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International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

September 2020, Volume 7, 3, pp 154-173

Estimation of Natural Variability in Different Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.) Sudanese Genotypes

Manal A. M. Salih

,

Abdalwahab H. Abdallah

,

Sayadat Eltigani

Manal A. M. Salih 1 ,

Abdalwahab H. Abdallah 1 Sayadat Eltigani 3

  1. Department of Botany, faculty of Science, University of Khartoum, Sudan. 1

  2. Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, University of Khartoum, Sudan. 3

Pages: 154-173

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.73.154.173

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Article History:

Received: 25 March, 2020
Revised: 27 April, 2020
Accepted: 02 June, 2020
Published: 14 July, 2020


Abstract:

Millet is grown mostly as the main grain crop in the drier Western Parts of Sudan (Darfur and Kordofan States) where climatic conditions permit only millet production. Also there is a limited cultivation of millet in the Eastern region of the country. Most species of Pennisetum are protogynous, but pearl millet is more conspicuous in this regard. This facilitates the introgression of characters from other annual penicillaries into pearl millet and hence has helped in the genetic enrichment of this species. In this study 20 pearl millet genotypes were collected from different parts of the Sudan with concentration on the western states. They were evaluated to assess the extent of variation among them in morphological and yield parameters, using a randomized complete block design with two replications. The twenty pearl millet genotypes exhibited significant differences in most of the characters studied. Out of the 19 parameters, only yield per tiller panicle and total yield per plant were non-significantly different. There is a noticeable variation, not only among the different genotypes of the same species but also within the same genotype or cultivar. Such variation may be attributed to the open pollination system of this crop
Contribution/ Originality
This study will add basic information to the existing literature concerning Sudanese genotypes. This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the Sudanese local Pennisetum glaucum genotypes, giving full botanical and agronomic characters. This study can elucidate the use of these genotypes in any future improving programs.

Keywords:

Pennisetum glaucum, Natural variability, Agronomic parameters.

Reference:

Abuelgasim, E. H. (1999). Pearl millet breeding and improvement programme in Sudan (Arabic). Khartoum: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.

Bono, M. (1971). Contribution to the morphosystem-atic of Pennisetum, annual cultivated for their grain in accidental Africa Francophore. Memoir for the Obtaining the Degree of Doctor Ingenieur.  

Brunken, J. N. (1977). A systematic study of Pennisetum sect. Pennisetum (Graminea). American Journal of Botany, 64, 161-176.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1537-2197.1977.tb15715.x.

Chandra, M., & Matta, N. K. (1990). Characterization of millet protein fractions. Phytochemistry, 29(11), 3395-3399.

Fadlalla, H. A. (2002). Selection for drought tolerant in two random mating populations of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum). A Thesis Submitted in Fulfillment for the Requirement of Ph.D. Degree  to the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum.  

FAO. (1999). FAO quartery bulletin of statistics. 12(1), 31-32.

Gill, K. S. (1991). Pearl millet and its improvements. New Dalhi: Indian Council of Agricultural Research.

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Harlan, J. R. (1976). Genetic resources in wild relation of crops. Crop Science, 16(3), 329-333.

Hazza, M. M. (1994). Line X Tester Analysis for the study of Heterosis and Combining Ability in some Genotypes of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum). A Thesis Submitted for the Degree of Master of Science (Agric.), University of Khartoum.  

Jain, R. P., & El Ahmadi, B. (1981). Pearl millet production and Research in the Sudan. Agricultural Research Division: Annual Reports.

Jauhur, P. P. (1981). Cytogenetic and breeding of pearl millet and related species (Vol. 1, pp. 2-3). New York: Alan R. Liss. Inc.

Khairwal, I. S., Ram, C., & Chhabra, A. K. (1990). Pearl millet seed production and technology. India: Manohar.

Kumar, K. A. (1993). Pearl millet in West Africa. Patancherw, India: Icrisat Centre.

Kumari, J., Bag, M. K., Pandey, S., Jha, S., Chauhan, S., Jha, G. K., & Dutta, M. (2016). Assessment of phenotypic diversity in pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.] germplasm of Indian origin and identification of trait-specific germplasm. Crop and Pasture Science, 67(12), 1223-1234.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1071/cp16300.

Murty, B. R., Upadhyay, M. K., & Marchonda, P. L. (1967). Classification and cataloguing of world collection of genetic stocks of Pennisetum. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding, 27(spI), 313-394.

Salih, M. A. M. (1997). Cytogenetic studies in two pennisetum spp. A Thesis Submitted for the Degree of Master of Science (Botany) in the Dep of Botany, Faculty of Science, U. of Khartoum.  

Salih., M. A. M., El-Tigani, S., & Abdalla, A. H. (1999). C-banding in the Karyotype of two Pennisetum species. U. of K. Journal of Agriculture Science, 7(1), 34-47.

Serba, D. D., Muleta, K. T., St. Amand, P., Bernardo, A., Bai, G., Perumal, R., & Bashir, E. (2019). Genetic diversity, population structure, and linkage disequilibrium of pearl millet. The Plant Genome, 12(3), 1-12.Available at: https://doi.org/10.3835/plantgenome2018.11.0091.

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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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