International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

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No. 4

The Influence of Organizational Culture, Communication and Work Satisfaction on Organizational Commitments: A Case Study of Lecturers at Yayasan Pendidikan Borobudur

Pages: 307-317
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The Influence of Organizational Culture, Communication and Work Satisfaction on Organizational Commitments: A Case Study of Lecturers at Yayasan Pendidikan Borobudur

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2021.84.307.317

Meita Novia , Ahmad Faisal

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Meita Novia , Ahmad Faisal (2021). The Influence of Organizational Culture, Communication and Work Satisfaction on Organizational Commitments: A Case Study of Lecturers at Yayasan Pendidikan Borobudur. International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, 8(4): 307-317. DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2021.84.307.317
This study aims to obtain factual data and information that is valid and true and can be trusted about the influence of organizational culture, communication, and job satisfaction on the organizational commitment of lecturers at the Yayasan Pendidikan Borobudur. This research was conducted using a quantitative research approach, using a survey method, covering survey activities, testing instruments through validity, and reliability testing, as well as collecting and processing research data. The sample in this study was 114 permanent lecturers at the Yayasan Pendidikan Borobudur. The measurement in this study was carried out by giving the value of each question item from all variables. Measuring the value given in each question using the "Likert Scale". Data derived from the distribution of questionnaires carried out an analysis of research requirements, namely: The Goodness of Fit test, the Assessment of Normality test, and the Malahanobis Distance test. Data analysis techniques using Structural Equation Modeling analysis. Based on the results of research analysis: 1) there is an influence of Organizational Culture (X1) on Job Satisfaction (X3) of 0.154 2) There is an influence of Communication (X2) on Job Satisfaction (X3) of 0.109; 3) There is an influence of Organizational Culture (X1) on Organizational Commitment (Y) of 0.669; 4) There is an influence of Communication (X2) on Organizational Commitment (Y) of 0.069; 5) There is an influence of Job Satisfaction (X3) on Organizational Commitment (Y) of -0.111.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature by examining the influence of organizational culture, communication, and job satisfaction on organizational commitment.

Income Smoothing, Earnings Management and the Credibility of Accounting Information

Pages: 292-306
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Income Smoothing, Earnings Management and the Credibility of Accounting Information

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2021.84.292.306

Grace Oyeyemi OGUNDAJO , Taiwo ASAOLU , Ademola AJAYI , Emmanuel Dare OTITOLAIYE , Afolake OGUNFOWORA

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Grace Oyeyemi OGUNDAJO , Taiwo ASAOLU , Ademola AJAYI , Emmanuel Dare OTITOLAIYE , Afolake OGUNFOWORA (2021). Income Smoothing, Earnings Management and the Credibility of Accounting Information. International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, 8(4): 292-306. DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2021.84.292.306
This study investigated the effect of income smoothing and earning management on the credibility of accounting information of listed manufacturing companies in Nigeria. Data used were extracted from the annual reports and accounts of the selected sixteen (16) firms for a period of 10 years (2010-2019) while content analysis was adopted in measuring accounting information credibility. Multiple linear regression analysis (OLS) method was adopted for the analysis. The result revealed that income smoothing and earnings management had statistically insignificant effect on fundamental qualitative characteristics (FQC), while income smoothing and earnings management had statistically significant effect on enhancing qualitative characteristics (EQC). However, the study obtained that income smoothing and earnings management had positive and significant effect on the credibility of accounting information of the listed manufacturing companies in Nigeria. The study opined that managers should ensure that accounting information is credible, possesses desirable accounting information qualities of relevance, and faithful representation, also verifiable, comparable, understandability, and timeliness.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated how earnings management practices impacted on objectivity of reported financial information and breach of investors’ trust in the management due to information asymmetry.

Fear of Covid-19 and Intentions towards Adopting E-Health Services: Exploring the Technology Acceptance Model in the Scenario of Pandemic

Pages: 270-291
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Fear of Covid-19 and Intentions towards Adopting E-Health Services: Exploring the Technology Acceptance Model in the Scenario of Pandemic

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2021.84.270.291

Muhammad Zubair Elahi , Gao Liang , Muhammad Jawad Malik , Sana Dilawar , Bena Ilyas

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Muhammad Zubair Elahi , Gao Liang , Muhammad Jawad Malik , Sana Dilawar , Bena Ilyas (2021). Fear of Covid-19 and Intentions towards Adopting E-Health Services: Exploring the Technology Acceptance Model in the Scenario of Pandemic. International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, 8(4): 270-291. DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2021.84.270.291
The aim of this paper was to investigate the link between fear of Covid-19 and individuals’ behavioral intentions toward adopting e-health services by expanding the technology acceptance model (TAM) to incorporate fear of the Covid-19 factor. To empirically testing our proposed theoretical model, we conducted a research survey in Pakistan and collected data from 624 individuals utilizing a non-probability convenience sampling strategy. The outcomes of our study declare that fear of Covid-19 are positively associated with individuals’ attitude and their subsequent behavioral intentions towards adopting e-health services. Perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness of e-health services mediated the relationship between fear of Covid-19 and individuals’ attitude towards adopting e-health services. This research is highly significant in the current scenario of Covid-19. Our study offers a theoretical model to understand why and how fear of Covid-19 is related to an individual’s intentions for adopting e-health services. Moreover, this study also extends the literature of the technology acceptance model TAM by pinpoint the impact of fear of Covid-19.
Contribution/ Originality
This study investigates the link between fear of Covid-19 and individuals’ behavioral intentions toward adopting e-health services by expanding the technology acceptance model (TAM) to incorporate fear of the Covid-19 factor.

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2021.84.257.269

Evans Kulu , Grace Darko Appiah-Kubi

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Evans Kulu , Grace Darko Appiah-Kubi (2021). The Relationship Between Market Share and Profitability of Ghanaian Banks. International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, 8(4): 257-269. DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2021.84.257.269
As an important indicator of banks’ performance, market share has been of interest to researchers and managers owing to its contribution to profitability and the variations in the face of the banking sector. This study aims at revealing the various factors that affect the market share of banks in Ghana and examine its relationship with profitability. We employ the fixed and random effect as well as the system General Methods of Moments estimation techniques on panel data for 12 banks in Ghana. The results from this study show that non-performing loans and liquidity are significant determinants and relate negatively with the market share of banks while leverage and bank size are also significant determinants but relate positively with the market share of these banks. The study further revealed that market share positively and significantly affects the profitability of banks. Banks are therefore recommended to adopt ways such as innovation, strengthening of customer relationships, and smart hiring practices that will help them increase their market share to improve on the performance and profitability of the banks.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the few studies which have investigated the drivers of market share as well as the effect of market share on profitability in Ghana. The findings will guide the bank of Ghana in developing appropriate policies to accelerate the growth of the Ghanaian banking industry.

Is Foreign Direct Investment the Way Forward for Manufacturing Sector Renaissance in Nigeria?

Pages: 245-256
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DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2021.84.245.256

Ndibe, Beatrice C. , Ojiula, Uchemefuna Ben , Asalu, Emmanuel N.

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Ndibe, Beatrice C. , Ojiula, Uchemefuna Ben , Asalu, Emmanuel N. (2021). Is Foreign Direct Investment the Way Forward for Manufacturing Sector Renaissance in Nigeria?. International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, 8(4): 245-256. DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2021.84.245.256
The study was an attempt to investigate the relationship between foreign direct investments (FDI) and the manufacturing sector contribution to GDP in Nigeria. Specific objectives included finding out the direction of causality between FDI and the growth of the manufacturing sector; and establishing the relationship between FDI net inflows and manufacturing sector contribution to GDP. To achieve the objectives, two research questions and hypotheses were formulated. Secondary data sourced from World Bank Development Indicators were used. The Granger causality model and linear regression model were employed to test the hypotheses. The empirical implementation of the model made use of macro-economic data covering the period of 30 years (1990-2019). The result showed that there is a unidirectional causality from FDI to manufacturing sector contribution to GDP. This implies that manufacturing sector contribution to GDP was not as a result of FDI inflows to Nigeria. Further findings revealed a statistically no significant linear relationship between FDI net inflows and manufacturing sector contribution to GDP in Nigeria. The implication of the study is that the little contribution made by the manufacturing sector in Nigeria is not as a result of FDI net inflows, hence there is need for government and policy makers to consider policy options that will attract FDI to the manufacturing sector.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to existing literatures on foreign direct investments and manufacturing sector performance in Nigeria in a highly unstable business environment. Its analysis reveals the need for policy makers to rethink existing business investment policies in Nigeria in order to harness the potentials of the manufacturing sector.