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Public Health Expenditure, Economic Growth and Health Outcomes in Nigeria

Richardson Kojo Edeme


Oluchukwu Olisakwe

Richardson Kojo Edeme 1 ,

Oluchukwu Olisakwe 1 
  1. Department of Economics, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria 1

Pages: 23-32

DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2019.61.23.32

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Article History:

Received: 18 October, 2018
Revised: 22 November, 2018
Accepted: 31 December, 2018
Published: 04 February, 2019


It is argued that while increase in budgetary allocation to social services is highly desirable, it is not sufficient to guarantee enhancement in better health outcome. This paper links public health expenditure, economic growth and health outcomes and the causality among them using Nigeria data. The finding suggests increase in public health expenditure has decreased infant mortality rate while infant mortality rate is negatively correlated with economic growth. Interestingly, the direction of causality among public health expenditure, infant mortality rate and growth is unidirectional, from public health expenditure to growth.
Contribution/ Originality
This is one of the few studies which have investigated public health expenditure, economic growth and health outcomes (infant mortality rate) in Nigeria.


Public health expenditure, Health outcomes, Economic growth, Infant mortality rate, Life expectancy, Real growth GDP, Causality




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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


Both authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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