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International Journal of Education and Practice

March 2019, Volume 7, 3, pp 158-167

Shifting Primary School Teachers Understanding of Songs Teaching Methods : An Action Research Study in Indonesia

J. Julia


Arif Hakim


Afi Fadlilah

J. Julia 1

Arif Hakim 2
Afi Fadlilah 3

  1. Primary School Teacher Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Indonesia. 1

  2. Primary School Teacher Education Program, Universitas Islam Bandung, Indonesia. 2

  3. Indonesian Language and Literature, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Indonesia. 3

Pages: 158-167

DOI: 10.18488/journal.61.2019.73.158.167

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Article History:

Received: 18 January, 2019
Revised: 12 March, 2019
Accepted: 18 April, 2019
Published: 08 July, 2019


In order to teach songs properly, primary school teachers need to be equipped with various strategies in songs teaching, and develop an understanding about correct methods of songs teaching. These primary school teachers teach songs through traditional oral methods with their own voices as the role model, though they did not have a perfect pitch. This research aims at rectifying primary school teachers’ understanding of their own teaching methods in vocal teaching. This research exemplifies the results of a collaborative teamwork for critical units in order to change primary school teachers’ understanding on teaching songs to their students. The result of these units show that by providing information about the impact of teaching songs to their prospective students who sang with poor singing skills and did not have a good pitch, it is possible to change teachers’ understanding of teaching songs by using modern teaching methods. Moreover, guiding teachers to use various applications and media in teaching songs would provide new insight into them to choose supporting devices, and improve teaching literacy for vocal teaching.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper's primary contribution is finding why primary school teachers possess a wrong understanding of songs teaching methods for their students, which results in poor teaching performance. Through an action research approach, this research is trying to pioneer that a technology and media assisted methodology can change their understanding and result in better teaching performance.


Primary school teachers, Strategy for teaching songs, Teachers’ understanding, Media and smart phone applications, Technology literacy, Vocal teaching.




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This research is based on a support from Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Research Funding, Rector Decree Number: 8033/UN40/PP/2018.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


The authors would like to thank Institute of Research and Community Service (LPPM - Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat) of Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia that had sponsored us to conduct this research. We also give high appreciation to the Sumedang Motekar Foundation (Yayasan Sumedang Motekar), and the teachers who had been willing to support and participate in this project to completion.

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