International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

Published by: Conscientia Beam
Online ISSN: 2312-6477
Print ISSN: 2313-0393
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No. 3

Comparative Effect of Organic and In-Organic Fertilizer Treatment on the Growth and Tuberyeild of Sweet Potato (Ipomea Batata L)

Pages: 54-57
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Comparative Effect of Organic and In-Organic Fertilizer Treatment on the Growth and Tuberyeild of Sweet Potato (Ipomea Batata L)

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.70/2016.3.3/70.3.54.57

Citation: 3

Adeyeye, A.S , Akanbi W.B , Sobola, O.O , Lamidi, W.A , Olalekan, K.K

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Adeyeye, A.S , Akanbi W.B , Sobola, O.O , Lamidi, W.A , Olalekan, K.K (2016). Comparative Effect of Organic and In-Organic Fertilizer Treatment on the Growth and Tuberyeild of Sweet Potato (Ipomea Batata L). International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 3(3): 54-57. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70/2016.3.3/70.3.54.57
The experiment was conducted at the teaching and Research farm of the Federal University Wukari Taraba State, Nigeria to assess, evaluate and compare the effect of organic fertilizers such as poultry manure, cow dung, organic manure and in-organic fertilizers such as NPK and urea on the growth and tuber yield of sweet potato. The recommended rates of cow dung (10t/ha) poultry manure (10t/ha), organic manure (10t/ha) NPK15:15:15 (400kg/ha) and urea (200kgN/ha) were applied as treatment to sweet potato with a control at (0kg/ha). These were arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Measurement were taken on the growth and tuber yield at harvest such as the length of primary vein, number of secondary vein number of leaves, number of tuber and tuber weight. Data collected were analyzed using (ANOVA) and the significant means separated using Duncan multiple difference at 5% probability level. The result revealed or showed that numbers of leaves were significant in all the treatments. Application of urea fertilizer produced the highest number of tuber per plant, while tuber weight was not significantly different, but poultry manure application had the higher mean value of (2.34kg). It was concluding that application of poultry manure as organic fertilizer are better and can compare readily with inorganic fertilizer (urea) in the production of sweet potato.

Contribution/ Originality
Sweet potato is one of the most important field crop in the world and many studies have been carried out on the growth, productivity and nutritional properties including the effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers applications.The study therefore compares the effectiveness of available organic and inorganic fertilizer on the growth and tuber yield of the crop.

Straw Composting with Biological Agent Inoculation and Application Biofertilizer to Increase Rice Production

Pages: 49-53
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Straw Composting with Biological Agent Inoculation and Application Biofertilizer to Increase Rice Production

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.70/2016.3.3/70.3.49.53

Betty Natalie Fitriatin , Tualar Simarmata , Hersanti . , Tienturmuktini .

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Betty Natalie Fitriatin , Tualar Simarmata , Hersanti . , Tienturmuktini . (2016). Straw Composting with Biological Agent Inoculation and Application Biofertilizer to Increase Rice Production. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 3(3): 49-53. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70/2016.3.3/70.3.49.53
Problems using straw directly include the contamination of germs on the straw from the previous crop.  Alternatives that can be done are giving inoculant of biological decomposers The purpose of the research to test isolates decomposer in the rate of straw decomposition in soil and to test isolates biofertilizer on rice plants in soil treated straw compost. Greenhouse experiment was conducted for selecting isolates and formulations decomposer consortium and biological agents as well as the selection and formulation of biological fertilizers isolates. This experiment was consisted of treatments, i.e. incubation time composting (1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks) and inoculant (formulation A containing microbes T. harzianum, Bacillus subtililis, Cytophaga sp. and Bacillus licheniformis; i2 = Formulation B containing microbes B. subtililis, Cytophaga sp., and B. licheniformis, Streptomyces sp.) The field experiment was conducted to determine the effect of straw compost and biofertilizer inoculants (nitrogen fixation bacteria and phosphate solubilizing bacteria) on rice. Research at this stage using split plot experimental design was repeated three times. The main plot was the doses of straw compost + biofertilizer consisting of 8 treatments (0; 2.5; 5.0; 7.5 t ha-1 without and with biofertilizer 400 g ha-1). The subplot was doses of  inorganic fertilizer N, P and K consisting of 5 levels   (100%, 90%, 80%, 70% and 60% of recommendations dosages). The results showed that the A formulation containing T. harzianum, B. subtililis, Cytophaga sp. and B. Licheniformis whereas B formulation contains B. subtililis, Cytophaga sp., and B. Licheniformis, Streptomyces sp. B formulation capable of decomposing straw is better than A formulation. Application of straw compost and biofertilizer (5,0  t ha-1 + 400 g ha-1) could increase the yield of rice to 13.3%  and  substitute 20% of inorganic fertilizer (N, P and K).
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated to obtain decomposers consortium formulation which can be effective to straw composting and to study the effect of biofertilizer inoculants on rice plants in soil treated with straw compost.