Citations


Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062
USA

Conference List

Journal of Forests

June 2016, Volume 3, 1, pp 1-6

The Effects of Magnetic Field on Germination of Seeds and Growth of Seedlings of Stone Pine

Erol Kirdar

,

Cengiz Yucedag

,

Burcu Balaban

Erol Kirdar 1
Cengiz Yucedag 2

Burcu Balaban 3

  1. Department of Forest Engineering, Bartın University, Bartin, Turkey 1

  2. Department of Landscape Architecture, Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Burdur, Turkey 2


Pages: 1-6

DOI: 10.18488/journal.101/2016.3.1/101.1.1.6

Share :

Article History:

Received: 03 June, 2016
Revised: 19 October, 2016
Accepted: 03 November, 2016
Published: 12 November, 2016


Abstract:

Stone pine (Pinus Pinea L.) is a multi-purpose species for Mediterranean forestry owing to both economic and socio-economic importance. Thus, in this study the effects of magnetic field on the germination of seeds and growth of seedlings of stone pine were investigated. For this purpose, its seeds were treated by a magnetic field of 9.42 mT for a different period of time – 0 min (control), 15 min, 30 min and 40 min in a cylindrical shaped sample, made of a nonmagnetic thin transparent plastic sheet. Germination experiments were conducted in the greenhouse of Bart?n University. Considered the germination results as a whole, while seeds exposed to a magnetic field for 30 and 45 minutes resulted in higher germination energy (43%) and percentage (55%), respectively. Both the lowest germination energy (6%) and germination percentage (32%) were found out to be in the seeds without applying magnetic field. Magnetic field increased shoot height, root collar diameter and also tap root length of stone pine seedlings. In terms of shoot height, 85% of 1+0 seedlings was proper for afforestation activities based the classification of TSI. Moreover, magnetic field treatments may be considered as an alternative method to enhance germination Stone pine seeds and to obtain better growth characteristics of their seedlings.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is important in terms of determining the effects of magnetic field on the germination of seeds and growth of seedlings of forest tree species.

Keywords:

Germination, Growth, Magnetic field, Pinus pinea L., Seed, Seedling quality.

Reference:

  1. S. Bilgin, "Seed-seedling relationship and nursery techniques of Stone pine pinus pinea L," Süleyman Demirel University, Doctorate Thesis, Isparta, 2008.
  2. Anonymous, Action plan for stone pine 2006-2010. Ankara: General Directorate of Forestry, 2006.
  3. A. Gezer and C. Yücedağ, Forest tree seeds and seedling growth techniques, 2nd ed.: Süleyman Demirel University Publications No. 57, 2013.
  4. A. K. Eyüboğlu, "Fidanlıkta değişik sıklık derecelerinde yetiştirilmiş, şaşırtılmış ve şaşırtılmamış Doğu ladini (Picea orientalis (L.) Link) fidanlarının arazideki durumları," Ormancılık Araştırma Enstitüsü, Teknik Bülten No: 201 Ankara, p. 16, 1988.
  5. H. H. Huang and S. R. Wang, "The effects of inverter magnetic fields on early seed germination of mung beans," Bioelectromagnetics, vol. 29, pp. 649-657, 2008.
  6. A. Vashisth and S. Nagarajan, "Exposure of seeds to static magnetic field enhances germination and early growth characteristics in chickpea cicer arietinum L," Bioelectromagnetics, vol. 29, pp. 571-578, 2008.
  7. T. Çakmak, R. Dumlupinar, and S. Erdal, "Acceleration of germination and early growth of wheat and bean seedlings grown under various magnetic field and osmotic conditions," Bioelectromagnetics, vol. 31, pp. 120-129, 2010.
  8. A. Gholami, S. Sharafi, and H. Abbasdokht, "Effect of magnetic field on seed germination of two wheat cultivars," World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, vol. 44, pp. 956-958, 2010.
  9. M. R. Asgharipour and M. R. Omrani, "Effects of seed pretreatment by stationary magnetic fields on germination and early growth of lentil," Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, vol. 5, pp. 1650-1654, 2011.
  10. S. Yalçın and Ş. Tayyar, "Oğulotu tohumlarının çimlenmesi ve fide gelişimi üzerine manyetik alanın etkisi," Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, vol. 21, pp. 190-197, 2011.
  11. E. M. Florez and M. V. Martinez, "Carbonell, effect of magnetic field treatment on germination of medicinal plants salvia officinalis L. and calendula officinalis L," Polish J. Environmental Studies, vol. 21, pp. 57-63, 2012.
  12. M. Racuciu, "Influence of extremely low frequency magnetic field on assimilatory pigments and nucleic acids in zea mays and curcubita pepo seedlings," Romanian Biotechnological Letters, vol. 17, pp. 7662-7672, 2012.
  13. M. E. M. Ahamed, A. A. Elzaawely, and Y. A. Bayoumi, "Effect of magnetic field on seed germination, growth and yield of sweet pepper capsicum annuum L," Asian Journal of Crop Science, vol. 5, pp. 286-294, 2013.
  14. W. A. Jabail, R. Ch. Abul. Hail, and H. F. Hussein, "Effect of magnetic field on seed germination of triticum aestivum," World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, vol. 1, pp. 168-171, 2013.
  15. R. Radhakrishnan and B. D. R. Kumari, "Influence of pulsed magnetic field on soybean (Glycine Max L.) seed germination, seedling growth and soil microbial population," Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics, vol. 50, pp. 312-317, 2013.
  16. M. A. Samani, L. Pourakbar, and N. Azimi, "Magnetic field effects on seed germination and activities of some enzymes in cumin," Life Science Journal, vol. 10, pp. 323-328, 2013.
  17. H. B. Özel, E. Kırdar, and N. Bilir, "The effects of magnetic field on germination of the seeds of oriental beech (Fagus Orientalis Lipsky) and growth of seedlings," Agriculture & Forestry, vol. 61, pp. 195-206, 2015.
  18. Anonymous, Coniferous forest tree seedling. Ankara: Publications of Turkish Standards Institute, TS 2265, 1988.
  19. SPSS Inc, SPSS 11.0 guide to data analysis. Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA: Published by Prentice Hall, 2002.
  20. A. Aladjadjiyan, "Study of the influence of magnetic field on some biological characteristics of Zea mais," Journal of Central European Agriculture, vol. 3, pp. 89-94, 2002.
  21. M. A. Tanvir, Z. Haq, A. Hannan, M. F. Nawaz, M. T. Siddiqui, and A. Shah, "Exploring the growth potential of Albizia procera and Leucaena leucocephala as influenced by magnetic fields," Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, vol. 36, pp. 757-763, 2011.
  22. S. Ayan, T. D. Günlü, and A. Hançerlioğulları, "The effect of electromagnetic field applications on attributes of Anatolian black pine seeds," presented at the International Scientific Conference (Forestry: Bridge to the Future), Book of Absracts, Sofia, Bulgaria, 2015.
  23. A. Majd and A. Shabrangi, "Effect of seed pretreatment by magnetic fields on seed germination and ontogeny growth of agricultural plants," presented at the Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, March 23–27, Beijing, China, 2009.
  24. A. Yano, Y. Ohashi, T. Hirasaki, and K. Fujiwara, "Effectsof a 60 Hz magnetic fieldon photosynthetic CO2 uptake and early growth of radish seedlings," Bioelectromagnetics, vol. 25, pp. 572-581, 2004.
  25. L. Pourakbar, "Effect of static magnetic field on germination, growth characteristics and activities of some enzymes in chamomile seeds matricaria chamomilla L," International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production, vol. 4, pp. 2335-2340, 2013.
  26. C. Yücedağ and O. Gailing, "Effects of seedbed density on seedling morphological characteristics of four broadleaved species," Forest Systems, vol. 21, pp. 218-222, 2012.
  27. Y. Şimşek, Ağaçlandırmalarda kaliteli fidan kullanma sorunları. Ankara: Orman Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi, Sayı 65, 1987.
  28. N. Bilir, C. Kaya, and M. D. Ulusan, "Aydın orijinli fıstıkçamı (Pinus Pinea L.) fidanlarında morfolojik özellikler ve fidan kalitesi," Kastamonu Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 10, pp. 37-43, 2010.

Statistics:

Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor

Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

Related Article

( 1 ) Effects of Cotton Gin Trash Level on the Performance of Desert Lambs in New Halfa Area, Kassala State, Sudan
( 2 ) Effects of Age at Fattening On Butana Camel Males Carcass Characteristics in the Sudan
( 3 ) Germination Effects of Purposive Bruchid Screening of African Ebony (Dalbergia Melanoxylon) Seeds In the Arid and Semi-Arid Region of South Eastern Kenya
( 4 ) Effects of Ebola (EVD) Outbreak on Bush Meat Marketing and Consumption in Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria
( 5 ) Effects of Degasified Extender on Quality Parameters of Cryopreserved Bull Spermatozoa
( 6 ) Effects of Dried Rumen Contents Level in Rations on the Performance of Shugor Desert Sheep in Halfa Elgadeda, Kassala State, Sudan
( 7 ) Physiological Effects of Some Artificial and Natural Food Coloring on Young Male Albino Rats
( 8 ) Protective Effects of Sweet Orange Peel (Citrus Sinensis L.) The Induction of Micronuclei Induced by Cyclophosphamide in Human Peripheral Lymphocytes
( 9 ) Analysis of Climate Change Effects among Rice Farmers in Benue State, Nigeria
( 10 ) The Effects of Magnetic Field on Germination of Seeds and Growth of Seedlings of Stone Pine
( 11 ) Effects of Segregated Early Weaning at 7 Days on Dams Body Condition, Parturition Interval and Offspring Birth Weight and Litter Size in the Agouti (Dasyprocta Leporina) for Intensive Production
( 12 ) Rural Farmers’ Coping Strategies to Effects of Climate Change on Watermelon Production in Igboora, Oyo State, Nigeria
( 13 ) Effects of Different Storage Conditions on Rooting and Shooting Performance of Grapevine (Vitis Vinifera L.) Cuttings in Hydroponic Culture System
( 14 ) Effects of Community Financing Institutions on Cassava Farmers Income in Oyo State, Nigeria
( 15 ) Effects of Inclusion of Processed Grapefruit Pulp on Wheat Flour Biscuit
( 16 ) Effects of Melon Seed or Soybean Meal Supplementation on the Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Incompletely Peeled Cassava Garri
( 17 ) Interactive Effects of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Rhizobium on Growth and Nutrient Content of Arachis hypogaea
( 18 ) Storage Effects on Microbiological and Some Antioxidant Potentials of Partially Substituted Bread Produced from Wheat Flour and Fresh Coconut Meat
( 19 ) Assessment of the Processing Effects of Fresh Solanum Anguivi Berries on Biochemical Contents and Functional Properties of Powder
( 20 ) Preservative Effects of Ginger (Zingiber officinale), Tumeric (Curcuma longa) Extract and Citric Acid and Pasteurization on the Nutritional Quality and Shelf Life of Tiger-Nut Non-Dairy Milk
( 22 ) GGE and Ammi Biplot Analysis for Field PEA Yield Stability in Snnpr State, Ethiopia
( 23 ) Evaluation of Field Pea (Pisum Sativum L) Genotypes Performance for Yield and Yield Components at Five Growing Environments of Southern Ethiopia
( 24 ) Frequency of Gastrointestinal Parasites and Egg per Gram Faeces Count of Nematodes in Black Bengal Goat under Field Condition in West Bengal, India
( 25 ) Prevalence and Management of Some Surgical Affection in Cattle and Buffaloes at Qena Governorate in Field Situation
( 27 ) Stage Specific Life Table of Invasive Pest Mealybug, Phenacoccus Solenopsis (Tinsley) Under Cotton Field Conditions
( 28 ) Feeding Potential of Red Palm Weevil, Rhynchophorus Ferrugineus on Different Date Palm, Phoenix Dactylifera Varieties Under Field Conditions
( 29 ) Comparative Larvicidal Efficacy of Carica Papaya Leaves and Seed Extract on Mosquito Larval Population in Rice Fields in Bida Metropolis, Niger State
( 30 ) Vegetable Farmers Knowledge and Safety Practices towards Pesticides: Results from Field Observation in Southeastern DR Congo
( 32 ) Hot Water Enhanced Germination of Leucaena Leucocephala Seeds in Light and Dark Conditions
( 37 ) Effect of Soaking on the Nutritional Values of Kordala (Maerua Pseudopetalosa) Seeds Grown in Kordofan Region, Sudan
( 38 ) Comparative Evaluation of Six Different Storage Materials for Long-Term Preservation of Huckleberry (Solanum scabrum) Seeds
( 39 ) High-Sensitivity Testing of Effectiveness of Citrus Limon, Vitis Vinifera and Citrus Sinensis in the Postharvest Control of Callosobruchus Maculatus Fabricius (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Infestation of Cowpea Seeds
( 40 ) Effect of Different Concentrations of Vermicompost (Biohumus) On the Root Collar Diameter and Height Growth in the Seedlings of Anatolian Black Pine
( 41 ) The Influence of Probiotics and Antibiotic Growth Promoter on Growth Performance and Hemato-Biochemical Parameters in Broilers
( 42 ) Comparative Growth Analysis and Yield Performance of Glycine Max under Jatropha Curcas Based Agrisilviculture System of Agroforestry in the Northern Part of Bangladesh
( 43 ) Effect of Whole Inedible Date and Amino Acid Supplementation on Growth Performance of Ross 308 Broiler Chicks
( 44 ) In Vitro Differential Effect of Nerve Growth Factor on Functional Parameters of Murrah Buffalo Spermatozoa in Low and High Fertile Groups
( 45 ) Genotypic Difference in Growth and Yield Related Traits of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Varieties at Southern Tigray
( 46 ) Study on Agronomic Evaluation of Tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum, Mill.) Varieties for Phonological, Growth and Yield Characters
( 47 ) Comparative Effect of Organic and In-Organic Fertilizer Treatment on the Growth and Tuberyeild of Sweet Potato (Ipomea Batata L)
( 49 ) Comparing Post-Partum Growth by Body Weight between Sex and Litter Size of Agouti (Dasyprocta Leporina) Offspring from Birth to 360 Days Old
( 50 ) Effect of Integrated Application of Poultry Manure and Chemical NP Fertilizers on Growth, Yield and Yield Components of Highland Maize Variety on Vertisol at Ambo University on Station, Ethiopia
( 51 ) Evaluation of Different Tillage Practices on Growth and Yield of Fluted Pumpkin Telfairia Occidentalis in Uyo, Southeastern Nigeria
( 52 ) Accelerating Agricultural Productivity to Enhance Economic Growth in Botswana
( 53 ) Growth and Survival Parameters and Blood IgG and Total Protein Levels of Calves Born in the First Production Year of Brown Swiss and Simmental Cows
( 54 ) Diversity and Growth Characteristics of Tree Species in the Botanical Gardens, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
( 55 ) Influence of Biochar and Poultry Manure on Weed Infestation and Growth of Arabica Coffee (Coffea Arabica) Seedlings
( 56 ) Effect of Planting Date on Growth and Yield of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna subtermnea (L) Verdc.) Varieties in Rainforest Zone of Delta State