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Journal of Empirical Studies

March 2016, Volume 3, 1, pp 1-6

Investigating the Demand of Small Hotel and Restaurant Businesses for Bank Financing: The Case of Turkey

Aysa Ipek Erdogan

Aysa Ipek Erdogan 1

  1. Bogazici University Hisar Campus, Department of Tourism Administration, Bebek, Istanbul, Turkey 1

on Google Scholar
on PubMed

Pages: 1-6

DOI: 10.18488/journal.66/2016.3.1/66.1.1.6

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Abstract:

The literature argues that small businesses are highly dependent on bank financing due to their inability to access the capital markets. We paint a different picture in this paper that analyzes the demand of small hotel and restaurant businesses for bank financing in Turkey. The results of a countrywide survey done with the owners/managers of the businesses that were responsible for the financial affairs are used for the analysis. We find that the majority of the businesses in the sample did not make a loan application in the last three years. Moreover, the tendency of firms to apply for bank financing did not change with age. When asked whether their firm were in a position not to apply for a bank loan in the last three years even if they needed bank financing with the idea that the application would be rejected, nearly all the participants responded negatively. The majority of the owners/managers of the firms declared that their firm’s demand for bank loans would increase with lower interest rates and lower collateral requirements. On the other hand, firms that would have a higher demand for bank loans if there were a reduction in interest rates and collateral requirements were younger firms.

Contribution/ Originality
The paper's primary contribution is the finding that the majority of the businesses did not apply for a bank loan in the last years. The study documents that younger firms would to have a higher demand for bank loans if there were a reduction in interest rates and collateral requirements.

Keywords:

Small businesses, Hospitality industry, Bank loans, Turkey.

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Reference:

  1. Badulescu, D., 2010. SMEs financing: The extent of need and the responses of different credit structures. Theoretical and Applied Economics, 17(7): 25-36.
  2. Chakravarty, S. and M. Xiang, 2013. The international evidence on discouraged small businesses. Journal of Empirical Finance, 20(2013): 63-82.
  3. Elgonemy, A.R., 2002. Debt-financing alternatives: Refinancing and restructuring in the lodging industry. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 43(3): 7-21.
  4. Jauhari, V. and M. Rishi, 2012. Challenges faced by the hospitality industry in India: An introduction. Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 4(2): 110-117.
  5. Lu, Z. and D. Chiang, 2003. Strategic issues faced by Ontario hotels. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 15(6): 343-345.
  6. Sanjeev, G.M., K. Gupta and R. Bandyopadhyay, 2012. Financial challenges in the Indian hospitality industry. Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 4(2): 163-173.
  7. Tsai, H., S. Pan and J. Lee, 2011. Recent research in hospitality financial management. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 23(7): 941-971.
  8. UNCTAD, 2001. Improving the competitiveness of SMEs in developing countries. The role of finance to enhance enterprise development. New York: United Nations. UNCTAD/ITE/TEB/Misc.3.

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