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International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

December 2020, Volume 7, 4, pp 228-233

Broiler and Indigenous Chickens: A Comparison through Biochemical Parameters

Masud Alam

,

Mohammad Ohid Ullah

,

Syeda Umme Fahmida Malik

,

Mohammad Shahidul Islam

Masud Alam 1

Mohammad Ohid Ullah 2 Syeda Umme Fahmida Malik 3
Mohammad Shahidul Islam 2 ,
;

  1. PhD Fellow, Department of Statistics, Shahjalal University of Science & Technology, Bangladesh; Present address: Associate Professor Department of Agricultural Statistics, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet, Bangladesh. 1

  2. Professor, Department of Statistics, Shahjalal University of Science & Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh. 2

  3. Professor, Department of Biochemistry, North East Medical College, Sylhet, Bangladesh. 3

Pages: 228-233

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.228.233

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Article History:

Received: 30 June, 2020
Revised: 07 August, 2020
Accepted: 26 August, 2020
Published: 17 September, 2020


Abstract:

In recent years, broiler farming has expanded much rapidly than that of indigenous chickens all over the world to meet the demand of animal protein. Serum biochemical parameters of chickens provide valuable information for the evaluation of their health status which might ultimately affect the consumers. In this study, we have compared these parameters for indigenous and broiler chickens. MANOVA, ANOVA and t-test were performed to compare the clustered and individual blood parameters according to two species of chickens. This experiment revealed that the serum lipid profile and liver functioning parameters are significantly different for the two species of chickens. The average level of these parameters was found significantly lower for indigenous chickens as compared to those of broiler chickens. This might have been brought about by the food habit of two species. Moreover, only AST was found greater for indigenous chicken. It might be suggested that indigenous (local) chicken is more suitable to the consumers due to a comparatively healthier levels of biochemical parameters.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper's primary contribution is the finding that average levels of all biochemical parameters except AST are significantly lower for indigenous chicken as compared to broiler chicken. This can be considered as a guideline to the consumers in deciding which species of chickens are to be consumed. We confirm that this work is original and no part of the work has been published before.

Keywords:

Broiler, Indigenous chicken, Lipid profile, Liver function, ANOVA, MANOVA.

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Funding:

The study received partial financial support from SUST Research Centre, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh for collecting data.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

Authors are thankful to the Department of Physiology and Toxicology and the Department of Poultry Science; Sylhet Agricultural University for technical help and laboratory facilities rendered to this research work.

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