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International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

September 2019, Volume 6, 3, pp 137-149

Potential Economic Benefit and Producers’ Willingness to Adopt Bt-Brinjal in Bangladesh: An Ex-Ante Analysis

Md. Abdullah Al Mamun

,

Mohammad Jahangir Alam

,

Dilshad Zahan Ethen

,

Swarup Barua

Md. Abdullah Al Mamun 1

Mohammad Jahangir Alam 2 Dilshad Zahan Ethen 2 Swarup Barua 4


  1. Foreign Trade and Processing Division, Islami Bank Bangladesh Limited, Dhaka, Bangladesh. 1

  2. Department of Agribusiness and Marketing, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh. 2

  3. Department of Agricultural Marketing and Business Management, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet-3100, Bangladesh. 4

Pages: 137-149

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2019.63.137.149

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Article History:

Received: 12 March, 2019
Revised: 18 April, 2019
Accepted: 27 May, 2019
Published: 07 August, 2019


Abstract:

Introduction of genetic engineering in agriculture is a recent idea of native scientists. Scientists from Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute (BARI) are working on developing an FSB resistant brinjal variety namely Bt-brinjal in collaboration with Cornel University, USA. In addition, this study was attempted to find out the potential economic benefit and producers’ willingness to adopt Bt-brinjal. A total of 80 respondents were randomly selected from Gazipur and Jamalpur districts. Descriptive statistics and Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze data. Yield gain and reduction in insecticide use data give the result as Bt-brinjal will increase yield by 65.76 percent and 44.87 percent and reduce pesticide cost by 71 percent and 70.36 percent compared to local OPV and Hybrid brinjal respectively. 98 percent of farmers will produce Bt-brinjal if they reduce insecticide use but 65 percent will not produce it if there are any health-related issues. Mass advertisement is also a significant factor of adoption (63.75 percent). It was found that the marketing channel for Bt and non-Bt brinjal is same. For this producers’ adoption of Bt-brinjal is related to the potential benefit and harmlessness of the technology. Results also showed that adoption is significantly influenced by education, own land size, no. of spray per season, season of growing brinjal (p<.01) and household size, type of growing brinjal (p<.05) respectively. Though voice against GM crops was also very loud but the Bangladesh government is very much eager to introduce this technology to the market and give the benefits to its consumers.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated potential economic benefit and producer willingness to adopt of Bt-brinjal in Bangladesh. This study was an ex-ante analysis related to Bt-brinjal adoption in Bangladesh. Hence; this is an original contribution in this field.

Keywords:

Bt-brinjal, Potential economic benefit, Adoption, Bangladesh.

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Funding:

The authors are grateful to the NST fellowship- Ministry of Science and Technology, Bangladesh for financial support during the entire research work.

Competing Interests:

The article is original, contains unpublished materials and derived from the Md. Abdullah Al Mamun master’s thesis. The corresponding author confirms that all of the authors have read and approved the manuscript and no competing interests exist.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study. The authors assert heartfelt gratitude to the enumerator, respondents, and stakeholders of the study areas for their consistent support in conducting surveys and collecting the data and information.

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