Briskin, Y., M. Pityn and O. Zadorozhna, 2012. Knowledge of fencers on the theory of chosen kind of sport and olympism at various stages of long-term training. Theory and a Methodology of Physical Education, 5(91): 3-7
Lisak, ?., 2012. Theoretical training students as an important component of the system of compulsory component of physical education [Electronic Resource].
Platonov, V., 2004. System of athletes training in olympic sports. General theory and its practical applications: Studies. Coach of the highest qualification. Kiev. Olympic Literature: 584.
Shakhov, A. and P. Balbekov, 2012. Theoretical preparation in judo on base of sports and health improvement camp. Scientific and Theoretically Journal. Scientists Note University Named PF Lesgafta, 7(89): 142-152.
Strokatov, V., 1980. Theoretical training of fencers. Ways of sports improvement in fencing. methodological recommendations for fencing coaches. Lviv. LSUFC: 5-7.
Syrenko, R., 2008. Theoretical training of students with discipline. Physical Education [Electronic Resource].
Tyshler, E., 2010. Theoretical and methodological prerequisites for sports terminology in fencing. Theory and Practice of Sport, 4(1): 12-15.
Yovesik, S., 2008. Theoretical preparation in training of girl volleyball players. Physical Culture, 1(2): 151- 158.
Briskin Yuriy , Pityn Maryan , Zadorozhna Olha , Vaulin Oleksandr (2015). Theoretical Preparation of Fencers at the Stage of Previous Basic Development. Journal of Sports Research, 2(1): 18-23. DOI: 10.18488/journal.90/2015.2.1/22.214.171.124
The article presents the results of a survey of fencers at the stage of previous basic development, aimed at determination of preparedness for various information blocks. There was established that general level of theoretical preparedness of fencers for different blocks of knowledge from 3,5 to 5,8 points. Questionnaire consisted of five blocks of questions: "The history of the origin and development of fencing", "Competitive activity", "Technique and Tactics", "Basic theory and methodology of athletes training", "Olympism". Correct answers were evaluated by varying the number of points depending on the level of difficulty.
This study is one of very few studies which have justified the program of theoretical training of fencers at stage of previous basic development and its effectivity in the educational and training process.
Comparative Study of Print Media Coverage of Indian Athletes in London Olympics
Blackwood, R.E., 1983. The content of news photos: Roles portrayed by men and women. Journalism Quarterly, 60(4): 710-714.
Bryant, J., 1980. A two year investigation of the female in sport as reported in the paper media. Arena Review, 4(2): 32-44.
Daddario, G., 1997. Gendered sports programming: 1992 summer olympic coverage and the feminine narrative form. Sociology of Sport Journal, 14(1): 103-120.
Duncan, M.C., 2006. Gender warriors in sport: Women and the media. In A. A. Raney & J. Bryant (Eds). Handbook of sports and media. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. pp: 231-252.
Duncan, M.C. and A. Sayaovong, 1990. Photographic images and gender in sports illustrated for kids. Play & Culture, 3(2): 91-116.
Eastman, S.T. and A.C. Billings, 2001. Biased voices of sports: Racial and gender stereotyping in college basketball announcing. Howard Journal of Communications, 12(4): 183-202.
Inman, K., 1987. Too little too late: Sports illustrated‘s role in the growth and development of women’s athletics. Unpublished Paper. University of Texas.
Kian, E.M., 2008. A new era for women’s sports? Examining the New York times and USA today coverage of college basketball. Newspaper Research Journal, 29(3): 38-49.
Leavy, J., 1975. Sports chic. Women Sports, 4(3): 53-57.
Luebke, B.F., 1989. Out of focus: Images of women and men in newspaper photographs. Sex Roles, 20(3-4): 121-133.
Lumpkin, A. and L. Williams, 1991. An analysis of sports illustrated feature articles: 1954-1987. Sociology of Sport Journal, 8(1):16-32.
Miller, S.H., 1975. The content of news photos: Women’s and men’s roles. Journalism Quarterly, 50(1): 70-75.
Mondal, S., 2013. Science of exercise: Ancient Indian origin. Journal of the Association of Physicians of India, 61(8):560-562.
Paul, A., 2010. Demand for football attendance and the interest of the stakeholder. Indian Journal of Yoga, Sports & Exercise Science and Physical Education, VisvaBharati University, Santiniketan, India, 4(1& 2).
Paul, A. and A. Mukherjee, 2011. The comparative study of print media coverage of various sports events. Proceedings of the International Conference, Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Univ. of Delhi. 978-81-902282-0-6.
Paul, A., A. Mukherjee and A. Banerjee, 2011. The status of print media coverage of various sports events during commonwealth games 2010. International Journal of Sports Science and Fitness, 1(2).
Reid, L.N. and L.C. Soley, 1979. Sports illustrated’s coverage of women in sports. Journalism Quarterly, 56(4): 861-863.
Vincent, J., 2004. Game, sex, and match: The construction of gender in British newspaper coverage of the 2000 Wimbledon Championships. Sociology of Sport Journal, 21(4): 435-456.
Asish Paul , Gopa Saha Roy (2015). Comparative Study of Print Media Coverage of Indian Athletes in London Olympics. Journal of Sports Research, 2(1): 10-17. DOI: 10.18488/journal.90/2015.2.1/126.96.36.199
Sports became the most interesting area of media coverage among different stream. As it has got its most important status in the world’s media to popularize the newspaper, there is a distinct lack of comparative research on the media coverage of sports. To minimize the gap, this search draws attention on sports coverage during the London Olympics, 2012 from three different newspapers of different languages. The coverages were recorded considering the preview, competition and review phases. The results show that the total coverage of the English newspaper, the Telegraph (36039 sq. cm.) was more than the other two Bengali and Hindi newspapers (9224 sq. cm. and 2599 sq. cm. respectively). The female performers got more attention (34942 sq. cm.) than the male performers (12920 sq. cm.). All the three newspapers provided maximum coverage in the competition phase rather than the other two phases. The English newspaper provided more attention in preview of the main competition also in comparison to the other two newspapers. It has concluded that the coverage of the print media depends mainly on the performance of the athletes, popularity of the performers and intensity of the competition.
The present study enriched the research in the area of sports journalism.
Reliability of the Turning Point Core Trainer as a Measure of Shoulder Hip Separation Angle, Shoulder Angular Velocity, and Hip Angular Velocity During Volleyball Spiking Actions
Aragon-Vargas, L.F., 2000. Evaluation of four vertical jump tests: Methodology, reliability, validity, and accuracy. Meas Phys Educ Exerc Sci., 4(4): 215–228.
Barker, S., R. Craik, W. Freedman, N. Herrmann and H. Hillstrom, 2006. Accuracy, reliability, and validity of a spatiotemporal gait analysis system. Med Eng Phys., 28(5): 460-467.
Brown, J.R., B.J. Alsarraf, M.M. Waller, P. Eisenman and C.A. Hicks-Little, 2014. Rotational angles and velocities during down the line and diagonal across court volleyball spikes. IJKSS, 2(2): 1-8.
Bruton, A., J.H. Conway and S.T. Holgate, 2000. Reliability: What is it and how is it measured? Physiotherapy, 86(2): 94–99.
Cohen, D.B., M.A. Mont, K.R. Campbell, B.N. Vogelstein and J.W. Loewy, 1994. Upper extremity physical factors affecting tennis serve velocity. The Am J Sports Med, 22(6): 746–750.
Dempster, P. and S. Aitkens, 1995. A new air displacement method for the determination of human body composition. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 27(12): 1692-1697.
DeVellis, R.F., 1991. Scale development. Newbury Park, NJ: Sage Publications.
Fields, D.A., M.I. Goran and M.A. McCrory, 2002. Body-composition assessment via air-displacement plethysmography in adults and children: A review. Am J Clin Nutr, 75(2): 453-467.
Kaplan, R.M. and D.D.P. Saccuzzo, 2008. Psychological testing principles, applications, and issues. 7th Edn., Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Karduna, A.R., P.W. McClure, L.A. Michener and B. Sennett, 2001. Dynamic measurements of three-dimensional scapular kinematics: A validation study. J Biomech Eng., 123(2): 184–190.
Myers, J., S.M. Lephart, Y.S. Tsai, T.C. Sell, J.M. Smoliga and J.T. Jolly, 2008. The role of upper torso and pelvis rotation in driving performance during the golf swing. J Sports Sci., 26(2): 181–188.
Shahbazi-Moghaddam, M., R.H. Sanders and S.G.S. Coleman, 2002. Initial ball speed and force estimation at impact in volleyball and football. Accepted for presentation and publication. In K. Gianikellis (Ed.), Scientific Proceedings of XXth International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports. pp: 318-321.
Stodden, G.S.D.F., S.P. Fleisig, S.L. McLean, L.J. R. and Andrews, 2001. Relationship of pelvis and upper torso kinematics to pitched baseball velocity. J Appl Biomech, 17(2): 164–172.
Zhang, S.M.Y. and Hsiang, 2008. A new methodology for three-dimensional dynamic analysis of whole body movements. Inter J Sports Sci Eng., 2(2): 87–93.
Bader J. Alsarraf , Justin R. Brown , Mike Waller , Patricia Eisenman , Charlie A. Hicks-Little (2015). Reliability of the Turning Point Core Trainer as a Measure of Shoulder Hip Separation Angle, Shoulder Angular Velocity, and Hip Angular Velocity During Volleyball Spiking Actions. Journal of Sports Research, 2(1): 1-9. DOI: 10.18488/journal.90/2015.2.1/188.8.131.52
Separation of the shoulders and hips is an important contributor for rotational sports such as baseball and golf. Most recent has utilized Motion Capture technology. A new instrument has been developed as a tool to measure separation angle and can also be used to train the core musculature. The primary aim of the current study was to examine the reliability of shoulder hip separation angle (SHSA), shoulder angular velocity (SAV), and hip angular velocity (HAV) as measured using the Turning Point Core Trainer (TP) during volleyball spiking actions. Voluntary participants included 14 collegiate, Division I, female volleyball players from the University of Utah, ranging from 18-30 years of age. Participants completed 10 volleyball spike actions will fastened to the TP. SHSA was calculated at the height of the back swing. Participants were asked to provide maximal velocity during the forward phase thus providing SAV and HAV. Analysis for reliability demonstrated high Cronbach’s alpha coefficients across the 10 SHSA, SAV, and HAV (a =.98; a =.91; a =.94), respectively, indicating excellent internal consistency reliability for the TP. Follow-up research should examine whether or not training female outside hitters to increase SHSA at the top of the back swing, will increase SBV during either DL or DAC spikes. The TP measure of-axial rotation during spiking the internal consistency of the measures was high.
This study contributes to the existing literature regarding test re-test reliability using the Turning Point Core Trainer to assess torso rotation and the impact it has on sports performance.