International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

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Online ISSN: 2312-6477
Print ISSN: 2313-0393
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No. 2

Productivity of Farmland Values in Food Crop Production in the Natural Disasters Prone Areas of Imo State, Nigeria

Pages: 42-48
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Productivity of Farmland Values in Food Crop Production in the Natural Disasters Prone Areas of Imo State, Nigeria

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.70/2016.3.2/70.2.42.48

Ohajianya D.O , Okwara M.O , Ugwu J.N , Tim Ashama A. , Mbah R.O , Dike N.F

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  2. Chukuezi, N., 2008. Economic vulnerability of rural farmers to natural disasters in Imo State. M.Sc Thesis, Department  of Agricultural Economics, Federal University of Technology Owerri.
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  8. Korie, O.C., D.O. Ohajianya and N.C. Ehirim, 2006. Value chain of cassava and cassava-based products in Imo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences, 2(4): 400-404.
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  10. Ministry of Petroleum and Environment, 2006. Annual Report, Owerri, Imo State.
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  12. Ohajianya, D.O. and C.C. Asiabaka, 2016. Analysis of farmland value systems and productivity of cassava in ecologically vulnerable areas of Imo State, Nigeria. Contributed Paper at the 90th Annual Conference of Agricultural Economics Society, UK, held at University of Warwick England, UK, 4th -6th April.
  13. Ohajianya, D.O., P.C. Obasi and J.S. Orebiyi, 2006. Technical inefficiency and its determinants in food crop production in Imo State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural and Social Research, 6(2): 19-24.
  14. Okere, R.A., 2012. Analysis of land value systems and productivity of cassava in Imo State. M.Sc Thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Federal University of Technology Owerri.
  15. Okon, R.N. and P.C. Egbon, 1999. Fiscal federalism and revenue allocation. The poverty of the Niger Delta in Aigbokhan B.E (Ed), Fiscal Federalism and Nigerians Economic Development Selected Papers of the 1999 Annual Conference of the Nigerian Economic Society. NES, Ibadan.
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Ohajianya D.O , Okwara M.O , Ugwu J.N , Tim Ashama A. , Mbah R.O , Dike N.F (2016). Productivity of Farmland Values in Food Crop Production in the Natural Disasters Prone Areas of Imo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 3(2): 42-48. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70/2016.3.2/70.2.42.48
This study analyzed productivity of farmland values in food crop production in natural disasters prone areas of Imo State, Nigeria.  The study specifically determined farmland   values, productivity of food crop farmers by farmland values, and factors influencing food crop farmers productivity in the different farmland values. Data were collected with questionnaire from 280 proportionately and randomly selected food crop farmers. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, farmland value model, productivity model, and multiple regression techniques. Results showed that farmland suitability index ranged from < 0.499 to 0.948 with a mean of 0.350.Majority (72.1%) of the farmers cultivated on non-suitable farmlands, 22.9% of them cultivated on marginally suitable farmlands while few (5%) of the farmers cultivated on suitable farmlands, implying that majority of the farmlands cultivated for food crop production in the study area are not suitable. Food crop farmers’ productivity increases with suitability of farmland and the productivity of farmland increases from 1.35 to 2.25 and 3.14 as farmland moves from non-suitable to marginally suitable and suitable values respectively, thus making marginally suitable and suitable farmlands about 48% and 133% higher in farmland  productivity than non-suitable farmlands. Farmland rent, quantity of fertilizer applied, quantity of organic manure applied, education  level, quality of planting materials, and distance of farmland from  farmer’s home have significant influence on marginally suitable farmlands productivity. Farm size, quantity of fertilizer applied, quantity of organic manure applied, farming experience, and quality of planting materials significantly influenced suitable farmlands productivity. Crop farmers cultivating non-suitable farmland should explore measures to improve the fertility of their farmlands or minimize wastage of production resources through reduction in the size of farmlands, cultivated.
Contribution/ Originality
This study documents productivity of farmland values in food crop production in the natural disaster prone areas, using farmland value and productivity models. The paper’s major contribution is finding that the majority of farmlands cultivated by the farmers is non-suitable due to the influence of natural disasters.

Exposure of Medium Dose Gamma Rays and Storage Conditions Influenced the Weight Loss and Ripening of Alphonso Mango

Pages: 35-41
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Exposure of Medium Dose Gamma Rays and Storage Conditions Influenced the Weight Loss and Ripening of Alphonso Mango

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.70/2016.3.2/70.2.35.41

M. K. Yadav , N. L. Patel , S. L. Chawala , M. K. Mahatma

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M. K. Yadav , N. L. Patel , S. L. Chawala , M. K. Mahatma (2016). Exposure of Medium Dose Gamma Rays and Storage Conditions Influenced the Weight Loss and Ripening of Alphonso Mango. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 3(2): 35-41. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70/2016.3.2/70.2.35.41
Processing of fruits through radiation, involves exposure to short wave energy to achieve a specific purpose viz. reduced the weight loss and extended the ripening. An experiment was carried out to study the effect of irradiation and storage conditions in Alphonso mango on physiological weight loss and ripening. The experiment was laid out in completely randomized block design withfactorial concept with three repetitions. There were sixteen treatment combinations of irradiation dose (I1 -0.00, I2 -0.20, I3 -0.40 and I4 -0.60 kGy) and storage temperature (S1-Ambient, S2-90C, S3-120C and S4-CA storage (120C, O2 2%, CO2 3%). The fruits were exposed to gamma radiation for different doses from the source of 60Co at Board of Radiation and Isotope Technology, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai. The data indicated that the fruits irradiated with 0.40 kGy gamma rays (I3) recorded significantly minimum per cent reduction in PLW and extended the ripening. Same pattern noted when fruits kept at 90C storage temperature. In combined effect of 0.40 kGy gamma rays irradiation and 90C storage temperature (I3S2) also recorded maximum reduction in the PLW and ripening per cent throughout the storage period.

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