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Heterosis for Nitrogen Fixation and Seed Yield and Yield Components in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

Nigusie Girma

,

Firew Mekibib

,

Asnake Fikre

,

Gemechu Keneni

,

Ganga Rao NVPR

,

Pooran Gaur

,

Chris O. Ojiewo

Nigusie Girma 1
Firew Mekibib 2

Asnake Fikre 3 Gemechu Keneni 4
Ganga Rao NVPR 5
Pooran Gaur 6
Chris O. Ojiewo 3 ,
;

  1. Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Debre Zeit Agric Research Center, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia 1

  2. Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia 2

  3. International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 3

  4. Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Holleta Agricultural Research Center, Holleta, Ethiopia 4

  5. International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics, Nairobi, Kenya 5

  6. International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics, Hyderabad, India 6

Pages: 50-57

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2017.42.50.57

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Article History:

Received: 13 December, 2016
Revised: 23 January, 2017
Accepted: 16 March, 2017
Published: 10 April, 2017


Abstract:

Chickpea is one of the most cultivated grain legumes in Ethiopia for grain production and amelioration of soil fertility with less attention in research on N-fixation. Therefore, this study was conducted to estimate the magnitude of heterosis for nitrogen fixation and yield and yield associated traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Six F1 crosses obtained from crossing of  four parents (two nodulated and non-nodulated) in a half diallel fashion were evaluated in 2014/15 season in lath house  using Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with two replications at Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center. Significant (P<0.05) differences were exhibited among entries for all traits studied. Considering all traits, relative to the mid parent (MPH), better parent (BPH) and standard heterosis (SH) in percent ranged from 0.009 to 59.8, 0.009 to39.9 and 0.009 to58.8, respectively. The highest degrees of MPH were noted for nodule dry weight and of BPH and SH were noted for number of pods per plant, while the lowest was observed for grain yield (0.009). The hybrid obtained from nodulated parents (ICC5003 x ICC19180) showed high heterosis for number of nodule on the basis of MPH and BPH, while ICC4918x ICC19181 exhibited low heterotic effect which exhibited positive and significant MPH for nitrogen fixed in grain, BPH for seed filling duration and SH for days to 50% flowering, days to 90% maturity and shoot dry weight at maturity traits.

Contribution/ Originality

Keywords:

Chickpea, Cicer arietinum, Diallel, Heterosis, Hybrid, N-fixation, Nodule

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Reference:

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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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