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Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

September 2014, Volume 1, 3, pp 83-94

Effect of Disc and Tilt Angles of Disc Plough on Tractor Performance under Clay Soil

Omer A. Abdalla

,

Eman A. Mohamed

,

Ahmed M. El Naim

,

Mohammed A. El Shiekh

,

Moayad B. Zaied

Omer A. Abdalla 1 Eman A. Mohamed 1 Ahmed M. El Naim 3
Mohammed A. El Shiekh 1 Moayad B. Zaied 5

  1. Department of Agric. Engineering Faculty of Agriculture University of Khartoum-Sudan 1

  2. Department of Crop Sciences, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobied, Sudan 3

  3. Department of Agric. Engineering, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobied, Sudan 5


Abstract:

The three- bottom, fully mounted disc plough (DP) is widely used as a primary tillage implement in the irrigated sector in Middle and Northern Sudan. In the DP, two angles (tilt and disc) affect tractor performance and ploughing quality. This research was conducted at the Demonstration Farm of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum to study the effect of two disc angles (43o and 45o) and three tilt angles (15 o, 20o and 25o) on tractor effective field capacity, rear wheel slippage, fuel consumption, ploughing depth and width of cut. Soil of experimental area was clay loam. The experiment was arranged in a split-plot design and replicated three times. Disc angles were assigned to the main plots whereas tilt angles were distributed in the subplots. Tractor forward speed was maintained at the most commonly used ploughing speed (9 km/h). Effective field capacity was increased by 16% with the decrease of disc angle, while the width of cut, was decreased by 15%. The decrease of tilt angle improved penetration of discs into the soil, the highest ploughing depth was recorded for the tilt angle o15 with the disc angle o45, which consequently led to an increase of both rear wheel slippage and fuel consumption rate.


Contribution/ Originality
This paper contributes in the existing literature by providing data and information concern with field capacities, field efficiency and fuel consumption using different disc and tilt angles on tractor performance in the clay soils of Shambat in Sudan

Keywords:

Crop production, Seed bed, Effective field capacity, Land preparation.  

Reference:

  1. E. A. Hebiel, "Tillage implements performance as affected by tractor power and forward speed," M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum, Sudan, 2006.
  2. Z. F. S. Abu, Principle of agricultural mechanization management, faculty of agriculture. Egypt (In Arabic): University of Elexandria, 2011.
  3. A.E. Smith and L. H. Wilkes, Farm machinery and equipment, 6th ed. New York: McGraw-HilI Book Company, 1976.
  4. R. A. Kepener, R. Bainer, and E. Barger, Principle of farm machinery, 3rd ed. Westport, Connecticut: AVI Publishing Co., Inc, 1982.
  5. L. A. Z. Al-Hashimy, "Study of some technical and economical indicators and physical soil characteristics under different tillage systems, faculty of agriculture," M.Sc Thesis, Dept. of Agricultural Machinery, University of Baghdad, 2003.
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  7. A.N. Osman, L. Xia, and L. Dongxing, "Effect of tilt angle of disk plough on some soil physical properties, work rate and wheel slippage under light clay soil," Int. J. Agric. Biol. Eng., vol. 4, pp. 1-7, 2011.
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  9. A. F. Kheiralla, A. Yahya, M. Zohadie, and W. Ishak, "Modelling of power and energy requirements for tillage implements in serdang sandy clay loam, Malaysia," Soil and Tillage Research, vol. 78, pp. 21-34, 2004.
  10. N. Abu-Hamdeh and R. C. Reeder, "A nonlinear 3D finite element analysis of the soil forces acting on a disk plough," Soil and Tillage Res., vol. 74, pp. 115–124, 2003.
  11. M. S. Yousif and E. R. Elashri, "Tractors and agriculture machinery, faculty of agriculture," University of Alexandria, Egypt (In Arabic), p. 335, 2009.
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  13. A. Mahboubi, R. Lal, and N. R. Fausey, "Twenty-eight years of tillage  effects on two soils on ohio," Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., vol. 57, pp. 506–512, 1993.
  14. E. Abdalla, "The effect of disc plow tilt angles and soil structure on some power requirements and performances," University of Tikreet Journal for Agricultural Sciences, vol. 8, pp. 345-349, 2008.
  15. M. I. Gasim, Agricultural machinery, 1st ed. Faculty of Engineering, University of Sinnar, 2005.
  16. U. PVT, "Mounted disc plough operations manual." Available WWW Fieldking.com, 2008.

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