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Environmental Conservation and Use of Economic Incentives to Conserve Biological Resources in Nigeria

Greg Ekpung Edame

Greg Ekpung Edame 1

  1. Department of Economics, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria 1

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Abstract:

This paper analyzes environmental conservation and use of economic incentives to conserve biological resources in Nigeria. Conservation refers to the management of human use of the biosphere so that it may yield the greatest sustainable benefit to present generations while maintaining its potential to meet the needs and aspirations of future generations.  Its compliments are preservation, maintenance, sustainable utilization, restoration and enhancement of the natural environment.  It is concerned with plants, animals, microbes, and with the non-living elements of the eco-systems which sustain them.  The varieties of ecological system in Nigeria create an endowment of biological resources of which the nation is justifiably proud of.  The conservation of these resources for the benefits of the present and future generations has been practiced with little attention given to develop a crop specialist (ecologists) to handle the subject.  Under this situation the urgency of conservation programmes can no longer be denied.  The establishment of the National Resources Conservation Council by the Nigerian Government is a welcome idea.  Working together, it should be possible to achieve the goal of conservation namely that human survival and sustainable economic development depend fundamentally on proper maintenance of renewable resources; vegetation and forest, water, marine and fisheries resources as well as wild animals and soil  resources. The paper finally looks at the values of biological resources, the cost of protecting biological resources and the status of conservation practices. 
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few empirical studies which have investigated environmental conservation and use of economic incentives to conserve biological resources in Nigeria. The paper employs descriptive method of analysis on the use of economic incentives to conserve biological resources. The paper’s primary contribution is in the area of the existing literature on environmental conservation and resources management.

Keywords:


Reference:

  1. Awake, 1998. Can our rain forests be saved? The Jehovah’s witnesses Publications. Watchtower bible and trade society of New York Inc. May 8 Brooklyn NY. pp: 11201-2483.
  2. Edame, G.E., 1998a. Urbanization & environmental management in calabar, CRS: A Paper Presented at the 41st Annual Conference on Geography & The Nigerian Environment in the 21 Century.  NGA;: 31st May – 4th June University of Uyo. Book of Abstracts. pp: 31-2.
  3. Edame, G.E., 1998b. Industrial pollution standard & environmental health conditions for industries in the 21st century, pragmatism approach. A Paper Presented at EBAN 98, 8th Annual Conference: Health & Environment in the 21st Century. University of Port Harcourt, 17th – 19th November, 1998.
  4. Edame, G.E., 1999. Environmental conservation: Using economic incentives to conserve biological resources in Nigeria in the 21st century. A Paper Presented at the 2nd National Conference, Towards Responsible Environmental Development and Resource Exploitation in the 21st Century, July 7-9th .Calabar: The Polytechnic Calabar.
  5. McNeely, J.A., 1988. Economics & biological diversity, developing and using economic incentives to conserve biological resources. IUCN Gland Switzerland.
  6. Myers, N., 1988. Tropical forests; much more than stocks of wood. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 4(02): 209-221. Available from Published Online 10 July 2009 by Cambridge University Press. Available from http://journals.cambridge.org/action/display.
  7. National Conservation Strategy for Nigeria, 1986. Federal government of Nigeria. Abuja: Natural Resources Conservation Council.
  8. Okali, D.U.U., 1979. The Nigerian rain forestry ecosystem. In the Proceedings of the MAB Workshop on the Nigerian Rain Forest Ecosystem, Ibadan: University of Ibadan.
  9. Sabia, A.R.K. and M.P.O. Dore, 1991. Natural resources conservation in Nigeria. Abuja: Natural Resources Conservation Council.
  10. Ukpong, S.J., 1991. Environmental education basis. Calabar: Sajju Institute Research Foundation Press.
  11. World Conservation Strategy (WSC), 1980. Living resource conservation for sustainable development. IUCN Publication. DOI:10.2305/IUCN:CH:1980.9.en.

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