International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

Published by: Conscientia Beam
Online ISSN: 2312-6477
Print ISSN: 2313-0393
Quick Submission    Login/Submit/Track

No. 4

Exogenous Application of Antioxidants on Leaf Chlorophyll, Yield Dynamics and Berry Quality of Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)

Pages: 316-324
Find References

Finding References


Exogenous Application of Antioxidants on Leaf Chlorophyll, Yield Dynamics and Berry Quality of Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)

Search :
Google Scholor
Search :
Microsoft Academic Search
Cite

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.316.324

Md. Saidur Rahman , Mahmoda Akter , Md. Shah Newaz Chowdhury , Md. Mofizur Rahman , Mostarak Hossain Munshi

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Akram, N. A., Shafiq, F., & Ashraf, M. (2011). Ascorbic acid-a potential oxidant scavenger and   its role in plant development and abiotic stress tolerance. Frontiers in Plant Science, 8, 1-17.Available at: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.00613.

Bhalekar, M., Kadam, V., Shinde, U., Patil, R., & Asane, G. (2009). Effect of plant growth regulator and micronutrients on growth and yield of chilli (Capsicum annum L.) during summer season. Advances in Plant Sciences, 22(1), 111-113.

Chaudhary, B., Sharma, M., Shakya, S., & Gautam, D. (2006). Effect of plant growth regulators on growth, yield and quality of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) at Rampur, Chitwan. Journal of the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, 27, 65-68.Available at: https://doi.org/10.3126/jiaas.v27i0.697.

Choudhury., S., Islam, N., Sarkar, M., & Ali, M. (2013). Growth and yield of summer tomato as influenced by plant growth regulators. International Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 5(1), 25-28.

Das, S., Sarkar, M. D., Alam, M., Robbani, M., & Kabir, M. (2015). Influence of plant growth regulators on yield contributing characters and yield of bell pepper (Capsicum annum) varieties. Journal of Plant Sciences, 10(2), 63-69.Available at: https://doi.org/10.3923/jps.2015.63.69.

Deb, P., Suresh, C. P., Saha, P., & Das, N. (2009). Effect of NAA and GA3 on yield and quality of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Environment and Ecology, 27(3), 1048-1050.

Ei-Tohamy, W., Ei-Abagy, H., & Ei-Greadly, N. (2008). Studies on the effect of putrescine, yeast and vitamin C on growth, yield and physiological responses of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) under sandy soil conditions. Australian Journal of Basic Applied Science, 2(2), 296-300.

El-Al, A., & Faten, S. (2009). Effect of urea and some organic acids on plant growth, fruit yield and its quality of sweet pepper (Capsicum annum). Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 5(4), 372-379.

El-Hifny, I. M., & El-Sayed, M. (2011). Response of sweet pepper plant growth and productivity to application of ascorbic acid and biofertilizers under saline conditions. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 5(6), 1273-1283.

El-Yazeid, A. (2011). Effect of foliar application of salicylic acid and chelated zinc on growth and productivity of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) under autumn planting. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 7(6), 423-433.

El Bassiouny, H. M., Gobarah, M. E., & Ramadan, A. A. (2005). Effect of antioxidants on growth, yield and favism causative agents in seeds of Vicia faba L. plants grown under reclaimed sandy soil. Journal of Agronomy, 4(4), 281-287.

Erickson, A. N., & Markhart, A. H. (2001). Flower production, fruit set, and physiology of bell pepper during elevated temperature and vapor pressure deficit. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 126(6), 697-702.Available at: https://doi.org/10.21273/JASHS.126.6.697.

Fathy, E.-S., Farid, S., & El-Desouky, S. (2000). Induce cold tolerance of outdoor tomatoes during early summer season by using ATP, yeast, other natural and chemical treatments to improve their fruiting and yield. Journal of Agricultural Science of Mansoura University, 25(1), 377-401.

Gomez, K. A., & Gomez, A. A. (1984). Statistical procedures for agricultural research (pp. 67-215). New York: John wlley and Sons. Inc.

Hayat, S., & Ahmad, A. (2007). The role of salicylates in rhizobium legume symbiosis and abiotic stresses in higher plants. Salicylic Acid–A Plant Hormone (pp. 151-162). Dordrecht: Springer.

Hosain, M. T., Kamrunnahar., R., M. M., Munshi, M. H., & Rahman, M. S. (2020). Drought stress response of rice yield (Oryza sativa L.) and role of exogenous salicylic acid. International Journal of Bioscience, 16(2), 222-230.Available at: https://doi.org/10.12692/ijb/16.2.222-230.

Howard, L., Talcott, S., Brenes, C., & Villalon, B. (2000). Changes in phytochemical and antioxidant activity of selected pepper cultivars (Capsicum species) as influenced by maturity. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 48(5), 1713-1720.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990916t.

Khan, M. I. R., Fatma, M., Per, T. S., Anjum, N. A., & Khan, N. A. (2015). Salicylic acid-induced abiotic stress tolerance and underlying mechanisms in plants. Frontiers in Plant Science, 6, 1-17.Available at: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2015.00462.

Khan, W., Rayirath, U. P., Subramanian, S., Jithesh, M. N., Rayorath, P., Hodges, D. M., . . . Prithiviraj, B. (2009). Seaweed extracts as biostimulants of plant growth and development. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 28(4), 386-399.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00344-009-9103-x.

Mahmood, N., Abbasi, N. A., Hafiz, I., Ali, I., & Zakia, S. (2017). Effect of biostimulants on growth, yield and quality of bell pepper cv. Yolo Wonder. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Science, 54, 311–317.Available at: https://doi.org/10.21162/PAKJAS/17.5653.

Maity, U., & Bera, A. (2009). Effect of exogenous application of brassinolide and salicylic acid on certain physiological and biochemical aspects of green gram (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek). Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, 43(3), 194-199.

Mandal, S., Yadav, S., Yadav, S., & Nema, R. K. (2009). Antioxidants: A review. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 1(1), 102-104.

Miura, K., & Tada, Y. (2014). Regulation of water, salinity, and cold stress responses by salicylic acid. Frontiers in Plant Science, 5, 1-12.Available at: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2014.00004.

Naz, H., Akram, N. A., & Ashraf, M. (2016). Impact of ascorbic acid on growth and some physiological attributes of cucumber (Cucumis sativus) plants under water-deficit conditions. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 48(3), 877-883.

Nour, K., Mansour, N., & Eisa, G. (2012). Effect of some antioxidants on some physiological and anatomical characters of snap bean plants under sandy soil conditions. New York Science Journal, 5(5), 1-9.

Qian, H., Peng, X., Han, X., Ren, J., Zhan, K., & Zhu, M. (2014). The stress factor, exogenous ascorbic acid, affects plant growth and the antioxidant system in Arabidopsis thaliana. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, 61(4), 467-475.

Rahman, M. S., Saki, M. J., Hosain, M. T., & Rashid, S. (2019). Cumulative effect of zinc and gibberellic acid on yield and quality of tomato. International Journal of Bioscience, 14(3), 350-360.Available at: https://doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.3.350-360.

Sarkar, M., Jahan, M. S., Kabir, M., Kabir, K., & Rojoni, R. (2014). Flower and fruit setting of summer tomato regulated by plant hormones. Applied Science Report, 7, 117-120.Available at: https://doi.org/10.15192/PSCP.ASR.2014.3.3.117120.

Seth, D., Melino, V., & Ford, C. M. (2007). Ascorbate as a biosynthetic precursor in plants. Annals of Botany, 99(1), 3-8.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcl236.

Shafeek, M., Helmy, Y., Marzauk, N. M., & Magda, A. Shalaby and Nadia, M. Omer, 2013. Effect of foliar application of some antioxidants on growth, yield and chemical composition of Lettuce plants (Lactuca Sativa L.) under plastic house condition. Middle East Journal of Applied Sciences, 3(2), 70-75.

Wassel, A. H., Hameed, M. A., Gobara, A., & Attia, M. (2007). Effect of some micronutrients, gibberellic acid and ascorbic acid on growth, yield and quality of white Banaty seedless grapevines. Paper presented at the 8th African Crop Science Society Conference, El-Minia, Egypt. African Crop Science Society.

Zaghlool, A. M., Ibrahim, S. I., Sharaf, & Eldeen, H. A. M. (2001). The effect of naphthaline acetic acid (NAA), salicylic acid (SA) and their combination on growth, fruit setting yield and some correlated components in dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Annals of Agricultural Science, 46(2), 451-463.

Zaki, R., & Radwan, T. (2011). Improving wheat grain yield and its quality under salinity conditions at a newly reclaimed soil by using different organic sources as soil or foliar applications. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 7(1), 42-55.

No any video found for this article.
Md. Saidur Rahman , Mahmoda Akter , Md. Shah Newaz Chowdhury , Md. Mofizur Rahman , Mostarak Hossain Munshi (2020). Exogenous Application of Antioxidants on Leaf Chlorophyll, Yield Dynamics and Berry Quality of Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 7(4): 316-324. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.316.324
An experiment was carried out to investigate the influences of seven levels of antioxidants on BARI Mistimorich-1 and BARI Mistimorich-2 varieties of sweet pepper at the Central Research Farm of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Antioxidants were applied to sweet pepper varieties which had a significant effect on physiology, yield and quality of sweet pepper. Among those treatments, ascorbic acid (AA) at 200 ppm with salicylic acid (SA) at 200 ppm was more potential to enhance chlorophyll a (30%), chlorophyll b (39.39%), total chlorophyll (33.73%), number of flower plant-1 (17.63%), number of fruits plants-1 (56.73%), fruit yield plant-1 (43.61%), total soluble sugar (28.67%) and vitamin C (22.75%) compare to control. The variety of BARI Mistimorich-2 produces 4.55% higher fruit yield than BARI Mistimorich-1. Among those antioxidants, AA at 200 ppm with SA at 200 ppm demonstrate the best potentiality to solved flower and fruit dropping problems and ultimately lead to higher production of sweet pepper.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the sweet pepper responses to antioxidants in robi season and their role in mitigating the possible constrain during the production.

Insect Activities and their Impact on the Yield of Abelmoschus esculentus L ( Malvaceae) in Bambili ( Mezam - Cameroon)

Pages: 304-315
Find References

Finding References


Insect Activities and their Impact on the Yield of Abelmoschus esculentus L ( Malvaceae) in Bambili ( Mezam - Cameroon)

Search :
Google Scholor
Search :
Microsoft Academic Search
Cite

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.304.315

Otiobo Atibita Esther Nadine , Lukong Anmarie Wirmai , Fotso . , Tita Margaret Awah , Theresia Nkuo-Akenji

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abdoul, A. S., Moise, H., & Akoulong, C. (2008). Diagnosis of Cameroon's national agricultural research and extension system and capacity building strategy for the dissemination of agricultural knowledge and technologies. CEMAC Project Report (p. 143). TCP / RAF / 2913.

Al-Ghzawi, A., Zaittoun, S. T., Makadmeh, I., & Al-Tawaha, A.-R. M. (2003). The impact of wild bees on the pollination of eight okra genotypes under semi-arid Mediterranian conditions. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 5(4), 409-411.

Amada, B., Dounia, C., D., Ningatoloum, C., Guiffo, G. A. A., Angoula, B. S., Ngonaïna, J. P., . . . Tchuenguem, F. F.-N. (2018). Diversity of flowering insects and their impact on yields of  Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench, 1794 (Malvaceae) in Yaoundé (Cameroon). Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 6(6), 945-949.

Angbanyere, M. A. I. (2012). The effect of pollinators and pollination on fruit set and fruit yields of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L) Moench) in the forest region of Ghana. Doctoral Dissertation.  

Angbanyere, M. A., & Baidoo, P. K. (2014). The effect of pollinators and pollination on fruit set and fruit yield of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench) in the Forest Region of Ghana Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 4(9), 985-995.

Atibita, E. N. O., Fohouo, F.-N. T., & Djieto-Lordon, C. (2015). Foraging and pollination behavior of Apis mellifera adansonii (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on Physalis micrantha (Solanales: Solanaceae) flowers at Bambui (Nord West, Cameroon). Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 3(6), 250-256.

Azo'o, M. E., Fohouo, F.-N. T., & Messi, J. (2011). Influence of the foraging activity of the entomofauna on okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) seed yield. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. International Journal of Agriculture & Biology, 13(5), 761-765.

Borror, D. J., & White, R. E. (1991). North America insects (North of Mexico). Broquet (Eds) (pp. 408): The Prairie-Quebec.

Chandra, S., & Bhatnagar, S. (1975). Reproductive biology of Abelmoschus esculentus. 1.-Reproductive behaviour, floral morphology, anthesis and pollination mechanism. Acta Botanica Indica, 3, 104–113.

Crane, E. (1991). Apis species of tropical Asia as pollinators, and some rearing methods for them. Acta horticulturae, 288, 29-48.

Delaplane, K. S., Dag, A., Danka, R. G., Freitas, B. M., Garibaldi, L. A., Goodwin, R. M., & Hormaza, J. I. (2013). Standard methods for pollination research with Apis mellifera. Journal of Apicultural Research, 52(4), 1-28.

Demarly, Y. (1977). Plant Genetics and plant breeding (pp. 285). Masson - Paris (France).

Douka, C., & Fohouo, F. H. T. (2013). Foraging and pollination behavior of Apis mellifera adansonii L.(Hymenoptera, Apidae) on Phaseolus vulgaris (Fabaceae) flowers at Maroua (Cameroon). International Research Journal of Plant Science, 4(2), 45-54.

Douka, C., & Fohouo, F. N. T. (2014). Foraging and pollination activity of Musca domestica L.(Diptera: Muscidae) on flowers of Ricinus communis L.(Euphorbiaceae) at Maroua, Cameroon. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES), 4(3), 63-76.

Douka, C., Tamesse, J. L., & Tchuenguem, F. F. N. (2017). Impact of single visit of Lipotriches collaris Vachal 1903 (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) on Phaseolus vulgaris (Fabaceae) flowers at Maroua (Cameroon). Journal of Applied Biology & Biotechnology, 5(2), 072-076.

Dounia, T. F. F., & Tchuenguem Fohouo, E. (2013). Foraging and pollination activity of Apis mellifera adansonii Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on flowers of Gossypium hirsutum L.(Malvaceae) at Maroua, Cameroon. International Research Journal of Plant Science, 4(2), 33-44.

Dounia., T. J. L., & Tchuenguem, F. F.-N. (2016). Foraging and pollination activity of Lipotriches collaris Vachal 1903 (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) on flowers of Glycine max (L.) (Fabaceae) in Maroua-Cameroon. Journal of Animal &Plant Sciences, 29(1), 4515-4525.

DSCE. (2009). Growth and employment strategy paper. Yaoundé, Cameroon: MINEPAT.

FAO. (2018). The state of food and agriculture 2018. Migration, agriculture and rural development (pp. 199). Rome: Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.

Fao, F. A. O. S. T. A. T. (2008). Food and agricultural organization of the United Nations. Retrieved on,15.

Free, J. B. (1993). Insect pollination of crops (pp. 684). London, UK: Academic Press.

George, R. A. T. (1989). Vegetable seed production (pp. 330). Spanish: Mundi-Prensa.

Hasnat, M., Sarkar, S., Hossain, M., Chowdhury, I., & Matin, M. (2015). Relative abundance of pollinators, foraging activity of bee species and yield performance of okra at Dhaka (Bangladesh). Journal Crop and Weed, 11(2), 34-37.

Joshi, A. B., Gadwal, V. R., Hardas, M. W., & Hutchinson, J. B. (1974). Evolutionary studies in world crops. Diversity and change in the Indian Sub–Continent (pp. 99-105). London: Cambridge University Press.

Jousselin, E., & Kjellberg, F. (2001). The functional implications of active and passive pollination in dioecious figs. Ecology Letters, 4(2), 151-158.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1461-0248.2001.00209.x.

Justo, V. P. (2005). Okra: Integrated pest management an ecological guide (pp. 50). Laguna – Philippines.

Kasper, M., Reeson, A., Mackay, D., & Austin, A. (2008). Environmental factors influencing daily foraging activity of Vespula germanica (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) in Mediterranean Australia. Insectes Sociaux, 55(3), 288-295.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00040-008-1004-7.

Khan, R. (2019). Diversity of insects in Okra agro-ecosystem at Gazipur in Bangladesh. Indian Journal of Ecology, 46(1), 214-216.

Kingha, B. M. T., Fohouo, N. T., Ngakou, A., & Bruuml, D. (2012). Foraging and pollination activities of Xylocopa olivacea (Hymenoptera, Apidae) on Phaseolus vulgaris (Fabaceae) flowers at Dang (Ngaoundere-Cameroon). Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, 4(10), 330-339.Available at: https://doi.org/10.24214/jcbps.b.10.4.65972.

Klein, A.-M., Vaissiere, B. E., Cane, J. H., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Cunningham, S. A., Kremen, C., & Tscharntke, T. (2007). Importance of pollinators in changing landscapes for world crops. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 274(1608), 303-313.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2006.3721.

Kochhar, S. L. (1986). Tropical crops: A textbook of economic botany (pp. 467). Hong Kong: Macmillan.XI.

Kumar, R. (1991). The fight against insect pests: The state of African agriculture: Ctakarthala (Eds) (pp. 231). Paris: Wageningen.

Kumar, S., Dagnoko, S., Haougui, A., Ratnadass, A., Pasternak, D., & Kouame, C. (2010). Okra (Abelmoschus spp.) in West and Central Africa: Potential and progress on its improvement. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 5(25), 3590-3598.

Lobreau-Callen, D., & Coutin, R. (1987). Floral resources exploited by a few Apoids in cultivated areas in the Senegalese savannah during the rainy season. Agronomy, 7(4), 231-246.

Louveaux, J. (1984). Domestic bee and their relation with grown plants «Pollination and plant production» (pp. 527-555). Paris, France: Pesson P, Louveaux J, INRA.

McGregor, S. E. (1976). Insect pollination of cultivated crop plants (pp. 496). Washington: Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture.

Messiaen, C. M. (1992). The tropical vegetable garden. Principles for improvement and increased production with application to the main vegetable types (pp. 528). London: Macmillan Press Ltd.

Nandhini, E., Padmini, K., Venugopalan, R., Anjanappa, M., & Lingaiah, H. (2018). Flower-visiting insect pollinators of okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench] in Bengaluru region. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 7(2), 1406-1408.

Neba, N. E., & Eze, E. (2004). Geomorphic and anthropogenic factors influencing landslides in the Bameda Highlands, NW province, Cameroon. Journal of Applied Social Sciences (Buea, Cameroon), 4(1), 15-26.

Njoya, M. T., Wittmann, D., & Schindler, M. (2005). Effect of bee pollination on seed set and nutrition on okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) in Cameroon. The Global Food and Product Chain--Dynamics, Innovations, Conflicts, Strategies. Germany: Hohenheim.

Norman, J. C. (1992). Tropical vegetable crops: Arthur H. Stockwell (pp. 252): University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Oyolu, C. (1983). Okra seeds, potential source of high quality vegetable oil. Paper presented at the In Proceedings, 5th Annual Conference, Horticulture Society. Nigeria, Nsukka.

Pando, J. B., Djonwangwé, D., Moudelsia, O. B., Fohouo, F.-N. T., & Tamesse, J. L. (2019). Insect pollinators and productivity of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr. 1917] at Maroua, Far North, Cameroon. World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 4(2), 117-129.

Pando, J., Djonwangwé, D., Moudelsia, O., Fohouo, F.-N., & Tamesse, J. L. (2020). Diversity of flower-growing insects of Abelmoschus esculentus (Malvaceae) and their impact on fruit and grain yields in Maroua-Cameroon. Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 43(1), 7350-7365.

Reddy, L. J., Chandra, S., Pooni, H., & Bramel, P. J. (2004). Rate of out crossing in pigeon pea under intercropped conditions. Assessing the Risk of Losses in Biodiversity in Traditional Cropping Systems: A Case Study of Pigeon pea in Andhra Pradesh.(Bramel PJ, ed.). Patancheru, 502(324), 133-141.

Sawadogo, M., Zombre, G., & Balma, D. (2006). Expression of different ecotypes of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) with water deficit occurring during budding and flowering. Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment, 10(1), 43-54.

Tanda, A. (2019). Entomofauna enhance the quality and quantity in Okra. Indian Journal of Entomology, 81(1), 16-17.Available at: https://doi.org/10.5958/0974-8172.2019.00073.7.

Tchindebe, G., & Fohouo, F.-N. T. (2014). Foraging and pollination activity of Apis mellifera adansonii Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on flowers of Allium cepa L.(Liliaceae) at Maroua, Cameroon. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research, 5(2), 139-153.

Tchindebe, G., Douka, C., Tope, S., & Fohouo, F. (2018). Diversity of flowering insect and its impact on fruit and seed yields of Arachis hypogaea L.(Fabaceae) at Maroua (Far North, Cameroon). Journal of Applied Biosciences, 129(2018), 13075-13087.

Tchuenguem, F. F. N., Messi, J., & Pauly, A. (2001). Activity of Meliponula erythra on dacryodes edulis flowers and its impact on fruiting. Fruits, 56(3), 179-188.

Tchuenguem Fohouo, F. N. (2005). Foraging and pollination activity of Apis mellifera adansonii Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Apinae) on the flowers of three plants in Ngaoundéré (Cameroon): Callistemon rigidus (Myrtaceae), Syzygium guineense var. macrocarpum (Myrtaceae) and Voacanga africana (Apocynaceae). These doctoral studies, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon.  

Tchuenguem, F., FN, Messi, J., Brüchner, D., Bouba, B., Mbofung, G., & Hemo, J. H. (2004). Foraging and pollination behaviour of the African Honey bee (Apis mellifera adansonii) on Callistemon rigidus flowers in Ngaoundere (Cameroon). Journal of the Cameroon Academy of Sciences, 4(2), 133-140.

No any video found for this article.
Otiobo Atibita Esther Nadine , Lukong Anmarie Wirmai , Fotso . , Tita Margaret Awah , Theresia Nkuo-Akenji (2020). Insect Activities and their Impact on the Yield of Abelmoschus esculentus L ( Malvaceae) in Bambili ( Mezam - Cameroon). International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 7(4): 304-315. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.304.315
Experiments were made to evaluate the impact of the flowering insect activity on Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) pod and seed yields. Their foraging and pollination activities were examined in Bambili from September 2019 to February 2020. Treatments included open ?oral access to all visitors (treatment 1) and bagging of ?owers to avoid all visits (treatment 2). Observations were made on 30 ?owers per treatment. The Insect foraging behavior, their rhythm of activity, the fruiting rate and the mean number of seeds per pod were recorded. The results show that three insect species visited A. esculentus flowers. Lipotriches collaris was the most common species with 76.40 %, followed by Apis mellifera (19.10%) and Musca domestica (4.49%). Insects foraged throughout the day light period. Their activity was highest between 9 am and 12 pm Insect species foraged the flowers for pollen and nectar. Comparing the yields of the two treatments, it appeared that insect visits increase the number of fruits per plant, the average number of seeds per fruit and the percentage of normal seeds by 42.27%, 17.39% and 22.88%. The maintenance of insect nest close to A. esculentus field is recommended to improve the seed production of okra.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper's primary contribution is finding that the insect associated with A. esculentus flowers can be exploited in Cameroon agricultural program to increase the agricultural outputs especially in bambili area.

Exploring the Climate Change Impact on Major Food Crops of Bangladesh - A Time Series Analysis

Pages: 287-303
Find References

Finding References


Exploring the Climate Change Impact on Major Food Crops of Bangladesh - A Time Series Analysis

Search :
Google Scholor
Search :
Microsoft Academic Search
Cite

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.287.303

Md. Mursalin Hossain Rabbi , Nazia Tabassum

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Ahmed, R., & Kim, I.-K. (2003). Patterns of daily rainfall in Bangladesh during the summer monsoon season: case studies at three stations. Physical Geography, 24(4), 295-318.Available at: https://doi.org/10.2747/0272-3646.24.4.295.

Bali Action Plan. (2007). Report of the Conference of the Parties on its thirteenth session, held in Bali from 3 to 15 December 2007, Retrieved from: http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2007/cop13/eng/06a01.pdf . [Accessed 10 December 2013].

Basak, J. K. (2009). Climate change impacts on rice production in Bangladesh: Results from a model. Center for research and action on development. Dhaka, Bangladesh: Unnayan Onneshan (www. unnayan. org).

Campbell, B. M., Vermeulen, S. J., Aggarwal, P. K., Corner-Dolloff, C., Girvetz, E., Loboguerrero, A. M., . . . Thornton, P. K. (2016). Reducing risks to food security from climate change. Global Food Security, 11, 34-43.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2005.1745.

Chowdhury, I. U. A., & Mohammad, A. E. K. (2015). The impact of climate change on rice yield in Bangladesh: A time series analysis. Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences, 40(4), 12-28.Available at: https://doi.org/10.18551/rjoas.2015-04.02.

Dasgupta, S., Hossain, M. M., Huq, M., & Wheeler, D. (2014). Climate change, soil salinity, and the economics of high-yield rice production in coastal Bangladesh. Policy Research Working Paper 7147.

De, U. K. (2017). An application of vector error correction model to analyze the impact of climate change on agricultural productivity in India's north-eastern region Sub Title Author De, Utpal Kumar Mallik, Girijasankar. Keio Economic Studies, 53, 39-51.

Easterling, W. E. (2007). Climate change and the adequacy of food and timber in the 21st century. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(50), 19679-19679.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0710388104.

Greene, W. (2008). Functional forms for the negative binomial model for count data. Economics Letters, 99(3), 585-590.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econlet.2007.10.015.

Gregory, P. J., Ingram, J. S., & Brklacich, M. (2005). Climate change and food security. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 360(1463), 2139-2148.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2005.1745.

Hossain, T., & Noman, A. (2018). Climate change, agricultural transformation and food security in Northern Bangladesh. Bangladesh Economic Association (BEA). Retrieved from: http://bea-bd.org/site/images/pdf/new17/47.pdf.

Islam, A., Tasnuva, A., Sultana, S., & Rumana, S. (2014). Climate change impact: Food production and local Perception. American Journal of Environmental Protection, 3(2), 45-50.Available at: https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajep.20140302.11.

Islam, M., Baten, M., Hossain, M., & Islam, M. (2008). Impact of few important climatic parameters on aman rice production in Mymensingh District. Journal of Environmental Science and Natural Resources, 1(2), 49-54.Available at: https://doi.org/10.21474/ijar01/7272.

Ismail, H. (2016). Climate change, food and water security in Bangladesh (Vol. 5, pp. 202). Hampden Road, Nedlands WA 6009, Australia: Future Directions International Pty Ltd.,Suite.

Kabir, M. H., Ahmed, Z., & Khan, R. (2016). Impact of climate change on food security in Bangladesh. Journal Pet Environ Biotechnol, 7(6), 306.Available at: https://doi.org/10.4172/2157-7463.1000306.

Kalra, N., Chakraborty, D., Sharma, A., Rai, H., Jolly, M., Chander, S., . . . Mittal, R. (2008). Effect of increasing temperature on yield of some winter crops in northwest India. Current science, 94(1), 82-88.

Lobell, D. B., & Field, C. B. (2007). Global scale climate–crop yield relationships and the impacts of recent warming. Environmental Research Letters, 2(1), 014002.

Lobell, D. B., Wolfram, S., & Justin, C.-R. (2011). Climate trends and global crop production since 1980. Science, 333(6042 ), 616-620.Available at: 10.1126/science.1204531.

Mamun, A. M., Ghosh, B. C., & Islam, S. R. (2015). Climate change and rice yield in Bangladesh: A micro regional analysis of time series data. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 5(2), 189-196.

Pesaran, M. H., Shin, Y., & Smith, R. J. (2001). Bounds testing approaches to the analysis of level relationships. Journal of Applied Econometrics, 16(3), 289-326.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1002/jae.616.

Rahman, A., & Biswas, P. (1995). Devours resources. Dhaka Courier, 11(42), 7-8.

Sarker, M. A. R., Khorshed, A., & Jeff, G. (2012). Exploring the relationship between climate change and rice yield in Bangladesh: An analysis of time series data. Agricultural Systems, 112 11-16.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2012.06.004.

Schlenker, W., & Roberts, M. J. (2009). Nonlinear temperature effects indicate severe damages to US crop yields under climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(37 ), 15594-15598.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0906865106.

Schmidhuber, J., & Tubiello, F. N. (2007). Global food security under climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(50), 19703-19708.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0701976104.

Shelley, I. J., Takahashi-Nosaka, M., Kano-Nakata, M., Haque, M. S., & Inukai, Y. (2016). Rice cultivation in Bangladesh: present scenario, problems, and prospects. Journal of International Cooperation for Agricultural Development, 14(4), 20-29.

Sikder, R., & Xiaoying, J. (2014). Climate change impact and agriculture of Bangladesh. Journal of Environment and Earth Science, 4(1), 35-40.

Talukder, B. (2007). Climate change and agriculture. The Daily Star. Retrived from: https://www.thedailystar.net/news-detail-5675.

Tesso, G., Emana, B., & Ketema, M. (2012). A time series analysis of climate variability and its impacts on food production in North Shewa zone in Ethiopia. African Crop Science Journal, 20 261-274.

Van Scheltinga, & CTHM Terwisscha. (2015). Recent changes in temperature and rainfall trends and variability over Bangladesh. Paper presented at the Gobeshona Conference on Research on Climate Change in Bangladesh.

Yohannes, H. (2016). A review on relationship between climate change and agriculture. Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change, 7(2), 335.Available at: 10.4172/2157-7617.1000335.

No any video found for this article.
Md. Mursalin Hossain Rabbi , Nazia Tabassum (2020). Exploring the Climate Change Impact on Major Food Crops of Bangladesh - A Time Series Analysis. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 7(4): 287-303. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.287.303
This paper tries to explore the dynamic relationship between the yield of major crops in Bangladesh (aus, amas, boro, wheat and potato) and climate change (average rainfall, average maximum temperature and average minimum temperature). Graphical visualization shows that, there is increasing trend in average annual minimum temperature and average annual minimum rainfall, while there is decreasing trend of average annual maximum temperature. We applied autoregressive distributive lag (ARDL) cointegration method in order to study the dynamic relationship. The paper finds long run dynamic link between yield of aus rice and average rainfall and average minimum temperature. We have found short run dynamic relationship for yield of aman rice, boro rice and potato. However, we do not find any dynamic relationship has been found for yield of wheat with the variables of climate change. After estimation the dynamic relationship, we ensure there is no serial correlation among residuals using Breusch-Godfrey test and models are normally distributed using histogram and Jarque-Bera test. Finally, we ensure the stability of the models applying CUSUM test.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literatures of climate change and its impact on yield of major food crops in Bangladesh with more recent and extended dataset and more logical statistical analysis based on global literatures. This is our original work.

The Effect of Land-Use on Herbaceous Production and Grazing Capacity in the Molopo District of the North West Province, South Africa

Pages: 275-286
Find References

Finding References


The Effect of Land-Use on Herbaceous Production and Grazing Capacity in the Molopo District of the North West Province, South Africa

Search :
Google Scholor
Search :
Microsoft Academic Search
Cite

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.275.286

Franci Jordaan , Jaco Van Rooyen

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Acocks, J. (1988). Veld types of South Africa. Memoirs Botanical Survey South Africa, No.57 (3rd ed., pp. 1-146). South Africa: SANBI, Pretoris.

Barnes, D., Odendaal, J., & Beukes, B. (1982). Use of the dry-weight-rank method of botanical analysis in the eastern Transvaal Highveld. Proceedings of the Annual Congresses of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa, 17(1), 79-83.

Briske, D. D., Derner, J., Brown, J., Fuhlendorf, S. D., Teague, W., Havstad, K., & Willms, W. (2008). Rotational grazing on rangelands: Reconciliation of perception and experimental evidence. Rangeland Ecology & Management, 61(1), 3-17. Available at: https://doi.org/10.2111/06-159r.1.

Coetzee, M. (2006). Best land-use strategies towards sustainable biodiversity and land degradation management in semi-arid Western rangelands in Southern Africa, with special reference to ants as bio-indicators (2006). PhD-Thesis, North West University, Potchefstroom Campus.  

DAFF (Department of Agriculture Forestry & Fisheries). (2017). Abstract of agricultural Statistics 2017. Pretoria: Directorate Statistics and Economic Analysis.

De Bruyn, T. D., Goqwana, M., & Van Averbeke, W. (1998). Is communal grazing in the Eastern Cape sustainable? Veld and Flora, 84(3), 82-83.

De Lange, A. (1994). Communal farming in arid regions. Karoo Agric, 6(1), 12-16.

Delgado, J. A., Groffman, P. M., Nearing, M. A., Goddard, T., Reicosky, D., Lal, R., & Salon, P. (2011). Conservation practices to mitigate and adapt to climate change. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 66(4), 118A-129A. Available at: https://doi.org/10.2489/jswc.66.4.118a.

Gamouna, M., Pattonb, B., & Hanchi, B. (2015). Assessment of vegetation response to grazing management in arid rangelands of southern Tunisia. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management, 1(2), 106-113.

Garland, G., Hoffman, M. T., & Todd, S. W. (1999). Chapter 6: Soil degradation. (1999). (In Hoffman M.T., S.W. Todd, Z. Ntshona & S.D. Turner. A national review of land degradation in South Africa.) (pp. 69-107). Pretoria: DEAT.

Hall, R., & Cousins, B. (2013). Livestock and the rangeland commons in South Africa's land and agrarian reform. African Journal of Range & Forage Science, 30(1-2), 11-15. Available at: https://doi.org/10.2989/10220119.2013.768704.

Hoffman, M., Todd, S., Ntshona, Z., & Turner, S. (1999). Land degradation in South Africa. Claremont, Pretoria, SA: National Botanical Institute.

Hoffman, M. T., & Todd, S. W. (1999). Chapter 7: Vegetation degradation (1999). (In Hoffman M.T., S.W. Todd, Z. Ntshona & S.D. Turner. A national review of land degradation in South Africa.) (pp. 108-161). Pretoria: DEAT.

Jordaan, F. P., Van Rooyen, J. N., & Strydom, W. S. (2019). The effect of land-use on the species composition and rangeland condition in the Molopo District of the North West Province, South Africa. (2019). Modern Agricultural Science and Technology, 5(5), 29-42. Available at: 10.15341/mast(2375-9402)/03.05.2019/004.

Kelly, R., & McNeill, L. (1980). Tests of two methods for determining herbaceous yield and botanical composition. Proceedings of the Annual Congresses of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa, 15(1), 167-171. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/00725560.1980.9648906.

Kirkman, K. P. (1999). Impact of stocking rate, livestock type and livestock movement on sustainable utilisation of sourveld. PhD Thesis, University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg.  

Low, A. B., & Rebelo, T. (1998). Vegetation of South Africa, Leshoto, and Swaziland. Pretoria: Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism.

Mangold, S., Kalule-Sabiti, M., & Walmsley, J. (2002). State of the environment report (pp. 210). North West Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Environment. Mzuri Consultants, Pretoria, South Africa.

Mannetje, L., & Haydock, K. (1963). The dry-weight-rank method for the botanical analysis of pasture. Grass and Forage Science, 18(4), 268-275. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1963.tb00362.x.

MEA Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. (2005). Ecosystems and human well-being: Synthesis. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Mucina, L., & Rutherford, M. C. (2006). The vegetation of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. Pretoria: South African National Biodiversity Institute.

North West Department of Rural Environment and Agricultural Development. (2014). North West environment outlook report 2013 (pp. 139). Mahikeng: North West Provincial Government.

NWREAD (North West Department of Rural Environment and Agricultural Development). (2014). North West environment outlook report 2013. Mahikeng: North West Provincial Government.

O'Connor, T. G., Kuyler, P., Kirkman, K. P., & Corcoran, B. (2010). Which grazing management practices are most appropriate for maintaining biodiversity in South African Grassland? African Journal of Range & Forage Science, 27(2), 67-76. Available at: 10.2989/10220119.2010.502646.

Palmer, A. R., & Bennett, J. E. (2013). Degradation of communal rangelands in South Africa: Towards an improved understanding to inform policy. African Journal of Range & Forage Science, 30(1-2), 57-63. Available at: https://doi.org/10.2989/10220119.2013.779596.

Peden, M. (2005). Tackling'the most avoided issue': Communal rangeland management in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. African Journal of Range and Forage Science, 22(3), 167-175. Available at: https://doi.org/10.2989/10220110509485876.

Ragab, R., & Prudhomme, C. (2002). Soil and water: Climate change and water resources management in arid and semi-arid regions: Prospective and challenges for the 21st century. Biosystems Engineering, 81(1), 3-34. Available at: 10.1006/bioe.2001.0013.

Scogings, P., De Bruyn, T., & Vetter, S. (1999). Grazing into the future: Policy making for South African communal rangelands. Development Southern Africa, 16(3), 403-414. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/03768359908440088.

Smet, M., & Ward, D. (2005). A comparison of the effects of different rangeland management systems on plant species composition, diversity and vegetation structure in a semi-arid savanna. African Journal of Range and Forage Science, 22(1), 59-71. Available at: https://doi.org/10.2989/10220110509485862.

Stats, S. (2020). Census of commercial agriculture of the North West Province. Results Presentation via Microsoft Teams.

Teague, R. (2017). Managing grazing to restore soil health and farm livelihoods. Paper presented at the Presentation at the Forages and Pastures Symposium: Cover Crops in Livestock Production: Whole-system Approach held at the 2017 ASAS-CSAS Annual Meeting, July 11, 2017, Baltimore, Maryland.

Todd, S., & Hoffman, M. (2000). Correlates of stocking rate and overgrazing in the Leliefontein Communal Reserve, central Namaqualand. African Journal of Range and Forage Science, 17(1-3), 36-45.

Van Oudtshoorn, F. (2012). Guide to grasses of Southern Africa (pp. 288). Queenswood, Pretoria. SA: Briza Publications.

Vetter, S. (2013). Development and sustainable management of rangeland commons–aligning policy with the realities of South Africa's rural landscape. African Journal of Range & Forage Science, 30(1-2), 1-9. Available at: https://doi.org/10.2989/10220119.2012.750628.

No any video found for this article.
Franci Jordaan , Jaco Van Rooyen (2020). The Effect of Land-Use on Herbaceous Production and Grazing Capacity in the Molopo District of the North West Province, South Africa. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 7(4): 275-286. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.275.286
There are three main types of rangeland management systems in South Africa, namely commercial livestock farming, communal livestock farming and game farming. In commercial farming you normally find one manager/owner with a specific management plan, whilst communal farming is characterized by numerous land users with no specific management plan. The communal areas are also normally overstocked and this overstocking leads to rangeland degradation. In this study the effect of two land-uses (commercial and communal) on herbaceous production and grazing capacity were studied. It was clear from the results that the herbaceous production of the communal rangelands was lower than that of the commercial rangelands. The grazing capacity figures showed that sustainable farming practices were also not possible if the communal rangeland is in a poor condition – this was not even possible in good rainfall years.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated herbaceous production and grazing capacity in the Molopo district of the North West Province of South Africa. The paper's primary contribution is finding that broad extrapolations between commercial and communal farming is scientifically incorrect.

Contributing Factors of Boro-Rice Production in Hakaluki Haor of Bangladesh

Pages: 267-274
Find References

Finding References


Contributing Factors of Boro-Rice Production in Hakaluki Haor of Bangladesh

Search :
Google Scholor
Search :
Microsoft Academic Search
Cite

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.267.274

Masud Alam , Bishwajit Sarker , Islam Uddin , Ashfaq Ahmed

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Bishwajit, G., Razib, B., & Sharmistha, G. (2014). Reviewing the status of agricultural production in Bangladesh from a food security perspective. Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences, 25(1), 19-27.

CEGIS. (2012). Master plan of haor area (Vol. 1). Summary Report. Bangladesh Haor and Wetland Development Board (BHWDB), Ministry of Water Resources, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh.

Coughenour, M., Reid, R., & Thornton, P. (2000). The savanna model. Washington, D.C: Future Harvest.

CWBMP (Coastal and Wetland Biodiversity Management Project). (2005). Strategic aspects of plant biodiversity management in Hakaluki Haor, Department of environment. Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh.

FAO. (2008). Report of the fao expert workshop on the use of wild fish and/or other aquatic species as feed in aquaculture and its implications to food security and poverty alleviation,” Kochi, India, 16–18 November 2007. FAO Fisheries Report No. 867, Rome.

Houghton, R. A. (1994). The worldwide extent of land-use change. BioScience, 44(5), 305-313.

Huda, M. (2004). Experience with modern and hybrid rice varieties in haor ecosystem: Emerging technologies for sustainable rice production. Paper presented at the Twentieth National Workshop on Rice Research and Extension in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Rice Research Institute. Gazipur-1701, 19-21 April 2004.

Mas, J.-F., Velázquez, A., Díaz-Gallegos, J. R., Mayorga-Saucedo, R., Alcántara, C., Bocco, G., . . . Pérez-Vega, A. (2004). Assessing land use/cover changes: A nationwide multidate spatial database for Mexico. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 5(4), 249-261. Available at: 10.1016/j.jag.2004.06.002.

Rana, M. P., Sohel, M. S. I., Akhter, S., & Alam, M. S. (2009). Haor based livelihood dependency of a rural community: A study on Hakalukihaor in Bangladesh. Proceedings of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences, 47(1), 1-10.

Sala, O. E., Chapin, F. S., Armesto, J. J., Berlow, E., Bloomfield, J., Dirzo, R., Kinzig, A. (2000). Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100. Science, 287(5459), 1770-1774.

SEMP. (2005). Rapid internal evaluation of the community based haor and floodplain resource management project (Draft Final Report). Dhaka: IUCN-Bangladesh.

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). (2009). Caribbean environment outlook.

World Bank. (2010). World development report 2010: Development and climate change. Washington, DC: World Bank.

Zhao, G., Lin, G., & Warner, T. (2004). Using thematic mapper data for change detection and sustainable use of cultivated land: A case study in the Yellow River delta, China. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 25(13), 2509-2522.

No any video found for this article.
Masud Alam , Bishwajit Sarker , Islam Uddin , Ashfaq Ahmed (2020). Contributing Factors of Boro-Rice Production in Hakaluki Haor of Bangladesh. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 7(4): 267-274. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.267.274
Bangladesh is a riverside country and Hakaluki haor is one of the major wetlands. This research aims to identify the key factors affecting Boro-rice production and also to discover the optimum farming system. Information was collected from 150 respondents through a structured questionnaire and also focus group discussion. Descriptive analysis and factor analysis was applied to identify the key factors of Boro-rice production. Among the problems of Boro-rice production, more than two-thirds of the farmer tackled irrigation-related problems whereas insect and disease problems affect all farmland. The price of inorganic fertilizer is high but two-third of them applies inorganic fertilizer. The rate of applying high yield variety (HYV) was found very low. A remarkable portion of the farmer practices mass media so information should be strengthening for increasing production. The rate of adoption method of modern technology (i.e., crop rotation and practice intercropping) is very poor. The agricultural extension service was not sufficient. More than half of the farmers sell their production in the crisis period. Flash flood was the major natural disaster and most of the farmers claimed that heavy rain and an unexpected misplaced dam was the prime reason for flashflood. In factor analysis, seed plant cost, plow cost, irrigation cost, as well as family size and cultivable lands (last year), were found as significant factors for Boro-rice production. So, the government may give more support to the farmers so that they increase cultivable land as well as sustain their livelihood.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated to identify the key factors affecting Boro-rice production in Hakaluki haor and also discover the optimum farming system.

Breeding for Weevil (Sitophilus Zeamais Motschulsky) Resistance in Maize (Zea mays L)

Pages: 255-266
Find References

Finding References


Breeding for Weevil (Sitophilus Zeamais Motschulsky) Resistance in Maize (Zea mays L)

Search :
Google Scholor
Search :
Microsoft Academic Search
Cite

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.255.266

Stephen Taulu , Davis M. Lungu , Philemon H. Sohati

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abebe, F., Tefera, T., Mugo, S., Beyene, Y., & Vidal, S. (2009). Resistance of maize varieties to the maize weevil Sitophilus zeamais (Motsch.)(Coleoptera: Curculionidae). African Journal of Biotechnology, 8(21), 5937-5943.Available at: https://doi.org/10.5897/ajb09.821.

Arnason, T., Conilth de Beyssac, B., Philogene, B. J. R., Bervinson, D., Serratos, J. A., & Mihm, J. A. (1997). Mechanisms of resistance in maize grain to the maize weevil and the larger grain borer. In Mihm, J.A (Ed.), Insect Resistant maize - recent advances and utilization. Paper presented at the International Symposium., Mexico City. 27 Dec -3 Dec 1994. CIMMYT, Mexico City.

ASARECA–TUUSI. (2009). Drought and low-N torelant maize germplasm and varieties– inbred lines, populations, OPVs, Hybrids.

Barbano, D. M., Lynch, J. M., & Fleming, J. R. (1991). Direct and indirect determination of true protein content of milk by Kjeldahl analysis: Collaborative study. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 74(2), 281-288.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1093/jaoac/74.2.281.

Bekele, J., & Hassanali, A. (2001). Blend effects in the toxicity of the essential oil constituents of ocimum kilimandscharicum and Ocimum kenyense (Labiateae) on two post-harvest insect pests. Phytochemistry, 57(3), 385-391.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0031-9422(01)00067-x.

Bosque-Perez, N. A., & Buddenhagen, I. W. (1992). The development of host- plant resistance to insect pests: Outlook for the tropics. In: Menken, S.B.J., et al. (Ed.). Paper presented at the 8th International Symposium. Insect-pest Relationships. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrech.

Caswell, G. H. (1962). Agricultural entomology in the tropics (pp. 40 -76). London: Edward Arnold.

Chapman, R. (2000). Entomology in the twentieth century. Annual Review of Entomology, 45(1), 261-285.

CIMMYT. (2001). Maize research Highlights 1999-2000. International maize and wheat improvement centre. Mexico: CIMMYT.

Classen, D., Arnason, J., Serratos, J., Lambert, J., Nozzolillo, C., & Philogene, B. (1990). Correlation of phenolic acid content of maize to resistance to Sitophilus zeamais, the maize weevil, in CIMMYT'S collections. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 16(2), 301-315.

Derera, J., Pixley, K., & Giga, D. (2001). Resistance of maize to the maize weevil: I. Antibiosis. African Crop Science Journal, 9(2), 431-440.

Dobie, P. (1974). The laboratory assessment of the inherent susceptibility of maize varieties to post-harvest infestation by Sitophilus zeamais Motsch. (Coleoptera, Curculionidae). Journal of Stored Products Research, 10(3-4), 183-197.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-474x(74)90006-x.

Dobie, P. (1977). The laboratory assessment of the inherent susceptibility of maize varieties to post-harvest infestation by sitophilus zeamais motsch. Coleoptera, Curculionidae. Journal of Stored Products Research, 10(3-4), 183-197.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-474x(74)90006-x.

FAO. (1991). Maize post-harvest operations. Rome: FAO.

García‐Lara, S., Bergvinson, D. J., Burt, A. J., Ramputh, A. I., Díaz‐Pontones, D. M., & Arnason, J. T. (2004). The role of pericarp cell wall components in maize weevil resistance. Crop Science, 44(5), 1546-1552.Available at: https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2004.1546.

Gwinner, J., Harnisch, R., & Muck, O. (1996). Manual on the prevention of post-harvest seed losses, post-harvest project (pp. 294-295). Hamburg, FRG: GTZ, D-2000.

Hallauer, A. R., & Miranda, J. B. (1988). Quantitative genetics in maize breeding Iowa state (pp. 49-52). Ames: University Press.

Kamanula, J., Sileshi, G. W., Belmain, S. R., Sola, P., Mvumi, B. M., Nyirenda, G. K., . . . Stevenson, P. C. (2011). Farmers' insect pest management practices and pesticidal plant use in the protection of stored maize and beans in Southern Africa. International Journal of Pest Management, 57(1), 41-49.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/09670874.2010.522264.

Keba, T., & Waktole, S. (2013). Differential resistance of maize varieties to maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) under laboratory conditions. Journal of Entomology, 10(1), 1-12.Available at: https://doi.org/10.3923/je.2013.1.12.

Kossou, D. K., Mareck, J. H., & Bosque-Perez, N. (1993). Comparison of improved and local maize varieties in the republic of Benin with emphasis on susceptibility to sitophilus zeamais motschulsky. Journal of Stored Products Research, 29(4), 333-343.

Makate, N. (2010). The susceptibility of different maize varieties to post harvest infestation by Sitophilus zeamais (Motsch) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Scientific Research Essay, 5030-5034.

Makkar, H. P. S. (2003). Quantification of Tannis in tree and shrub foliage, laboratory manual. Vienna, Austria: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Pixley, K. (1997). CIMMYT Mid-altitude maize breeding programme (Vol. 97, pp. 7-13). CIMMYT-Zimbabwe Annual Research Report, 1996/97.

Sen, S., Mukhopadhyay, S., Wetzel, J., & Biswas, T. K. (1994). Characterization of the mitochondrial DNA polymerase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Acta Biochimica Polonica, 41(1), 79-86.

Serratos, J. A., Blanco-Labra, A., Arnason, J. T., & Mihm, J. A. (1997). Genetics of maize grain resistance to maize weevil. In Mihm J.A.  Insect resistant maize: Recent advances and utilization. Paper presented at the Proceedings of an International Symposium, 27 Nov – 3 Dec, 1994.

Serratos, J., Arnason., J., Baum, B., Gale, J., Lambert, J., Bergvinson, D., . . . Jewell, D. (1993). Variation in resistance of mexican landraces of maize to maize weevil Sitophilus zeamais, in relation to taxonomic and biochemical parameters. Euphytica, 74(3), 227-236.

Siwale, J., Mbata, K., McRobert, J., & Lungu, D. (2007). Comparative resistance of improved maize genotypes and landraces to maize weevil. African Crop Science Journal, 17, 1-16.

Tongjura, J. D. C., Amuga, G. A., & Mafuyai, H. B. (2010). Laboratory assessment of the susceptability of some varieties of Zea mays infested with Sitophilus zeamais, Motsch. Coleoptera, Curculionidae in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. Science World Journal, 5(2).Available at: https://doi.org/10.4314/swj.v5i2.61514.

No any video found for this article.
Stephen Taulu , Davis M. Lungu , Philemon H. Sohati (2020). Breeding for Weevil (Sitophilus Zeamais Motschulsky) Resistance in Maize (Zea mays L). International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 7(4): 255-266. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.255.266
A study was conducted with an overall objective of establishing the determinants of weevil resistance in maize. Field experiments were done at GART using a North Carolina Design II with three replications and also at Nanga research in Mazabuka. Laboratory experiments were conducted at Zambia Agriculture Research Institute (ZARI) Entomology laboratory and University of Zambia, Food Science Department where insect bioassay and the biochemical tests were done respectively. In the insect bioassay grain hardness, grain weight loss, median development period, F1 progeny emergence and the Dobie index of susceptibility indices were measured. Protein and the Phenolic content were determined under the biochemical tests among genotypes. They were highly significant differences in all the twenty seven genotypes evaluated. Results showed that Parental survival accounted for 78.5 % of the total variation, Phenolic content was strongly and positively correlated (r = 0.423***) with grain hardness providing a good measure of resistance accounting for the 10.9 % of the total variation. The study showed the possibility of breeding maize genotypes with an increased resistance and also susceptible lines had a decreasing Phenolic content but increasing Phenolic content resulted in increased resistance. It was therefore concluded that Phenolic content and parental survival can be used as an indirect selection criteria for weevil resistance.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the development of the Host-plant resistance as a pest control method is environmentally safe, economically cheaper method to farmers and most compatible with other components in the Integrated Pest Management initiatives.

A Survey of Farmers Knowledge and Practice on the Management of Watermelon Diseases in Horticultural Belt of Mt. Kenya Slopes

Pages: 244-254
Find References

Finding References


A Survey of Farmers Knowledge and Practice on the Management of Watermelon Diseases in Horticultural Belt of Mt. Kenya Slopes

Search :
Google Scholor
Search :
Microsoft Academic Search
Cite

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.244.254

Salome W. Kiarie , Susan S. Imbahale , Sheila Okoth , Mary Gikungu

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abderrahmane, K., & Lahcen, E. (2015). Insecticidal effect of plant extracts on aphids of watermelon. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 5(3), 173–179.

Abong’o, D., Wandiga, S., & Jumba, I. (2018). Occurrence and distribution of organochlorine pesticide residue levels in water, sediment and aquatic weeds in the Nyando River catchment, Lake Victoria, Kenya. African Journal of Aquatic Science, 43(3), 255-270.

Achiri, D., Akotsen-Mensah, C., & Afreh-Nuamah, K. (2017). Principal component analysis of some pesticides handling practices of small scale vegetable farmers in rural and urban districts in Ghana. Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, 4(3), 1 – 7.

Alao, F., Adebayo, T., & Olaniran, O. (2016). Population density of insect pests associated with watermelon (Citrullus lanatus Thunb) in southern guinea savanna zone, Ogbomoso. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 4(4), 257-260.

Balliu, A., & Sallaku, G. (2017). Early production of melon, watermelon and squashes in low tunnels. Good Agricultural Practices for greenhouse vegetable production in the South East European countries (pp. 341-351).

Brittain, C., Vighi, M., Bommarco, R., Settele, J., & Potts, S. (2010). Impacts of a pesticide on pollinator species richness at different spatial scales. Basic and Applied Ecology, 11(2), 106-115. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.baae.2009.11.007.

CIA (Central Intelligence Agency). (2017). Data on youth unemployment and driving factors in Kenya. USA: World Facts, CIA.

Dalla, V. F. (2012). Exploring opportunities and constrains for young agro enterpreneurs in Africa. Paper presented at the Conference. FAO Rome.

Dively, G. P., Embrey, M. S., Kamel, A., Hawthorne, D. J., & Pettis, J. S. (2015). Assessment of chronic sublethal effects of imidacloprid on honey bee colony health. PloS One, 10(3), e0118748. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126043.

Dube, J., Ddamulira, G., & Maphosa, M. (2020). Watermelon production in Africa: Challenges and opportunities. International Journal of Vegetable Science, 1-9. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/19315260.2020.1716128.

Foley, J. A., Ramankutty, N., Brauman, K. A., Cassidy, E. S., Gerber, J. S., Johnston, M., & West, P. C. (2011). Solutions for a cultivated planet. Nature, 478(7369), 337-342.

GOK. (2016). National land use policy. Physical planning department. Nairobi: Ministry of Lands and Physical Planning.

Googgle Maps. (2018). Retrieved from https://www.google.com .

Greenlife. (2020). Retrieved from https://www.greenlife.co.ke .

Horticultural Crops Directorate (HCD). (2016). Validation report 2013-2014. Nairobi: Kenya National Bureau of Statistics.

Horticultural Crops Directorate (HCD). (2018). Validation report 2015-2016. Nairobi: Kenya National Bureau of Statistics.

International Labour Organization (ILO). (2010). Code of practice on safety and Health in agriculture. Geneva: International Labour Organization.

Isaac, M., & Kibera, F. (2016). The influence of farmer characteristics on performance of commercial farmers in Kiambu County, Kenya. European Journal of Business and Social Sciences, 5(3), 63-78.

Keinath, A., Wintermantel, W., & Zitter, T. (2017). Compendium of cucurbit diseases and Pests. St. Paul, MN: American Phytopathological Society.

Kenya Meteriological Department. (2016). World weather information service – Embu: World Meteorological Organization.

Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service (KEPHIS). (2018). Annual Report and Financial Statement, Nairobi, Kenya.

Kiplimo, L. B., & Ngeno, V. (2016). Understanding the effect of land fragmentation on farm level efficiency: An application of quantile regression-based thick frontier approach to maize production in Kenya. Paper presented at the 5th International Conference of the African Association of Agricultural Economists, September 23-26, 2016, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Kisaka, M. O., Mucheru-Muna, M., F. K, Ngetich, F. K., Mugwe, J. N., Mugendi, D., & Mairura, F. F. (2015). Rainfall variability, drought characterization, and efficacy of rainfall data reconstruction: Case of Eastern Kenya: Advances in Meteorology; Hindawi Publishing Corporation.

KNBS (Kenya National Bureau of Statistics). (2015). Statistical abstract. Nairobi: KNBS.

KNBS Kenya National Bureau of Statistics - Economic Survey. (2019). Retrieved from: https://www.knbs.or.ke/download/economic-survey-2019/ .

Lilly, V. (2013). Watermelon production in Tamilnadu-at a glance. Cultivation Patterns, Health Benefits, Watermelon: Indian Journal of Applied Research, 3(6).

Mulema, A. A., Jogo, W., Damtew, E., Mekonnen, K., & Thorne, P. (2019). Women farmers’ participation in the agricultural research process: Implications for agricultural sustainability in Ethiopia. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 17(2), 127-145. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/14735903.2019.1569578.

Muraoka, R., Jin, S., & Jayne, T. S. (2018). Land access, land rental and food security: Evidence from Kenya. Land use Policy, 70, 611-622.

Murimi, E. K., Njeru, L., Gichimu, B., & Ndirangu, S. N. (2019). Effects of urban expansion on agricultural resources: A case study of Embu Town in Kenya. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 33(4), 1-11.

Mwaura, G. M. (2015). Self-making green livelihoods among educated youth in contemporary Kenya. Paper presented at the Yorkshire African Studies Conference, 19th may, 2015, University of Sheffield.

Namdari, M. (2011). Energy use and cost analysis of watermelon production under different farming technologies in Iran. Karaj, Iran: Agriculture Engineering, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, University of Tehran.

Ndirangu, S. N. (2017). An evaluation of the effect of land fragmentation and agro-ecological zones on food security and farm efficiency: The case of Embu county in Kenya. PhD Thesis University of Nairobi

Njeru, M. K., Mutegi, J. K., & Muraya, M. M. (2020). Eco-friendly farming practices and the intensity of their adoption in the agroecosystems of Embu County, Kenya. African Journal of Biological Sciences, 2(1), 28-38. Available at: https://doi.org/10.33472/afjbs.2.1.2020.28-38.

Njeru., L. K., & Mwangi, J. G. (2015). Influence of youth access to farm products markets on their participation in agriculture in Kajiado North Sub-county. International Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development Studies, 2(2), 10-18.

Nyakundi, W. O., Magoma, G., Ochora, J., & Nyende, A. B. (2017). A survey of pesticide use and application patterns among farmers: A case study from selected horticultural farms in rift valley and central Provinces, Kenya. Nairobi, Kenya: Institute pf Biotechnology Research, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology.

Oluwasogo, D. O. (2015). Analysis of factors affecting watermelon. Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal, 4(2), 324-329. Available at: 10.4314/star.v4i2.45.

Research Solutions Africa. (2017). Study of the mapping of distributors of fruits and vegetables in Kenya; Main Report. Nairobi: Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Route to Food. (2019). Pesticides in Kenya: Why our health, environment and food security are at stake. Retrieve from www.routetofood.org .

Said, E. M., & Fatiha, H. (2018). Genotypic variability in fruits characters of Moroccan watermelon cultivars (Citrullus lanatus) cultivars under well and limited wateredconditions. Horticulture International Journal, 2, 378–381. Available at: 10.15406/hij.2018.02.00080.

Tange, D. A. (2019). Comparative studies on watermelon production in the North West and South West Regions of Cameroon: A rural and a peri-urban experience. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 12(4), 55-68. Available at: 10.9790/2380-1204015568.

Tridge. (2020). Seasonal market report. A comprehensive market update on agricultural products currently in the key harvest season. Watermelon, Kenya, April 2020. Retrieved from https://www.tridge.com/intelligences/watermelon/KE .

Tsimbiri, P. F., Moturi, W. N., Sawe, J., Henley, P., & Bend, J. R. (2015). Health impact of pesticides on residents and horticultural workers in the Lake Naivasha Region, Kenya. Occupational Disease and Environmental Medicine, 3, 24-34. Available at: 10.4236/odem.2015.32004.

United Nations (UN). (2017). Globally harmonized system of classification and labelling of chemicals (GHS) (7th ed.). New York: UN.

USAID. (2011). Gender equality and female empowerment policy March 2012 Washington, DC. Retrieved from: https://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1865/GenderEqualityPolicy_0.pdf .

Valk, & Koomen. (2012). Aspects determining the risk of pesticides to wild bees: Risk profiles for focal crops on three continents. Rome: Pollination Services for Sustainable Agriculture - Field Manuals. FAO.

Whitehorn, P. R., O’connor, S., Wackers, F. L., & Goulson, D. (2012). Neonicotinoid pesticide reduces bumble bee colony growth and queen production. Science, 336(6079), 351-352. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1215025.

Winfree, R. (2008). Pollinator-dependent crops: An increasingly risky business. Current Biology, 18(20), R968-R969

No any video found for this article.
Salome W. Kiarie , Susan S. Imbahale , Sheila Okoth , Mary Gikungu (2020). A Survey of Farmers Knowledge and Practice on the Management of Watermelon Diseases in Horticultural Belt of Mt. Kenya Slopes. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 7(4): 244-254. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.244.254
Horticulture is the largest sub-sector of agriculture, in Kenya, contributing 33% of the Agricultural GDP. Watermelon is the sixth among eight listed fruits which are economically important horticultural produce in Kenya. The fruit is grown mostly in dry areas of Kenya, however due to high demand, large acreage of land on the slopes of Mt. Kenya are now being cultivated with this crop. A study was carried out in July 2018 to examine watermelon farmers’ knowledge and practice in the management of watermelon diseases on the slopes of Mt. Kenya. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to 80 watermelon farmer’s selected using Snowball technique from Karurumo, Gachoka, Kiritiri and Ishiara locations. The survey revealed that majority of farmers grew watermelon on 1-2 acres. Watermelon diseases were reported to attack the plant at all stages of growth. Among the diseases, blight was reported by most respondents at 63.8%, followed by fusarium wilt (41.3%) and powdery mildew (38.8%). Farmers experience of various diseases was not significantly different in the four locations except for Fusarium wilt (p=0.046) and powdery mildew (p=0.020). Cold weather was reported by 60% of respondents as most conducive condition for disease occurrence, followed by rainy conditions (17.5%). Most farmers in all the locations applied pesticides (97.6%) as the major method of disease control, with a few (27.5%) practicing crop rotation. This was attributed to agronomic support by extension workers in the area. The slopes of Mt. Kenya, have potential of increased production only if farmers receive support in disease management.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated and documented the challenges faced by watermelon farmers in managing watermelon diseases, if support is provided in disease and pest management, production will increase and farmer livelihood improved in Mt. Kenya region.

Production and Value Chain Analysis of Lentil in Some Selected Areas of Bangladesh

Pages: 234-243
Find References

Finding References


Production and Value Chain Analysis of Lentil in Some Selected Areas of Bangladesh

Search :
Google Scholor
Search :
Microsoft Academic Search
Cite

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.234.243

Pradip Hajong , Md. Hafijur Rahman , Md. Shahriar Kobir , Suchana Paul

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Azad, A. K., Miaruddin, M., Ohab, M. A., Sheikh, M. H. R., Nag, B. L., & Rahman, M. H. H. (2020). Agricultural technology hatboy (9th ed.). Gazipur-1801, Bangladesh: Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute.

Bakhsh, A., Gafoor, A., Zubair, M., & Iqbal, S. M. (1991). Genotype environment interaction for grain yield in lentil. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 12(2), 102-105.

Bakr, M. A., Rahman, M. L., & Miah, M. D. (1997). Plant Protection of pulses-progress and prospect. Paper presented at the Paper Presented in National workshop on pulses. April 7-8, 1997, BARC, Farm Gate, Dhaka. 1991.

Baksh, M., Rossi, F., Momin, M., Hajong, P., & Tiwari, T. (2017). Economics of maize grain storage at household level in Chuadanga district of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research, 42(3), 549-561. Available at: https://doi.org/10.3329/bjar.v42i3.34514.

BBS. (2019). Yearbook of agricultural statistics, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Statistics and Informatics Division (SID), Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Retrieved from: http://www.bbs.gov.bd/site/page/3e838eb6-30a2-4709-be85-40484b0c16c6/ .

Bhatty, R. (1988). Composition and quality of lentil (Lens culinaris Medik): A review. Canadian Institute of Food Science and Technology Journal, 21(2), 144-160. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0315-5463(88)70770-1.

Erskine, W., & Witecombe, J. R. (1984). Lentil germplasm catalog (pp. 363). Aleppo, Syria: ICARDA.

GTZ Value Links. (2008). Value links manual. The methodology of value chain promotion. Germany: GTZ.

Hajong, P., Moniruzzaman, M., Mia, M. I. A., & Rahman, M. M. (2014). Storage system of potato in Bangladesh. Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, 2(1), 11-17. Available at: 10.13189/ ujar. 2014.020102.

Hajong, P., Mondal, S., Sikder, B., Paul, S. K., & Saha, D. (2016). Existing value chain assessment of date palm in selected areas of greater jessore district. Journal Sylhet Agricultural University, 3(1), 53-58.

Hajong, P., Sikder, B., Mondal, S., & Islam, M. (2018). Adoption and profitability of summer tomato cultivation in Jashore district of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research, 43(4), 575-585. Available at: https://doi.org/10.3329/bjar.v43i4.39154.

Kaplinsky, R., & Morris, M. (2001). A handbook for value-chain research. Retrieved from: http://www.ids.ac.uk/ids/global/pdfs/VchNov01.pdf .

Kohls, R. L., & Uhl, J. N. (2005). Marketing of agricultural products (9th ed.). New York: Macmillan Publishing co. Inc.

Matin, M., Islam, Q., & Huque, S. (2018). Profitability of lentil cultivation in some selected sites of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research, 43(1), 135-147. Available at: https://doi.org/10.3329/bjar.v43i1.36187.

Meera, K., Singh, S. P., Rahaman, S. M., Bairwa, S. L., & Meena, L. K. (2018). Value chain analysis of major pulses in Bihar: A situation analysis. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science, 6, 2832-2842.

Miah, A. A., & Rahman, M. (1991). Agronomy of lentil in Bangladesh. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the Seminar of Lentil in South Asia, 11-15 March 1991, New Delhi, India.

Rahman, M., Hossain, M., Sarker, M., & Bakr, M. (2012). Adoption and profitability of BARI lentil varieties in some selected areas of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research, 37(4), 593-606. Available at: https://doi.org/10.3329/bjar.v37i4.14384.

Tithi, S. M., & Barmon, B. K. (2018). Comparative advantages of lentil (Lens culinaris) and mustard (Brassica nigra L.) production and their profitability in a selected district of Bangladesh. The Agriculturists, 16(1), 21-33.

Uddin, M. J., Rashid, M. S. U., & Begum, M. E. A. (2020). Adoption impact of improved cowpea variety in selected areas of chattogram district of Bangladesh. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 7(1), 44-55. Available at: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.71.44.55.

USAID/Nepal. (2011). Value chain/ market analysis of the lentil sub-sector in Nepal. Nepal: United States Agency for International Development General Development Office Kathmandu.

No any video found for this article.
Pradip Hajong , Md. Hafijur Rahman , Md. Shahriar Kobir , Suchana Paul (2020). Production and Value Chain Analysis of Lentil in Some Selected Areas of Bangladesh. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 7(4): 234-243. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.234.243
The study assessed the value chain analysis of lentil in some selected areas of Bangladesh. Data were collected from 96 randomly selected lentil farmer, local trader, arathder, retailer and dal miller from Jashore, Jhenaidah and Kushtia district. The results indicated that most of the farmer of the study areas were cultivated BARI masur-8, BARI masur-7 and BARI masur-6 which were popular and prominent variety release from BARI. On an average, total production cost of lentil was Tk. 66373.83/ha, whereas variable cost was Tk. 35404.16/ha and fixed cost was Tk. 30969.68/ha. Average yield of lentil was 1.632 ton/ha in the study areas. Gross return was Tk. 115863.29/ha and net return was Tk. 49489.46/ha. Benefit cost ratio was 1.75 that means the lentil cultivation was profitable. Milling of 1 MT lentil at dal mill then it get 725 kg pulse (lentil) and 200 kg was husk (bran). Marketing cost of faria, bepari, wholesaler and retailer was Tk. 855/mt, Tk. 750/mt, Tk.5295/mt and Tk. 1580/mt respectfully. Retailer net margin was highest (Tk. 4945/mt) but they sold daily average 9.28 kg lentil only. Retailer was the highest value added Tk.6525/mt (44.85%) followed by wholesaler Tk.5525/mt (37.97%), faria (10.31%) and bepari Tk. 1000/mt (6.87%) respectfully. Total value added at different actors was Tk. 14550/mt. Bad weather and disease infestation were the major problems in the lentil cultivation.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated on the value chain, value addition and intermediaries involved in lentil value chain system of Bangladesh. This study also document about which variety of lentil was cultivated and profitability of lentil cultivation in Bangladesh.

Broiler and Indigenous Chickens: A Comparison through Biochemical Parameters

Pages: 228-233
Find References

Finding References


Broiler and Indigenous Chickens: A Comparison through Biochemical Parameters

Search :
Google Scholor
Search :
Microsoft Academic Search
Cite

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.228.233

Masud Alam , Mohammad Ohid Ullah , Syeda Umme Fahmida Malik , Mohammad Shahidul Islam

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abdi-Hachesoo, B., Talebi, A., & Asri-Rezaei, S. (2011). Comparative study on blood profiles of indigenous and Ross-308 broiler breeders. Global Veterinaria, 7(3), 238-241.

Aberra, M. (2011). Performance and physiological responses of naked-neck chickens and their F1 crosses with commercial layer breeds to long-term high ambient temperature. Global Veterinaria, 6(3), 272-280. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2011.06.007.

Bhuiyan, A. K. F. H. (2011). Implementation of national livestock development policy (2007) and national poultry development policy (2008): Impact on smallholder livestock rearers. Keynote paper presented at the South Asia Pro Poor Livestock Policy Programme (SAPPLP)-BRAC workshop held at BRAC Centre Inn, Dhaka.

Chowdhury, S. (2013). Family poultry production in Bangladesh: Is it meaningful or an aimless journey? World's Poultry Science Journal, 69(3), 649-665. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1017/s0043933913000652.

Dolberg, F. (2008). Bangladesh poultry sector country review. Rome: FAO Animal Production and Health Division.

FAO. (1997). Special programme for food security. Diversification component. Draft Report, Rome.

Hossain, M., Nishibori, M., & Islam, M. (2012). Meat yield from broiler, indigenous naked neck and full feathered chicken of Bangladesh. The Agriculturists, 10(2), 55-67. Available at: https://doi.org/10.3329/agric.v10i2.13142.

Islam, M., & Nishibori, M. (2009). Indigenous naked neck chicken: A valuable genetic resource for Bangladesh. World's Poultry Science Journal, 65(1), 125-138. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1017/s0043933909000010.

Kalita, D., Sultana, R., Roy, M., & Bharali, K. (2018). Comparative study of certain biochemical profile of broiler and indigenous chicken of Assam. Approaches in Poultry, Dairy & Veterinary Sciences, 2(4), 175-177. Available at: https://doi.org/10.31031/apdv.2018.02.000544.

Kalita., N., & Bhakat, C. (2011). Growth of female kids under different housing systems. Indian Veterinary Journal, 88(7), 59-61.

Ladokun, A., Yakubu, A., Otite, J., Omeje, J., Sokunbi, O., & Onyeji, E. (2008). Haematological and serum biochemical indices of naked neck and normally feathered Nigerian indigenous chickens in a sub humid tropical environment. International Journal of Poultry Science, 7(1), 55-58. Available at: https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2008.55.58.

Langhout, P. (2000). New additives for broiler chickens: Feed Mixture.

Meluzzi, A., Primiceri, G., Giordani, R., & Fabris, G. (1992). Determination of blood constituents reference values in broilers. Poultry Science, 71(2), 337-345.

Miah, M. Y., Chowdhury, S. D., & Bhuiyan, A. K. F. H. (2016). Effect of different dietary levels of energy on the growth performance and meat yield of indigenous chicken reared in confinement under the rural condition of Bangladesh. International Journal of Animal Resources, 1(1), 53-60.

Pampori, Z., & Iqbal, S. (2007). Haematology, serum chemistry and electrocardiographic evaluation in native chicken of Kashmir. International Journal of Poultry Science, 6(8), 578-582. Available at: https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2007.578.582.

Simaraks, S., Chinrasri, O., & Aengwanich, W. (2004). Hematological, electrolyte and serum biochemical values of the Thai indigenous chickens (Gallus domesticus) in northeastern, Thailand. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology, 26(3), 425-430. Available at: https://doi.org/10.3923/jbs.2007.689.692.

Singh, D. P. (2001). Assel in India (pp. 96-100). In Proceeding of a Seminar on Appropriate Poultry for Adverse Environments, Hyderabad, India.

Sirri, F., Castellini, C., Roncarati, A., Franchini, A., & Meluzzi, A. (2010). Effect of feeding and genotype on the lipid profile of organic chicken meat. European Journal of lipid Science and Technology, 112(9), 994-1002. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1002/ejlt.200900204.

Talebi, A., Asri-Rezaei, S., Rozeh-Chai, R., & Sahraei, R. (2005). Comparative studies on haematological values of broiler strains (Ross, Cobb, Arbor-acres and Arian). International Journal of Poultry Science, 4(8), 573-579. Available at: https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2005.573.579.

Tixier-Boichard, M., Bordas, A., & Rognon, X. (2009). Characterisation and monitoring of poultry genetic resources. World's Poultry Science Journal, 65(2), 272-285. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1017/s0043933909000245.

Younis, M. E., El-Edel, M. A., Nasr, S. M., Mahrous, U. E., & Aboghanima, M. M. (2016). Response of cobb and sasso broilers to feeding restriction and tryptophan supplementation. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 51(1), 127-134.

No any video found for this article.
Masud Alam , Mohammad Ohid Ullah , Syeda Umme Fahmida Malik , Mohammad Shahidul Islam (2020). Broiler and Indigenous Chickens: A Comparison through Biochemical Parameters. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 7(4): 228-233. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.228.233
In recent years, broiler farming has expanded much rapidly than that of indigenous chickens all over the world to meet the demand of animal protein. Serum biochemical parameters of chickens provide valuable information for the evaluation of their health status which might ultimately affect the consumers. In this study, we have compared these parameters for indigenous and broiler chickens. MANOVA, ANOVA and t-test were performed to compare the clustered and individual blood parameters according to two species of chickens. This experiment revealed that the serum lipid profile and liver functioning parameters are significantly different for the two species of chickens. The average level of these parameters was found significantly lower for indigenous chickens as compared to those of broiler chickens. This might have been brought about by the food habit of two species. Moreover, only AST was found greater for indigenous chicken. It might be suggested that indigenous (local) chicken is more suitable to the consumers due to a comparatively healthier levels of biochemical parameters.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper's primary contribution is the finding that average levels of all biochemical parameters except AST are significantly lower for indigenous chicken as compared to broiler chicken. This can be considered as a guideline to the consumers in deciding which species of chickens are to be consumed. We confirm that this work is original and no part of the work has been published before.

Interactive Effects of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Rhizobium on Growth and Nutrient Content of Arachis hypogaea

Pages: 211-227
Find References

Finding References


Interactive Effects of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Rhizobium on Growth and Nutrient Content of Arachis hypogaea

Search :
Google Scholor
Search :
Microsoft Academic Search
Cite

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.211.227

Surinder Kaur , Priyanka Singla , Shruti . , Muskaan .

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abbaspour, H., Saeidi-Sar, S., Afshari, H., & Abdel-Wahhab, M. (2012). Tolerance of mycorrhiza infected pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) seedling to drought stress under glasshouse conditions. Journal of Plant Physiology, 169(7), 704-709.

Abdel Latef, A. A. H., & Miransari, M. (2014). The role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in alleviation of salt stress. In: Use of microbes for the alleviation of soil stresses, (Ed.) Miransari, M (pp. 23-38). New York: Springer Science Business Media.

Aebi, H. (1984). Catalase in vitro. Methods in Enzymology, 105, 121-126. Available at: 10.1016/s0076-6879(84)05016-3.

Afkhami, M. E., Rudgers, J. A., & Stachowicz, J. J. (2014). Multiple mutualist effects: Conflict and synergy in multispecies mutualisms. Ecology, 95(4), 833-844. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1890/13-1010.1.

Akhtar, M. S., Siddiqui, Z. A., & Wiemken, A. (2011). Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and rhizobium to control plant fungal diseases. In: Alternative farming systems, biotechnology, drought stress and ecological fertilization. 263-292.

Alguacil, M., Hernandez, J., Caravaca, F., Portillo, B., & Roldan, A. (2003). Antioxidant enzyme activities in shoots from three mycorrhizal shrub species afforested in a degraded semi-arid soil. Physiologia Plantarum, 118(4), 562-570. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-3054.2003.00149.x.

Allen, S. F., Grimshaw, H. F., & Rowl, A. B. (1984). Chemical analysis. In: Methods in plant ecology, (Eds) Moor, P.D. and Chapman, S.B (pp. 185-344). Oxford: Blackwell.

Arnon, D. I. (1949). Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphenoloxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiology, 24(1), 1-15. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.24.1.1.

Aroca, R., Porcel, R., & Ruiz‐Lozano, J. M. (2007). How does arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis regulate root hydraulic properties and plasma membrane aquaporins in Phaseolus vulgaris under drought, cold or salinity stresses? New Phytologist, 173(4), 808-816. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2006.01961.x.

Bauer, J. T., Kleczewski, N. M., Bever, J. D., Clay, K., & Reynolds, H. L. (2012). Nitrogen-fixing bacteria, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, and the productivity and structure of prairie grassland communities. Oecologia, 170(4), 1089-1098. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-012-2363-3.

Bradford, M. M. (1976). A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding. Analytical Biochemistry, 72(1-2), 248-254. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2697(76)90527-3.

Castillo, F. J., Penel, C., & Greppin, H. (1984). Peroxidase release induced by ozone in Sedum album leaves: Involvement of Ca2+. Plant Physiology, 74(4), 846-851. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.74.4.846.

Chandrasekaran, M., Boughattas, S., Hu, S., Oh, S.-H., & Sa, T. (2014). A meta-analysis of arbuscular mycorrhizal effects on plants grown under salt stress. Mycorrhiza, 24(8), 611-625. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00572-014-0582-7.

Cicatelli, A., Lingua, G., Todeschini, V., Biondi, S., Torrigiani, P., & Castiglione, S. (2012). Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi modulate the leaf transcriptome of a Populus alba L. clone grown on a zinc and copper-contaminated soil. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 75, 25-35. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2011.08.012.

Clúa, J., Roda, C., Zanetti, M. E., & Blanco, F. A. (2018). Compatibility between legumes and rhizobia for the establishment of a successful nitrogen-fixing symbiosis. Genes, 9(3), 1-21. Available at: https://doi.org/10.3390/genes9030125.

Dalpé, Y., & Monreal, M. (2004). Arbuscular mycorrhiza inoculum to support sustainable cropping systems. Crop Management, 3(1), 1-11. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1094/cm-2004-0301-09-rv.

Dardanelli, M. S., de Cordoba, F. J. F., Espuny, M. R., Carvajal, M. A. R., Díaz, M. E. S., Serrano, A. M. G., . . . Megías, M. (2008). Effect of Azospirillum brasilense coinoculated with Rhizobium on Phaseolus vulgaris flavonoids and Nod factor production under salt stress. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 40(11), 2713-2721. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.06.016.

Dhindsa, R. S., Plumb-Dhindsa, P., & Thorpe, T. A. (1981). Leaf senescence: Correlated with increased levels of membrane permeability and lipid peroxidation, and decreased levels of superoxide dismutase and catalase. Journal of Experimental Botany, 32(1), 93-101. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/32.1.93.

Evelin, H., Giri, B., & Kapoor, R. (2012). Contribution of Glomus intraradices inoculation to nutrient acquisition and mitigation of ionic imbalance in NaCl-stressed Trigonella foenum-graecum. Mycorrhiza, 22(3), 203-217. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00572-011-0392-0.

Fellbaum, C. R., Gachomo, E. W., Beesetty, Y., Choudhari, S., Strahan, G. D., Pfeffer, P. E., . . . Bücking, H. (2012). Carbon availability triggers fungal nitrogen uptake and transport in arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(7), 2666-2671. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1118650109.

Geng, L.-L., Shao, G.-X., Raymond, B., Wang, M.-L., Sun, X.-X., Shu, C.-L., & Zhang, J. (2018). Subterranean infestation by Holotrichia parallela larvae is associated with changes in the peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) rhizosphere microbiome. Microbiological Research, 211, 13-20. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micres.2018.02.008.

Ghosh, D., & Xu, J. (2014). Abiotic stress responses in plant roots: A proteomics perspective. Frontiers in Plant Science, 5, 6.

Gibson, K. E., Kobayashi, H., & Walker, G. C. (2008). Molecular determinants of a symbiotic chronic infection. Annual review of Genetics, 42, 413-441. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.genet.42.110807.091427.

Goss, M., & De Varennes, A. (2002). Soil disturbance reduces the efficacy of mycorrhizal associations for early soybean growth and N2 fixation. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 34(8), 1167-1173. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0038-0717(02)00053-6.

Gould, K. S., & Lister, C. (2005). Flavonoid functions in plants. In: Flavonoids: Chemistry, biochemistry, and applications (eds.) Anderson, O.M. and Markham, K.R (pp. 397-441). Boca Raton: CRC.

Guether, M., Neuhäuser, B., Balestrini, R., Dynowski, M., Ludewig, U., & Bonfante, P. (2009). A mycorrhizal-specific ammonium transporter from Lotus japonicus acquires nitrogen released by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Plant Physiology, 150(1), 73-83. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.109.136390.

Habte, M., & Osorio, N. W. (2001). Arbuscular mycorrhizas: Producing and applying arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculum. Department of Tropical Plant and Soil Sciences, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii, Monoa.

Hajiboland, R., Aliasgharzadeh, N., Laiegh, S. F., & Poschenrieder, C. (2010). Colonization with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi improves salinity tolerance of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) plants. Plant and Soil, 331(1-2), 313-327. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-009-0255-z.

Hammer, E. C., Pallon, J., Wallander, H., & Olsson, P. A. (2011). Tit for tat? A mycorrhizal fungus accumulates phosphorus under low plant carbon availability. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 76(2), 236-244. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6941.2011.01043.x.

Hartree, E. F. (1957). Haematin compounds. In: Modern methods of plant analysis, (eds.) Paech, K. and Tracey, M.V. (pp. 197-245). Berlin: Springer-Verlag, Germany.

Hiscox, J., & Israelstam, G. (1979). A method for the extraction of chlorophyll from leaf tissue without maceration. Canadian Journal of Botany, 57(12), 1332-1334. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1139/b79-163.

Jackson, M. L. (1973). Soil chemical analysis (pp. 485). New Delhi: Printice Hall.

Jensen, E. S., Peoples, M. B., Boddey, R. M., Gresshoff, P. M., Hauggaard-Nielsen, H., Alves, B. J. R., & Morrison, M. J. (2012). Legumes for mitigation of climate change and feedstock in a bio-based economy – A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 32, 329-364. Available at: doi.org/10.1007/s13593-011-0056-7.

Kapoor, R., Sharma, D., & Bhatnagar, A. (2008). Arbuscular mycorrhizae in micropropagation systems and their potential applications. Scientia Horticulturae, 116(3), 227-239. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2008.02.002.

Khalil, H. A., Eissa, A. M., El-Shazly, S. M., & Nasr, A. M. A. (2011). Improved growth of salinity-stressed citrus after inoculation with mycorrhizal fungi. Scientia Horticulturae, 130(3), 624-632. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2011.08.019.

Kothari, S., Marschner, H., & George, E. (1990). Effect of VA mycorrhizal fungi and rhizosphere microorganisms on root and shoot morphology, growth and water relations in maize. New Phytologist, 116(2), 303-311. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1990.tb04718.x.

Krishna, G., Singh, B. K., Kim, E.-K., Morya, V. K., & Ramteke, P. W. (2015). Progress in genetic engineering of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.)—A review. Plant Biotechnology Journal, 13(2), 147-162.

Leport, L., Turner, N. C., Davies, S., & Siddique, K. (2006). Variation in pod production and abortion among chickpea cultivars under terminal drought. European Journal of Agronomy, 24(3), 236-246. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2005.08.005.

Lindner, R. (1944). Rapid analytical methods for some of the more common inorganic constituents of plant tissues. Plant Physiology, 19(1), 76-89. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.19.1.76.

Lucas, J. A., García-Cristobal, J., Bonilla, A., Ramos, B., & Gutierrez-Manero, J. (2014). Beneficial rhizobacteria from rice rhizosphere confers high protection against biotic and abiotic stress inducing systemic resistance in rice seedlings. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 82, 44-53. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2014.05.007.

McGonigle, T., Miller, M., Evans, D., Fairchild, G., & Swan, J. (1990). A new method which gives an objective measure of colonization of roots by vesicular—arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist, 115(3), 495-501. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1990.tb00476.x.

Mehlich, A. (1953). Determination of P, Ca, Mg, K, Na and NH4. Short Test Methods Used in Soil Testing Division, Department of Agriculture, North Carolina Soil Testing Division, Raleigh, North Carolina.

Miransari, M. (2011). Soil microbes and plant fertilization. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 92(5), 875-885. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-011-3521-y.

Mukherjee, A., & Ané, J.-M. (2011). Germinating spore exudates from arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: Molecular and developmental responses in plants and their regulation by ethylene. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 24(2), 260-270. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1094/mpmi-06-10-0146.

Nelson, D. W., & Sommers, L. (1973). Determination of total nitrogen in plant material 1. Agronomy Journal, 65(1), 109-112.

Olsen, S. R., & Sommers, L. E. (1982). Phosphorus. In: Methods of soil analysis, Agron. No. 9, Part 2-Chemical and microbiological properties, (ed.) Page, A.L (2nd ed., pp. 403-430). Madison, Wisconsin, USA: American Society of Agronomy.

Parniske, M. (2008). Arbuscular mycorrhiza: The mother of plant root endosymbioses. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 6(10), 763-775. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro1987.

Patel, D., & Saraf, M. (2013). Influence of soil ameliorants and microflora on induction of antioxidant enzymes and growth promotion of Jatropha curcas L. under saline condition. European Journal of Soil Biology, 55, 47-54. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejsobi.2012.12.004.

Patreze, C. M., & Cordeiro, L. (2004). Nitrogen-fixing and vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizal symbioses in some tropical legume trees of tribe Mimoseae. Forest Ecology and Management, 196(2-3), 275-285. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2004.03.034.

Phillips, J. M., & Hayman, D. (1970). Improved procedures for clearing roots and staining parasitic and vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for rapid assessment of infection. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 55(1), 158-161. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0007-1536(70)80110-3.

Raupach, G. S., & Kloepper, J. W. (1998). Mixtures of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria enhance biological control of multiple cucumber pathogens. Phytopathology, 88(11), 1158-1164. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1094/phyto.1998.88.11.1158.

Rotaru, V., & Sinclair, T. R. (2009). Interactive influence of phosphorus and iron on nitrogen fixation by soybean. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 66(1), 94-99. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2008.12.001.

Ruiz-Lozano, J. M., Porcel, R., Azcón, C., & Aroca, R. (2012). Regulation by arbuscular mycorrhizae of the integrated physiological response to salinity in plants: New challenges in physiological and molecular studies. Journal of Experimental Botany, 63(11), 4033-4044. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/ers126.

Sakamoto, K., Ogiwara, N., & Kaji, T. (2013). Involvement of autoregulation in the interaction between rhizobial nodulation and AM fungal colonization in soybean roots. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 49(8), 1141-1152. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-013-0804-8.

Samal, K. C., & Rout, G. R. (2018). Genetic improvement of vegetables using transgenic technology. In: Genetic engineering of horticultural crops (pp. 193-224): Academic Press.

Sathiyabama, M., & Balasubramanian, R. (2018). Protection of groundnut plants from rust disease by application of glucan isolated from a biocontrol agent Acremonium obclavatum. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 116, 316-319. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.04.190.

Schüβler, A., & Walker, C. (2010). The glomeromycota: A species list with new families and genera. Edinburgh & Kew, UK, The Royal Botanic Garden; Munich, Germany: Botanische staatssammlung munich and oregon. USA: Oregon State University.

Senoo, K., Solaiman, M. Z., Kawaguchi, M., Imaizumi-Anraku, H., Akao, S., Tanaka, A., & Obata, H. (2000). Isolation of two different phenotypes of mycorrhizal mutants in the model legume plant lotus japonicus after EMS-treatment. Plant and Cell Physiology, 41(6), 726-732. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1093/pcp/41.6.726.

Sharma, K. K., & Bhatnagar-Mathur, P. (2006). Peanut (arachis hypogaea L.), In: Agrobacterium protocols. Methods in molecular biology, (ed.) wang, K (Vol. 343, pp. 347-358). New Jersey: Springer.

Sheng, M., Tang, M., Chen, H., Yang, B., Zhang, F., & Huang, Y. (2008). Influence of arbuscular mycorrhizae on photosynthesis and water status of maize plants under salt stress. Mycorrhiza, 18(6-7), 287-296. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00572-008-0180-7.

Singh, P. K. (2012). Role of glomalin related soil protein produced by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: A review. Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science, 2(3), 119-125.

Smith, S. E., & Read, D. J. (2008). Mycorrhizal symbiosis. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, Inc.

Smith, S. E., Facelli, E., Pope, S., & Smith, F. A. (2010). Plant performance in stressful environments: Interpreting new and established knowledge of the roles of arbuscular mycorrhizas. Plant and Soil, 326(1-2), 3-20. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-009-9981-5.

Smith, S. E., Jakobsen, I., Grønlund, M., & Smith, F. A. (2011). Roles of arbuscular mycorrhizas in plant phosphorus nutrition: Interactions between pathways of phosphorus uptake in arbuscular mycorrhizal roots have important implications for understanding and manipulating plant phosphorus acquisition. Plant Physiology, 156(3), 1050-1057. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.111.174581.

Takeda, N., Tsuzuki, S., Suzaki, T., Parniske, M., & Kawaguchi, M. (2013). CERBERUS and NSP1 of Lotus japonicus are common symbiosis genes that modulate arbuscular mycorrhiza development. Plant and Cell Physiology, 54(10), 1711-1723. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pct114.

Thangella, P., Pasumarti, S., Pullakhandam, R., Geereddy, B., & Daggu, M. (2018). Differential expression of leaf proteins in four cultivars of peanut (arachis hypogaea L.) under water stress. 3 Biotech, 8(3), 157-157. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13205-018-1180-8.

Tian, C., Kasiborski, B., Koul, R., Lammers, P. J., Bücking, H., & Shachar-Hill, Y. (2010). Regulation of the nitrogen transfer pathway in the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis: Gene characterization and the coordination of expression with nitrogen flux. Plant Physiology, 153(3), 1175-1187. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.110.156430.

Van der Putten, W. H., Klironomos, J. N., & Wardle, D. A. (2007). Microbial ecology of biological invasions. The ISME Journal, 1(1), 28-37.

Walkley, A. (1947). A critical examination of a rapid method for determining organic carbon in soils—effect of variations in digestion conditions and of inorganic soil constituents. Soil Science, 63(4), 251-264. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-194704000-00001.

Weatherley, P. (1950). Studies in the water relations of the cotton plant. I. The field measurement of water deficits in leaves. New Phytologist, 49(1), 81-97. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1950.tb05146.x.

Wu, Q.-S., Zou, Y.-N., & He, X.-H. (2010). Contributions of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to growth, photosynthesis, root morphology and ionic balance of citrus seedlings under salt stress. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 32(2), 297-304. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11738-009-0407-z.

Xie, Z.-P., Staehelin, C., Vierheilig, H., Wiemken, A., Jabbouri, S., Broughton, W. J., . . . Boller, T. (1995). Rhizobial nodulation factors stimulate mycorrhizal colonization of nodulating and nonnodulating soybeans. Plant Physiology, 108(4), 1519-1525. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.108.4.1519.

Yol, E., Furat, S., Upadhyaya, H. D., & Uzun, B. (2018). Characterization of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) collection using quantitative and qualitative traits in the Mediterranean Basin. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 17(1), 63-75.

Zai, X., Qin, P., Wan, S., Zhao, F., Wang, G., Yan, D., & Zhou, J. (2007). Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on the rooting and growth of beach plum (Prunus maritima) cuttings. The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 82(6), 863-866. Available at: ttps://doi.org/10.1080/14620316.2007.11512319.

Zhu, Y.-G., Smith, S. E., Barritt, A., & Smith, F. A. (2001). Phosphorus (P) efficiencies and mycorrhizal responsiveness of old and modern wheat cultivars. Plant and Soil, 237(2), 249-255.

No any video found for this article.
Surinder Kaur , Priyanka Singla , Shruti . , Muskaan . (2020). Interactive Effects of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Rhizobium on Growth and Nutrient Content of Arachis hypogaea. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 7(4): 211-227. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.211.227
The present study was intended to investigate individual and interactive effects of Funneliformis mosseae (an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus) and Rhizobium (a root nodulating bacterium) on growth and yield of groundnut growing under natural conditions. Plants growing in arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) and/or Rhizobium inoculated soil exhibited superior growth, fitness and yield. Improvement in plant growth due to microbial inoculations had a significant correlation with their response to mycorrhization, relative water content, chlorophyll content, nutrient uptake, and antioxidant activity. The increase in all parameters except N acquisition and protein concentration was significantly higher on the formation of AM than rhizobial inoculation, albeit their combination displayed synergism to uplift metabolism and yield of host legume. Thus, the study indicated that synergistic behavior among microorganisms (AM and Rhizobium) had the most affirmative effects on the growth and harvest index of groundnut variety - TG37A and helped plants to thrive better in soils without chemical fertilizers.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature of tolerance aptitude of groundnut variety - TG37A against existing adverse environment. This study also documents the importance of AM and Rhizobium in improving the growth and metabolism of this variety.