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National Security and Democratization in Nigeria: The Case of Insurgence

Ozurumba Cyril Okechukwu


Onyeaghala Obioma Hyginus

Ozurumba Cyril Okechukwu 1
Onyeaghala Obioma Hyginus 2

  1. Department of Public Administration, Pan African Institute of Management and Technology Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria 1

  2. Department of Business Administration, Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria 2

Pages: 12-18

DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2017.41.12.18

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Article History:

Received: 18 April, 2017
Revised: 10 May, 2017
Accepted: 30 May, 2017
Published: 14 June, 2017


The consciousness and philosophy of the security of a nation assumed a different dimension after World War 11. Defense of a nation has been employed to justify military incursion into politics by many African States. In Nigeria, the emergence of military regimes is always seen as measure to guard or defend National Security which is panacea for sustaining dictate of law, justice and democracy. In the years gone by, national security have been threatened and traumatized with internal crisis like the civil war, ethnic rivalry, religious uprisings, and currently, activities of other sect such as Boko Haram. The unprecedented rise of insurgence in many parts of Nigeria has constituted a challenge to sustainable democracy. The unconventional methods of warfare, adopted by these sect, in addition with the seeming inability of the Nigeria security drives to incapacitate their operational tactics, questions the willingness of our national defense to sustain democracy. This ugly development portrays negative signal on the security of our nation and democratization with its consequences on political stability. Against this backdrop, this paper looks at the challenges insurgence has posed on the security of Nigeria and its democracy. It argues that if the Nigeria State does not decisively debilitate the sects that are posing security challenges, the possibility of achieving sustainable democracy will be a mirage. This is because, by then the Bush - fire - effects of the killer groups may have done great damage to the democratic structure in the country.

Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the few studies which have investigated the relationship between national security and sustainenace of democracy in Nigeria. It is hoped to sensitize the public on national security issues and inculcates in them that democracy and national development does not thrive in an atmosphere of chaos and insecurity.


National security, Sustainable democracy, Boko Haram, Bush - Fire – Effects, Insurgence, National disorder




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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


Both authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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