It has become widely acknowledged that the rising environmental and economic cost associated with fossil fuel energy has made Renewable Energy (RE) a basic requirement for the development of Nigeria’s economy. The paper focuses on ways of generating electricity with renewable source of energy for economic development in Nigeria. Specifically, the Nigeria’s energy scene, renewable energy potentials and barriers, as well as various national energy policies were analyzed and areas that require attention to achieve sustainable provision of RE were highlighted. Overall, achieving sustainable development in Nigeria lies in addressing the imminent energy crisis facing the country. While fossil fuels have increased in use and declined in supply, excessive usage of fuel wood is already creating environmental problems especially in the Sahel area. But RE brings together climate protection, poverty reduction, and technological progress.
This study contributes in the existing literature on the renewable sources of energy in Nigeria by investigating the vast renewable energy resources and potentials in the country and suggested methods to improve energy generation for sustainable development.
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