Citations


Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062
USA

Conference List

International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

December 2019, Volume 6, 4, pp 183-197

Effect of Integrated Application of Poultry Manure and Chemical NP Fertilizers on Growth, Yield and Yield Components of Highland Maize Variety on Vertisol at Ambo University on Station, Ethiopia

Tulu Kusse

,

Tesfaye Balemi

,

Tolera Abera

Tulu Kusse 1 Tesfaye Balemi 1 ,
;
Tolera Abera 3

  1. Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopia. 1

  2. Ambo Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopia. 3

Pages: 183-197

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2019.64.183.197

Share :

Article History:

Received: 17 June, 2019
Revised: 23 July, 2019
Accepted: 27 August, 2019
Published: 08 October, 2019


Abstract:

A decline in soil nutrient and organic matter content as a consequence of removal of crop residues from crop fields, repeated suboptimal fertilization resulting in periodic nutrient mining, is a major constraint to increasing maize productivity in a sustainable manner in tropical soils. A field experiment was conducted at Ambo University research farm, Ethiopia with the objectives to investigate: the effect of combining different levels of poultry manure (PM) and NP chemical fertilizer rates on growth, yield and yield components of maize (Zea mays L.). The experiment consisted of eight treatments: control, 15 t ha-1 PM alone, 30 t ha-1 PM alone, 15 t ha-1 PM + 25% rec. NP, 15 t ha-1 PM + 50% rec. NP, 30 t ha-1 PM + 25% rec.NP, 30 t ha-1 PM + 50% rec.NP and 100% recommended dose of NP fertilizer rates, which were laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Results showed that plant height, number of leaves per plant, leaf area, leaf area index, number of cobs per plant, cob girth, cob length, number of grains per cob, 1000-grain weight, biomass yield, harvest index and grain yield were significantly higher for the treatment in which 30 t ha-1 PM plus 50% recommended NP fertilizer was applied compared to both the absolute and standard controls. The highest maize grain yield (132.7q ha-1) was recorded for the treatment in which 30 t ha-1 PM along with 50% recommended NP fertilizer was applied. The lowest values of growth, yield and yield components parameters were recorded for the negative control where no PM and chemical NP fertilizer were applied. Results of the correlation analysis revealed the presence of significant positive relationship between grain yields and all growth and yield component parameters. Integrating poultry manure with chemical fertilizers can considerable reduce the quantity of the later required for optimum maize production.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature that reports the positive contribution of co-application of poultry manure and inorganic fertilizer as part of integrated nutrient management in enhancing growth, yields and yield components in crop plants in general and in maize in particular.

Keywords:

Chemical fertilizers, Maize grain yield, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Poultry manure, Zea mays.

Video:

Reference:

Awodun, M., 2007. Effect of poultry manure on the growth, yield and nutrient content of fluted pumpkin (Telfaria occidentalis Hook F). Asian Journal of Agricultural Research, 1(2): 67-73.Available at: https://doi.org/10.3923/ajar.2007.67.73.

Ayeni, L.S. and M.T. Adetunji, 2010. Integrated application of poultry manure and mineral fertilizer on soil chemical properties, nutrient uptake, yield and growth components of maize. Nature and Science, 8(1): 60-76.

Ayoola, O. and E. Makinde, 2009. Maize growth, yield and soil nutrient changes with n-enriched organic fertilizers. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 9(1): 580-592.Available at: https://doi.org/10.4314/ajfand.v9i1.19214.

Belay, Y., 2015. Integrated soil fertility management for better crop production in Ethiopia. International Journal of Soil Science, 10(1): 1-16.Available at: https://doi.org/10.3923/ijss.2015.1.16.

Biru, A., 1979. Agricultural field experiment management manual part iii. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Institute of Agricultural Research.

Boateng, S., J. Zickermann and M. Kornahrens, 2006. Poultry manure effect on growth and yield of maize. West African Journal of Applied Ecology, 9(1): 61-71.

Central Statistical Agency (CSA), 2017. Agricultural sample survey report on area and production for major crops (private peasant holdings meher season) for 2016/17. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Statistical Bulletin. No. 584. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Crawford, T.W., V.V. Rendig and F.E. Broadbent, 1982. Sources, fluxes, and sinks of nitrogen during early reproductive growth of maize (zea mays l.). Plant Physiology, 70(6): 1654-1660.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.70.6.1654.

CSA, 2017. Agricultural sample survey report on area and production for major crops (private peasant holdings meher season) for 2016/17. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Statistical Bulletin. No. 584. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Dikinya, O. and N. Mufwanzala, 2010. Chicken manure-enhanced soil fertility and productivity: Effects of application rates. Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management, 1(3): 46-54.

Donand, C.M., 1962. In search of yield. Journal of Australian Institute of Agricultural Science, 28: 171-178.

Enujeke, E., 2013. Response of watermelon to five different rates of poultry manure in asaba area of delta state, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 5(2): 45-50.Available at: https://doi.org/10.9790/2380-0524550.

Enujeke, E., 2013. Effects of poultry manure on growth and yield of improved maize in Asaba area of delta state, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences, 4: 24-30.Available at: https://doi.org/10.9790/2380-0452430.

Farhad, W., M. Saleem, M. Cheema and H. Hammad, 2009. Effect of poultry manure levels on the productivity of spring maize (zea mays l.). Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 19(3): 122-125.

Food and Agriculture Organization Statistics (FAOSTAT), 2016. Online database. Available from http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data [Accessed Dec., 2018].

Gudeta, N., S. Twumasi-Afriyie, A.K. Demisew, A. Bayisa, N. Demoz, Y. Kassa, Z. Habtamu, T. Leta, J. Habte, F. Wondim, A. Solomon, A. Abiy, A. Jemal, K. Abrha, G. Hintsa and T. Habtamu, 2011. Development of improved maize germplasm for Highland agro-ecologies of ethiopia in: Mosisa et al (Eds), Meeting the Challenges of Global Climate Change and Food Security through Innovative Maize Research. Proceedings of the Third National Maize Workshop of Ethiopia, April 18–20, 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Hashim, M., S. Dhar, A. Vyas, V. Ramesh and B. Kumar, 2015. Integrated nutrient management in maize (Zea mays L)-wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cropping system. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 60(3): 352-359.

Hay, R., 1995. Harvest index: A review of its use in plant breeding and crop physiology. Annals of Applied Biology, 126(1): 197-216.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1995.tb05015.x.

Jackson, M., 1958. Soil chemical analysis; prentice hall inc. New Jersey: Engle Wood Cliffs.

Khaliq, T., T. Mahmood and A. Masood, 2004. Effectiveness of farmyard manure, poultry manure and nitrogen for corn (zea mays l.) productivity. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 6(2): 260-263.

Khan, H., M. Malik and M. Saleem, 2008. Effect of rate and source of organic material on the production potential of spring maize (zea mays l.). Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 45(1): 40-43.

Landon, J.R., 1991. Booker tropical soil manual: A handbook for soil survey and agricultural land evaluation in the tropics and subtropics. New York: Longman Scientific and Technical, Essex. pp: 474.

Makinde, E., 2007. Effects of an organo-mineral fertilizer application on the growth and yield of maize. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 3(10): 1152-1155.

Murphy, H.F., 1968. A report on the fertility status and other data on some soils of Ethiopia. College of agriculture Haile Sellassie I University. Experiment Station Bulletin No. 44, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia.

Nelson, L.A., R.D. Voss and J. Pesek, 1985. Agronomic and statistical evaluation of fertilizer response. In: O.P. Engelstad (ed.), Fertilizer technology and use. 3rd. ed. Madison, WI: SSSA. pp: 89.

Olsen, S.R., C.Y. Cole, F.S. Watanabe and L.A. Dean, 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Circular, 939: 1-19.

Rajeshwari, R.S., N.S. Hebsur, H.M. Pradeep and T.D. Bharamagoudar, 2007. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and yield of maize. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 20(2): 399-400.

Saleem, A.R., U. Saleem and G.M. Subhani, 2007. Correlation and path coefficient analysis in maize (zea mays l.). Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 45(3): 177- 183.

Saxena, M. and Y. Singh, 1965. A note on leaf area estimation of intact maize leaves. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 10(3): 437-439.

Sestak, Z., J. Castky and P.G. Jarvis, 1971. Plant photosynthetic production: Manual of methods. Published by Dr. W. Junk N.V., The Hague. pp: 343-381.

Shah, P. and A. Muhammad, 2000. Management of organic farming: Effectiveness of farm yard manure (fym) and nitrogen for maize productivity. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 16(5): 461-465.

Sharif, M., M. Ahmed, M.S. Sharir and R.A. Khattak, 2004. Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers on the yield and yield components of maize. Pakistan Journal of Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering and Veterinary Science, 20(1): 11-15.

Singh, L., S. Kumar, K. Singh and D. Singh, 2017. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and yield attributes of maize under winter season (Zea mays L.). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 6(5): 1625-1628.

Singh, R.B., P. Kumar and T. Woodhead, 2002. Smallholder farmers in India: Food security and agricultural policy. RAP Publication.

Tolessa, D. and D.K. Friesen, 2001. Effect of enriching farm yard manure with mineral fertilizer on grain yield of maize at Bako, Western Ethiopia. Seventh Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Maize Conference. 11-15th February, pp: 335-337.

Tsedeke, A., B. Shiferaw, A. Menkir, D. Wegary, Y. Kebede, K. Tesfaye, M. Kassie, G. Bogale, B. Tadesse and T. Keno, 2015. Factors that transformed maize productivity in Ethiopia. Food Security, 7(5): 965-981.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-015-0488-z.

Wakene, N., G. Heluf, D. Abdena and E. Geremew, 2005. Effect of integrated use of FYM, N and P fertilizer on maize in Western Oromiya of  Ethiopia. Indian Journal of Fertilisers, 1(8): 47-53.

Wakene, N., N. Kefyalew, D.K. Friesen, J. Ransom and Y. Abebe, 2002a. Determination of optimum farmyard manure and NP fertilizer for maize under the farmers’ conditions. In: Proceeding of 7th East and South African Regional Maize Conference, 11-15th February 2002, Nairobi, Kenya. pp: 387-393.

Walkley, A. and I.A. Black, 1934. An examination of the degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter, and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science, 37(1): 29-38.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-193401000-00003.

Statistics:

Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor

Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

Related Article

( 1 ) Effect of Different Sources of Fertilizers on the Yield and Yield Components of Wheat Variety Kohat-2000 Under Rainfed Conditions of Kohat During 2012
( 2 ) Effect of Different Types of Surfectants on Zinc Efficiency in Spinach Yield
( 3 ) Effect of Some Botanicals against Termites, Macroterms Spp. (Isoptera: Termitidae) Under Laboratory Conditions
( 4 ) Effect of Disc and Tilt Angles of Disc Plough on Tractor Performance under Clay Soil
( 5 ) The Effect of Steaming Process on Fat Soluble Vitamins Content and Fatty Acid Profile in Bluefish and Rainbow Trout Fillets
( 6 ) Effect of Carbon Monoxide on Active Oxygen Metabolism of Postharvest Jujube
( 7 ) Effect of Different Concentrations of Vermicompost (Biohumus) On the Root Collar Diameter and Height Growth in the Seedlings of Anatolian Black Pine
( 8 ) Effects of Cotton Gin Trash Level on the Performance of Desert Lambs in New Halfa Area, Kassala State, Sudan
( 9 ) Effects of Age at Fattening On Butana Camel Males Carcass Characteristics in the Sudan
( 10 ) Effect of Sowing Date on Maize Seed Yield and Quality: A Review
( 11 ) Effect of Fungi and Manure on Cadmium Content and Biomass of Maize Grown In Cadmium Contaminated Tailing from Bangka Indonesia
( 12 ) Germination Effects of Purposive Bruchid Screening of African Ebony (Dalbergia Melanoxylon) Seeds In the Arid and Semi-Arid Region of South Eastern Kenya
( 13 ) Studies on Seasonal Performance of Newly Developed Bivoltine Silkworm (Bombyx Mori L) Hybrids Tolerant To Bmnpv and Effect of Temperature on Disease Induction
( 14 ) Effect of Whole Inedible Date and Amino Acid Supplementation on Growth Performance of Ross 308 Broiler Chicks
( 15 ) Effect of Using Different Pre-Storage Warming Times on Hatchability of White Hisex Breeders’ Eggs
( 16 ) Effect of Ethanol and Petroleum Ether Extracts of Some Medicinal Plants on Sclerotiumrolfsii, Causal Agent of Postharvest Rot of Yam (Dioscorea Spp.)
( 17 ) Effects of Ebola (EVD) Outbreak on Bush Meat Marketing and Consumption in Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria
( 18 ) Effects of Degasified Extender on Quality Parameters of Cryopreserved Bull Spermatozoa
( 19 ) Effects of Dried Rumen Contents Level in Rations on the Performance of Shugor Desert Sheep in Halfa Elgadeda, Kassala State, Sudan
( 20 ) In Vitro Differential Effect of Nerve Growth Factor on Functional Parameters of Murrah Buffalo Spermatozoa in Low and High Fertile Groups
( 21 ) Physiological Effects of Some Artificial and Natural Food Coloring on Young Male Albino Rats
( 22 ) Effect of Sodium Alginate Coating with Ascorbic Acid on Shelf Life of Raw Pork Meat
( 23 ) Effect of Intra Spacing on Yield and Yield Components of Carrot (Daucus Carrota L.Sub Sp. Sativus)
( 24 ) Protective Effects of Sweet Orange Peel (Citrus Sinensis L.) The Induction of Micronuclei Induced by Cyclophosphamide in Human Peripheral Lymphocytes
( 25 ) Effect of Domestic Cooking on Physicochemical Parameters, Phytochemicals and Antioxidant Properties of Algerian Tomato (Solanum Lycopersicum L. Var. Marmande)
( 26 ) Effect of Contamination by Fungi and Yeast on the Physiochemical Characteristics of Gum Arabic Stored in Semi-Desert Climate of Khartoum City, Sudan
( 27 ) Analysis of Climate Change Effects among Rice Farmers in Benue State, Nigeria
( 28 ) Effect of Temperature and Time on the Physical Properties of Bread Produced from Wheat – Cocoyam Flour Using Response Surface Methodology
( 29 ) Effect of Jameed Form on the Chemical Composition, Rheological and Microbial Properties
( 30 ) Effect of a Plant Extract in Several Traits of Plymouth Rock Barred Hens and Pullets Challenged with Salmonella Typhimurium in a Rural Village in Central Mexico
( 31 ) Effect of Environmental Pollution on Production and Metabolic Profile in Buffalo Cows
( 32 ) The Effect of the Reduced Dose of GnRH on Conception, Ovulation and Ovarian Structures in Ovsynch Program of Lactating Dairy Cows
( 33 ) Comparative Effect of Organic and In-Organic Fertilizer Treatment on the Growth and Tuberyeild of Sweet Potato (Ipomea Batata L)
( 34 ) The Effects of Magnetic Field on Germination of Seeds and Growth of Seedlings of Stone Pine
( 35 ) Effects of Segregated Early Weaning at 7 Days on Dams Body Condition, Parturition Interval and Offspring Birth Weight and Litter Size in the Agouti (Dasyprocta Leporina) for Intensive Production
( 36 ) Effect of Integrated Application of Poultry Manure and Chemical NP Fertilizers on Growth, Yield and Yield Components of Highland Maize Variety on Vertisol at Ambo University on Station, Ethiopia
( 37 ) Effect of Soaking on the Nutritional Values of Kordala (Maerua Pseudopetalosa) Seeds Grown in Kordofan Region, Sudan
( 38 ) Effect of Substrates on Nutritional Composition and Functional Properties of Pleurotus Ostreatus
( 39 ) Rural Farmers’ Coping Strategies to Effects of Climate Change on Watermelon Production in Igboora, Oyo State, Nigeria
( 40 ) Effect of Body Weight on Reproductive Fitness in Spodoptera Litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
( 41 ) Effects of Different Storage Conditions on Rooting and Shooting Performance of Grapevine (Vitis Vinifera L.) Cuttings in Hydroponic Culture System
( 42 ) The Potential Effect of Zinc Deficiency on Reproductive Profile of Male Rat and its Possible Consequences
( 43 ) A Pictorial Guidebook on Poultry Diseases; Diagnostic Techniques and their Effective Treatment
( 44 ) Effects of Community Financing Institutions on Cassava Farmers Income in Oyo State, Nigeria
( 45 ) Effect of Blended Fertilizer and Lime Application on Yield of Finger Millet, and Soil Properties of Acidic Soils in Western Ethiopia
( 46 ) Changes in Certain Agronomic Characteristics of Table Grape Cultivar Alphonse Lavallee’ in Response to Water Deficit under the Different Rootstock Effect
( 47 ) Effect of Tuber Sections, Heat Treatment and Rehydration with Process Chemicals on the Physicochemical Properties of Sweet Potato (Ipomoea Batatas L. (Lam)) Flour
( 48 ) Effect of Seed Rate and Cultivar on Productivity of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in New Halfa Locality, Sudan
( 49 ) Effect of Planting Date on Growth and Yield of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna subtermnea (L) Verdc.) Varieties in Rainforest Zone of Delta State
( 50 ) The Effect of Varieties and Fungicide Spray Frequencies on Septoria Leaf Blotch (Mycosphaerella graminicola) Epidemics on Bread Wheat in Western Amhara, Ethiopia
( 51 ) The Fungicide and Variety Integration Effect on Late Blight (Phytophthora infestans) Disease of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in Western Amhara Region, Ethiopia
( 52 ) High-Sensitivity Testing of Effectiveness of Citrus Limon, Vitis Vinifera and Citrus Sinensis in the Postharvest Control of Callosobruchus Maculatus Fabricius (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Infestation of Cowpea Seeds
( 53 ) Effects of Inclusion of Processed Grapefruit Pulp on Wheat Flour Biscuit
( 54 ) Effect of Boiling and Roasting on the Nutrients, Phytochemical and Functional Properties of Red and Green Cultivars of D. Bulbifera Flours
( 55 ) Effects of Melon Seed or Soybean Meal Supplementation on the Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Incompletely Peeled Cassava Garri
( 56 ) Interactive Effects of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Rhizobium on Growth and Nutrient Content of Arachis hypogaea
( 57 ) Storage Effects on Microbiological and Some Antioxidant Potentials of Partially Substituted Bread Produced from Wheat Flour and Fresh Coconut Meat
( 58 ) Assessment of the Processing Effects of Fresh Solanum Anguivi Berries on Biochemical Contents and Functional Properties of Powder
( 59 ) Study of Heavy Metals Variability and their Effect on Plant Growth in Kanzenze River of Upper Akagera Catchment, Rwanda
( 60 ) The Effect of Land-Use on Herbaceous Production and Grazing Capacity in the Molopo District of the North West Province, South Africa
( 61 ) Preservative Effects of Ginger (Zingiber officinale), Tumeric (Curcuma longa) Extract and Citric Acid and Pasteurization on the Nutritional Quality and Shelf Life of Tiger-Nut Non-Dairy Milk
( 62 ) Interactive Effects of Zinc-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) Fungi on Cadmium Uptake, Rubisco, Osmolyte Synthesis and Yield in Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
( 63 ) The Effect of Farmers Social Networks on Sustainable Agricultural Practices Adoption: A Scoping Review Protocol
( 65 ) Status of Integrated Soil Fertility Management (ISFM) in Southwestern Nigeria
( 66 ) Application of Agroforestry Techniques in the Management of Bamboo
( 67 ) Straw Composting with Biological Agent Inoculation and Application Biofertilizer to Increase Rice Production
( 68 ) Mobile Food Consumption Monitoring Application
( 70 ) Determinants of Farmers' Use of Land Reclamation Practices in Oil Producing Areas of Imo State, Nigeria: Application of Multivariate Logistic Analysis
( 72 ) Insecticide Spraying Regime to Control Insect Pest of Cowpea: Management and Monitored Application of Cypermethrin in Lomami Province, DR Congo
( 73 ) Application of Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) in Development of Suitability Model for Rice Production in Taraba State
( 74 ) Exogenous Application of Antioxidants on Leaf Chlorophyll, Yield Dynamics and Berry Quality of Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)
( 75 ) Constraints to Brood and Sell Poultry Production among Farmers in Enugu State, Nigeria
( 77 ) Investigating Constraints to Poultry Management Practices among Smallholder Farmers in Benue State, Nigeria
( 78 ) Farm and Disease Management by Commercial Poultry Farmers
( 79 ) Climate Variability, Incidences and Mitigation Strategies among Poultry Farmers in Abia State, Nigeria
( 81 ) Tabu-Genetic Algorithm-Based Model for Poultry Feed Formulation
( 82 ) Influence of Biochar and Poultry Manure on Weed Infestation and Growth of Arabica Coffee (Coffea Arabica) Seedlings
( 83 ) Probiotic Supplementation in Poultry Production as an Alternative to Antibiotic Feed Additive
( 84 ) Perception of Ethno-Veterinary Medicine among Poultry Farmers in Oyo State
( 88 ) Impact of Abattoir Effluent on Soil Chemical Properties in Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria
( 89 ) The Influence of Probiotics and Antibiotic Growth Promoter on Growth Performance and Hemato-Biochemical Parameters in Broilers
( 90 ) Physico-Chemical Properties of Honey Produced In Masha, Gesha, and Sheko Districts in Southwestern Ethiopia
( 91 ) Evaluation of the Phytochemical, Antioxidant and Antimicrobialproperties of Extracts from Chrysophyllum Albidum (African Star Apple) Leaf
( 92 ) Stover Yield and Chemical Composition in Some Sorghum Varieties in Gadarif State, Sudan
( 93 ) Chemical Analysis of Acacia Ehrenbergiana (Salam) Tree Fruits (Seed and Pods) As Dry Season Supplement For Livestock in Arid and Semi –Arid Lands of Sudan
( 94 ) Microbiological Profile, Shelf Stability and Some Physicochemical Properties of Fermented Flour from Different Sweet Potato Cultivars
( 95 ) “Evaluation of Phytochemical Constituents of the Fruits of Cucumis Sativus Linn. For their Hepatoprotective Activity by Molecular Docking Studies”
( 99 ) Evaluation of Chemical-Nutritional Characteristics of Rainbow Trout Samples Affected by the
( 100 ) Biochemical and Electron Microscopic Changes Induced by Giardia in Experimentally Infected Lambs
( 102 ) Molecular Studies on E.Coli Isolate from Milk of Mastatic Cattle with Special Reference to Associated Biochemical Changes in Kaliobea Governorate
( 103 ) Assessment of the Physical and Chemical Properties of Three Contrasting Soils Under Different Land Use Systems
( 104 ) Physicochemical and Rheological Characterization of Goat Whey
( 106 ) Chemical Changes Associated with Repetitive Re-Use of Vegetable Oil during Deep Frying of Bean Cake, Plantain and Yam
( 107 ) Modelling and Optimization of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Paddy Pre-Treatments for Optimum Chemical Property using Response Surface Methodology
( 109 ) Biochemical Composition and Consumption Risk of Leafy Vegetables Puts and Babenda Cereals Produced in Five Cities in Burkina Faso
( 112 ) Broiler and Indigenous Chickens: A Comparison through Biochemical Parameters
( 113 ) Chemical Control of Alternaria Brown Spot on Mandarins Cultivars in Tunisia
( 114 ) GGE and Ammi Biplot Analysis for Field PEA Yield Stability in Snnpr State, Ethiopia
( 116 ) Assessments of Market Oriented Beef Cattle Fattening System Under Farmer Management Condition in South Omo Zone of Snnpr
( 124 ) Evaluation of Field Pea (Pisum Sativum L) Genotypes Performance for Yield and Yield Components at Five Growing Environments of Southern Ethiopia
( 125 ) Characterization and Association among Yield and Yield Related Traits in Sunflower (Helianthus Annus L) Genotypes
( 126 ) Association between Yield Components of Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor L. (Moench) Under Different Watering Intervals
( 128 ) Comparative Growth Analysis and Yield Performance of Glycine Max under Jatropha Curcas Based Agrisilviculture System of Agroforestry in the Northern Part of Bangladesh
( 129 ) Correlation between Milk Yield, Somatic Cell Count and Milk Quality in Dairy Farming
( 131 ) Genotype X Environment Interaction and Stability Analysis for Yield and Yield Related Traits of Desi-Type Chickpea (Cicer Arietinum L.) In Ethiopia
( 133 ) Genotypic Difference in Growth and Yield Related Traits of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Varieties at Southern Tigray
( 134 ) Study on Agronomic Evaluation of Tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum, Mill.) Varieties for Phonological, Growth and Yield Characters
( 136 ) Evaluation of Different Tillage Practices on Growth and Yield of Fluted Pumpkin Telfairia Occidentalis in Uyo, Southeastern Nigeria
( 137 ) Heterosis for Nitrogen Fixation and Seed Yield and Yield Components in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)
( 138 ) Molecular Characterization of Parental Lines of Rice Aiming to Address High Yield and Nutritional Quality Under Drought and Cold Stress Condition
( 139 ) Harvesting Date Influences Cassava (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) Yield and Quality of Based-Products
( 140 ) Uncertainty Analysis and Calibration of Swat Model for Estimating Impacts of Conservation Methods on Streamflow and Sediment Yield in Thika River Catchment, Kenya
( 141 ) The Impact of Intensive Utilization of Cultivated Land on Grain Yields: A Case Study of Shandong Province in China
( 142 ) Genotype-Environment Interactions and Yield Stability of Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. Walp) in Lomami Province, Central Part of Democratic Republic of Congo
( 144 ) Physiological Aspects of Yield Variation among Seven Groundnut Genotypes Cultivated under Rain-Fed Conditions
( 146 ) Growth and Yield Response of Shallot (Allium cepa var. aggregatum) Varieties to Intra-Row Spacing in Eastern Amhara, Ethiopia
( 147 ) Root Density, Distribution and Yield Relationships of High Yielding Sugarcane Varieties Under Sandy Soil Condition
( 148 ) Insect Activities and their Impact on the Yield of Abelmoschus esculentus L ( Malvaceae) in Bambili ( Mezam - Cameroon)
( 149 ) On-Farm Evaluation of Conservation Agriculture Practice on Weed Control and Yield of Wheat in Northern Bangladesh
( 190 ) Study on Adaptability of Released Midland Maize Varieties around South Ari Woreda, South Omo Zone, Southern Nation Nationality Peoples Region, Ethiopia
( 192 ) Analysis of Determinants of Demand and Supply of Maize in Aniocha North Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria
( 194 ) Analysis of Consumer Willingness to Pay for Genetically Modified Maize Food in Swaziland
( 196 ) Improvement of Maize Productivity (Zea Mays L.) by Mycorrhizal Inoculation on Ferruginous Soil in Center of Benin
( 197 ) Agronomic Practices of Maize and Farm Nutrient Status in Bako Tibe District, West Shoa Zone, Ethiopia: Lesson from Agronomic Panel Survey
( 198 ) Breeding for Weevil (Sitophilus Zeamais Motschulsky) Resistance in Maize (Zea mays L)
( 200 ) Multi-Environment Variety Testing (Pre-Met) for Irrigated Ecosystem in Rice (Oryza Sativa L.)
( 203 ) Adoption Impact of Improved Cowpea Variety in Selected Areas of Chattogram District of Bangladesh
( 204 ) Characterization of a Novel Floral Mutation Induced by Gamma Irradiation of Philippine Rice Variety NSIC Rc9 (Apo)
( 206 ) Monte Carlo Modeling for Aflatoxin B1 Distribution in Pistachio Samples: A Prerequisite for Sampling Plan Validation
( 207 ) Farmer’s Decision To Practice Crop Rotation in Arsi Negelle, Ethiopia: What are the Determinants?
( 209 ) Use of Solar Drier Papapya Lather as a Fat Replacer in Cakes
( 210 ) Preservative Activity of Ethanolic Extract of Ginger in Wara - A West African Traditional Soft (Unripened) Cheese
( 211 ) Efficacy of Allicin (Allium Sativum Linn.) Against Bipolaris Sorokiniana in Barley Plants
( 213 ) Storage Stability of Intermediate Moisture Cauliflower Brassica Oleracea, Var, Botrytis Cabbage Brassica Oleracea, Var, Capitata Using Radiation as Hurdle Technology
( 214 ) Quality Characteristics of High-Oleic Sunflower Oil Extracted from Some Hybrids Cultivated Under Egyptian Conditions
( 215 ) Flaxseed Nutritied Meat Balls With High Antioxidant Potential
( 216 ) Maximizing the Productivity of Olives by Using Some Materials and Its Impacts on the Quality Indices of Picual Olive Oil
( 217 ) Growing Jatropha Curcas and Jatropha Gossypiifolia as a Interculture with Sunflower for Control of Meloidogyne Javanica in Egypt
( 218 ) Nutritional, Functional and Sensory Properties of Biscuit Produced from Wheat-Sweet Potato Composite
( 219 ) Development of a Mathematical Model for Angle of Soil Failure Plane in Case of 3-Dimenssional Cutting
( 220 ) Small-Scale Milk Processing, Utilization and Marketing of Traditional Dairy Products in Bahir Dar Zuria and Mecha Districts, Northwestern Ethiopia
( 221 ) Impact of Laser Land Leveling On Water Productivity of Wheat under Deficit Irrigation Condations
( 223 ) Antioxidant Activity of Eight Tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum L.) Varieties Grown in Algeria
( 224 ) Soil-Blade Interaction of a Rotary Tiller: Soil Bin Evaluation
( 226 ) An Assessment of the Level of Awareness of Climate Change and Variability among Rural Farmers in Taraba State, Nigeria
( 231 ) Protective Bioactivity of Moringa (Moringa Oleifera Lam.) Seed Oil against Callosobrochus Maculatus (F.) Infestation in Stored Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. Walp.)
( 232 ) Diversity, Use Pattern and Management of Forest Resources in the Eastern Himalaya: A Case Study of Mizoram, India
( 233 ) Screening of Mycotoxins Producer Fungal and Aflatoxins Level in Dried and Smoked Fish (Clarias Sp.) and (Oreochromis Sp.) from Lake Fitri - Chad
( 234 ) Curative Bioactivity of Moringa (Moringa Oleifera Lam.) Seed Oil against Callosobruchus Maculatus F. Infested Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. Walp.) Grain in Storage
( 236 ) Soil Respiration, Microbial Biomass and Ratios (Metabolic Quotient and Mbc/Toc) As Quality Soil Indicators in Burnt and Unburnt Aleppo Pine Forest Soils
( 241 ) Characteristics of Bread and Biscuit Made With Wheat and Rice Flour Composites
( 242 ) Suitability of Temperate and Tropical Crossbred Dairy Cattle under Peri-Urban Production System in Bangladesh
( 243 ) Ethnomedicinal Survey of Plants Used In Treating Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Abia State, Nigeria
( 245 ) Influence of Dehydrated Medicago Sativa on Quality Characteristics of Marchigiana Beef
( 246 ) Seleno-Cystine Affects the Fatty Acid Profile in In Vitro Incubated Ovine Ruminal Fluid Containing α-Linolenic Acid
( 247 ) Evaluation of Some Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. [Walp]) Genotypes for Stability Of Performance Over 4 Years
( 248 ) Economics of Sheep Production in Zuru Local Government Area of Kebbi State Nigeria
( 250 ) Some Insect Pests (Arthropoda: Insecta) of Summer Vegetables, Their Identification, Occurrence, Damage and Adoption of Management Practices
( 251 ) Analysis of Rainfall and Temperature Variability to Guide Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolar) Production in Miesso Areas, Eastern Ethiopia
( 252 ) Tree Species Diversity and Productivity Relationship in the Central Region of Bangladesh
( 253 ) Key for First Recorded Dragonfly (Odonata: Anisoptera) Fauna of District Lower Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
( 255 ) Analysis of Fresh Fish Marketing in Ngaski Local Government Area of Kebbi State, Nigeria
( 256 ) Assessment of Human Capital Attributes Influencing Occupational Diversification among Rural Women in Anambra State, Nigeria
( 258 ) Performance Evaluation and Adaptation of Lentil Varieties in Lemu, Gumur and Damot Gale Districts of Southern Ethiopia
( 260 ) Survey on Economical Important Fungal Diseases of Tomato in Sub-Zoba Hamemalo of Eritrea
( 262 ) Hot Water Enhanced Germination of Leucaena Leucocephala Seeds in Light and Dark Conditions
( 263 ) Microbial Degradation of Organic Waste through Vermicomposting
( 264 ) Identification of Cattle Persistently Infected With BVDV (PI) By Ear-Notch Testing In Southeast of Iran
( 265 ) Ingessana Goats Phenotype, Carcass and Wholesale Cuts Characteristics in Fadamia, Bao Locality, Blue Nile State, Sudan
( 267 ) Profitability of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPS) Production and Marketing in Zuru Local Government Area, Kebbi State: A Case for Honey
( 268 ) Fetal Maceration in Crossbred Holstein Frisian Heifer-A Case Report
( 269 ) Frequency of Gastrointestinal Parasites and Egg per Gram Faeces Count of Nematodes in Black Bengal Goat under Field Condition in West Bengal, India
( 270 ) Description of Immature Stages of the Brown Dog Tick Rhipicephalus Sanguineus (Acari: Ixodidae) Using Scanning Electron Microscopy
( 271 ) Examination of Oribatid Mites for Cysticercoids of Moniezia Sp
( 272 ) Assessment of Veterinary Inspection Practices on Quality of Beef Produced In Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria
( 273 ) Blood Picture and Selected Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in Dromedary Camels Naturally Infected With Trypanosoma Evansi
( 275 ) Screening of Some Coffee Arabica Genotypes Against Coffee Wilt Diseases (Gibberella Xylarioides Heim And Saccus) At Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia
( 276 ) Climate Relevant Emissions from Animal Production and Reduction Potentials
( 278 ) Evaluation of In Vitro Protocols for Elimination of Banana Streak Virus from Tissue Cultured Explants in Banana Seedling Production
( 279 ) Variation in Density and Shrinkage between Sawmill and Hand Processed Khaya Senegalensis Woodin Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria
( 282 ) Combined Microbial Inoculation as a Promising Approach to Enhance Promiscuous Soybean Nodulation and Nitrogen Content in Sudan Savanna
( 283 ) Partial Budgeting Analysis of Different Strategies for Management of Insect Pests in Cashew and Mango Orchards in Tanzania
( 284 ) Farmers Assessment of the Training and Visit Extension System in Niger State: Evidence from Fadama Ii & Iii in Mokwa Local Government Area of Niger State, Nigeria
( 286 ) Comparative Analysis of Technical Efficiencies of Smallholder Vegetable Farmers with and Without Credit Access in Swazil and the Case of the Hhohho Region
( 287 ) Cholesterol Content of Bull Spermatozoa Alters Survival at Ultra-Low Temperatures
( 289 ) Empirical Study on the Relationship between Market Share, Advertising Density and Ratio of Sales
( 293 ) Bioaccumulation of Hydrocarbon, Heavy Metals and Minerals in Tympanotonus Fuscatus from Coastal Region of Bayelsa State, Nigeria
( 294 ) Prevalence and Management of Some Surgical Affection in Cattle and Buffaloes at Qena Governorate in Field Situation
( 295 ) Gender Issues of Labour Participation in Vegetable Production in Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos State
( 296 ) Genetic Divergence and Character Association of Kabuli-Type Chickpea (Cicer Arietium) Genotype under Rainfed Conditions in Ethiopia
( 297 ) Estimation of Export Demand Function for Swazi Sugar: A Panel Data Analysis
( 302 ) Pelvic Floor Fractures in 55 Dogs and 39 Cats: CT and X- Ray Findings
( 303 ) Hydrostatic and Hydrodynamic Characteristics of Swimming Animals- an Inspiration for Hybrid Buoyant Aircraft
( 304 ) Characteristic of Swamp Buffalo (Bubalus Bubalis) Pampangan at Ogan Komering Ilir, South Sumatera, Indonesia
( 308 ) Apparent Metabolisability of Diets Containing Concentrate, Zostera Noltii or Taraxacum Officinalis in Anas Penelope
( 310 ) Management of Root-Knot Nematode, Meloidogyne Javanica Infecting Sunflower by Some Composted Plant or Animal Residues as Soil Amendments in Egypt
( 311 ) Evaluation of Improved Varieties of Teff in West Belessa, Northwest Ethiopia
( 312 ) Rheological Studies of Texture-Modified Chicken Rendang with Tapioca and Sago Starches as Food Thickener for Patients with Dysphagia
( 315 ) Evaluation of the Biomass of the Green Oak (Quercus Rotundifolia) of the Central Middle Atlas: Case of the South Jbel Aoua Forest (Morocco)
( 316 ) Determination of Milk Composition, Bacteriology and Selected Blood Parameters of Dairy Goats Under Different Feeding Systems
( 321 ) Analysis of Rural Youths Participation in Family Farming in Benue State, Nigeria: Implications for Policy
( 324 ) Technical-Economic Efficiencies of Snakehead Seed Production Under Impacts of Climate Change in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam