Citations


Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062
USA

Conference List

Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

December 2020, Volume 7, 2, pp 40-51

The Role of Drones as an Enabler for the 4th Agricultural Revolution

Konstantinos Demestichas

,

Theodoros Alexakis

,

Nikolaos Peppes

,

Evgenia Adamopoulou

Konstantinos Demestichas 1 ,

Theodoros Alexakis 1 Nikolaos Peppes 1 Evgenia Adamopoulou 1 
  1. Institute of Communication and Computer Systems, Athens, Greece. 1

Pages: 40-51

DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2020.72.40.51

Share :

Article History:

Received: 30 July, 2020
Revised: 03 September, 2020
Accepted: 18 September, 2020
Published: 05 October, 2020


Abstract:

The domain of agriculture is constantly evolving in terms of means and tools used. The rapid evolution in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and drone technology has facilitated a series of applications in the field of agriculture. The use of drones, combined with advanced ICT technologies as well as connected analytics methods, provides great potential in supporting and resolving some of the most challenging issues faced by the agricultural domain especially in real time data acquisition, monitoring and decision-making processes, triggering the so-called 4th agricultural revolution. The present paper provides an overview of the application of drones in the agriculture domain worldwide. Initially, the paper presents some introductory information concerning the technological evolution in the agricultural domain with special focus on the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. It then conducts a research concerning different applications of UAVs in agriculture. It proceeds with discussing relevant existing research initiatives, highlighting the relevant advantages and the prospects in using drone technology in agriculture.
Contribution/ Originality
This study documents the role of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) or drones in the Agriculture 4.0. The study summarizes, in a reader-friendly way, the contribution of drones to several aspects of the agriculture sector as well as commercial products and research projects in this domain.

Keywords:

Agriculture , Agriculture 4.0,Drones, Unmanned aerial vehicle, UAV, ICT.

Reference:

[1]          Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), E-Agriculture in action: Drones for agriculture. Bangkok: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2018a.

[2]          PwC, "Clarity from above: PwC global report on the commercial applications of drone technology," 2016. Retrieved from: https://www.pwc.pl/pl/pdf/clarity-from-above-pwc.pdf . [Accessed 26 06 2020]," 2016.

[3]          P. Tripicchio, M. Satler, G. Dabisias, E. Ruffaldi, and C. A. Avizzano, "Towards smart farming and sustainable agriculture with drones," presented at the In 2015 International Conference on Intelligent Environments . IEEE, 2015.

[4]          World Food Programme (WFP), "WFP and Belgium start efforts to deploy drones in humanitarian," 2017. Retrieved from: https://www.wfp.org/news/wfp-and-belgium-start-efforts-deploy-drones-humanitarian-emergencies . [Accessed 25 06 2020]," 2017.

[5]          Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), "Google and FAO partner to make remote sensing data more efficient and effective," 2015. Retrieved from: http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/350761/icode/ . [Accessed 27 06 2020]," 2015.

[6]          United Nations, "Department of economic and social affairs, Transforming our world: The 2030 agenda for sustainable development. Retrieved from: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015/transformingourworld. [Accessed 27 06 2020]," 2020.

[7]          DJI, "Agras MG-1. Retrieved from: https://www.dji.com/gr/mg-1 . [Accessed 27 06 2020]," 2017.

[8]          OpenForests, "Open forests. Retrieved from: https://openforests.com/about/. [Accessed 28 06 2020]," 2011.

[9]          T. R. Goodbody, N. C. Coops, P. L. Marshall, P. Tompalski, and P. Crawford, "Unmanned aerial systems for precision forest inventory purposes: A review and case study," The Forestry Chronicle, vol. 93, pp. 71-81, 2017.Available at: https://doi.org/10.5558/tfc2017-012.

[10]        J. Kamminga, E. Ayele, N. Meratnia, and P. Havinga, "Poaching detection technologies—a survey," Sensors, vol. 18, pp. 1-27, 2018.Available at: https://doi.org/10.3390/s18051474.

[11]        African Aerospace Online News Service, "Going into battle against the deadly hoards," 2017. Retrieved from: https://www.africanaerospace.aero/going-into-battle-against-the-deadly-hoards.html . [Accessed 28 06 2019]," 2017.

[12]        A. Otto, N. Agatz, J. Campbell, B. Golden, and E. Pesch, "Optimization approaches for civil applications of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) or aerial drones: A survey," Networks, vol. 72, pp. 411-458, 2018.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1002/net.21818.

[13]        B. Vergouw, H. Nagel, G. Bondt, and B. Custers, "Drone technology: Types, payloads, applications, frequency spectrum issues and future developments," The Future of Drone Use, vol. 27, pp. 21-45, 2016.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-6265-132-6_2.

[14]        PwC, "Clarity from above: Leveraging drone technologies to secure utilities systems," 2017. Retrieved from: https://www.pwc.com/hu/hu/kiadvanyok/assets/pdf/clarity-from-above-leveraging-drone-technologies-to-secure-utilities-systems-pwc.pdf . [Accessed 28 06 2020]." 2017.

[15]        SmartAKIS-Smart Farming Thematic Network, "Crop row detection in maize fields. Retrieved from: https://smart-akis.com/SFCPPortal/#/app-h/technologies?techid=858. [Accessed 28 06 2020]," 2020.

[16]        M. R. Mabalay, A. Nelson, T. Setiyono, E. J. Quilang, A. Maunahan, P. Abonete, A. Rala, J. Raviz, R. Skorzus, J. Loro, F. Holecz, M. Barbieri, F. Collivignarelli, and S. Monaco, "Remote sensing-based information and insurance for crops in emerging economies (RIICE): The Philippine's experience," in Proceedings: 34th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing 2013, ACRS 2013, Asian Association on Remote Sensing, 2012, pp. 1465-1470.

[17]        The European Space Agency, "Assessing rice crops with sentinel-1. Retrieved from: https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2017/08/Assessing_rice_crops_with_Sentinel-1 . [Accessed 29 06 2020]," 2017.

[18]        Yamaha, "Precision Agriculture, Fazer R. Retrieved from: https://www.yamahamotorsports.com/motorsports/pages/precision-agriculture-fazer-r . [Accessed 29 06 2020]," 2019.

[19]        S. Eriksson and M. Lundin, "The drone market in Japan," 2016. Retrieved from: https://www.eubusinessinjapan.eu/sites/default/files/drone_market_in_japan.pdf . [Accessed 28 06 2020]," 2016.

[20]        Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), "E-agriculture promising practice drones for community monitoring of forests," 2018 b. Retrieved from: http://www.fao.org/3/I8760EN/i8760en.pdf., " 2018b.

[21]        A. D. Warfield and J. X. Leon, "Estimating mangrove forest volume using terrestrial laser scanning and UAV-derived structure-from-motion," Drones, vol. 3, pp. 1-17, 2019.Available at: https://doi.org/10.3390/drones3020032.

[22]        Z. Zhang, T. Cui, X. Liu, Z. Zhang, and Z. Feng, "Design and implementation of ground monitoring system for agricultural plant protection UAV," Journal of Agricultural Mechanization Research, vol. 39, pp. 64-68, 2017.

[23]        M. Yin, X. J. Zhang, M. Yu, and Y. He, "Application of the internet of things in agriculture. E-Agriculture in Action, case study I, FAO and ITU, 2017," pp. 81-95. Retrieved from: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6972e.pdf , 2017.

[24]        M. Jhonattan, P. Ponce, A. Molina, and P. Wright, "Sensing, smart and sustainable technologies for Agri-Food 4.0," Computers in Industry, vol. 108, pp. 21-36, 2019.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compind.2019.02.002.

Statistics:

Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor

Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

Related Article

( 1 ) Effect of Ethanol and Petroleum Ether Extracts of Some Medicinal Plants on Sclerotiumrolfsii, Causal Agent of Postharvest Rot of Yam (Dioscorea Spp.)
( 2 ) Role of Probiotics in Animal Nutrition
( 3 ) Roles of Extension Services in Adoption of Agroforestry Practices among Farmers in South West Nigeria
( 4 ) A Review: Role of Inulin in Animal Nutrition
( 5 ) The Role of Drones as an Enabler for the 4th Agricultural Revolution
( 7 ) Use of Solar Drier Papapya Lather as a Fat Replacer in Cakes
( 8 ) Storage Stability of Intermediate Moisture Cauliflower Brassica Oleracea, Var, Botrytis Cabbage Brassica Oleracea, Var, Capitata Using Radiation as Hurdle Technology
( 9 ) Growing Jatropha Curcas and Jatropha Gossypiifolia as a Interculture with Sunflower for Control of Meloidogyne Javanica in Egypt
( 10 ) Awareness about E-Learning among Agricultural Research Scholars of Banaras Hindu University
( 11 ) Development of a Mathematical Model for Angle of Soil Failure Plane in Case of 3-Dimenssional Cutting
( 12 ) Impact of Laser Land Leveling On Water Productivity of Wheat under Deficit Irrigation Condations
( 13 ) An Assessment of the Level of Awareness of Climate Change and Variability among Rural Farmers in Taraba State, Nigeria
( 14 ) Characterization and Association among Yield and Yield Related Traits in Sunflower (Helianthus Annus L) Genotypes
( 15 ) Association between Yield Components of Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor L. (Moench) Under Different Watering Intervals
( 16 ) Olfactory Response of an Assassin Bug, Rhynocoris Longifrons (Insecta: Hemiptera: Reduviidae) To the Hexane Extracts of Different Agricultural Insect Pests
( 17 ) Study on Adaptability of Released Midland Maize Varieties around South Ari Woreda, South Omo Zone, Southern Nation Nationality Peoples Region, Ethiopia
( 18 ) Diversity, Use Pattern and Management of Forest Resources in the Eastern Himalaya: A Case Study of Mizoram, India
( 19 ) Screening of Mycotoxins Producer Fungal and Aflatoxins Level in Dried and Smoked Fish (Clarias Sp.) and (Oreochromis Sp.) from Lake Fitri - Chad
( 20 ) Soil Respiration, Microbial Biomass and Ratios (Metabolic Quotient and Mbc/Toc) As Quality Soil Indicators in Burnt and Unburnt Aleppo Pine Forest Soils
( 21 ) Effects of Cotton Gin Trash Level on the Performance of Desert Lambs in New Halfa Area, Kassala State, Sudan
( 22 ) Effects of Age at Fattening On Butana Camel Males Carcass Characteristics in the Sudan
( 23 ) Physico-Chemical Properties of Honey Produced In Masha, Gesha, and Sheko Districts in Southwestern Ethiopia
( 24 ) Ethnomedicinal Survey of Plants Used In Treating Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Abia State, Nigeria
( 25 ) The Extent of Finger Millet Production in South Omo Zone in the Case of South Ari Woreda
( 26 ) Comparative Growth Analysis and Yield Performance of Glycine Max under Jatropha Curcas Based Agrisilviculture System of Agroforestry in the Northern Part of Bangladesh
( 27 ) Analysis of Rainfall and Temperature Variability to Guide Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolar) Production in Miesso Areas, Eastern Ethiopia
( 28 ) Analysis of Fresh Fish Marketing in Ngaski Local Government Area of Kebbi State, Nigeria
( 29 ) Assessment of Human Capital Attributes Influencing Occupational Diversification among Rural Women in Anambra State, Nigeria
( 30 ) Effect of Fungi and Manure on Cadmium Content and Biomass of Maize Grown In Cadmium Contaminated Tailing from Bangka Indonesia
( 31 ) Germination Effects of Purposive Bruchid Screening of African Ebony (Dalbergia Melanoxylon) Seeds In the Arid and Semi-Arid Region of South Eastern Kenya
( 32 ) Survey on Economical Important Fungal Diseases of Tomato in Sub-Zoba Hamemalo of Eritrea
( 33 ) Studies on Seasonal Performance of Newly Developed Bivoltine Silkworm (Bombyx Mori L) Hybrids Tolerant To Bmnpv and Effect of Temperature on Disease Induction
( 34 ) Microbial Degradation of Organic Waste through Vermicomposting
( 35 ) Identification of Cattle Persistently Infected With BVDV (PI) By Ear-Notch Testing In Southeast of Iran
( 36 ) Ingessana Goats Phenotype, Carcass and Wholesale Cuts Characteristics in Fadamia, Bao Locality, Blue Nile State, Sudan
( 37 ) Profitability of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPS) Production and Marketing in Zuru Local Government Area, Kebbi State: A Case for Honey
( 38 ) Fetal Maceration in Crossbred Holstein Frisian Heifer-A Case Report
( 39 ) Frequency of Gastrointestinal Parasites and Egg per Gram Faeces Count of Nematodes in Black Bengal Goat under Field Condition in West Bengal, India
( 40 ) Assessment of Veterinary Inspection Practices on Quality of Beef Produced In Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria
( 41 ) Screening of Some Coffee Arabica Genotypes Against Coffee Wilt Diseases (Gibberella Xylarioides Heim And Saccus) At Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia
( 42 ) Assessment of the Impact of Land Use Changes along the Floodplains of River Lamurde, Jalingo Lga, Nigeria
( 43 ) Combined Microbial Inoculation as a Promising Approach to Enhance Promiscuous Soybean Nodulation and Nitrogen Content in Sudan Savanna
( 44 ) Partial Budgeting Analysis of Different Strategies for Management of Insect Pests in Cashew and Mango Orchards in Tanzania
( 45 ) Farmers Assessment of the Training and Visit Extension System in Niger State: Evidence from Fadama Ii & Iii in Mokwa Local Government Area of Niger State, Nigeria
( 46 ) An Analysis of the Pre and Post Harvest Management Techniques in Rice Production: The Case of Unvda Ndop, North West Region, Cameroon
( 47 ) Comparative Analysis of Technical Efficiencies of Smallholder Vegetable Farmers with and Without Credit Access in Swazil and the Case of the Hhohho Region
( 48 ) Chemical Analysis of Acacia Ehrenbergiana (Salam) Tree Fruits (Seed and Pods) As Dry Season Supplement For Livestock in Arid and Semi –Arid Lands of Sudan
( 49 ) Effects of Degasified Extender on Quality Parameters of Cryopreserved Bull Spermatozoa
( 50 ) Effects of Dried Rumen Contents Level in Rations on the Performance of Shugor Desert Sheep in Halfa Elgadeda, Kassala State, Sudan
( 51 ) Bioaccumulation of Hydrocarbon, Heavy Metals and Minerals in Tympanotonus Fuscatus from Coastal Region of Bayelsa State, Nigeria
( 52 ) Genetic Divergence and Character Association of Kabuli-Type Chickpea (Cicer Arietium) Genotype under Rainfed Conditions in Ethiopia
( 53 ) Effect of Sodium Alginate Coating with Ascorbic Acid on Shelf Life of Raw Pork Meat
( 54 ) Apparent Metabolisability of Diets Containing Concentrate, Zostera Noltii or Taraxacum Officinalis in Anas Penelope
( 55 ) Management of Root-Knot Nematode, Meloidogyne Javanica Infecting Sunflower by Some Composted Plant or Animal Residues as Soil Amendments in Egypt
( 56 ) Nutrient Composition, Amylose Content and Pasting Characteristics of Some Elite Accessions of Nerica Rice
( 57 ) Rheological Studies of Texture-Modified Chicken Rendang with Tapioca and Sago Starches as Food Thickener for Patients with Dysphagia
( 58 ) Effect of Contamination by Fungi and Yeast on the Physiochemical Characteristics of Gum Arabic Stored in Semi-Desert Climate of Khartoum City, Sudan
( 59 ) Evaluation of the Biomass of the Green Oak (Quercus Rotundifolia) of the Central Middle Atlas: Case of the South Jbel Aoua Forest (Morocco)
( 60 ) Assessments of Market Oriented Beef Cattle Fattening System Under Farmer Management Condition in South Omo Zone of Snnpr
( 61 ) The Domestic Livestock Resources of Turkey: Social Aspects, Genetic Resources and Conservation of Companion Animal Cats (Felis Catus)
( 62 ) Monosex Barb (Osteochilus Hasselti ) Culture with Reduction Feed on Economic Efficiency and Cost Reduction at Net Cage in Cirata Reservoir
( 63 ) Productivity of Farmland Values in Food Crop Production in the Natural Disasters Prone Areas of Imo State, Nigeria
( 64 ) Straw Composting with Biological Agent Inoculation and Application Biofertilizer to Increase Rice Production
( 65 ) Perception of Kogi State University Agricultural Students on Farming as a Career
( 66 ) Effects of Segregated Early Weaning at 7 Days on Dams Body Condition, Parturition Interval and Offspring Birth Weight and Litter Size in the Agouti (Dasyprocta Leporina) for Intensive Production
( 67 ) Comparing Post-Partum Growth by Body Weight between Sex and Litter Size of Agouti (Dasyprocta Leporina) Offspring from Birth to 360 Days Old
( 68 ) Microscopic Detection of Haemoparasites in Muscovy Ducks (Anas Platyrynchos) in Gombe State, Nigeria
( 69 ) Evaluation of Different Tillage Practices on Growth and Yield of Fluted Pumpkin Telfairia Occidentalis in Uyo, Southeastern Nigeria
( 70 ) An Assessment of the Market Structure of Sesame among Farmers, Wholesalers and Retailers in Nasarawa State, Nigeria
( 71 ) Determinants of Farmers' Use of Land Reclamation Practices in Oil Producing Areas of Imo State, Nigeria: Application of Multivariate Logistic Analysis
( 72 ) Stage Specific Life Table of Invasive Pest Mealybug, Phenacoccus Solenopsis (Tinsley) Under Cotton Field Conditions
( 73 ) Perception of Cassava Farmers of Climate Change on Cassava Production in Ido Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria
( 74 ) Harvesting Date Influences Cassava (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) Yield and Quality of Based-Products
( 75 ) Molecular Studies on E.Coli Isolate from Milk of Mastatic Cattle with Special Reference to Associated Biochemical Changes in Kaliobea Governorate
( 76 ) Helminths and Protozoa of the Gastrointestinal Tract of Ruminants in Tanzania
( 77 ) Assessment of Government Feeding Programme on Improved Nutritional Health Status of Secondary School Students in Maiduguri, Borno State
( 78 ) Forest Ecosystem Service Valuation: A Case of the Kalika Community Forest, Dhading, Central Nepal
( 79 ) Runoff Response to Climate Variability: An Analysis of Thika River Basin in Kenya Using Hydrological Simulation Model (Hysim)
( 80 ) Assessment of the Physical and Chemical Properties of Three Contrasting Soils Under Different Land Use Systems
( 81 ) The Quality of Fried Chips Varies with Cassava (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) Varieties and Soaking Regime
( 82 ) Forecasting Goat Milk Production in Turkey Using Artificial Neural Networks and Box-Jenkins Models
( 83 ) Performance of Growing Grasscutters Fed Diets with Varying Levels of Soybean Meal Replaced by Brewers Dried Grain
( 84 ) Competency Assessment of Veterinary Medicine Students Who are Trained in Basra Veterinary Hospital - 2017
( 85 ) Utilization of Fish and Mango Wastes on Biological Silage Production
( 86 ) Optimization of Elephant Foot Yam (Amorphophallus Paeoniifolius) Extract Syrup Formula as a Nutritive Antioxidant Drink
( 87 ) Assessment of Potassium Leaching Behaviour in Selected Soils of Southeastern Nigeria
( 88 ) The Simulation of Egg Hatching Trend of Aedes Aegypti Associated with Rainfall Distribution
( 89 ) Duration of Freezing Influences Sensory Attributes of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) and Plantain (Musa paradisiaca AAB)
( 90 ) The Value of Selected Ecosystem Services: A Case Study of East Mau Forest Ecosystem, Kenya
( 91 ) Farm and Disease Management by Commercial Poultry Farmers
( 92 ) Edible Films and Coatings: A Good Idea From Past to Future Technology
( 93 ) Pulsing Preservatives to Prolong Vase Life of Cut Rose Flowers in Bahir Dar, Northwestern Ethiopia
( 94 ) Study of Factors Linked to the Variation in Rentability in the Farming of Broiler Chickens in Northeast Algeria
( 95 ) The Impact of Intensive Utilization of Cultivated Land on Grain Yields: A Case Study of Shandong Province in China
( 96 ) A Pictorial Guidebook on Poultry Diseases; Diagnostic Techniques and their Effective Treatment
( 97 ) Effects of Community Financing Institutions on Cassava Farmers Income in Oyo State, Nigeria
( 98 ) Tabu-Genetic Algorithm-Based Model for Poultry Feed Formulation
( 99 ) Pepper Disease Assessment and Identification in Major Growing Districts of West Gojam Zone in Northwestern Ethiopia
( 100 ) Contextual Estimation of Marketable and Marketed Surplus of Selected Seasonal Fruits: A Study Based on Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) of Bangladesh
( 101 ) Attitude of Youth to Agriculture as Career in Iwo and Aiyedire Local Government Areas of Osun State, Nigeria
( 102 ) Assessment of Technical Efficiency of Layer Production in Mampong Municipality: Stochastic Frontier Approach
( 103 ) Evaluation of Eggshell as Organic Fertilizer on Sweet Basil
( 104 ) Attitude of Youths to Agriculture as Career in Iwo and Aiyedire Local Government Areas of Osun State, Nigeria
( 105 ) Importance of Arginine as Immune Regulator in Animal Nutrition
( 106 ) Floristic Composition and Density of Main Woody Species of the Parklands in Two Phytogeographical Zones in Burkina Faso
( 107 ) Physiological Aspects of Yield Variation among Seven Groundnut Genotypes Cultivated under Rain-Fed Conditions
( 108 ) Effect of Tuber Sections, Heat Treatment and Rehydration with Process Chemicals on the Physicochemical Properties of Sweet Potato (Ipomoea Batatas L. (Lam)) Flour
( 109 ) Ectoparasitosis in Domesticated Turkeys (Meleagris Gallopavo) in Jere Area, Borno State, Nigeria
( 110 ) Probiotic Supplementation in Poultry Production as an Alternative to Antibiotic Feed Additive
( 111 ) Optimal Rate of Nitrogen and Intra-Row Spacing for Economical Production of Onion under Irrigated Farming System in Eastern Amhara Region, Ethiopia
( 112 ) Risk Factors for the Contamination of Wild Stomoxys niger niger Macquart 1851 (Diptera: Muscidae) with the Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus
( 113 ) Market Integration and Seasonal Price Variation of High-Value Vegetable Crops in Chittagong Hill Districts of Bangladesh
( 114 ) Response of Intraspecific Crosses in F1 and their Deterioration in F2 Generation of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
( 115 ) Purple-Blue Pigmentation Production as a Sign of Immune Response by Bleached Corals to Avoid Stress Caused by Elevated Sea Surface Temperature
( 116 ) The Fungicide and Variety Integration Effect on Late Blight (Phytophthora infestans) Disease of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in Western Amhara Region, Ethiopia
( 117 ) Evaluation of Leaf-Water Relation Traits, as Selection Criterion for Developing Drought Resistant Potato (Solanum Tuberosum L.) Genotypes
( 118 ) Evaluation of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Varieties against Faba Bean Gall Disease in North Shewa Zone, Ethiopia
( 119 ) Impact of Subclinical Mastitis on Reproductive Performance of Dairy Animals
( 120 ) Growth and Yield Response of Shallot (Allium cepa var. aggregatum) Varieties to Intra-Row Spacing in Eastern Amhara, Ethiopia
( 121 ) Vegetable Farmers Knowledge and Safety Practices towards Pesticides: Results from Field Observation in Southeastern DR Congo
( 122 ) Adoption Impact of Improved Cowpea Variety in Selected Areas of Chattogram District of Bangladesh
( 123 ) Chemical Changes Associated with Repetitive Re-Use of Vegetable Oil during Deep Frying of Bean Cake, Plantain and Yam
( 124 ) Characterization and Classification of Cropland-Soils Affected by Erosion in Igbudu Ikwo, Southeastern Nigeria
( 125 ) An Assessment of Food Hygiene Practices among Food Vendors in Some Selected Basic Schools in the Birim Central Municipality
( 126 ) Effect of Boiling and Roasting on the Nutrients, Phytochemical and Functional Properties of Red and Green Cultivars of D. Bulbifera Flours
( 127 ) Carbon Sequestration Assessment of Selected Campus Champion Trees
( 128 ) Biochemical Composition and Consumption Risk of Leafy Vegetables Puts and Babenda Cereals Produced in Five Cities in Burkina Faso
( 129 ) Color-Based Forest Cover Type Image Segmentation using K-Means Clustering Approach
( 130 ) Effects of Melon Seed or Soybean Meal Supplementation on the Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Incompletely Peeled Cassava Garri
( 131 ) Comparing the Molluscicidal Action of Metaldehyde, Oxamyl, Potassium Nitrate and a Botanical Insecticide for Managing Limacolaria Spp Infesting Banana Plantations in Cameroon
( 132 ) Market Participation and Food Security Status of Bio-Fortified Cassava Processors in South Western Nigeria
( 133 ) Trend Analysis of Climatic Variables at Mulde Location of Maharashtra State
( 134 ) Evaluation of Bread Making Performance of Some Wheat Flour Brands Available in Nigerian Markets as Affected by Cassava or Sweet Potato Flour Inclusion
( 135 ) Economic Benefits of Waste Management Based on Cocoa Farming System in Rural Area: Evidence from East Kolaka District of Southeast Sulawesi Province
( 136 ) Processing and Storage Impact on Carotenoid Contents and Functional Properties of Yellow Cassava Traditional Food Products
( 137 ) Quality Attributes of Yam (Dioscorea rotundata) Flour as Affected by Some Processing Parameters
( 138 ) Challenges of Groundwater Development for Towns and Big Cities Water Supply in Rift Valley Areas
( 139 ) Assessment of the Processing Effects of Fresh Solanum Anguivi Berries on Biochemical Contents and Functional Properties of Powder
( 140 ) Seedlings Performance of Triplochiton scleroxylon (K. Schum.) under Different Light Intensities and Soil Textural Classes
( 141 ) Production and Value Chain Analysis of Lentil in Some Selected Areas of Bangladesh
( 143 ) A Survey of Farmers Knowledge and Practice on the Management of Watermelon Diseases in Horticultural Belt of Mt. Kenya Slopes
( 144 ) Preservative Effects of Ginger (Zingiber officinale), Tumeric (Curcuma longa) Extract and Citric Acid and Pasteurization on the Nutritional Quality and Shelf Life of Tiger-Nut Non-Dairy Milk
( 146 ) Monte Carlo Modeling for Aflatoxin B1 Distribution in Pistachio Samples: A Prerequisite for Sampling Plan Validation
( 147 ) GGE and Ammi Biplot Analysis for Field PEA Yield Stability in Snnpr State, Ethiopia
( 150 ) Evaluation of Field Pea (Pisum Sativum L) Genotypes Performance for Yield and Yield Components at Five Growing Environments of Southern Ethiopia
( 151 ) Effect of Disc and Tilt Angles of Disc Plough on Tractor Performance under Clay Soil
( 153 ) Urban Area - Review of Protective Forest Management
( 156 ) The Influence of Probiotics and Antibiotic Growth Promoter on Growth Performance and Hemato-Biochemical Parameters in Broilers
( 157 ) Evaluation of Some Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. [Walp]) Genotypes for Stability Of Performance Over 4 Years
( 159 ) Key for First Recorded Dragonfly (Odonata: Anisoptera) Fauna of District Lower Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
( 160 ) Performance Evaluation and Adaptation of Lentil Varieties in Lemu, Gumur and Damot Gale Districts of Southern Ethiopia
( 162 ) Effect of Whole Inedible Date and Amino Acid Supplementation on Growth Performance of Ross 308 Broiler Chicks
( 164 ) Examination of Oribatid Mites for Cysticercoids of Moniezia Sp
( 165 ) Evaluation of In Vitro Protocols for Elimination of Banana Streak Virus from Tissue Cultured Explants in Banana Seedling Production
( 168 ) Genotype X Environment Interaction and Stability Analysis for Yield and Yield Related Traits of Desi-Type Chickpea (Cicer Arietinum L.) In Ethiopia
( 170 ) Estimation of Export Demand Function for Swazi Sugar: A Panel Data Analysis
( 171 ) Analysis of Consumer Willingness to Pay for Genetically Modified Maize Food in Swaziland
( 172 ) Application of Agroforestry Techniques in the Management of Bamboo
( 173 ) Hydrostatic and Hydrodynamic Characteristics of Swimming Animals- an Inspiration for Hybrid Buoyant Aircraft
( 174 ) “Evaluation of Phytochemical Constituents of the Fruits of Cucumis Sativus Linn. For their Hepatoprotective Activity by Molecular Docking Studies”
( 177 ) Study on Agronomic Evaluation of Tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum, Mill.) Varieties for Phonological, Growth and Yield Characters
( 178 ) Effect of Jameed Form on the Chemical Composition, Rheological and Microbial Properties
( 179 ) Analysis of Rural Youths Participation in Family Farming in Benue State, Nigeria: Implications for Policy
( 180 ) Performance of Multi-Purpose Cooperatives in the Shiselweni Region of Swaziland
( 181 ) Multi-Environment Variety Testing (Pre-Met) for Irrigated Ecosystem in Rice (Oryza Sativa L.)
( 182 ) A Suction Trap for Sampling Aphids and Aphidophagous Insects in Pecan Trees
( 184 ) An Example of Non-Wood Forest Products in Turkey: Production of Pine Nuts
( 185 ) A New Activity in Turkey's Agricultural Forestry: Truffle Mushroom Cultivation
( 186 ) Heterosis for Nitrogen Fixation and Seed Yield and Yield Components in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)
( 187 ) Evaluation of the Sustainability Criteria of Forest Management in the Municipality Palma Soriano, Santiago De Cuba Province
( 188 ) Prospects of Rural Youths Participation in Family Farming in Benue State, Nigeria: Implications for Policy
( 189 ) Variation of Wood Density in Tropical Rainforest Trees
( 191 ) Performance Evaluation of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Varieties at Benatsemay Woreda of South Omo Zone, Ethiopia
( 194 ) Uncertainty Analysis and Calibration of Swat Model for Estimating Impacts of Conservation Methods on Streamflow and Sediment Yield in Thika River Catchment, Kenya
( 196 ) Productivity Analysis of Labor for Use on Potatoes
( 198 ) Effects of Different Storage Conditions on Rooting and Shooting Performance of Grapevine (Vitis Vinifera L.) Cuttings in Hydroponic Culture System
( 200 ) Influense of Indole Butyric Acid (IBA) for Stenting Propagation of Cut Rose
( 202 ) Patterns of Plant Community Formation and Vegetation Structure in the Afro- Alpine Vegetation of Simien Mountains National Park, Ethiopia
( 205 ) Effect of Planting Date on Growth and Yield of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna subtermnea (L) Verdc.) Varieties in Rainforest Zone of Delta State
( 206 ) Dynamic Shift-Share Analysis of Forestry Industry Structure and Competitiveness in Heilongjiang Province
( 207 ) Socioeconomic Impact of Bagging Technology for Value Addition in Mango in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh
( 208 ) Short-Term Benefits of Grain Legume Fallow Systems on Soil Fertility and Farmers Livelihood in the Humid Forest Zone of Cameroon
( 210 ) Comparative Evaluation of Six Different Storage Materials for Long-Term Preservation of Huckleberry (Solanum scabrum) Seeds
( 212 ) Evaluation of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna Subterranea (L) Verdc.) Varieties for Adaptation to Rainforest Agroecological Zone of Delta State, Nigeria
( 213 ) Modelling and Optimization of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Paddy Pre-Treatments for Optimum Chemical Property using Response Surface Methodology
( 214 ) Phenotypic Performance Evaluation of Improved Tef (Eragrostis tef L) Genotypes in North Gondar
( 215 ) Principal Component Analysis for the Quantification of Soil Horizon Carbon Stocks in Relation to Soil Bulk Density
( 216 ) Penman and Thornwait Equations for Estimating Reference Evapotranspiration Under Semi-Arid Environment
( 217 ) Application of Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) in Development of Suitability Model for Rice Production in Taraba State
( 221 ) Growth Performance of Kit Rabbits Fed Concentrate Diet Supplemented with Varying Foliage Leaf Meals
( 226 ) Breeding for Weevil (Sitophilus Zeamais Motschulsky) Resistance in Maize (Zea mays L)
( 227 ) Estimation of Ground Water Recharge for Irrigation Water Budget Planning in Kanzenze Swamp
( 228 ) Plant Diversity and Regeneration Potentials in Protected Area Forests of Sierra Leone
( 231 ) Dietary Inclusion of Palm Oil in Bangladeshi Dietensures Better Nutrition with Minimal Cost: An Overview
( 232 ) Agricultural Dualism, Wage Inequality and Development Policies
( 233 ) Farmer’s Decision To Practice Crop Rotation in Arsi Negelle, Ethiopia: What are the Determinants?
( 234 ) Effect of Different Sources of Fertilizers on the Yield and Yield Components of Wheat Variety Kohat-2000 Under Rainfed Conditions of Kohat During 2012
( 236 ) Preservative Activity of Ethanolic Extract of Ginger in Wara - A West African Traditional Soft (Unripened) Cheese
( 237 ) Nutritional Properties of Some Novel Selected Fish Species in Khuzestan Province, Iran
( 238 ) Efficacy of Allicin (Allium Sativum Linn.) Against Bipolaris Sorokiniana in Barley Plants
( 241 ) Quality Characteristics of High-Oleic Sunflower Oil Extracted from Some Hybrids Cultivated Under Egyptian Conditions
( 242 ) Perception of Gender Mainstreaming in Agricultural Extension in Fogera Woreda, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
( 243 ) Flaxseed Nutritied Meat Balls With High Antioxidant Potential
( 244 ) Maximizing the Productivity of Olives by Using Some Materials and Its Impacts on the Quality Indices of Picual Olive Oil
( 246 ) Nutritional, Functional and Sensory Properties of Biscuit Produced from Wheat-Sweet Potato Composite
( 247 ) Effect of Different Types of Surfectants on Zinc Efficiency in Spinach Yield
( 250 ) Small-Scale Milk Processing, Utilization and Marketing of Traditional Dairy Products in Bahir Dar Zuria and Mecha Districts, Northwestern Ethiopia
( 252 ) Effect of Some Botanicals against Termites, Macroterms Spp. (Isoptera: Termitidae) Under Laboratory Conditions
( 253 ) Antioxidant Activity of Eight Tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum L.) Varieties Grown in Algeria
( 254 ) Soil-Blade Interaction of a Rotary Tiller: Soil Bin Evaluation
( 260 ) Mechanisms of the Decline in Reproductive Fitness with Age in the Moth Spodoptera Litura
( 263 ) The Effect of Steaming Process on Fat Soluble Vitamins Content and Fatty Acid Profile in Bluefish and Rainbow Trout Fillets
( 264 ) Protective Bioactivity of Moringa (Moringa Oleifera Lam.) Seed Oil against Callosobrochus Maculatus (F.) Infestation in Stored Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. Walp.)
( 265 ) Effect of Carbon Monoxide on Active Oxygen Metabolism of Postharvest Jujube
( 268 ) Curative Bioactivity of Moringa (Moringa Oleifera Lam.) Seed Oil against Callosobruchus Maculatus F. Infested Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. Walp.) Grain in Storage
( 269 ) Impact of Abattoir Effluent on Soil Chemical Properties in Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria
( 272 ) Effect of Different Concentrations of Vermicompost (Biohumus) On the Root Collar Diameter and Height Growth in the Seedlings of Anatolian Black Pine
( 277 ) Characteristics of Bread and Biscuit Made With Wheat and Rice Flour Composites
( 278 ) Suitability of Temperate and Tropical Crossbred Dairy Cattle under Peri-Urban Production System in Bangladesh
( 280 ) Review: Plant Resistance to Agriculture Insect Pests
( 281 ) Effect of Sowing Date on Maize Seed Yield and Quality: A Review
( 282 ) Influence of Dehydrated Medicago Sativa on Quality Characteristics of Marchigiana Beef
( 283 ) Seleno-Cystine Affects the Fatty Acid Profile in In Vitro Incubated Ovine Ruminal Fluid Containing α-Linolenic Acid
( 285 ) Production Efficiency of Sesame in Selamago District of South Omo Zone, Southern Ethiopia
( 287 ) Economics of Sheep Production in Zuru Local Government Area of Kebbi State Nigeria
( 289 ) Some Insect Pests (Arthropoda: Insecta) of Summer Vegetables, Their Identification, Occurrence, Damage and Adoption of Management Practices
( 291 ) Land Use/Land Cover Dynamics in Hulet Wogedamea Kebele, Northern Ethiopia
( 292 ) Tree Species Diversity and Productivity Relationship in the Central Region of Bangladesh
( 294 ) Analysis of Determinants of Demand and Supply of Maize in Aniocha North Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria
( 302 ) Hot Water Enhanced Germination of Leucaena Leucocephala Seeds in Light and Dark Conditions
( 310 ) Description of Immature Stages of the Brown Dog Tick Rhipicephalus Sanguineus (Acari: Ixodidae) Using Scanning Electron Microscopy
( 313 ) Blood Picture and Selected Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in Dromedary Camels Naturally Infected With Trypanosoma Evansi
( 314 ) Constraints to Brood and Sell Poultry Production among Farmers in Enugu State, Nigeria
( 317 ) Climate Relevant Emissions from Animal Production and Reduction Potentials
( 318 ) Correlation between Milk Yield, Somatic Cell Count and Milk Quality in Dairy Farming
( 320 ) Variation in Density and Shrinkage between Sawmill and Hand Processed Khaya Senegalensis Woodin Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria
( 321 ) Effect of Using Different Pre-Storage Warming Times on Hatchability of White Hisex Breeders’ Eggs
( 323 ) Evaluation of the Phytochemical, Antioxidant and Antimicrobialproperties of Extracts from Chrysophyllum Albidum (African Star Apple) Leaf
( 327 ) Stover Yield and Chemical Composition in Some Sorghum Varieties in Gadarif State, Sudan
( 330 ) Cholesterol Content of Bull Spermatozoa Alters Survival at Ultra-Low Temperatures
( 332 ) Effects of Ebola (EVD) Outbreak on Bush Meat Marketing and Consumption in Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria
( 333 ) Empirical Study on the Relationship between Market Share, Advertising Density and Ratio of Sales
( 338 ) Prevalence and Management of Some Surgical Affection in Cattle and Buffaloes at Qena Governorate in Field Situation
( 339 ) Gender Issues of Labour Participation in Vegetable Production in Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos State
( 342 ) In Vitro Differential Effect of Nerve Growth Factor on Functional Parameters of Murrah Buffalo Spermatozoa in Low and High Fertile Groups
( 343 ) Physiological Effects of Some Artificial and Natural Food Coloring on Young Male Albino Rats
( 345 ) Microbiological Profile, Shelf Stability and Some Physicochemical Properties of Fermented Flour from Different Sweet Potato Cultivars
( 347 ) Pelvic Floor Fractures in 55 Dogs and 39 Cats: CT and X- Ray Findings
( 349 ) Characteristic of Swamp Buffalo (Bubalus Bubalis) Pampangan at Ogan Komering Ilir, South Sumatera, Indonesia
( 350 ) Exposure of Medium Dose Gamma Rays and Storage Conditions Influenced the Weight Loss and Ripening of Alphonso Mango
( 352 ) Effect of Intra Spacing on Yield and Yield Components of Carrot (Daucus Carrota L.Sub Sp. Sativus)
( 353 ) Protective Effects of Sweet Orange Peel (Citrus Sinensis L.) The Induction of Micronuclei Induced by Cyclophosphamide in Human Peripheral Lymphocytes
( 354 ) The Particle Size and Thermal Properties of Flour from three Plantain (Musa Paradisiaca) Cultivars Grown in Nigeria
( 357 ) Effect of Domestic Cooking on Physicochemical Parameters, Phytochemicals and Antioxidant Properties of Algerian Tomato (Solanum Lycopersicum L. Var. Marmande)
( 360 ) Evaluation of Improved Varieties of Teff in West Belessa, Northwest Ethiopia
( 363 ) Analysis of Climate Change Effects among Rice Farmers in Benue State, Nigeria
( 365 ) Determination of Milk Composition, Bacteriology and Selected Blood Parameters of Dairy Goats Under Different Feeding Systems
( 366 ) Genotypic Difference in Growth and Yield Related Traits of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Varieties at Southern Tigray
( 369 ) Effect of Temperature and Time on the Physical Properties of Bread Produced from Wheat – Cocoyam Flour Using Response Surface Methodology