O.I. Ayeniyo, 2012. Sites-and-services as a strategy for achieving adequate housing in Nigeria in the 21st century. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2(2): 126-132.
Bahadure, P. and S. Bahadure, 2012. Sustainable urban development in India: Challenge & Approaches. In Conference proceedings on Advances in Architecture and Civil Engineering Conference held on 21st – 23rd June, 712-720. Advances in Architecture and Civil Engineering Conference held on 21st – 23rd June, pp: 712-720.
Catalán, B., D. Saurí and P. Serra, 2008. Urban sprawl in the mediterranean?: Patterns of growth and change in the Barcelona Metropolitan Region 1993–2000. Landscape and Urban Planning, 85(3-4): 174-184.
Cohen, B., 2006. Urbanization in developing countries: Current trends, future projections, and key challenges for sustainability. Technology in Society, 28(1-2): 63-80.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2005.10.005.
Dawson, N., A. Martin and T. Sikor, 2016. Green revolution in sub-saharan africa: Implications of imposed innovation for the wellbeing of rural smallholders. World Development, 78: 204-218.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2015.10.008.
Gkartzios, M. and M. Scott, 2010. Residential mobilities and house building in rural ireland: Evidence from three case studies. Sociologia Ruralis, 50(1): 64-84.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9523.2009.00502.x.
Hammond, L., 2008. Strategies of invisibilization: How Ethiopia's resettlement programme hides the poorest of the poor. Journal of Refugee Studies, 21(4): 517-536.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/fen041.
Jiboye, A.D., 2011. Sustainable urbanization: Issues and challenges for effective urban governance in Nigeria. Journal of sustainable Development, 4(6): 211-221.Available at: https://doi.org/10.5539/jsd.v4n6p211.
Khalifa, M.A., 2015. Evolution of informal settlements upgrading strategies in Egypt: From negligence to participatory development. Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 6(4): 1151-1159.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asej.2015.04.008.
Lamond, J., B.K. Awuah, E. Lewis, R. Bloch and B.J. Falade, 2015. Urban land, planning and governance systems in Nigeria. Urbanisation research Nigeria (URN) Research Report. London: ICF International.
Lyneham, S., 1998. The great divide in the 2020 megacity: Urbanisation trends, problems and opportunities. In, Australian Development Studies Network (Ed.), Urban Infrastructure and Development. Australian National University: Development Bulletin, 46: 9 – 13.
Mabogunje, A.L., 2005. Global urban poverty research agenda: The African case. In a Seminar on “Global Urban Poverty: Setting the Research Agenda” Organised by the Comparative Urban Studies Project of the Woodrow Wilson International Centre for Scholars held in Washington DC on Thursday. 15.
Matthews, Z., A. Channon, S. Neal, D. Osrin, N. Madise and W. Stones, 2010. Examining the" urban advantage" in maternal health care in developing countries. PLoS Medicine, 7(9): e1000327.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000327.
Moughalu, L.N., 1992. Planning and administration of rural development in Nigeria: The missing link, In M.S.O. Olisa & J.I. Obiukwu (Ed.), Rural development in Nigeria: Dynamics and Strategies. Awka: MEKSLINK Publishers. pp: 129 -142.
Ofuebe, C., 1992. Organising the Nigerian peasantry for rural development: The case for effective education in rural co-operatives. In, M.S.O. Olisa & J.I. Obiukwu (Eds.), Rural Development in Nigeria: Dynamics and strategies.Awka: MEKSLINK Publishers. pp: 176– 182.
Ogbazi, J.O., 1992. Maintenance of rural physical infrastructures through capital improvement programming. In, M.S.O. Olisa & J.I. Obiukwu (Eds.), Rural development in Nigeria: Dynamics and strategies. Awka: MEKSLINK Publishers. pp: 232 – 249.
Ogbundinkpa, A., 1992. Quest for Nigeria’s rural technological development: The way out. In, M.S.O. Olisa & J.I. Obiukwu (Eds.), Rural development in Nigeria: Dynamics and strategies. Awka: MEKSLINK Publishers. pp: 165 – 175.
Okoye, J.C., 1992. The rural content of Nigeria’s development plan. In, M.S.O. Olisa & J. I. Obiukwu (Eds.), Rural development in Nigeria: Dynamics and strategies. Awka: MEKSLINK Publishers, pp: 107-126.
Omale, I., 2005. Policies and strategies for rural development in Nigeria: From the colonial era to the era of DFRII in the mid-80s to the early 1990s, In I. Omale & J. Ebiloma (Eds.), Principles and practice of community development in Nigeria. Makurdi: Aboki Publishers.
Paul, O., M. Agba and D. Chukwurah, 2014. Rural development programmes and rural Underdevelopment in Nigeria: A rethink. International Journal of Public Administration and Management Research, 2(4): 1-14.
Porter, G., 2002. Living in a walking world: Rural mobility and social equity issues in Sub-Saharan Africa. World Development, 30(2): 285-300.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0305-750x(01)00106-1.
Sattelberger, J. and V. Neumann, 2017. Urban poverty: New challenges for growing cities. KfW Development Research in Brief. Available from https://www.kfw- entwicklungsbank.de › PDF› Download-Center › 2017.
Satterthwaite, D., 2001. Reducing urban poverty: Constraints on the effectiveness of aid agencies and development banks and some suggestions for change. Environment and Urbanization, 13(1): 137-157.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1630/095624701101285531.
Uphoff, N., 1984. Participation in development initiatives; fitting projects to people. In Cernes, M. (ed.). Putting People First: Sociological Variables in Rural Development. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Zipin, L., S. Sellar, M. Brennan and T. Gale, 2015. Educating for futures in marginalized regions: A sociological framework for rethinking and researching aspirations. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 47(3): 227-246.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/00131857.2013.839376.
Zubairu, M., 2015. A case study from Nigeria: Development and implementation of Nigerian National Urban Development Policy, 2012. A Paper Presented at the Incheon Metropolitan City First International Conference on National Urban Policy: Towards Smarter and Greener Cities. 14-15 December 2015, Incheon, Republic of Korea.
Bencsik, A., V. Lıre and I. Marosi, 2009. From individual memory to organizational memory (intelligence of organizations). International Journal of Economics and Management Engineering, 3(8): 1699-1704.
Borgatti, E. and U. Carboni, 2007. Memory systems in organizations: An empirical investigation of mechanisms for knowledge collection, storage and access. Journal of Management Studies, 37(6): 811-832.
Meyer, V. and S. Herscovitch 2001. Exploring the knowledge inventory in project-based organizations: A case study. International Journal of Project Management, 23(1): 75–83.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2004.05.002.
Moorman, O. and B. Miner, 2008. Exploring internal stickiness: Impediments to the transfer of best practice within the firm. Strategic Management Journal, 17(S2): 27–43.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1002/smj.4250171105.
Walsh, O. and E. Ungson, 2011. Knowledge infrastructures: Re-engineering for learning. Proceedings of the Workshop on Knowledge-Based Systems for Knowledge Management in Enterprises, 21st Annual German Conference on AI, Freiburg.
Williams, D., 2014. ‘Relationship between organizational form and organizational memory: An investigation in a professional service organization. Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce, 2(3): 129–150.
Zhang, L., Y. Tian and Y.Q. Zhong, 2004. An empirical study on the impact of organizational memory on organizational performance in manufacturing companies. Proceedings of the 37th Hawaii International Conference. pp: 1-10.
Ahmed, S. and J.H. Rogers, 1995. Government budget deficits and trade deficits are present value constraints satisfied in long-term data? Journal of Monetary Economics, 36(2): 351-374.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-3932(95)01215-x.
Baharumshah, A.Z. and E. Lau, 2007. Regime changes and the sustainability of fiscal imbalance in East Asian countries. Economic Modelling, 24(6): 878-894.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econmod.2007.03.002.
Baharumshah, A.Z., S. Soon and E. Lau, 2016. Fiscal sustainability in an emerging market economy: When does public debt turn bad? Journal of Policy Modeling, 39(1): 99–113.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpolmod.2016.11.002.
Chandia, K.E. and A.Y. Javid, 2013. An analysis of debt sustainability in the economy of Pakistan. Procedia Economics and Finance, 5: 133-142.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/s2212-5671(13)00019-1.
Doi, T., T. Hoshi and T. Okimoto, 2011. Japanese government debt and sustainability of fiscal policy. Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, 25(4): 414-433.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jjie.2011.09.006.
International Monetary Fund (IMF), 2013. The joint World Bank-IMF debt sustainability framework for low income countries. IMF Factsheet. Communication Department. Washington, D.C. 20431. Available from https://www.imf.org/external/np/exr/facts/jdsf.htm .
Mahdavi, S. and J. Westerlund, 2011. Fiscal stringency and fiscal sustainability: Panel evidence from the American state and local governments. Journal of Policy Modeling, 33(6): 953-969.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpolmod.2011.08.015.
Polito, V. and M. Wickens, 2005. Measuring the fiscal stance. Centre for Dynamic Macroeconomic Analysis, Conference Papers CDMC05/03. Available from http://www.standrews.ac.uk/economics/CDMA/papers/cp0503.pdf .
Trehan, B. and C.E. Walsh, 1991. Testing intertemporal budget constraints: Theory and applications to US federal budget and current account deficits. Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 23(2): 206-223.Available at: https://doi.org/10.2307/1992777.
Wilcox, D.W., 1989. The sustainability of government deficits: Implications of the present-value borrowing constraint. Journal of Money, Credit and banking, 21(3): 291-306.Available at: https://doi.org/10.2307/1992415.
Alemayehu, F., F. Ambaw and H. Gutema, 2019. Depression and associated factors among prisoners in Bahir Dar Prison, Ethiopia. BMC Psychiatry, 19(1): 1–7.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2071-1.
Altintas, M. and M. Bilici, 2018. Evaluation of childhood trauma with respect to criminal behavior, dissociative experiences, adverse family experiences and psychiatric backgrounds among prison inmates. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 82: 100-107.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2017.12.006.
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) Statistics Sweden and UN Women, 2019. Women and men in Bangladesh-Facts and figures 2018: 1–106. Available from http://bbs.portal.gov.bd/sites/default/files/files/bbs.portal.gov.bd/page/b343a8b4_956b_45ca_872f_4cf9b2f1a6e0/Women%20and%20men%20in%20Bangladesh-Facts%20and%20figures%202018.pdf.
Binik, O., A. Ceretti, R. Cornelli, H. Schadee, A. Verde and U. Gatti, 2019. Neighborhood social capital, juvenile delinquency, and victimization: Results from the international self-report delinquency study - 3 in 23 countries. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, 25(3): 241–258.
Camp, S.D., 1999. Do inmate survey data reflect prison conditions? Using surveys to assess prison conditions of confinement. The Prison Journal, 79(2): 250-268.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1177/0032885599079002007.
Caravaca-Sánchez, F., N.E. Fearn, K.R. Vidovic and M.G. Vaughn, 2019. Female prisoners in Spain: Adverse childhood experiences, negative emotional states, and social support. Health & social work, 44(3): 157-166.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1093/hsw/hlz013.
Cunha, M.I., 2018. Onstage and off: The shifting relevance of gender in women’s prisons. In S. Gomes & V. Duarte (Eds.), Female Crime and Delinquency in Portugal: In and Out of the Criminal Justice System. Available from https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73534-4.
Felitti, V.J., R.F. Anda, D.F. Nordenberg, A.M. Spitz, V.J. Edwards and J.S. Mark, 1998. Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults. The adverse childhood experiences (ace) study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 14(4): 245–258.
Khandaker, M.I., M.B. Kashem and M.A. Rahman, 2019. Issues and introspections on crime and criminal justice. K. Jaishankar (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of South Asian Criminology. Available from https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/9780429320118.
Ross, J., C. Field, S. Kaye and J. Bowman, 2019. Prevalence and correlates of low self-reported physical health status among prisoners in New South Wales, Australia. International Journal of Prisoner Health, 15(2): 192-206.
Senese, J.D. and M. Kashem, 1997. A comparative analysis of jails in the United States and Bangladesh. International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, 21(1): 103-118.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/01924036.1997.9678588.
Tang, Y. and M.B.U. Khan, 2018. Internal law enforcement challenges in Bangladesh: An analysis. Humanities and Social Sciences Letters, 6(3): 106-120.Available at: https://doi.org/10.18488/journal.73.2018.63.106.120.
Trotter, I.R.T., R. Camplain, E.R. Eaves, V.Y. Fofanov, N.O. Dmitrieva, C.M. Hepp, M. Warren, B.A. Barrios, N. Pagel and A. Mayer, 2018. Health disparities and converging epidemics in jail populations: Protocol for a mixed-methods study. JMIR Research Protocols, 7(10): e10337.Available at: https://doi.org/10.2196/10337.
Wolff, K.T., C. Cuevas, J. Intravia, M.T. Baglivio and N. Epps, 2018. The effects of neighborhood context on exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ace) among adolescents involved in the juvenile justice system: Latent classes and contextual effects. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 47(11): 2279-2300.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-018-0887-5.
Wolff, N., J. Shi and J.A. Siegel, 2009. Patterns of victimization among male and female inmates: Evidence of an enduring legacy. Violence and Victims, 24(4): 469-484.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1891/0886-6708.24.4.469.
World Prison Brief Institute for Crime & Justice Policy Research, 2019. Available from https://www.prisonstudies.org/country/bangladesh#further_info_field_female_prisoners [Accessed November 3, 2019].