A.I. Kisani , J.B. Adeyanju , A.T. Elsa , M. L. Sonfada (2017). Establishing Short Bowel Syndrome in Nigerian Dogs. International Journal of Veterinary Sciences Research, 3(1): 9-14. DOI: 10.18488/journal.110.2017.31.9.14
Determining the relationship between percentage resection and development of short bowel syndrome is important as it provides information on the expected outcome of the resection carried out which will enable the surgeon to prepare adequately to manage such patients. Ten adult Nigerian indigenous dogs with mean body weight 11.2 kg were used in this study. The animals were premedicated with atropine (0.04mg/kg) and xylazine (1mg/kg) intramuscularly. Anaesthesia was induced with thiopentone sodium (10mg/kg) intravenously. The abdominal cavity was entered through the ventral midline incision. Three animals each were subjected to 50% and 60% small intestinal resection while four animals were subjected to 70% small intestinal resection. The animals subjected to 50% and 60% intestinal resection did not manifest signs of short bowel syndrome. However, the animals subjected to 70% small intestinal resection manifested clinical signs attributable to short bowel syndrome. The animals subjected to 50% and 60% small intestinal resection had remnant small intestinal tract of up to 100cm while dogs that underwent 70% resection had remnant small intestinal bowel length of less than 100 cm. It is therefore, concluded that 70% small intestinal length resection is the minimum that can produce short bowel syndrome in Nigerian dogs and animals with remnant small bowel length of less than 100 cm after undergoing resection will come down with short bowel syndrome.
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the crown-rump length, total small intestinal length and the percentage small intestinal resection that will result in short bowel syndrome in Nigerian dogs.
Molecular Studies on E.Coli Isolate from Milk of Mastatic Cattle with Special Reference to Associated Biochemical Changes in Kaliobea Governorate
Mervat E.I. Radwan , Khiary Farouk Abo-Zaid (2017). Molecular Studies on E.Coli Isolate from Milk of Mastatic Cattle with Special Reference to Associated Biochemical Changes in Kaliobea Governorate. International Journal of Veterinary Sciences Research, 3(1): 1-8. DOI: 10.18488/journal.110.2017.31.1.8
This investigation was performed in Teaching hospital and farm of Benha university in Moshtohor the number of cows in this farm 80 dairy cows that 40 of them had clinical signs of mastitis (inflammation in teats, pain in milking and milk decrease in amount and quality) .When examine these cows to identify the disease which cause these signs . California Mastitis Test (CMT) was performed to determine positive milk samples in the Mastitic targeted cows. 20 samples of early lactation stage cows out of 40 samples recovered from CMT- positive milk samples. Biochemical and PCR tests were performed to isolates E. Coli from positive milk samples (CMT) and determined three virulance genes, eae gene ,SXT1 and SXT2 . The significance of Escherichia coli-induced mastitis and biochemical changes associated to it in cows, due to the presence of virulence genes and wide range resistance to 20 antimicrobials, is concluded. E.coli cause biochemical changes in mastatic cow as (liver enzymes AST,GPT,TP, ant. oxidative enzymes as CAT, SOD,GST, LD and kidney function as urea and creatinine .E.coli has effect on inflammatory response in immunity system of mastitic cow by increase IL6,TNF and CRP.
This study uses new estimation methodology to virulent toxins of E.Coli by PCR and effects on biochemical changes.