This paper traverses readings on Malay cultural identities. While previous research on Malay cultural identities has presented a broad overview, this paper attempts to frame this discussion based on elite constructions and socio-cultural worldviews of the Malay world. It proposes to be a start to exploring what is distinctive and worthwhile about Malay cultural identities.
This article revisits readings that renew and strengthen Malay cultural identities by making connections of the past and present, in the midst of globalization, pressing economical changes, and changing cultural realities.
Andaya, B.W., 1979. Perak, the abode of grace. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.
Andaya, B.W., 1998. Early muslim traders. In. Nik Hassan Shuhaimi (Ed.). Early history. London: Archipelago Press. pp: 84-85.
Andaya, L.Y., 2002. Orang asli and the melayu in the history of the Malay Peninsula. Journal of Malayan Bureau of Royal Asiatic Society, 75(1): 23-48.
Banks, D.J., 1976. Islam and inheritance in Malaya: Culture conflict or islamic revolution? American Ethnologist, 3(4): 573-586.
Brown, C.C., 1952. Malay annals. Journal of Malaysian Bureau of Royal Asiatic Society, 25(2): 2-3.
Crouch, H., 1993. Malaysia: Neither authoritarian nor democratic. In. Hewison, K., Robison, R., & Rodan, G. (Eds.). Southeast Asia in the 1990s: Authoritarianism, democracy and capitalism. St. Leonards: Allen & Unwin.
De Casparis, J.G., 1956. Prasasti Indonesia: Selected inscriptions from the 7th to the 9th centuries A.D. Bandung: Masa Baru.
Economic Planning Unit, 2013. New economic policy. Available from http://www.epu.gov.my/en/dasar-ekonomi-baru;jsessionid=A111358B690727026409DFF18B3DDB5C?p_p_id=56_INSTANCE_Ia0Q&p_p_lifecycle=0&p_p_state=normal&p_p_mode=view&p_p_col_id=column-4&p_p_col_count=1&page=2 [Accessed September 29, 2013].
Farish, N.M., 2010. Being muslims and more besides. The Other Malaysia. Available from http://www.othermalaysia.org/2010/04/21/being-muslims-and-more-besides-muslim-identities-as-complex-and-cosmopolitan/ [Accessed 8 May, 2013].
Gomez, E.T., 2013. The new economic policy in Malaysia: Affirmative action, ethic inequalities and social justice. Singapore: The National University of Singapore Press.
Gomez, E.T. and K.S. Jomo, 1999. Malaysia’s political economy: Politics, patronage, and profits. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hooker, V.M., 2003. A short history of Malaysia: Linking East and West. Crows Nest: Allen and Unwin.
Idrus, R., 2013. Left behind: The orang asli under the new economic policy. In. Gomez, T. E. and Saravanamuttu, J. (Eds.). The new economic policy in Malaysia: Affirmative action, ethnic inequalities and social justice. Singapore: The National University of Singapore.
Karim, W.J., 1992. Women and culture: Between Malay adat and islam. Boulder: Westview Press.
Khoo, G.C., 2007. Reclaiming adat: Contemporary Malaysian film and literature. Singapore: Singapore University Press.
Kulke, H., 1993a. Kings and cults: State formation and legitimation in India and Southeast Asia. New Delhi: Manohar.
Kulke, H., 1993b. Kedatuan Srivijaya: Empire or Kraton of Srivijaya? A reassessment of the epigraphical evidence. Bulletin de l’Ecole Francaise d’Extreme-Orient, 80(1): 159-180.
Mahathir, M., 1970. The Malay dilemma. Singapore: Times Book International.
Mat Saad, B., 1993. Malay behavior. In. Abdul Halim Othman (Ed.). Psikologi Melayu. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa Dan Pustaka. pp: 344-386.
Maznah, M., 2011. Malaysia: Contending imaginations of Malayness. In. Maznah, M. & Aljunied, S. M. K. (Eds.). Melayu: The politics, poetics and paradoxes of Malayness. Singapore: National University Press. pp: 34-67.
Maznah, M., 2013. The new economic policy and poverty at the margins: Family dislocation, dispossession and dystopia in Kelantan. In. Gomez, E. T., & Saravanamuttu, J. (Eds.). The new economic policy in Malaysia: Affirmative action, ethnic inequalities and social justice. Singapore: The National Singapore University Press.
Milner, A., 2008. The malays. United Kingdom: Wiley-Blackwell.
Mohamad Aris, O., 1977. Ethnic identity in a Malay community in Malaysia. Unpublished PhD Dissertation. University of Michigan.
Mutalib, H., 1993. Islam in Malaysia: From revivalism to islamic state? Singapore: Singapore University Press.
Nagata, J.A., 1974. What is a Malay? Situational selection of ethnic identity in a plural society. American Ethnologist, 1(2): 331-350.
Peletz, M.G., 1997. Ordinary muslims and muslim resurgents in contemporary Malaysia. In. Hefner, R. W. and Horvatich, P. (Eds.). Islam in an ear of Nation-States. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.
Provencher, R., 1972. Comparison of social interaction styles: Urban and rural Malay culture. The society for applied anthropology monograph series: Washington: Society for Applied Anthropology, (11).
Raihanah, M.M., 2008. Constructs of identity in multiculturalism: Personhood, ethnicity, and nationhood in Malaysian literature. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Malaya.
Raihanah, M.M., 2009. Malaysia and the author: Face-to-face with the challenges of multiculturalism. International Journal of Asia Pacific Studies, 5(2): 43-63.
Reid, A., 1997. The last stand of Asian autonomies: Responses to modernity in the diverse states of Southeast Asia and Korea. New York: St. Martin's Press.
Shamsul, A.B., 2004. History of identity, an identity of a history: The idea and practice of Malayness in Malaysia reconsidered. In. Barnard, T. (Ed.). Contesting Malayness: Malay identity across boundaries. Singapore: Singapore University Press. pp: 135-148.
Taib, A., 1974. Modernization in a Malay society peasant society. Akademika, 3(1): 15-24.
Taylor, C., 1992. Multiculturalism and the politics of recognition: An essay with commentary. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Tham, S.C., 1977. Malays and modernization. Singapore: Singapore University Press.
Thimm, V., 2013. Gender and the body in transnational space. Female Educational Migrants from Malaysia in Singapore. Available from http://www.inter-disciplinary.net/probing-the-boundaries/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/vthimm_wpaper.pdf [Accessed 12 October, 2013].
Ungku Maimunah, U.T., 1987. Modern Malay literary culture: A historical perspective. Singapore: Institute of East Asian Studies.
Wilder, W.D., 1982. Communication, social structure and development in rural Malaysia: A study of Kampung Kuala Bera. London: Athlone Press.
Winstedt, R.O., 1928. Straits settlements annual report of the education department for the year 1927. Singapore: Government Printing Office.
Zainal, K., 1989/1990. The socio-cultural unity of the Malay world. In. Abdul Latiff (Ed.). Melayu Sri Lanka: Simposium dunia Melayu kedua. Kuala Lumpur: Gapena.
Zainal Kling, 1995. Malay family: Beliefs and reality. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 26(1): 43-66.
Zawawi, I., 2013. The new economic policy and the identity question of the indigenous peoples of Sabah and Sarawak. In. Gomez, E. T. and Saravanamuttu, J. (Eds.). The new economic policy in Malaysia: Affirmative action, ethnic inequalities and social justice. Singapore: The National University of Singapore Press.