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Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

June 2019, Volume 6, 2, pp 115-120

Comparative Larvicidal Efficacy of Carica Papaya Leaves and Seed Extract on Mosquito Larval Population in Rice Fields in Bida Metropolis, Niger State

Adamu, B.B

,

Ayisa T.T

,

Ideh, R.R

,

Oyedokun, N

Adamu, B.B 1 Ayisa T.T 2

Ideh, R.R 1 Oyedokun, N 1 

  1. National Biotechnology Development Agency, Abuja, Nigeria. 1

  2. Department of Biological Science, The Federal Polytechnic Bida, Nigeria. 2

Pages: 115-120

DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2019.62.115.120

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Article History:

Received: 07 May, 2019
Revised: 11 June, 2019
Accepted: 17 July, 2019
Published: 02 September, 2019


Abstract:

This study elucidates the susceptibility of leaf and seed extract of Carica papaya on mosquito population breeding in rice fields. The study was conducted in Bida, Niger State using two rice fields sampled for two weeks. Mosquito immature stages (Larvae) were used throughout for the experiment. The leaf and seed extract of Carica papaya were prepared on instars and evaluated Larva stages were evaluated in the laboratory. Mosquito instars larvae stages (L3-L4) were exposed to a concentration of 10mg/ml, 20mg/ml, 30mg/ml, 40mg/ml, and 50mg/ml of each prepared Larvicide, (Leave and seed extract of Carica papaya) within 24hours, the percentage mean survival of the Larvae were recorded. At a concentration of 10mg/ml, 100% of the Larvae died within 3 to 12hours of exposure to seed and leave extract of Carica papaya. The mosquito growth and development were inhibited. However, both the leave and seed of Carica papaya can be used to control mosquito breeding in anthropogenic habitats of which the seed of Carica papaya is the most effective, especially in rice fields.
Contribution/ Originality
The study contributes to existing literature by the ways to control mosquito larvae infested farmlands using Carica papaya seeds extract. It employs sequential estimation formula which determines the concentration of extracts which mosquito larvae are susceptible.

Keywords:

Carica papaya, Larvae, Rice, Mosquito, Concentration, Breeding, habitats.

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Reference:

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[12]        F. Arizona, "Evaluation of Mosquito species (Diptera: Culicidae) Identified in MRISA Province according to their Breeding sites and Seasonal differences," Turkish Journal of Parasitology, vol. 35, pp. 100-104, 2001. Available at: https://doi.org/10.5152/tpd.2011.25.

[13]        H. Briegel, "Flight performance of the malaria vectors anopheles gambiae and anopheles atroparvus," Journal of Vector Ecology, vol. 29, pp. 140-153, 2014.

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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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