Journal of Forests

Published by: Conscientia Beam
Online ISSN: 2409-3807
Print ISSN: 2413-8398
Quick Submission    Login/Submit/Track

No. 2

Tree Species Diversity and Productivity Relationship in the Central Region of Bangladesh

Pages: 24-33
Find References

Finding References


Tree Species Diversity and Productivity Relationship in the Central Region of Bangladesh

Search :
Google Scholor
Search :
Microsoft Academic Search
Cite

DOI: 10.18488/journal.101/2015.2.2/101.2.24.33

Citation: 2

Niamjit Das , Swapan Kumar Sarker

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

  1. C. Darwin, The origin of species by means of selection. London: Murray, 1859.
  2. M. Loreau, "Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: Current knowledge and future challenges," Science, vol. 294, pp. 804–808, 2001.
  3. N. Mouque, J. L. Moore, and M. Loreau, "Plant species richness and community productivity: Why the mechanisms that promotes coexistence matters," Oikos, vol. 5, pp. 56-65, 2002.
  4. S. Naeem, L. J. Thompson, S. P. Lawler, J. H. Lawton, and R. M. Woodfin, "Declining biodiversity can alter the performance of ecosystems," Nature, vol. 368, pp. 734–736, 1994.
  5. M. W. Schwartz, C. A. Brigham, J. D. Hoeksema, K. G. Lyons, M. H. Mills, and P. J. Van Mantgem, "Linking biodiversity to ecosystem function: Implications for conservation ecology," Oecologia, vol. 122, pp. 297–305, 2000.
  6. D. M. MacPherson, V. J. Lieffers, and P. V. Blenis, "Productivity of aspen stands with and without a spruce understory in Alberta’s boreal mixed wood forests," Forest Chronicle, vol. 77, pp. 351–356, 2001.
  7. M. Vilà, J. Vayreda, C. Gracia, and J. J. Ibáñez, "Does tree diversity increase wood             production in pine forests," Oecologia, vol. 135, pp. 299-303, 2003.
  8. F. Achard, H. D. Eva, H. J. Stibig, P. Mayaux, J. Gallego, T. Richards, and J. P. Malingreau, "Determination of deforestation rates of the world’s humid tropical forests," Science, vol. 297, pp. 999-1002, 2002.
  9. M. J. Kelty, Comparative productivity of monocultures and mixed-species stands. In the ecology and silviculture of mixed-species forests, M. J. Kelty, B. C. Larsonand C. D. Oliver Eds, 1992.
  10. A. Hector, "The effect of diversity on productivity: Detecting the role of species complementarity," Oikos, vol. 82, pp. 597–599, 1998.
  11. D. Binkley, R. Senock, S. Bird, and T. G. Cole, "Twenty years of stand development in pure and mixed stands of eucalyptus saligna and nitrogen-fixing facaltaria moluccana," Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 182, pp. 93–102, 2003.
  12. D. I. Forrester, J. Bauhus, A. Cowie, and J. K. Vanclay, "Mixed-species plantations of eucalyptus with nitrogen fixing trees," Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 233, pp. 211-230, 2006.
  13. J. Firn, P. Erskine, and D. Lamb, "Woody species diversity influences productivity and soil nutrient availability in tropical plantations," Oecologia, vol. 154, pp. 521-533, 2007.
  14. C. Cossalter and C. Pye-Smith, Fast-wood forestry: Myths and realities. In: center for international forestry research. Indonesia: Bogor, 2003.
  15. Banglapedia, "National encyclopedia of Bangladesh," Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, vol. 2, pp. 34–37, 2003.
  16. BMD, Bangladesh meteorological department. Madhupur Upazila Parishad, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Madhupur, Tangail, Bangladesh, 2008.
  17. B. N. Richards and M. M. Hassan, "A coordinated forest soils research programme for Bangladesh." Working Paper No. 4, Second Agricultural Research Project (Forestry Sector). UNDP/FAO Project BGD/83/010, 1988.
  18. M. K. Alam, "Diversity in the woody flora of sal forests of Bangladesh. Bangladesh," Journal of Forest Science, vol. 24, pp. 41–52, 1995.
  19. A. Nishat, S. M. I. Huq, S. P. Barua, and A. S. M. Khan, Bio-ecological zones of Bangladesh. IUCN Bangladesh country office, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2002.
  20. A. E. Magurran, Ecological diversity and its measurement. London: Chapman and Hall, 1988.
  21. J. M. Norman and G. S. Campbell, Canopy structure. In: R.W. Pearcy, J. Ehleringer, H.A. Mooney and P.W. Rundel (Eds). Plant physiological ecology: Field methods and instrumentation. New York, USA: Chapman and Hall, 1989.
  22. S. K. Sarker, N. Das, M. Q. Chowdhury, and M. M. Haque, "Developing allometric equations for estimating leaf area and leaf biomass of Artocarpus chaplasha in Raghunandan hill reserve, Bangladesh," Southern Forests, vol. 75, pp. 51–57, 2013.
  23. N. Das, "Modeling develops to estimate leaf area and leaf biomass of Lagerstroemia speciosa in West vanugach reserve forest of Bangladesh," ISRN Forestry, vol. 2014, pp. 1-9, 2014.
  24. N. Das, "Allometric modeling for leaf area and leaf biomass estimation of Swietenia mahagoni in the North-Eastern region of Bangladesh," Journal of Forest and Environmental Science, vol. 30, pp. 1-11, 2014.
  25. T. Satoo and H. A. I. Madgwick, Forest biomass. Martinus Nijhoff/Dr. W. Junk: The Hague, 1982.
  26. R. Development Core Team, R : A language and environment for statistical computing. Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, 2013.
  27. R. J. Whittaker and E. Heegaard, "What is the observed relationship between species richness and productivity?," Community. Ecology, vol. 84, pp. 3384–3390, 2003.
  28. J. P. Caspersen and S. W. Pacala, "Successional diversity and ecosystem function," Ecological Research, vol. 16, pp. 895–903, 2001.
  29. M. Vila, J. Vayreda, L. Comas, J. Iba´n˜ez, T. Mata, and B. Obo´n, "Species richness and wood production: A positive association in mediterranean forests," Ecological Letters, vol. 10, pp. 241-250, 2007.
  30. A. Specht and R. L. Specht, "Species richness and canopy productivity of Australian plant communities biodivers," Conserv, vol. 2, pp. 152–167, 1993.
  31. H. Pretzsch, Diversity and productivity in forests: Evidence from long-term plots. In: C. Korner, E.D. Schulze and M. Scherer-Lorenzen (Eds). The functional significance of forest diversity. Berlin: Springer, 2005.
  32. E. Assmann, Principles of forest yield study. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1970.
Niamjit Das , Swapan Kumar Sarker (2015). Tree Species Diversity and Productivity Relationship in the Central Region of Bangladesh. Journal of Forests, 2(2): 24-33. DOI: 10.18488/journal.101/2015.2.2/101.2.24.33
The diversity-productivity relationship has received considerable attention during the past two decades, largely because of the continuous loss of biodiversity. The positive relationship between species diversity and productivity is significant as a credible argument for the conservation of biodiversity. This research was conducted in the central region of Bangladesh to exemplify the relationship between tree species diversity and stand productivity at four mixed plantations. In total 112 sample plots (size - 0.09 ha/plot) of four different mixed species plantations were systematically selected for data collection. After that, regression analysis was explained significantly positive relationship between tree species diversity and productivity at four mixed plantations. This research suggests that having more tree species generally raises plantation productivity. Therefore, this result indicates that mixed species plantations could be the better choice in the degraded and fallow forest lands of Bangladesh.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is important in terms the positive relationship between species diversity and productivity should be used for restoring degraded tropical forests and the conservation of biodiversity.

Comparative Growth Analysis and Yield Performance of Glycine Max under Jatropha Curcas Based Agrisilviculture System of Agroforestry in the Northern Part of Bangladesh

Pages: 14-23
Find References

Finding References


Comparative Growth Analysis and Yield Performance of Glycine Max under Jatropha Curcas Based Agrisilviculture System of Agroforestry in the Northern Part of Bangladesh

Search :
Google Scholor
Search :
Microsoft Academic Search
Cite

DOI: 10.18488/journal.101/2015.2.2/101.2.14.23

Citation: 1

Niamjit Das

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

  1. S. P. Wani, M. Osman, D. Emmanuel, and T. K. Sreedevi, "Improved livelihoods and environmental protection through biodiesel plantations in Asia," Asian Biotechnology and Development Review, vol. 8, pp. 11–29, 2006.
  2. E. V. D. Putten, Y. J. Franken, and J. D. Jongh, The Jatropha handbook from cultivation to application. Netherland: FACT Foundation, 2010.
  3. G. M. Gubitz, M. Mittelbach, and M. Trabi, "Exploitation of the tropical oil seed plant Jatropha curcas L," Bioresource Technology, vol. 67, pp. 73-82, 1999.
  4. J. A. Duke, CRC-hand book of medicinal herbs. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press Inc, 1985.
  5. I. Moreira, "Bagacas de purgueirae de ricino. Ensaio sobre asua fititoxicidadee valor fertilizonte," National Institute of Agronomy, vol. 31, pp. 191-222, 1970.
  6. S. A. Oosthuyse, "Pruning of sensation mango trees to maintain their size and effect uniform and later flowering South African mango," Growers, vol. 14, pp. 69-71, 1994.
  7. K. Usha, "Tips to get regular bearing in mango," The Hindu, vol. 123, p. 32, 2000.
  8. L. Rahman, "Soybean: A potential oil and pulse crop in Bangladesh," Soybean Marketing Seminar at BARC, Dhaka, 1992.
  9. S. P. Wani, T. K. Sreedevi, S. Marimuthu, A. V. R. Kesava Rao, and C. Vineela, "Harnessing the potential of jatropha and pongamia plantations for improving livelihoods and rehabilitating degraded lands," presented at the 6th International Biofuels Conference, New Delhi, India, 2009.
  10. R. H. Brown, Growth of the green plant. In physiological basis of crop growth and development, M. B. Teasar, Eds. Wisconsin, USA: CSSA, Madison, 1984.
  11. P. J. Radford, "Growth analysis formulae: Their use and abuse," Crop Science, vol. 7, pp. 171-135, 1967.
  12. V. G. Panse and D. V. Sukhatme, Statistical methods for agricultural worker, 4th ed. New Delhi: ICAR, 1967.
  13. P. Pedersen and J. G. Lauer, "Soybean growth and development in various management systems and planting dates," Crop Science, vol. 44, pp. 508-515, 2004.
  14. M. F. Rabbani, M. Ashrafuzzaman, A. M. Hoque, and M. A. Karim, "Responses of soybean genotypes to different levels of irrigation," Korean Journal of Crop Science, vol. 49, pp. 131-135, 2004.
  15. R. P. Narwal, "Growth analysis of soybean in semi-arid climate of Kurukshetra, Haryana," Annual Arid Zone, vol. 10, pp. 241-246, 1971.
  16. A. K. M. R. Amin, S. R. A. Jahan, M. F. Karim, and M. Hasanuzzaman, "Growth dynamics of soybean (Glycine Max l.) as affected by varieties and timing of irrigation," American-Eurasian Journal of Agronomy, vol. 2, pp. 95-103, 2009.
  17. N. K. Sharma and K. G. Vineela, "Growth and yield of soybean as affected by plantation of jatropha curcas L. in Western Uttar Pradesh," Indian Journal of Agroforestry, vol. 124, pp. 299-405, 2005.
  18. D. J. Watson, "The physiological basis of variation in yield," Advance Agronomy, vol. 4, pp. 101-145, 1952.
  19. V. Dutt and V. S. Thakur, "Bioconomics of cropping systems combining medicinal and aromatic herbs with commercial timber tree species," Indian Journal of Agroforestry, vol. 6, pp. 1-7, 2004.
  20. A. K. Shanker, R. Newai, P. Rai, K. Kareemulla, R. Tiwari, and Ajit, "Microclimate modifications, growth and yield of intercrops under Hardwickia binata Roxb. Based agroforestry system," Agronomy and Soil Science, vol. 51, pp. 281-291, 2005.
  21. A. Mishra, S. L. Swamy, and S. Puri, "Growth and productivity of soybean under five promising clones of populus deltoidesin agrisilviculture system," Indian Journal of Agroforestry, vol. 6, pp. 9-13, 2004.
  22. J. L. D. Bruin and P. Pedersen, "Growth, yield, and yield component changes among old and new soybean cultivars," Agronomy Journal, vol. 101, pp. 124–130, 2009.
  23. L. K. Jha and C. Marak, "Study on the growth performance of bamboo species of Melocanna baccifera and Dendrocalamus longispathus along with crop (Glycine Max) in degraded Jhum land of Mizoram," Indian Forester, vol. 130, pp. 1071-1077, 2004.
  24. P. Seshadri, "Intercropping of jatropha (Jatropha Curcas L.) with soyabean (Glycine Max L.) herill an agroforestry study," Ph.D Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India, 1985.
Niamjit Das (2015). Comparative Growth Analysis and Yield Performance of Glycine Max under Jatropha Curcas Based Agrisilviculture System of Agroforestry in the Northern Part of Bangladesh. Journal of Forests, 2(2): 14-23. DOI: 10.18488/journal.101/2015.2.2/101.2.14.23
This research was conducted at the Agroforestry Research Farm, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University to quantify the effects of pruning height in Jatropha curcas L. (Jatropha) and fertility levels of the recommended dose of NPK in Glycine max L. (Soybean) on crop growth parameters and yield in the agrisilviculture system of Agroforestry. The pruning in Jatropha and fertility level favored growth parameters with varying magnitudes. Six growth indices like CGR, RGR, NAR, LAI, RLGR, and SLW were observed to be higher under various pruning heights and reduced under no pruning. After that, scale of yield varied with pruning heights and fertility levels. Grain, straw and biological yield of 100 cm pruning height in Jatropha increased by 15.38 %, 13.74 % and 14.61 % respectively in comparison to sole crop and other pruning height level. At that time, I showed that these three yields of 100 % of the recommended dose of NPK (100 % RDF) in Soybean are comparatively higher than other fertility level. Hence, proper pruning system and optimum fertility level are important for improving Soybean yield under Jatropha based agrisilviculture system and it ensures higher income to the farmers and efficient land management compared to its sole cropping.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies that are important for improving Soybean yield under Jatropha based agrisilviculture system than in sole cropping systems and it has the potential to develop the socioeconomic conditions of farmers.