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Evaluation of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna Subterranea (L) Verdc.) Varieties for Adaptation to Rainforest Agroecological Zone of Delta State, Nigeria

Obidiebube E .A

,

Eruotor P .G

,

Akparaobi S .O

,

Okolie, H

,

Obasi, C. C

Obidiebube E .A 1 ,

Eruotor P .G 2 Akparaobi S .O 2 Okolie, H 1 Obasi, C. C 1 

  1. Department of Crop Science and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria. 1

  2. Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Delta State University, Asaba, Nigeria. 2

Pages: 39-43

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.71.39.43

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Article History:

Received: 05 September, 2019
Revised: 10 October, 2019
Accepted: 20 November, 2019
Published: 18 December, 2019


Abstract:

Field experiments were carried out to evaluate the adaptability of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L) Verdc) varieties to rainforest agro-ecological zone of Delta State using selected varieties. The varieties used were: EXMF1, EXMF2, EXMF3, EXMF4, IITA355, IITA182, IITA165, IITA1480, IITA1132, ENZK1 and ENZK2. The aim of this experiment was to identify the varieties of Bambara groundnut that were most suitable in this agro-ecological zone. The design used in this experiment was a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) replicated three times. The parameters collected were: plant height, petiole length, number of leaves, total leaf area, number of pods per plant, pod and seed weights per plant(g), and seed yield (kg/ha). The result showed that varieties EXMF1, EXMF4, IITA165 and ENZK2 performed better than others for growth (plant height, number of leaves and total leaf area) and seed yield. Variety EXMF4 was outstanding in yield with the mean value of 5267kg/ha followed by ENZK2 with the mean value of 5000kg/ha. The least in yield was IITA182 followed by ENZK1 with the values of 2445 and 2600kg/ha respectively.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper's primary contribution is finding that some varieties of Bamabra groundnut not only thrived but compete with the yield found elsewhere.

Keywords:

Varieties, Bambara groundnut, Adaptation, Evaluation, Agro-ecological zone, Yield.

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Reference:

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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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