International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research

Published by: Conscientia Beam
Online ISSN: 2312-6515
Print ISSN: 2313-0423
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Analysis of Traffic Accident Occurrence at Hazardous Road Locations: A Case Study in Tunisia

Pages: 1-15
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Analysis of Traffic Accident Occurrence at Hazardous Road Locations: A Case Study in Tunisia

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2020.71.1.15

Fedy Ouni , Mounir Belloumi

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Fedy Ouni , Mounir Belloumi (2020). Analysis of Traffic Accident Occurrence at Hazardous Road Locations: A Case Study in Tunisia. International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research, 7(1): 1-15. DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2020.71.1.15
The main objective of this study was to investigate the impact of factors linked to the geometric, roadway and traffic flow characteristics on traffic accident occurrence at Hazardous Road Locations (HRL) in the region of Sousse, Tunisia using longitudinal data of 52 HRLs for an 11-year monitoring period from January 1, 2004 to December 31, 2014. The results of estimation of Negative Binomial model and the Random Effects Negative Binomial model reported that the different variables representing the presence of rural segment, the curved alignment, the visibility, the average daily traffic volume, the presence of public lighting, the number of lane, the presence of vertical/horizontal sign, the presence of drainage system, the presence of paved shoulder, the roadway surface condition, and the presence of major road were the main significant variables influencing accident occurrences. Therefore, the results could be useful for deciders in the transport sector in order to implement effective measures to improve road safety by adopting proper sound use practices, establishing efficient transportation systems and formulating appropriate traffic policies and legislation.
Contribution/ Originality
This is one of the few studies which have investigated the occurrence of traffic accidents at Hazardous Road Locations in the region of Sousse (Tunisia) as a function of various explanatory factors linked to the geometric characteristics, roadway characteristics and traffic flow characteristics.

Productive Welfare Policy: An Innovative Way in Social Safety Net in Malaysia

Pages: 16-22
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Productive Welfare Policy: An Innovative Way in Social Safety Net in Malaysia

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2020.71.16.22

Mohd Rozaimy bin Bin Ridzuan , Noor Amira Syazwani Binti Abd Rahman , Ju Soon Yew , Nur Hidayahtul Nabihah Binti Manas , Kong Lai Kuan

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Mohd Rozaimy bin Bin Ridzuan , Noor Amira Syazwani Binti Abd Rahman , Ju Soon Yew , Nur Hidayahtul Nabihah Binti Manas , Kong Lai Kuan (2020). Productive Welfare Policy: An Innovative Way in Social Safety Net in Malaysia. International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research, 7(1): 16-22. DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2020.71.16.22
The Productive Welfare approach has been widely used in western countries to help the poor to be independent without depending on the government’s aid. Malaysia is also among the countries that adopting the approach as it is in line with the government’s aspiration through the National Key Result Areas (NKRA), which is to raise the income level of the low-income group. The Social Welfare Department's statistics show that their monthly beneficiaries are increasing from year to year and indirectly increase the financial implications of the Government's annual financial expenditure. This issue ponders more questions on matters pertaining to the initiatives undertaken by the Malaysian Social Welfare Department (SWD) in mitigating this issue effectively. For this reason, the primary objective of this concept paper is to analyze the effectiveness of the programs embedded in the Malaysian Productive Welfare Policy. Hence, this paper concludes that a thorough understanding of Productive Welfare programs is important for the government and citizens to develop necessary actions precisely for a B40 group of people alongside also strategizing on ways to propel forward to be a prosperous nation by 2030.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the effectiveness of the Malaysian Productive Welfare Policy in empowering the vulnerable groups to be independent, less reliant on welfare handouts, and becoming a more successful social entrepreneur.

Accountability and Transparency in Nation Building: A COVID-19 Experience in Sub-Saharan Africa

Pages: 23-33
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Accountability and Transparency in Nation Building: A COVID-19 Experience in Sub-Saharan Africa

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2020.71.23.33

Ojiagu, Nkechi Cordelia , Nzewi, Hope Ngozi , Arachie, Augustine Ebuka

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Ojiagu, Nkechi Cordelia , Nzewi, Hope Ngozi , Arachie, Augustine Ebuka (2020). Accountability and Transparency in Nation Building: A COVID-19 Experience in Sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research, 7(1): 23-33. DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2020.71.23.33
The manifest mistrust between the government and the governed necessitated this study to examine the relationship between accountability and transparency on nation-building, using covid-19 experience as a yardstick. A survey research design was employed in the study. The population of the study consisted of 1174 employees of 5 ministries in Anambra State and the sample size was 298 using Taro Yamani formula. Questionnaire was used in collecting data. The instrument was subjected to face and content validity and was further tested for internal consistency using Cronbach Alpha and an average result obtained was 0.984. Data were analysed using Regression Analysis at 5% level of significance. Findings showed that there is a statistically significant relationship existing between full disclosure and citizens improved trust (r = .984, R2 = .899, F =1874.010, p-value < 0.05), that there is a statistically significant relationship existing between impact reporting and citizens buy-in (r = .947, R2 = .897, F = 1842.355 p-value < 0.05). Consequently, the study concluded that there would be no trust issues between both parties if full disclosure and impact reporting have been the hallmark of government in the past. Therefore, the study recommended among other things that Anambra State Anti-corruption Strategy (ANSACS) as a provider of holistic framework and foundation for a system-driven approach towards the fight against corruption, accountability and transparency needs to do all it can to encourage various government ministries and agency to engage more in full disclosure and impact reporting.
Contribution/ Originality
This work contributes to existing body of knowledge in the area of accountability and transparency, but it is novel in using accountability and transparency to gauge citizens’ response to government directives and policies to issues such as Covid-19 pandemic ravaging different economies of the world presently.

Towards a Proposal of a Local Authority Model Based on the Systemic Approach

Pages: 34-43
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Towards a Proposal of a Local Authority Model Based on the Systemic Approach

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2020.71.34.43

Hanane Haddad

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Hanane Haddad (2020). Towards a Proposal of a Local Authority Model Based on the Systemic Approach. International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research, 7(1): 34-43. DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2020.71.34.43
As a result of the evolution of our societies, several types of organizations have emerged. They were designed to meet specific needs. Therefore, each organization has its own purpose and missions. Consequently, these organizations have developed interactions and interconnections in order to achieve their goals. This concerns both public and private organizations. If public and private organizations share the quest of efficiency, public organizations have additional missions which consist of pursuing the common interest. However, modern era which is qualified as instable and uncertain, makes organizations’ everyday life becomes more complex and unpredictable. Hence the need for understanding these organizations in order to know how they work, to make a diagnosis and provide an analysis of them. This is particularly true for local authorities, since they have been connected to many internal and external stakeholders, they have been managed by a dual structure combining elected politicians and administrative staff; they have been in charge of many functions including: ensuring local development, guaranteeing citizens’ well-being, and providing higher quality services with lower cost. Given their nature and the complexity of their role, modeling this organization becomes a necessity. In this perspective, this paper aims to propose a model of a local authority using Kast and Rosenzweig (1985) and Meinadier (1998) models. Both of those are largely based on Von Bertalanffy's systems theory commonly known as systemic approach. Results show that local authority is an open, complex, and dynamic socio-technical system which is exposed to a wide typology of risks.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature related to public administration and especially local authorities. It proposes a new formula to grasp and understand local authorities by introducing new variables such as time and space evolution. This makes local authority an open, complex, and dynamic socio-technical exposed to risks.

Up or Down! House Management and Public Finance Theory from America’s Era of Hastert

Pages: 44-57
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Up or Down! House Management and Public Finance Theory from America’s Era of Hastert

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2020.71.44.57

Todd J. Barry , Melissa K. Aho

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Todd J. Barry , Melissa K. Aho (2020). Up or Down! House Management and Public Finance Theory from America’s Era of Hastert. International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research, 7(1): 44-57. DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2020.71.44.57
This primarily conceptual article hypothesizes that the deep divisions in United States politics can in part be traced to the “Hastert Rule,” a management practice since the 1990s which limits lawmakers individual respect, legitimacy, and power. The article first philosophically analyzes the noticeable change in discourse since the “Hastert Rule,” from “compromise” to “common ground.” Next the article offers a regression showing the Hastert Rule’s impact on volume of bills passed, and on public opinion, then arguing via Public Finance/Choice Economics that this management practice has led to changes in American society. A strong case regression is run concerning immigration. The results show that the Hastert Rule has hardened party lines and the public is voting for candidates according issues they suspect are not favored by the opposite party, here termed “median-division” theory. The article concludes with policy suggestions to give individual lawmakers and voters more power over legislative management- up or down!
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature in that it is the first known article to regress political and societal divisiveness by the Hastert Rule which is used by the U.S. House of Representatives. Also, it proposes an original concept related to median-voter theory, highlighting the importance of voter turnout.