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Determinants of Profitability and its Implications on Corporate Values (Studies at Ceramic, Porcelain and Glass Sub Sector Listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange, 2009 - 2018)

Bambang Mulyana

,

Benis Adidarma

Bambang Mulyana 1

Benis Adidarma 2

  1. Post Graduate Program, Mercu Buana University, Jakarta, Indonesia. 1

  2. Post Graduate Program, Mercu Buana University, Jakarta, Indonesia 2

Pages: 211-221

DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2020.74.211.221

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Article History:

Received: 25 February, 2020
Revised: 30 March, 2020
Accepted: 04 May, 2020
Published: 15 May, 2020


Abstract:

This study aims to analyse the effects on the profitability (return on assets) and its implications on corporate value by internal influences (current ratio, leverage and sales growth) and external influences (IDR exchange rate and energy price). The object of research is ceramics, porcelain and glass industries registered in the Indonesian stock exchange with total 8 industries in the period 2009 – 2018. The methodology used is descriptive quantitative research and causality with purposive sampling technique and panel data regression analysis. The result of the study indicated that liquidity and energy price did not have a significant negative effect on profitability, leverage had a significant negative effect on profitability, sales growth had a significant positive effect on profitability, and IDR change rate did not have a significant positive effect on profitability. While profitability has significant positive effect on corporate value.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few that has investigated the causal relationship between internal and external influence at ceramic, porcelain and glass manufacturing that very impact to production cost and profitability. Consequently, it highlights that very importance of improving efficiency of energy and manage financial ratio to increase profitability.

Keywords:

Profitability, Internal influence, External influence, Corporate value, Financial ratio.

Reference:

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Gujarati, D. N., & Porter, D. C. (2010). Basics of econometrics, Book (Vol. 5). Jakarta: Salemba Empat (Original Work published 2009).

Hani, S. (2015). The techniques of financial statement analysis (1st ed.). Medan: UMSU Press.

Horne, V. W. (2005). Fundamental of financial management (4th ed.). Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

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Mafirotul, U., Puspitaningtyas, Z., & Bidhari, S. C. (2016). The effect of rupiah-dollar exchange rate fluctuations on the profitability of manufacturing companies listed on the indonesia stock exchange in the 2010-2014 period. Journal of Economics & Business, 10(2), 131-142.

Parminto, A., Djoko, S., & Jhonny, S. (2016). The effect of capital structure, firm growth and dividend policy on profitability and firm value of the oil palm plantation companies in Indonesia. Doctoral Management Program, Faculty of Economics and Business, Mulawarman University, Indonesia.  

Shintya, M. N., Situmorang, M., & Iryani, L. D. (2015). Analysis of the effect of leverage and sales growth on profitability in cosmetics sub sector companies listed on the Indonesia stock exchange. Student Online Journal in Accounting, 2(2), 7 - 9.

Sinambela, L. P. (2014). Quantitative research methodology. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Suad, H. (2003). Financial management theory and application (Short-term decisions) (4th ed.). Yogyakarta: BPFE.

Tika, Kartika, A., & Pratama, I. (2012). Influence of financial performance, good corporate governance on food and beverages company value. Journal of Management and Entrepreneurship, 14(2), 118-127.

Wulandari. (2017). Effect of liquidity and capital structure on profitability in the pulp and paper industry registered on the Indonesia stock exchange. Student Journal On line FISIP, 4(2), 9 -10.

Yulia, W., Putra, A. A., & Badjra, I. B. (2015). Effect of leverage, sales growth and firm size on profitability. Eud Management E-Journal, 4(7), 2052-2067.

Statistics:

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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

Both authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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( 324 ) Accountability and Transparency in Nation Building: A COVID-19 Experience in Sub-Saharan Africa
( 326 ) Perception of Professional Accountants about the Application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Auditing Industry of Bangladesh
( 327 ) The Impact of Economic Growth, Oil Price, and Financial Globalization Uncertainty on Financial Development: Evidence from Selected Leading African Countries
( 329 ) Exchange Rate Volatility and Agricultural Commodity Prices i Nigeria (2000-2018)
( 330 ) Interest Rate Ceilings and Financial Exclusion in Kenya: Evidence from Commercial Banks’ Sectoral Credit Distribution
( 331 ) Infrastructure Development, Capacity Utilization and Manufacturing Value Added in Nigeria
( 333 ) The Dimensions of the Quality Perceived by Users in a Clinical Analysis Laboratory of A University Hospital
( 334 ) Ethical Context of Organization and Turnover Intention of Women Employees: The Mediating Role of Perceived Organizational Support
( 335 ) A Process Model for Conformance of Health Information Systems: Towards National Interoperability
( 336 ) Likely Effect of Gender and Education on Information Adoption and Utilization among Sugarcane Farmers in the Nyanza Region, Kenya
( 337 ) Non-Linear Effects of Intellectual Property Rights on Technological Innovation: Evidence from Emerging and Developing Countries
( 338 ) Change Management and Firm Performance of Selected Deposit Money Banks in Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
( 339 ) The Effect of Disruptive Factors on Inventory Control as a Mediator and Organizational Performance in Health Department of Punjab, Pakistan
( 340 ) Factors Influencing Farmers’ Adoption of Soil Conservation Development
( 341 ) Risk Management and Shareholders’ Wealth Maximization
( 342 ) International Financial Reporting Standards Adoption and Earnings Management: The Fundamental Effect Framework
( 343 ) Effect of Tax Administration on Tax Revenue of States in African Countries: Evidence from Nigeria
( 344 ) An Empirical Analysis of the Impact of Decentralization on Poverty in Cameroon
( 345 ) Fiscal Decentralization and Economic Growth: Assessing Public Policy in Ukraine
( 347 ) Human Capital and Economic Growth in Latin America: A Cointegration and Causality Analysis
( 348 ) Exploring the Dimensions Using Exploratory Factor Analysis of Disruptive Factors and Inventory Control
( 349 ) Panel Data Estimators in the Presence of Serial and Spatial Correlation with Panel Heteroscedasticity: A Simulation Study
( 350 ) An Empirical Investigation of the Impact of FDI, Export and Gross Domestic Savings on the Economic Growth in Bangladesh
( 351 ) The Role of Women in Rural Development in Enugu State, Nigeria
( 352 ) The Impact of Data Frequency on the Level of Exchange Rate Pass-through to Consumer Prices in Nigeria
( 353 ) International Business Expansion: The Roles of Affiliation and Ownership
( 354 ) What Explains the Overwhelmingly Positive Perception towards Microfinance Institutions? Application of Firth’s Logistic Regression in a Small Sample
( 355 ) Financial Risks in Turkish Banking Industry: A Panel Data Analaysis on Istanbul Stock Exchange
( 356 ) Exchange Rate Fluctuations and the Performance of Nairobi Securities Exchange Market in Kenya During the Coronavirus Pandemic
( 357 ) A Qualitative Analysis of the Impediments to Business Innovation and Information Management in Nigeria: A Policy Stance
( 358 ) The Euribor and EONIA Reform: Achieving Regulatory Compliance while Protecting Financial Stability
( 359 ) The Financial Decentralization Policy for Local Development in Cameroon: An Econometric Analysis
( 360 ) Creative Marketing and Innovative Branding: An Effective Way to Attract Customers
( 361 ) Determinant of Indonesian Plantation Industry Investment ERA 4.0
( 362 ) Brexit Calling! Aftermath in the Pharmaceutical Industry
( 366 ) Appointment of Directors and Performance of Deposit Money Banks in Sub Saharan Africa: Do We Need More Executive or Non-Executive Directors?
( 369 ) External Debt and Economic Growth: Two-Step System GMM Evidence for Sub-Saharan Africa Countries
( 371 ) Can Small-Cap Active Funds Substantially Outperform the Market Over Time?
( 372 ) Consumers’ Behavioural Intention to Adopt Mobile Banking in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Using an Extension of Technology Acceptance Model: Lessons from Zimbabwe
( 373 ) Factors Affecting the Individual Stock Price Index (IHSI) Industrial Manufacturing Sector in Indonesia, Automotive Sub Sectors, and Components in Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX)
( 374 ) Determinant of Tax Revenue Effort in Sub-Saharan African Countries: A Stochastic Frontier Analysis