International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

Published by: Conscientia Beam
Online ISSN: 2312-0916
Print ISSN: 2312-5772
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No. 6

What Drives Banking Stability? Empirical Evidence from ECOWAS Countries

Pages: 155-165
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What Drives Banking Stability? Empirical Evidence from ECOWAS Countries

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2017.46.155.165

Mustapha A. Akinkunmi

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Mustapha A. Akinkunmi (2017). What Drives Banking Stability? Empirical Evidence from ECOWAS Countries. International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, 4(6): 155-165. DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2017.46.155.165
The study investigated the drivers of banking stability in ECOWAS countries. The results show that the stability in the banking sector is mainly influenced by the banking spread (Net Interest Margin-NIM). However, it finds that crises in the banking sector pose a negative influence on stability. In addition, the result reveals that high percentage of foreign banks reduces stability in the banking industry. The impact of income diversification has a positive influence on stability even though the effect is weak. Similarly, the impact of more concentrated banking industry on stability is positive but insignificant.
Contribution/ Originality

Rural Roads Infrastructure and Agricultural Products Distribution: A Focus on Akure South Local Government Area, Ondo State, Nigeria

Pages: 148-154
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Rural Roads Infrastructure and Agricultural Products Distribution: A Focus on Akure South Local Government Area, Ondo State, Nigeria

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2017.46.148.154

Olaogbebikan Jimoh Eniola , Iyare Osas

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Olaogbebikan Jimoh Eniola , Iyare Osas (2017). Rural Roads Infrastructure and Agricultural Products Distribution: A Focus on Akure South Local Government Area, Ondo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, 4(6): 148-154. DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2017.46.148.154
This study assesses the effects of Rural Road Infrastructure on the distribution of Agricultural products in Akure South Local Government area with a view to providing solutions to the problems caused by inadequate provisions of road infrastructure and its negative impact on agricultural product distributions in the study area. The study evaluated the opinion of the farmers, traders, drivers who are the users of rural roads as well as the government officials in charge of rural road maintenance and construction. Furthermore primary data were employed in eliciting information from the respondent through the questionnaires and systematic random sampling techniques were employed in gathering relevant data and information within the study area. The result of the analysis revealed a significant relationship at 0.05 between the quality of the road infrastructure and the transportation of agricultural product in the study area at p-0.02 and r-0.186. The study concluded that the roads in the study area as well as those connecting the farms with markets are bad and recommended that these roads should be widened and bituminized as well as the provisions of other road infrastructure and the member of the community should participate in rural roads construction and maintenance.
Contribution/ Originality
The study contributes in the existing literature on rural roads infrastructural provision, uses new estimation methodology in examining the state of rural roads, originate new formula for investigating road infrastructure, contribute the first logical analysis of roads infrastructure, its primary contribution is finding inadequate roads and document road infrastructural needs.

Effects of Corporate Social Responsibility on Banks Financial Performance in Nigeria: A Study of United Bank of Africa

Pages: 136-147
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Effects of Corporate Social Responsibility on Banks Financial Performance in Nigeria: A Study of United Bank of Africa

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2017.46.136.147

TIJANI, Abideen Adekunle , ADEOYE, Abayomi Olarewaju , ALAKA, Nureni Sanusi

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TIJANI, Abideen Adekunle , ADEOYE, Abayomi Olarewaju , ALAKA, Nureni Sanusi (2017). Effects of Corporate Social Responsibility on Banks Financial Performance in Nigeria: A Study of United Bank of Africa. International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, 4(6): 136-147. DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2017.46.136.147
The study investigates the effects of Corporate Social Responsibility on Banks Financial Performance in Nigeria with special reference to United Bank of Africa (UBA) Plc. The study utilized secondary sources of data, which were sourced from UBA’s annual report. The data sourced, spanned from 1992 – 2014. Data disaggregating into health issue, transportation and education proxies as Corporate Social Responsibility and Return on Equity as financial performance. The Ordinary Least Square (OLS) Estimation technique and Granger-causality test were adopted. The findings of the study suggests that there is insignificance relationship between Corporate Social Responsibility and financial performance. The paper recommends that management should see Corporate Social Responsibility as a business opportunity that is beneficial in the long run thereby, incorporating credible and well-structured social responsibility policies.

Contribution/ Originality
The study contributes to the existing literature by using disaggregated measure of Corporate Social Responsibility. The findings of the study are therefore relevant and useful to Corporate Managers and Policy makers as well as academics.

The Influence of Communication, Work Motivation and Career Development on Elementary School Teacher’s Job Performance in Medan, Indonesia

Pages: 124-135
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The Influence of Communication, Work Motivation and Career Development on Elementary School Teacher’s Job Performance in Medan, Indonesia

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2017.46.124.135

Kepler Sianturi , Manner Tampubolon

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Kepler Sianturi , Manner Tampubolon (2017). The Influence of Communication, Work Motivation and Career Development on Elementary School Teacher’s Job Performance in Medan, Indonesia. International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, 4(6): 124-135. DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2017.46.124.135
Work performance requires the integration of ability, efforts and the opportunity gained. This means that work performance is the result of work for a specified period of time and it accentuates more on the result of work completed for a specified period of time. One of the duties personnel department held responsible for in improving teacher job performance is through providing communication, implementing teacher career development program and motivating teachers so as to create work performance. This study sought to determine the influence of communication, career development and work motivation on work performance of elementary school teachers in Medan, Indonesia. The research was conducted on elementary school teachers in Medan. The research is descriptive quantitative research in nature. Upon analyzing the data, it was discovered that there is a positive and significant influence between the variables of communication (X1), work motivation (X2) and career development (X3) collectively on the dependent variable of work achievement (Y) of elementary school teacher in Medan namely 55,998 and the results of adjusted coefficient of determination (R Square) discovered that the variables of communication (X1), work motivation (X2) and career development (X3) collectively influence the dependent variable of work achievement (Y) amounting to 83,9% which means that R Square = 0,70 is strongly related. Thus, it can be concluded that 70,4% of factors influencing work performance stem from communication, work motivation and career development, whereas the remaining 69.2% is influenced by other factors.

Contribution/ Originality
The paper’s primary contribution of the study is that it’s finding association between communications, working motivation for career development on the performance of elementary school teachers. It is proven that communication, work motivation and career development are very important and have great potential to improve teacher performance, so as to make new breakthrough on their performance.

Analyzing Factors Affecting the Success of Social Media Posts for B2b Networks: A Fractional-Factorial Design Approach

Pages: 112-123
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Analyzing Factors Affecting the Success of Social Media Posts for B2b Networks: A Fractional-Factorial Design Approach

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2017.46.112.123

Citation: 1

Diana B. Kontsevaia , Paul D. Berger

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Diana B. Kontsevaia , Paul D. Berger (2017). Analyzing Factors Affecting the Success of Social Media Posts for B2b Networks: A Fractional-Factorial Design Approach. International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, 4(6): 112-123. DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2017.46.112.123
This paper explores the determining of which factors/variables, and the optimal levels of these factors that lead toward successful online posts in a B2B context. Using real data from a software development company’s official social media outlets, data made available only to the authors, we conducted a fractional-factorial design with two dependent (output) variables, which were measures of success: number of impressions, and number of actions. We examined the impact of six independent variables (“factors”) and some selected interactions of these factors on the two output measures. The factors are: day of post, time of day of post, presence of an image, presence of a hashtag, length of the message, and specific channel used. Three of the six factors were significant when analyzing number of impressions, while none of the factors made the 5% significance level when analyzing number of actions.

Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated the factors that determine the success of online posts in a B2B context. Also, it is the first paper to investigate this issue using a fractional-factorial design.