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Baba, M. D , I. D. Sanchi , T. A. Manga (2015). Analysis of Fresh Fish Marketing in Ngaski Local Government Area of Kebbi State, Nigeria. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 2(1): 22-30. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70/2015.2.1/188.8.131.52
The study examined the marketing of fresh fish in Ngaski Local Government Area of Kebbi State, Nigeria. With the aid of a sampling frame, proportionate random sampling technique was used to select fish marketers. Thus, a total of one hundred and ten (110) fish marketers constitute the sample size for the study. Structured questionnaire was used to collect data for the respondents. Data analysis was carried out using descriptive statistics, marketing efficiency, marketing margin and T-test statistics. Result of the study revealed that about 26% of fresh fish marketers in the study area were within the age range of 20 to 30 years, fresh fish marketing in the study area is dominated by males (71.9%). Furthermore, about 83% of fresh fish marketers in the study area were married; majority (85.4%) of fresh fish marketers in the study area were literate. About 72% of fresh fish marketers in the study area had their monthly income ranging from N2, 000 to N20, 000. Also revealed from the result, 38.1% of fresh fish marketers in the study area had fresh fish marketing experience of 6 to 10 years. Result further showed that marketing margin of an average fresh fish marketer was N190 and the percentage marketing margin was 30%. The marketing efficiency of fresh fish in the study area was 0.582 and percentage marketing efficiency was 58%. Majority (63.64%) of fresh fish marketers buy fish directly from the fishermen and retailed it to consumers. On the problems faced by fresh fish marketers in the study area, 58.2% reported that fish spoilage was the major problem of fresh fish marketing. There was significant difference between the retail price and the river bank price of fresh fish in the study area. It could be concluded that fresh fish marketing in the study area was profitable and that fresh fish marketing in the study area was inefficient. It is therefore recommended that research institute such as national centre for agricultural mechanization should develop simple, affordable and easily adoptable equipment for fresh fish storage and preservation to avoid spoilage and loss.
This study contributes to the existing literature in fish marketing and will provide empirical information to policy makers in the formulation of appropriate policies. It will also serve as a guide to practicing and prospective fish marketers and to researchers who may investigate further into the subject matter.
Analysis of Determinants of Demand and Supply of Maize in Aniocha North Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria
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Kindie Tesfaye , Girma Mamo , Solomon Tamiru (2015). Analysis of Determinants of Demand and Supply of Maize in Aniocha North Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 2(1): 12-21. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70/2015.2.1/184.108.40.206
This study on the analysis of determinants of demand and supply of maize was conducted in Aniocha North Local Government Area, Delta State with particular emphasis on some selected villages in the Local Government. The study covered forty maize producers randomly selected from eight villages from randomly selected two clans in the study area. Frequencies, means percentages and chi-square statistics were employed in the determining the data obtained. Chi-square statistics was used to ascertain whether socio-economic factors are significant determinants of demand and supply of maize in the study area. The result shows that the value of C hi-square calculated (2.45) < chi-square critical value (14.1) at five percent level of significance with degree of freedom of seven as was conducted. This implies that socio-economic characteristics were not significant determinants of demand and supply of maize. The result agrees with the null hypothesis which says that socio-economic characteristics are not significant determinants of demand and supply of maize in the study area. Hence it was accepted.
The study is one of the very few studies which have investigated the determinate of demand and supply of maize in Aniocha South Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria.
Analysis of Rainfall and Temperature Variability to Guide Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolar) Production in Miesso Areas, Eastern Ethiopia
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Solomon Tamiru , Kindie Tesfaye , Girma Mamo (2015). Analysis of Rainfall and Temperature Variability to Guide Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolar) Production in Miesso Areas, Eastern Ethiopia. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 2(1): 1-11. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70/2015.2.1/220.127.116.11
Assessment of climate variability at local level has enormous advantage in Ethiopia, where the driver of the economy is agriculture. This study was conducted to analysis rainfall and temperature variability to guide sorghum production in Miesso. Daily climate data was obtained from the National Meteorological Service Agency of Ethiopia (NMA). Temporal rainfall variability was assessed through the timing of onset date, end date, length of growing season and dry spell length using INSTAT climate guide. Temperature variability was examined in terms of pattern, trend and probability of exceedence. The long-term annual rainfall showed high variability from year to year with 25% coefficient of variation. Seasonally, the MAM total rainfall showed high variability than the JJAS total rainfall at Miesso. Rainfall onset date and length of growing season were highly variable. Higher minimum temperature values (>16 oC) are observed from April to August whereas maximum temperature reaches its lowest level in December, but increase again to maximum in June and start to decline as of July. The minimum and maximum temperatures showed an increasing trend both seasonally and annually. To avert the risks of rainfall and temperature variability the use of seasonal climate outlook is recommended for adjusting farm operations and farming system decisions in Miesso areas.
This study provides recent information on rainfall and temperature variability of Miesso meteorological station. This will help researchers, development planners and farmers to use climate information to adjust their farm level decisions to alleviate the risks of temporal seasonal climate variability in the area.