International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

Published by: Conscientia Beam
Online ISSN: 2312-0916
Print ISSN: 2312-5772
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No. 2

Social Protection Programmes, Agricultural Production and Youth Employment in Nigeria: Analysis from LSMS-ISA

Pages: 45-55
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Social Protection Programmes, Agricultural Production and Youth Employment in Nigeria: Analysis from LSMS-ISA

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2018.52.45.55

Romanus Osabohien

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Romanus Osabohien (2018). Social Protection Programmes, Agricultural Production and Youth Employment in Nigeria: Analysis from LSMS-ISA. International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, 5(2): 45-55. DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2018.52.45.55
This study examined how effective implantation of social protection programmes in the agricultural sector will induce youth participation, thereby creating employment for the youths and reduce the incidence of households’ poverty in Nigeria. The study engaged a qualitative discuss methodology from the Living Standard Measurement Study-Integrated Households Panel Survey on agriculture for two farming seasons (post-planting and post-harvest seasons). Results showed that, out of the three main activities (agricultural, non-farm enterprise and wage employment) engaged by the Nigerian households, for the post-planting interview, agriculture remains the most engaged activity, this is because; about 38.5% of the rural households engaged in agriculture; 17.9% engaged in nonfarm enterprise, while 7.8% engaged in wage employment. It was also noted that; more of the women engaged in a household-nonfarm activities (25%) than men; however, fewer youths engaged in both agriculture (21.8%) in the post-planting visit. The farmers revealed that, one of the reasons for less youth participation in the agricultural activities is due to the low attractiveness of the sector to the youths. Therefore, the study recommended that the agricultural activities should be made attractive through the implementation of social protection programmes to induce youth participation as this will boost rural opportunities and reduce the rural-urban migration and its attendant challenges.
Contribution/ Originality

Investigation on SMEs Features in Both China and Iran

Pages: 30-44
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Investigation on SMEs Features in Both China and Iran

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2018.52.30.44

Babak Besharati Loroun , Xu Ming , Syed Ahtsham Ali

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Babak Besharati Loroun , Xu Ming , Syed Ahtsham Ali (2018). Investigation on SMEs Features in Both China and Iran. International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, 5(2): 30-44. DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2018.52.30.44
In this article the Chinese and Iranian SMEs features have been investigated and briefly pointed out some common features and differences. Comparable table has been developed. It is also mentioned that how the Chinese entities started the low price strategies to capture the foreign markets. It has been discussed that how SMEs of China could overcome the challenges and barriers they have encountered. But recently Chinese companies have lot of advantages to go to the market with low price strategy due the elements which influences their cost to be low is getting expensive. On the other side, SMEs of Iran are more risk taker and also interested to be more active in international markets. But due to the lack of interest to develop their initial relationship with overseas companies, political risks, sanctions, lack of banking and finance support of government, fluctuation of exchange rate occurs. So they are not so successful in entering the foreign markets despite of their suitable capacities and possibilities. Chinese SMEs are more cautious and playing a role in stable economic and political environment and having also better access to the market intelligence, fund and wide range of business services render by different providers. By studying the feature of SMEs in both countries we will have a better study on similarity and differences and we will find out the effect of any specific feature in business cooperation of two sides. It could be also helpful how to identify and recognize the ways and methods to make SMEs of two countries to be closer to each other and maintain the stable economic and commercial ties between two nations.
Contribution/ Originality
This paper has been studied for a practical orientation results which enable managers of SMEs from both countries to get familiarity with features and specialty of the other side in order to maintain the best possible ways and approach to be closer and start their collaboration.