Journal of Forests

Published by: Conscientia Beam
Online ISSN: 2409-3807
Print ISSN: 2413-8398
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Forest Ecosystem Service Valuation: A Case of the Kalika Community Forest, Dhading, Central Nepal

Pages: 1-14
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Forest Ecosystem Service Valuation: A Case of the Kalika Community Forest, Dhading, Central Nepal

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.101.2019.61.1.14

Ajad Dhungana , Rashila Deshar

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Ajad Dhungana , Rashila Deshar (2019). Forest Ecosystem Service Valuation: A Case of the Kalika Community Forest, Dhading, Central Nepal. Journal of Forests, 6(1): 1-14. DOI: 10.18488/journal.101.2019.61.1.14
The mid hill of Nepal is also known as the hub of community forestry and Dhading district alone has 681. Valuating ecosystem goods and services is expected to raise public attention to their importance and may trigger support for a suitable conservation strategy. This paper assesses how the community forest ecosystem functioning connected to human wellbeing and what is their monetary value. To answer these questions Kalika community forest of Dhading district, central Nepal was selected since it was rewarded by DFO as the best CFUG in Dhading in 2014. This study presents the results of an attempt to estimate the economic value of goods and service provided by the community forest. Market price method was used for estimation of provisioning goods, productivity method for supporting services, religious value through donation collection from the temple as cultural services and avoided damage cost for the regulating services and secondary data from the community forestry operational plan provided by DFO was also used for the estimation of provisioning goods. The economic value from the ecosystem functioning of the forest was approximate $441,739 per year with an average of $2265 per hector per year. The value of carbon sequestration was estimated high as $1342 per hector per year and the economic value of the cultural services was very low as compared to other but have a greater role in forest conservation. At last this study discusses the importance of outcome for sustainable forest management strategy and suggests some way forward.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the economic value of the specific community forest of Dhading district, Nepal. The paper documents the important information of the quantified monetary value of community forest resource that is paramount for the sustainable conservation and management of forest.

Dynamic Shift-Share Analysis of Forestry Industry Structure and Competitiveness in Heilongjiang Province

Pages: 15-22
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Dynamic Shift-Share Analysis of Forestry Industry Structure and Competitiveness in Heilongjiang Province

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.101.2019.61.15.22

Pingxia Wu , Yunliang Jiang

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[1]          J. Qiu, S. Chen, and R. Zhao, "Correlation analysis and future development forecast of China's forestry industry," Forestry Economy, vol. 40, pp. 11-15, 2018.

[2]          X. Xiao, Y. Peng, and L. Shaolin, "China's optimal industrial structure: Theoretical model and quantitative measurement," Economics (Quarterly), vol. 11, pp. 135-162, 2012.

[3]          Y. Zhe, "The trend of forestry industry change and DEA efficiency measurement in Heilongjiang province," Forestry Science and Technology, vol. 42, pp. 58-62, 2017.

[4]          L. Hao, B. Zhang, and L. Jiehua, "Study on the transformation trend of forestry industry structure based on markov transfer matrix——taking Heilongjiang province as an example," Forestry Economics, vol. 39, pp. 26-32, 2017.

[5]          E. S. Dunn, "A statistical and analytical technique for regional analysis," Papers in Regional Science, vol. 6, pp. 97-112, 1960. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1435-5597.1960.tb01705.x.

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Pingxia Wu , Yunliang Jiang (2019). Dynamic Shift-Share Analysis of Forestry Industry Structure and Competitiveness in Heilongjiang Province. Journal of Forests, 6(1): 15-22. DOI: 10.18488/journal.101.2019.61.15.22
Since 2014, commercial natural forest cutting is prohibited in state-owned forest areas in Heilongjiang Province, which has affected the traditional forestry economy in Heilongjiang Province. The restructuring and optimization of the forestry industry in Heilongjiang is imminent. Based on the data of forestry output value of Heilongjiang Province from 2002 to 2016, this paper explores the law of forestry economic growth and industrial structure evolution in Heilongjiang Province through the dynamic shift-share analysis method (DSSA).The results show that the economic growth rate of forestry industry in Heilongjiang Province is higher than the national average. The primary industry is still a basic leading industry, the secondary and tertiary industries of forestry are highly dependent on the primary industry. The secondary industry lacks sufficient competitiveness, the technical content of processed products is low, lacking deep processing and fine processing, and the industry needs to be optimized. The tertiary industry accounts for a low proportion, the forest tourism service in Heilongjiang is relatively backward in the country, and it is necessary to further explore the leisure tourism service suitable for Heilongjiang. In order to optimize the industrial structure and promote the economic development of Heilongjiang Province, this paper proposes concrete countermeasures such as extending the industrial chain, developing non-wood forest products, and developing forest tourism and leisure services.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the structural evolution and structural optimization of three industries in Heilongjiang Province in recent years and the relationship between Heilongjiang's economic development and forestry's three industrial structures.