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Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

March 2019, Volume 6, 1, pp 37-53

Insecticide Spraying Regime to Control Insect Pest of Cowpea: Management and Monitored Application of Cypermethrin in Lomami Province, DR Congo

Remy Tshibingu Mukendi

,

Antoine Lubobo Kanyenga

,

Louis Longanza Baboy

,

David Mugisho Bugeme

,

Adrien Mbuyi Kalonji

,

Theodore Mushambanyi Munyuli

Remy Tshibingu Mukendi 1

Antoine Lubobo Kanyenga 2 Louis Longanza Baboy 2 David Mugisho Bugeme 2 Adrien Mbuyi Kalonji 5
Theodore Mushambanyi Munyuli 6

  1. Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University Notre Dame de Lomami, Lomami Province, Central DR Congo. 1

  2. Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University de Lubumbashi, Haut-Katanga Province, Southern DR Congo. 2

  3. Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Regional Nuclear Energy Center, Kinshasa (CRENK), P.O. Box 868, Kinshasa XI, Democratic Republic of Congo; Unit of Phytopathology, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa XI, Democratic Republic of Congo. 5

  4. National Center for Research in Natural Sciences (CRSN / Lwiro), D.S Bukavu, South Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo; Uninversity du Cinquantaire, East DR Congo. 6

Pages: 37-53

DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2019.61.37.53

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Article History:

Received: 18 January, 2019
Revised: 25 February, 2019
Accepted: 29 March, 2019
Published: 09 May, 2019


Abstract:

Cowpea is one of the most important grain legumes growing in Lomami province, DR Congo. Despite the high potential for production in this region, insect pests are the main problems of cowpea producers. They most often belong to the following categories: pod borers (Maruca vitrata), pod-sucking bug (PSB) complex of which Riptortus dentipes and Apium varium. A study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of three spray regimes of Cypermethrin on the density of M. vitrata, A. varium and R. dentipes and the performance of yield components of cowpea. Trials were conducted at three different sites, one controlled (INERA) and two peasant sites (Mpiana and Yamba). Three genetically improved varieties called Mujilanga, CNGKASC2-1-1-T, and CNGKASA7-2-M of cowpea were used. The tests were conducted using a split-plot device with three repetitions. Results demonstrate that Cypermethrin is effective against insect pests of cowpea, the population of all target pest were found to decrease in the plot treated to the untreated plot. Application of insecticide three times recorded the highest increased grain yield between 93 and 169 %. The average yield for spray regime recorded 689.1 kg, 651.8 kg and 553.3 kg for D1, D2 and D3 sprays. Famers can use two or three spray regimes of Cypermethrin to manage the pest, this option may reduce the cost, in order to achieve a sustainable level of agricultural and a high level of environmental and human health protection in cowpea field in DR Congo.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated the chemical spraying regime to a cowpea insect pest in the field in the central part of DR Congo. The results finding that insect pest were below the economic threshold and grain yield is highly significant with the tree or two sprayings of Cypermethrin.

Keywords:

Chemical spraying regime, Cowpea, Insect pest, Yield components, DR Congo.

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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

The research findings are the part of the research work of PhD Program of the first author to be submitted to the Department of Crop Science (Faculty of Agriculture) University of Lubumbashi, Southern part of DR Congo. We are very grateful to Mr. Theodore Tshilumba Mukadi, and to Mr. Maurice Mpoyi to have helped a lot in the field monitoring and data collection. The authors thank Mr Olivier Mulamba responsible for INERA Ngandajika to have availed cowpea gemplasm and to have allowed experiments to be conducted at Ngandajika INERA research station.

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