International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research

Published by: Conscientia Beam
Online ISSN: 2312-6515
Print ISSN: 2313-0423
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No. 2

Sustainability of Healthy Nutritional Policy Interventions for School Children: A Case Study of Mid-Day Meal Scheme in Odisha, India

Pages: 53-62
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Sustainability of Healthy Nutritional Policy Interventions for School Children: A Case Study of Mid-Day Meal Scheme in Odisha, India

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2021.82.53.62

Abhisek Mishra

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Abhisek Mishra (2021). Sustainability of Healthy Nutritional Policy Interventions for School Children: A Case Study of Mid-Day Meal Scheme in Odisha, India. International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research, 8(2): 53-62. DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2021.82.53.62
School feeding programme has remained a prime tool amongst food interventions in addressing hunger and malnutrition of children. The present study examines the nutritional value contributions of the school feeding programme of India namely Mid-Day Meal scheme in Odisha vis-à-vis provides a cost-benefit analysis for restructuring the programme. The nutritional values in terms of total energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate, iron, zinc, calcium and magnesium content were calculated using weekly menu and quantity of food items provided to the school going children. The calculated nutritional values were then compared with the recommended dietary allowances (RDA) provided by Indian Council of Medical Research for children and adolescents. The study finds that with the present menu, Calcium (Ca) and Zinc (Zn) content of the food meets less than 30% of the RDA. Comparatively, the Ca and Zn content is found to be lower on Monday and Thursday when dalma (a local recipe prepared adding vegetables with the pulses) is provided. This is due to the non-availability of guidelines for the preparation of dalma for which schools use pulses and vegetables of their choice and convenience without considering their nutritional potency. The study concludes with the recommendation of restructuring the current menu of using horse gram in place of red gram, and additionally suggests preparing a vegetable curry with the vegetables previously used for making dalma. Moreover, it advocates that the selection of vegetables should be based on their nutrient content.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature by examining the nutritional value contributions of the school feeding programme of India namely Mid-Day Meal scheme in Odisha (a backward state) considering varied nutrients.

Localised Initiatives: Households Contribution to Infrastructure Development in Ondo State, Nigeria

Pages: 38-52
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Localised Initiatives: Households Contribution to Infrastructure Development in Ondo State, Nigeria

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2021.82.38.52

J.A.B. Olujimi , A.A. Emmanuel , O.O. Simon-Oke , F.C. Arowosafe , O.O. Popoola , T. Akinbode

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J.A.B. Olujimi , A.A. Emmanuel , O.O. Simon-Oke , F.C. Arowosafe , O.O. Popoola , T. Akinbode (2021). Localised Initiatives: Households Contribution to Infrastructure Development in Ondo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research, 8(2): 38-52. DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2021.82.38.52
Community-Driven Development (CDD), as an approach to community development, treats the people and their institutions as assets and partners in the development process. Infrastructure provision is a catalyst to community development as its lack or inefficiency impedes the growth of economic, social and welfare related ventures in both rural and urban communities. This paper explores the contribution of residents/households to communal efforts in the provision and maintenance of community infrastructure in Ondo State, Nigeria. It exposes their connectedness with community associations in the provision and management of identified community infrastructure in order to improve the quality of life in the area. Three hundred and seventy (370) households were selected across the state in a multistage sampling process to administer a well-structured open and close ended questionnaire; using residential buildings as sampling units. Six (6) urban and rural settlements were targeted for the data gathering across the three (3) senatorial districts of the state. Major findings established a high variation in the dominance of approaches to financial contribution espoused by households across the state towards community infrastructure development. A high level of involvement in project identification for CBOs’ execution and the dominance of availability as labourers for general infrastructure provision were equally discovered among other findings. Recommendations are targeted towards transparency and accountability on the part of community organizations while International Organizations are encouraged to focus more on road construction in rural community and poorly accessed areas of urban centres in order to achieve sustained community transformation.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to existing literature by documenting the contributions of households and residents to communal efforts as well as participation in community Associations and groups in the provision and maintenance of identified community infrastructure in order to improve the quality of life in the area for all residents.

Local Governments and the Conundrum of Service Delivery in Nigeria: What Policy Implications?

Pages: 21-37
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Local Governments and the Conundrum of Service Delivery in Nigeria: What Policy Implications?

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2021.82.21.37

Akinyetun Tope Shola , Oke Solomon Jijoho

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Akinyetun Tope Shola , Oke Solomon Jijoho (2021). Local Governments and the Conundrum of Service Delivery in Nigeria: What Policy Implications?. International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research, 8(2): 21-37. DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2021.82.21.37
Local governments, the world over, in a bid to fulfil their role in delivering essential goods and services, are faced with enormous challenges and contend with allocating resources to meet up with increasing demands for public service. Adopting a multistage sampling method, the study sampled 400 respondents selected from 3 Local Council development Areas [LCDAs] covering 10 communities in Ikeja Local Government Area of Lagos State, Nigeria. Findings from the study indicated that lack of autonomy, corruption, and poor planning are the major challenges confronting local governments in service delivery in Nigeria. It also concludes that the challenges of service delivery by local governments are not restricted to rural areas alone, rather, local governments in urban areas suffer the same fate. The study, therefore, made policy recommendations which include the setting up of a Community Education System (CES) to sensitize the local government residents on the role of local governments in service delivery; setting up of Community Feedback Monitoring System (CFMS) to promote transparency, accountability and probity and the formation of Community Anti-Corruption Volunteers’ Group (CACVG) for campaigning against corruption at the local government level.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature on local government administration and service delivery in Nigeria using primary data from an urban area. It proffers practicable solutions to the conundrum through the setting up of: Community Education System (CES); Community Feedback Monitoring System (CFMS); and Community Anti-Corruption Volunteers’ Group (CACVG).