Mouna REKIK (2018). The Moderating Effect of Governance Mechanisms on the Relationship Between Innovation Strategy and the Performance. International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, 5(3): 68-93. DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2018.53.68.93
The aim of this research is to examine the effect of innovation strategy on firm’s performance and investigate the moderating effect of ownership structure and board of directors’ characteristics, as governance attributes, on this relationship. Based on a sample of 29 Tunisian companies over a period from 2008 to 2013, we show that innovation strategy has no effect on firm’s performance. However, some corporate governance attributes are likely to affect this relationship which turns significant. Overall, the independence of board members, CEO duality, audit quality and the independence of audit committee members have moderating effects on the relationship between the innovation strategy and performance. These results illustrate the crucial role played by the board of directors in determining the relationship between the innovation strategy and firm performance.
This study contributes in the existing literature both theoretical and empirical reconciliations between these two corpuses: source of performance and value creation. This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the effect of internal mechanisms of governance (ownership structure and board of directors) on the relationship between the innovation strategy and the firm performance.
Entrepreneurial Networking and Women Entrepreneurs’ Contribution to Employment Creation in Rivers State, Nigeria
ADIM, Chidiebere Victor , ADELAIYE, M.B.O. , ADUBASIM, Ikechukwu Ernest (2018). Entrepreneurial Networking and Women Entrepreneurs’ Contribution to Employment Creation in Rivers State, Nigeria. International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, 5(3): 56-67. DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2018.53.56.67
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between entrepreneurial networking and women entrepreneurs’ contribution to employment creation in Rivers State, Nigeria. The study adopted a cross sectional survey design to solicit responses from women entrepreneurs in Rivers state, using simple random. The target population of Women Entrepreneurs in Rivers State was 329 obtained from the 2017 Directory of the Rivers State Ministry of Women Affairs and Rivers State Ministry of Commerce and Industry. The sample size was 181 using the Taro Yamen’s formula. After data cleaning, only data of 153 respondents were finally used for data analysis. Descriptive statistics and Spearman’s rank correlation were used for data analysis and hypothesis testing. Findings revealed that entrepreneurial networking has a significant relationship with women entrepreneurs to employment .The study thus concluded that entrepreneurial networking bears a positive and significant influence on women entrepreneurs’ contribution to employment creation. We recommend that women should be engaged in entrepreneurial education to develop right competencies, skills and needed entrepreneurial capacities.
This study sought to empirically examine the impact of the entrepreneurial networking (EN) construct and its impact on women entrepreneurs in Rivers State, Nigeria. This is because there has been paucity of empirical works that has examined the predicting impact of (EN) on the contribution of women entrepreneurs to employment creation.