Journal of Social Economics Research

Published by: Conscientia Beam
Online ISSN: 2312-6264
Print ISSN: 2312-6329
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No. 4

The Correlation Between the Palestinian Civil Society Institutions and the Universities (Status: The Palestine Technical University Kadourie with Tulkarm Institutions)

Pages: 75-91
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The Correlation Between the Palestinian Civil Society Institutions and the Universities (Status: The Palestine Technical University Kadourie with Tulkarm Institutions)

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.35/2015.2.4/35.4.75.91

Khalid Mohammed Sweis

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  1. Amer, T., 2007. Depicting a proposal to develop the role of the university in the service of society in the light of recent global trends. Available from https://www.google.ps/?gws_rd=cr,ssl&ei=piXzVMesE4H_UqqahLgC.
  2. Aschenbrener, C.S., 2010. Can establishing partnerships between college campuses and nonprofit organizations be mutually beneficial? Aschenbrener, Contemporary Rural Social Work, 2(1): 75-86.
  3. Bakir, A., 2013. The development of the university in the service of society in the light of the social responsibility of modern global trends. Available from www.qou.edu/arabic/conferences/.../dr_ayddaBakeer.pdf.
  4. Hassan, P., 2007. About a closer relationship between the university and the community. The Sixth Conference: Higher Education and Development Requirements, The University of Bahrain.
  5. Maan, K., 2013. About the roles of leading the university in the community. King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.
Khalid Mohammed Sweis (2015). The Correlation Between the Palestinian Civil Society Institutions and the Universities (Status: The Palestine Technical University Kadourie with Tulkarm Institutions). Journal of Social Economics Research, 2(4): 75-91. DOI: 10.18488/journal.35/2015.2.4/35.4.75.91
The study aimed to determine the effect of the correlation between the universities and institutions of the Palestinian civil society, it discuss’ and analyzes the academic community which are about (120) non-profit association. However, questionnaires were distributed on only (95) of these non- profit organizations, and (80) questionnaire were given back, and so, samples were taken in a comprehensive destination style, and were used in the analysis of packets Statistical Social Sciences (SPSS) program and had the following processors: frequencies, percentages, averages, test T for the independent samples, and the contrast unilateral analysis, the equation Cronbach’s alpha to extract the reliability coefficient, however, the results show that it is necessary to prepare human resources scientifically, technically and administratively in relation to  work reality, as well as, the participation of the Universities in the community initiatives, and the creation of twinning between universities and local facilities.The study also recommended the need to provide free or reduce educational fees for humanitarian associations and suggests universities to adopt physical funding for the ideas of students in community of work  and to increase the financial aids for the ads through the official university sites activities with local institutions and also to work on the development of economic and social development plans participating universities and facilities local.

Contribution/ Originality

An Assessment of the Relationship between Budget Deficit Syndrome and Consumer Welfare in Nigeria (1985 – 2014)

Pages: 58-74
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An Assessment of the Relationship between Budget Deficit Syndrome and Consumer Welfare in Nigeria (1985 – 2014)

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.35/2015.2.4/35.4.58.74

Citation: 1

Fasoranti M.M. , Akindele, Olawale Olamide

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Fasoranti M.M. , Akindele, Olawale Olamide (2015). An Assessment of the Relationship between Budget Deficit Syndrome and Consumer Welfare in Nigeria (1985 – 2014). Journal of Social Economics Research, 2(4): 58-74. DOI: 10.18488/journal.35/2015.2.4/35.4.58.74
Nigeria over the years have concurrently operated deficit budget, though there have been various studies on the relationship between budget deficit and macroeconomic variables but the relationship between budget deficit and consumer welfare have not really been researched into in Nigeria. The study investigated the relationship between budget deficit syndrome and consumer welfare in Nigeria for the period 1985-2014. The data were analyzed with the Fully Modified Ordinary Least Square Approach (FMOLS). The time series properties of the data were tested by ADF unit root and johansen co-integration test. A uni-directional causal relation existed between consumer welfare and budget deficit while bi-directional causality existed between consumer welfare and indirect tax. The empirical findings revealed a minimal positive and insignificant impact of the budget deficit on consumer welfare, as a 1 per cent increased in budget deficit caused less than 1per cent (0.008) increased in consumer welfare. The study thereby concluded that budget deficit did not have significant influence on consumer welfare during the period under study. It is therefore necessary for the government to build fiscal strategy by promoting fiscal prudency and disciplines that will reduce wastage and linkages in the system which will be geared toward the consumer welfare gain.

Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature on budget deficit as it affects the consumer welfare and it provides empirical linkages between budget deficit, consumer welfare, inflation, indirect tax and interest rate. This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the relationship between budget deficit and consumer welfare in Nigeria which was inadequately investigated in previous studies.